Hishammuddin Hussein

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Yang Berhormat Datuk Seri Panglima
Hishammuddin Tun Hussein
MP
Hishammuddin Hussein.jpg
Hishammuddin Hussein in 2006 as Education Minister.
Malaysian Minister of Defence
Incumbent
Assumed office
16 May 2013
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Malaysian Minister of Transport (Acting)
In office
16 May 2013 – 25 June 2014
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Kong Cho Ha
Succeeded by Liow Tiong Lai
Vice-President of United Malays National Organisation
Incumbent
Assumed office
26 March 2009
President Najib Razak
Preceded by Mohd Ali Rustam
Malaysian Minister of Home Affairs
In office
10 April 2009 – 5 May 2013
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Syed Hamid Albar
Succeeded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Malaysian Minister of Education
In office
31 March 2004 – 9 April 2009
Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi
Preceded by Musa Mohamad
Succeeded by Muhyiddin Yassin
Chairman of UMNO's Youth Wing
In office
1998–2009
Preceded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Succeeded by Khairy Jamaluddin
Malaysian Minister of Youth and Sports
In office
1999 – 30 March 2004
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad (1999–2003), Abdullah Badawi (2003–2004)
Preceded by Muhyiddin Yassin
Succeeded by Azalina Othman Said
Personal details
Born (1961-08-05) 5 August 1961 (age 53)
Kuala Lumpur, Federation of Malaya
Political party UMNOBarisan Nasional
Spouse(s) Yang Mulia Tengku Dato' Sri Marsilla Tengku Abdullah
Relations Tun Hussein Onn (father)
Suhaila Noah (mother)
Occupation Politician
Religion Islam

Datuk Seri Panglima Hishammuddin bin Tun Hussein (born 5 August 1961) is a Malaysian politician. He is Malaysia's Minister of Defence, a position he has held since 16 May 2013. He has previously been the acting Minister of Transport (2013–2014), Minister of Home Affairs (2009–2013), Ministry of Education (Malaysia) (2004–2009) and Minister of Youth and Sport (1999–2004). As acting Transport Minister he came to international prominence in March 2014, as the minister responsible for investigating the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.[1]

Hishamuddin is a senior figure within the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Malaysia's largest political party and the leading member of the Barisan Nasional coalition that governs the country. He is one of the party's three vice-presidents and was the chief of the party's youth wing from 1998 to 2009.

He is the son of Malaysia's third prime minister, Hussein Onn, and the cousin of the sixth and current prime minister, Najib Razak.

Early and personal life[edit]

Hishammuddin was born on 5 August 1961, the fourth child and the eldest son of Hussein Onn, who became the third Prime Minister of Malaysia, and Suhaila Noah.[2] He is the grandson of Onn Jaafar, a prominent Malay leader and the founder of UMNO, whose mother was a Circassian from Turkey.[3][4]

He attended the Malay College Kuala Kangsar before his father became Deputy Prime Minister in 1973. Upon his father's appointment to the post, he attended St. John's Institution, and then the Alice Smith School, in Kuala Lumpur, before attending the English public school Cheltenham College.

He graduated with a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) degree from the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, in 1984. He also attended the London School of Economics and received a Master of Laws (LL.M) degree in Commercial and Corporate Law in 1988.

Before entering politics, he was a lawyer with a large Malaysian firm then known as Skrine & Co. (now known as Skrine) and later, a Kuala Lumpur firm then known as Lee Hishammuddin (now Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill).

His wife, Marsilla Tengku Abdullah, is a princess from the state of Pahang. They married in 1986.[5]

Political career[edit]

Upon returning from the United Kingdom in 1989, Hishammuddin joined UMNO. He rose through the ranks of UMNO's youth wing in the 1990s, becoming its national chief in 1998. He assumed the position at a time when UMNO Youth had been torn apart by the sacking of the Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim, who was popular among young UMNO members. Hishammudin's predecessor, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, had been an Anwar supporter.[5]

Meanwhile, in 1995, he had been elected to the federal parliament for the Johor-based seat of Tenggara. He was immediately appointed as Parliamentary Secretary for International Trade and Industry in the government of Mahathir Mohamad. His rise to the leadership of UMNO Youth in 1998 coincided with his elevation to the full ministry the following year, as the Minister for Youth and Sport. He retained his parliamentary seat in the 1999 election.[5]

In 2004, the Barisan Nasional government, now led by Abdullah Badawi, was returned to power with Hishammuddin holding the newly-created seat of Sembrong. Hishammuddin was re-elected as the leader of UMNO Youth and appointed Minister for Education.[5]

Hishammuddin's infamous act of waving the keris (traditional Malay dagger) at the UMNO Annual General Meeting in 2005 drew applause from the UMNO delegates.

