Historic Strawberry Mansion
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
Strawberry Mansion, under restoration in 2009
The house was restored in 1926 by The Committee of 1926 for use as a historic house museum and place of hospitality.
William Lewis was born in 1751 in Edgemont, Pennsylvania to a Quaker family of Welsh ancestry. As a lawyer during revolutionary times, he consistently defended other Quakers against charges of treason after they refused to fight in battle or pay taxes. In doing so he participated in creating the foundations of Conscientious Objection.
Lewis was appointed to Federal Judicial positions by George Washington and also advised Alexander Hamilton on the first national bank. His most important achievement was his role in the drafting and passage of An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery in 1780. This legislation was the first legal action towards the abolition of slavery in the United States of America. Judge Lewis died peacefully at Strawberry Mansion, then called Summerville, at the age of 68.
Joseph Hemphill was born in 1770 in Chester County, now Delaware County. He purchased Strawberry Mansion two years after Lewis's death in 1821. His family was responsible for adding the Greek Revival wings to the principal Federal style structure, erected by Lewis, ca. 1828. He served as a member of the House of Representatives, in addition to being a prominent lawyer and judge. Hemphill is, perhaps, more well known among antique collectors for his role in the limited manufacture of Hemphill and Tucker porcelain. His collaborative effort with Philadelphia porcelain maker William Ellis Tucker lasted only 6 years, from 1832 to 1838.
Property of Fairmount Park
In 1867 Strawberry Mansion was sold to the city by a landowner who had been in possession of it since Judge Hemphill's death in 1842. The purchase of the mansion, along with a great deal of the surrounding land, was part of an effort to protect the source of the city's drinking water, the Schuylkill River. The area came to be known as East Fairmount Park, under the supervision of the Fairmount Park Commission.
In 1926 several women's clubs combined efforts with Mayor W. Freeland Kendrick to create a Sesquicentennial Exposition in South Philadelphia in honor of the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Several women from the event did not want to disband, and instead sought an area to move many of the antique furniture collections to another location. Under the supervision of the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Fairmount Park Commission, the new Committee of 1926 radically renovated Strawberry Mansion to be used as a museum space and "place of hospitality". Funds for the renovation were donated by Joseph Horn, of Horn and Hardart's Automats. Horn grew up in the Philadelphia area and was fond of playing in the park as a child. Decor and furnishings were the charge of various women's societies throughout the city who filled the rooms with exceptional period furnishings. The house officially reopened in 1931 with Mrs. J. Willis Martin (Elizabeth Price) as the first president of the Committee of 1926. Today the Committee of 1926 continues to preserve the historic house museum and the principles of hospitality on which it was founded.
Historic Strawberry Mansion is open from July through December, 10:00 am to 4:00 pm, Wednesday through Sunday. Several other nearby historic park houses share nearly the same visiting hours, including Lemon Hill, Woodford, and Laurel Hill.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Strawberry Mansion.|