Historic mills of the Atlanta area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

There were several historic mills around the metro Atlanta area, for which many of its current-day roads are still named. Most of the mills date back to the 1820s and 1830s, and were built along the area's many streams.

Akers Mill[edit]

The ruins of Akers Mill

Akers Mill was located on Rottenwood Creek near Vinings. Located within the modern Cumberland/Galleria area, Akers Mill Road runs west from Powers Ferry Road at Interstate 285, immediately north of the Chattahoochee River, then turns south on Cumberland Boulevard, then departs west again after one "block", crossing Interstate 75 and then Cobb Parkway, and forming the southern boundary of the Cumberland Mall property.

Anderson Mill[edit]

Near Austell.

Arnold Mill[edit]

Arnold Mill was located in southeastern Cherokee County, Georgia, east of Woodstock, Georgia. Arnold Mill Road runs east from Main Street (former Georgia 5) in the exact center of downtown Woodstock to meet Hickory Flat Highway (Georgia 140), which continues as Arnold Mill Road southeast through Milton to Crabapple between Roswell and Alpharetta. West of Main Street in Woodstock, it becomes Towne Lake Parkway.

Autrey Mill[edit]

Sometimes misspelled "Autry" (as in Gene Autry), Autrey Mill Road is near Alpharetta actually it is nearby John's Creek off Old Alabama Road about 2 miles from Medlock Bridge Road, as is the Autrey Mill Nature Preserve and Heritage Center.[1]

Barnes Mill[edit]

Barnes Mill Road is just east-northeast of Marietta. Its eastern terminus is at Georgia 120 (Roswell Road) and ascends Blackjack Mountain. The road was severed by Interstate 75.

Brick Mill[edit]

Near Canton.

Brown's Mill[edit]

Near Atlanta.

Brandon Mill[edit]

Near Sandy Springs.

Cochran Mill[edit]

Located in Southwest Fulton County near Chattahoochee Hills.

Collier Mill[edit]

Located right of Collier Road in Buckhead along Tanyard Creek, the Colliers grist mill was at the center of a key battle site during the Civil War's Battle of Peachtree Creek. It was located in the lands of Andrew Jackson Collier. Bronze markers in Tanyard Creek Park and old mill stones and markers at the corner of Redland Drive and Collier Road recall this history.

Connolly's Grist Mill[edit]

Located on one of the three main branches of Utoy Creek that flow North West from East Point, Thomas Connolly established a grist mill to serve his local plantation and the surrounding community in 1850. Confederate Troops of Cleburnes Division, Hardees Corps were entrenched overlooking the mill. The mill was destroyed several times by flood and rebuilt until 1910 when it was destroyed by the US Sanitary Commission to prevent the spread of mosquitoes and malaria and flu after the epidemics in 1910-1919. The mill pond still exists and is a scenic site along the former Chattahoochee, now Connolly Drive in East Point, GA.

Connolly Saw Mill[edit]

Established in 1850 by Thomas Connolly, located at the juncture of three tributaries of South Utoy Creek, A large dam supported a saw mill to meet lumber needs in the Utoy and East Point Areas of Fulton County. The Dam site was destroyed in 1963 with the construction of the GA Hwy 166 Lakewood Freeway. The Millpond prevented the direct assault of the US XXIII Corps during August 1864 along South Utoy Creek.

Evans Mill[edit]

Near Lithonia.

Henderson Mill[edit]

Located near Henderson Creek (0.1) mile south of Midvale Road in Unincorporated Dekalb County and named for Greenville Henderson. (1972-1869.)

Herrings Mill[edit]

Situated on the North Fork of Utoy Creek, the Grist mill was in operation in 1850. Union troops of the US XIV Corps, Johnson's Division, crossed the mill pond on August 3, 1864, in an attempt to break the Confederate defenses at Utoy Creek, GA. The Herring House was used as a headquarters by General Sherman on August 3–4, 1864.

Houston Mill[edit]

In 1876, the Houston Mill was built on the south fork of Peachtree Creek in Decatur, and used to grind corn (maize) into cornmeal. It was owned by Major Washington Jackson Houston, who in 1900 converted it into the first hydroelectric power plant in DeKalb County, and formed the Decatur Light, Power and Water Company.[2] Located above the confluence of Peavine Creek and South Fork Peachtree Creek, the dam itself still remains, and the remnants of the millrace are still visible along the creek in Emory University's Hahn Woods park.

Howell's Mills[edit]

Howell's Mill was located near Atlanta. Named after Clark Howell, it was located on Peachtree Creek. Its original site was located just west of where the road bearing its name, Howell Mill Road, crosses the creek.

