|Hispano E-34 in Aeronáutica Naval markings|
|Designer||Vicente Roa Miranda|
The Hispano HS-34 or Hispano-Suiza E-34 was a Spanish single engine, tandem seat biplane, designed as a basic trainer. Twenty five were ordered by the Aeronáutica Naval, but only five had been completed when the Spanish Civil War intervened.
Design and development
In 1934, the Aviación Militar called a competition for a Spanish-designed and built basic trainer. Three companies responded, including Hispano-Suiza, which became Hispano Aviación after the Spanish Civil War. Originally named Hispano E-34, it became later the Hispano HS-34.
The Hispano HS-34 was a single engine biplane, seating two in tandem. It had unswept single bay wings of the same span and constant chord, with some stagger. The wings were fabric-covered wooden structures. Only the lower wing carried dihedral. The N-shaped interplane struts were assisted by flying wire bracing. The upper wing was supported over the fuselage by a pair of N-shaped struts to the upper fuselage longerons. The upper centre section had a large cut-out in its trailing edge for better upward visibility, and also contained the fuel tank. Ailerons were fitted only on the lower wing. The HS-34 had its tailplane mounted on top of the fusealge, carrying split elevators. The rudder was horn balanced.
The HS-34 had a rectangular cross-section fuselage formed from steel tubing with internal wire bracing. Its cockpits were open. The undercarriage used a pair of internally sprung mainwheels with balloon tyres and a tailskid. A split axle was mounted on a short V-strut below the fuselage. On the prototype, the undercarriage main legs were short, mounted on the lower fuselage longerons and assisted by short forward struts. The second prototype and production aircraft had longer legs fixed to the upper longerons. The prototype and production series aircraft were powered, as the rules of the competition required, by a 105 hp (78 kW) Walter Junior four-cylinder inverted inline engine, although the second prototype was fitted with the more powerful 130 hp (97 kW) de Havilland Gipsy Major of the same configuration.
The HS-34 did not win the Aviación Militar competition, and was therefore not ordered by them, but the Aeronáutica Naval placed an order for twenty five in August 1935. Only five had been built before the Spanish Civil War put an end to production of non-combat aircraft.
In 1935, before the Spanish Civil War, the second prototype, with its Gipsy engine, new undercarriage and Handley Page slots was displayed at the International Exposition held at Montjuich. Following the restructuring of the Republican Armed Forces in September 1936, the Aeronáutica Naval was merged with the Aeronáutica Militar in order to form the Spanish Republican Air Force.
In 1941, after the war, a final HS-34 was assembled using recovered parts and a Gipsy engine. Hispano had hopes of restarting production, suggesting the HS-34 might find a rôle as a glider tug. On 18 April 1942, a successful test took place, flown by the usual Hispano test pilot Fernando Floes Solis, but the type was not accepted by the military. Instead, it flew with the civil Aero Club of Seville. Lage suggests that this aircraft may be the HS-41 referred to in the 1942 Hispano catalogue.
Aircraft on display
Specifications (Walter Junior engine)
Data from Lage
- Crew: 2
- Length: 7.34 m (24 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 9.1 m (29 ft 10 in)
- Height: 2.54 m (8 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 25.50 m2 (274.5 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 522 kg (1,151 lb)
- Gross weight: 773 kg (1,704 lb)
- Fuel capacity: 100 L (22 Imp gal, 26.4 UKS gal)
- Powerplant: 1 × Walter Junior 4-cylinder inverted inline piston engine, water cooled, 78 kW (105 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed
- Maximum speed: 170 km/h (106 mph; 92 kn)
- Cruising speed: 130 km/h (81 mph; 70 kn)
- Stall speed: 65 km/h (40 mph; 35 kn)
- Range: 350 km (217 mi; 189 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 3,000 m (9,843 ft)
- Time to altitude: 7 min to 1,000 m (3,280 ft)
- Spanish Republican Navy - Aeronáutica Naval
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