In his second term as UMNO Youth's leader, Hishammuddin waded into controversy by branding the keris, a Malay sword and symbol of Malay nationalism, at UMNO's 2005 annual general meeting. In response to concerns over the racial rhetoric, then Vice-President Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said that "Although some sides were a bit extreme [this year], it is quite normal to voice feelings during the assembly."[6] The racially provocative act was criticised by opposition politicians as well as some Chinese politicians from the Barisan Nasional coalition.[7] In 2008, Hishammuddin conceded that the act had caused the coalition to lose support among non-Malay voters in that year's general election.[8]

In 2009, the resignation of Abdullah Badawi as prime minister caused a shake-up in UMNO's senior leadership. Najib Razak, Hishammuddin's cousin, became UMNO's president and the prime minister, Muhyiddin Yassin became Najib's deputy in both the party and the government, and the three UMNO vice-presidencies were up for election. Hishammuddin, vacating the leadership of UMNO Youth, contested the vice-presidencies, finishing in second place in an eight-man field. His ascension to the party's vice-presidency in turn guaranteed him a senior Cabinet post,[9] and he was appointed as Minister for Home Affairs.[10] In that position he played a key role in Malaysia's response to the invasion of Sabah in 2013 by militants from the Philippines.

After the 2013, in which Najib's government suffered further losses, especially among Chinese voters, Hishammuddin recontested the UMNO vice-presidency. He was barely re-elected in third place, finishing nine votes ahead of Mukhriz Mahathir.[11] He switched ministries with Zahid, taking over the latter's portfolio of Defence. He also assumed the transport ministry on an acting basis; that ministry was normally reserved for the Malaysian Chinese Association, which had decided to withdraw from the Cabinet temporarily, having endured significant losses in the general election.[12] As acting transport minister he was thrust into the international spotlight as the minister responsible for the investigation into the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. The Sydney Morning Herald criticised Hishammuddin in this position, arguing that he had "struggled during daily press briefings to defend his country’s handling of the search and investigation". Najib, however, defended Hishammuddin's performance. His role ceased in June 2014, when Liow Tiong Lai assumed the ministry. Hishammuddin retained his substantive post as defence minister.[13][14]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Full statement by Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein
  2. ^ "Tun Suhailah, widow of 3rd PM Tun Hussein Onn, dies at 82". The Malaysian Insider. 2014-10-04. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  3. ^ http://www.aksiyon.com.tr/aksiyon/haber-28971-malezyanin-osmanlilari.html
  4. ^ http://www.thestar.com.my/story.aspx?file=%2f2007%2f4%2f1%2flifefocus%2f17281586&sec=lifefocus
  5. ^ a b c d "Hishammuddin atasi persepsi dikata 'lembik'". Sinar Harian (in Malay). 20 October 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Gatsiounis, Ioannis (26 November 2006). The racial divide widens in Malaysia. Malaysia Today.
  7. ^ http://www.mca.org.my/en/mca-youth-head-to-meet-hishammuddin-over-kris-issue/
  8. ^ Hamdan Raja Abdullah (27 April 2008). "Hishammuddin urged to quit over keris issue". The Star. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ahmad Zahid, Hishammuddin, Shafie Win Umno Veep Posts". Bernama. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "New Cabinet sworn in". The Star. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Zahid, Shafie and Hishamuddin maintain positions". Astro Awani. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Malaysian PM announces new cabinet line-up". Xinhua. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Missing Malaysia Airlines plane: MH370's man in the middle, Hishammuddin Hussein". Sydney Morning Herald. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "MH370 saga: Hishammuddin Hussein replaced as Malaysia's transportation minister". Sydney Morning Herald. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.