There were actually several Howell's Mills. In addition to the most well-known mill on Peachtree Creek, the Howell family established two other mills on Nancy Creek to the northwest. The mill located south of West Paces Ferry Road and Nancy Creek was known as 'Charley Howell's Mill', after Charles Augustus Howell, one of Clark Howell's sons. It is now the site of the Hardin Construction Company.

The Atlanta Humane Society is located on Howell Mill road, leading one former morning show on a local radio station to call it "Howlllllll" Mill Road when doing their pet of the week segments.

Lee's Mill[edit]

Between Fayetteville and Tyrone. The road runs from the intersection with GA 92 in Fayetteville (New Hope Road is the continuation of the thoroughfare) to Sandy Creek Road outside of Tyrone. A roundabout was recently added midway along the road due to the construction of Veteran's Parkway.

Mason Mill[edit]

Mason Mill was built by Ezekiel Mason on Burnt Fork Creek in Decatur. Mason Mill Road meets Clairmont Road near this point. Built by slaves, the sluice or flume for the mill ran back to Clairmont Lake.[3] Read more about the Mason Mill and the Decatur Waterworks.[4]

Moore's Mill[edit]

Moore's Mill was established along Peachtree Creek in 1828 by Thomas Moore. [1]

Mundy's Mill[edit]

Near Fayetteville.

Pace's Mill[edit]

Pace's Mill belonged to Hardy Pace, one of Atlanta's founders. Located in what is now Vinings (formerly Paces), Paces Mill Road is a small spur route off of the much busier Paces Ferry Road.

Paper Mill[edit]

The Marietta Paper Mill was built on the banks of Sope Creek[5] as part of an industrial complex, near where it ends into the Chattahoochee River. The original structures which housed the Marietta Paper Mills were­ incorporated in 1859. The mills were burned by a detachment of Gen. Kenner Garrard´s cavalry division on July 5, 1864. It was rebuilt after the war, the mill burned in 1870. It was restored in 1871, and it operated until 1902. [6] Its ruins are still there, protected by the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area.[7] Located in Cobb County, it is accessible via two-lane Paper Mill Road, which connects to nearby Johnson Ferry Road. In the west, the road briefly combines with Terrell Mill Road just before ending at Lower Roswell Road as Old Paper Mill Road. Paper Mill Road was carried over Sope Creek by a covered bridge, which was burned by arson in the late 1960s.

Queen Mill[edit]

Queen Mill (or Queen's Mill) was opposite Fulton County Airport between Mableton Parkway and Interstate 20. Present day Queen Mill Road is named for the historic mill.

Rock Mill[edit]

Near Alpharetta.

Rope Mill[edit]

Near Woodstock.

Roswell Mill[edit]

Roswell Mill ruins, May 2009.

Roswell Mill was cluster of mills located in Fulton County near Vickery Creek in Roswell, GA.[8] The mills were best known for producing finished textiles from raw materials grown on nearby plantations, and the group was “the largest cotton mill in north Georgia” at its height.[9] The mill grew steadily, at one point producing wool and flour in addition to textiles.[10] This diversification progressed through several phases of ownership well into the twentieth century, and the mill continued producing textiles until its eventual shutting down of operations in 1975.[8]

Sewell Mill[edit]

Sewell Mill was located on Sewell Mill Creek, a tributary of Sope Creek. Sewell Mill Road is also located entirely in Cobb County, and runs from Georgia 120 (Roswell Road) east of Marietta, northeastward to Johnson Ferry Road. Old Sewell Road also exists. The old ruins of Sewell Mill can still be seen on a property along Sewell Mill Road, just east of Murdock Road.

Scott Mill[edit]

Near Canton, Georgia.

Terrell Mill[edit]

Terrell Mill Road runs from Cobb Parkway, northeast under I-75, then gradually curving north to cross Powers Ferry Road and the east end of Delk Road, before ending at Lower Roswell Road. While the name ends at this point, the four-lane divided roadway (an arterial road) continues straight northeast on Lower Roswell ever since that road was "broken", forcing drivers continuing on it to make a turn to stay on the same road. Just south of there, Terrell Mill Park is located on the southwest side of the road, where it is now concurrent for a short distance with the original Paper Mill Road. The northernmost section from Old Paper Mill Road (the westernmost section of Paper Mill Road) north to Lower Roswell Road was originally a quarter-mile-long road named Terrell Mill Drive, and Google Maps still identifies it as such. In the late 2000s, this section was widened along its eastern side to add an extra lane, which continues up Lower Roswell Road to Old Canton Road, bypassing the traffic light there altogether. This section of both roads is now six lanes: three northbound, two southbound, and a center left-turn lane.

