Historic Trinity Lutheran Church
Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church Complex
|Location||1345 Gratiot Avenue
|Architect||Bernard C. Wetzel, W. E. N. Hunter|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival, Tudor Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||83000897|
|Added to NRHP||February 10, 1983|
|Designated MSHS||April 24, 1981|
The Historic Trinity Lutheran Church is a church located in downtown Detroit, Michigan. It occupies the Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church complex, located at 1345 Gratiot Avenue. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1981 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
The Trinity congregation was formed in 1850, when members of St. Matthew's Lutheran Church, a German-speaking congregation, broke away from the main body following the excommunication of another member. Services were first held in the chapel of Christ Episcopal Church, located at the corner of Jefferson and Hastings. Soon, the congregation bought the chapel of the Western Seaman's Friend Society of Woodbridge Street, and moved it to Rivard and Larned. This building soon proved too small, the congregation built a new brick church at Gratiot and Rivard in 1866. This area, surrounding Eastern Market, was at the time home to a large German population and a natural fit for Trinity.
Around this time, many schools, missions, and other congregations were begun by Trinity throughout the region. In total, 132 Lutheran parishes in southeast Michigan can be traced to Trinity. In 1905, a new school and social hall were built near the church. However, the community around Trinity soon changed as families left the downtown area, and the flow of new German immigrants stopped. Trinity began offering English services in addition to those in German.
In the late 1920s, Trinity began considering renovation of their 1866 structure. However, congregant Charles Gauss stepped forward and offered to finance the building of a new church. The old church was demolished, and the cornerstone of the new church, which is the current home of the congregation, was laid in 1929. The church was dedicated on February 15, 1931.
After World War II, the population of downtown Detroit began moving in droves to the suburbs, and many Detroit churches, including Trinity, lost membership. However, then-pastor Gilbert Theodore Otte remained firm in keeping the church in the downtown area. The 1931 church structure was recognized for its historical significance by the city of Detroit in 1979, by the state of Michigan in 1982, and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
Membership, however, declined, with only 112 church members in 1981. Additional programs were instituted, and membership more than tripled in five years. The church continues to be a gathering place for Detroit Lutherans, with over 2100 members in 2012. Today the parish operates under the Historic Trinity name under the umbrella of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.
- Hill, Eric J.; Gallagher, John (2003). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 248. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church Complex". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
- Dau Church History Library. "Our History". HistoricTrinity.org. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Trinity Lutheran Church Historic District" (PDF). City of Detroit Planning and Development Department. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Historic Trinity Historical Timeline". HistoricTrinity.org. 2010. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- Warikoo, Niraj (April 8, 2012). "Detroit's historic churches still thriving, helping city". Detroit Free Press (Gannett). Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- "Welcome to Historic Trinity". HistoricTrinity.org. Retrieved 2011-04-21.