Southwest of Powers Ferry Road, the road is also five lanes with a center left-turn lane, while to the north it has a landscaped road median typical of other county roads widened in the 1980s and 1990s. In order to squeeze through an underpass below I-75, it narrows to four lanes and has a steep dip that often floods during thunderstorms as it collects water from both the road and the highway, and the downslope to nearby Rottenwood Creek. If the Northwest Corridor HOV/BRT project is built, this will become an exit/entrance to and from the reversible HOT lanes. Like Northside Drive to the south, the freeway here was built with a landscaped median (where it otherwise has a low median wall), so that it could later become ramps to access future HOV lanes. There is currently no interchange at this point.

Delk Road (Georgia 280 west of I-75) was extended from Powers Ferry Road to Terrell Mill Road in 1986.[11] The new intersection was later rebuilt in the 2000s. Also in the 1980s, the first Home Depot store was located at Terrell Mill Road and Cobb Parkway in Marietta Plaza (originally a Treasure Island, now a Burlington Coat Factory), while its first headquarters was in a nearby office park on Terrell Mill Road.

Tilly Mill[edit]

Tilly Mill Road is located in DeKalb County, in the city of Dunwoody. The road bisects the land on which the mill was located, owned and operated, by the Tilly family, in the early 20th Century. The name also describes the residential district which now occupies the land.

Tribble Mill[edit]

Tribble Mill Park is located in Gwinnett.

Tucker Mill[edit]

The Old Tucker Mill is a pre-civil war era structure located in the heart of historic downtown Tucker Ga. Currently operating as an antique store at 4290 Railroad Ave. in Tucker, The Old Tucker Mill housed a corn mill and sawmill around the start of the 20th century and is considered to be one of the oldest standing structures left in Tucker. Owners- Jeff and Lori Gold Store # 770-864-1760 M-Sat 11am - 6pm

White's Mill[edit]

In Atlanta. The mill was founded by John White in Dekalb county, and subsequently run by his sons. The facilities included a lumber mill as well as a grist mill located on what is now known as White's Mill Road, between Interstate 20 and Flat Shoals Road east of Atlanta. John White is buried at a small cemetery on Candler Road just south of I-20.

The Mill additionally had a cotton gin attached as a part of the family complex, and continued in operation until the mid 1900s. During the Civil War the mill served to supply large size timber to the Confederacy. One of John's sons, William Coker White, who was a lieutenant in the 42nd Georgia C.S.A. (Dekalb Rangers) along with his brother Nicolas, came home early in the war to help oversee this aspect of the operation. According to family oral tradition, the lumber was then hauled over to the Chattahoochee River by wagon (to Aderhold’s Ferry near present day Six Flags) and floated down to Columbus, Georgia where the larger timbers were used in the construction of armored gunboat frames. (Note that one of William’s sons (James Wesley) married one of the Aderhold girls, Alzie.) Quite naturally when Gen. William T. Sherman burned the city of Atlanta, he also found it advisable to burn much of the manufacturing infrastructure in the surrounding areas such as Dekalb County, including White's mill). After the war William Coker and his brother John Wesley rebuilt and continued to run the mill complex together. The economic circumstances after the war however, were such that all the members of the extended White families (John White had 16 children and each of these had their own households) could not rely upon the mill complex for support. Thus the family split up, with a number of White families (including William Coker White) moving as a group west of Atlanta to Haralson County, Georgia. William is buried in Pleasant Grove Church Cemetery in Haralson County along with a number of other members of the White family. John White is buried next to his second wife Nancy Mapp Wells and beside a cenotaph for his first wife Hetty Layfield.

Wilkerson Mill[edit]

In Atlanta.

Williams Mill[edit]

This mill was on the south fork of Peachtree Creek as the Williams Mill Road is today's Briarcliff Road, which used to continue southwesterly from where it crossed Ponce de Leon Avenue. A remnant of the old road name still exists that intersects North Highland Avenue just south of North Avenue near the Carter Center. The mill was operated by furniture maker and sawmill operator Frederick A. Williams (1817–1883), son of Ammi Williams.[12]:49 It was purchased by Sam Durand before the Civil War, and military maps labeled it Durand's Mill on Williams Mill Road. It was last known as Wallace's Mill.

Wilsons Mill[edit]

Operated by Judge Wilson on a tribuary of North Utoy Creek, the grist mill supported the Wilson Plantation and local farmers. Established in 1858 it was in operation during the Civil War and Union Troops were encamped adjacent to the mill in August 1864.

Wing Mill[edit]

Willis Mill[edit]

This mill was on a tributary of South Utoy Creek, established in 1830 in Land Lot 200 of then Dekalb County, now Fulton. Joseph Willis was the miller and ground corn into meal and grits for early settlers in the Utoy Post Office Community CIRCA 1822. Customers included Dekalb County's first Physician Dr William Gilbert, and his Brother Dr Joshua Gilbert, the White family, Childress Family, Bryant Family, Head Family. The mill was the dividing line between the Union XXIII Army Corps and the Confederates of Bates Division during the siege of Atlanta in August 1864.

Near Sandy Springs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]