Historical United States Census totals for Fairfield County, Connecticut

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This article shows U.S. Census totals for Fairfield County, Connecticut, broken down by municipality, from 1900 to 2000.

Like most areas of New England, Fairfield County is (and has been at all times since well before the 20th century) entirely divided into incorporated municipalities. There is no unincorporated territory.

There are three types of municipalities in Connecticut: towns, boroughs and cities. As in the other New England states, towns are the basic unit of municipal government.

Boroughs overlay towns and assume responsibility for some municipal services within their boundaries. Boroughs are not found in any of the other New England states, and are not very common in Connecticut today, although they were somewhat more numerous in the past. A number of boroughs have disincorporated over the years, choosing to revert to full town control.

Cities also overlay towns. This is different from the other New England states, where cities are a different type of municipality equivalent to a town (this difference is related to cities having originally developed in Connecticut from the borough model). Most current cities are coextensive with their parent town, however, such that the entire municipality functions as a city. In practice, these cities are really no different from cities in the other New England states.

It is also possible for a city in Connecticut to overlay part, but not all, of a town. There are currently only one or two examples, but it was a more common arrangement in the past. Many of today’s coextensive cities were non-coextensive at one time. As with boroughs, a number of non-coextensive cities have also disincorporated over the years, choosing to revert to full town control.

The main tables below show municipalities at the town level. For any census, adding up the totals for each town should yield the county total. In cases where a community encompassed a coextensive city, the tables in the New England Historical U.S. Census Totals series mark the community as a city. In cases where a town included a non-coextensive city, the total shown below represents the entire town, including but not limited to the city. A separate section follows with population totals for boroughs and non-coextensive cities.

For more information on the New England municipal system, see New England town.

Corporate changes since 1900[edit]

  • 1913 – Norwalk became a coextensive city (Note: before this time, there had been both a city of Norwalk as well as a city of South Norwalk each within, but each not coextensive with, the town of Norwalk)
  • 1915 – The city of Shelton was incorporated and made coextensive with the town of Huntington (Note: before this time, Shelton had been a borough within the town of Huntington)
  • 1919 – Huntington changed its name to Shelton (thus changing the name of town to match that of its coextensive city)
  • 1949 – Stamford became a coextensive city (Note: before this time, there had been a city of Stamford within, but not coextensive with, the town of Stamford)
  • 1965 – Danbury became a coextensive city (Note: before this time, there had been a city of Danbury within, but not coextensive with, the town of Danbury)

1900[edit]

County Total: 184,203

  • Bridgeport (city) 70,996
  • Norwalk (*) 19,932
  • Danbury (*) 19,474
  • Stamford (*) 18,839
  • Greenwich 12,172
  • Huntington 5,572
  • Fairfield 4,489
  • Westport 4,017
  • Stratford 3,657
  • Bethel 3,327
  • Newtown 3,276
  • Darien 3,116
  • New Canaan 2,968
  • Ridgefield 2,626
  • Wilton 1,598
  • Trumbull 1,587
  • Redding 1,426
  • Brookfield 1,046
  • Monroe 1,043
  • Easton 960
  • Weston 840
  • Sherman 658
  • New Fairfield 584

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes one or more non-coextensive cities that encompass a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1910[edit]

County Total: 245,322

  • Bridgeport (city) 102,054
  • Stamford (*) 28,836
  • Norwalk (*) 24,211
  • Danbury (*) 23,502
  • Greenwich 16,463
  • Huntington 6,545
  • Fairfield 6,134
  • Stratford 5,712
  • Westport 4,259
  • Darien 3,946
  • Bethel 3,792
  • New Canaan 3,667
  • Ridgefield 3,118
  • Newtown 3,012
  • Wilton 1,706
  • Trumbull 1,642
  • Redding 1,617
  • Brookfield 1,101
  • Easton 1,052
  • Monroe 1,002
  • Weston 831
  • Sherman 569
  • New Fairfield 551

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes one or more non-coextensive cities that encompass a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1920[edit]

County Total: 320,936

  • Bridgeport (city) 143,555
  • Stamford (*) 40,067
  • Norwalk (city) 27,743
  • Danbury (*) 22,325
  • Greenwich 22,123
  • Stratford 12,347
  • Fairfield 11,475
  • Shelton (city) 9,475
  • Westport 5,114
  • Darien 4,184
  • New Canaan 3,895
  • Bethel 3,201
  • Newtown 2,751
  • Ridgefield 2,707
  • Trumbull 2,597
  • Redding 1,315
  • Wilton 1,284
  • Monroe 1,161
  • Easton 1,017
  • Brookfield 896
  • Weston 703
  • Sherman 533
  • New Fairfield 468

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes a non-coextensive city that encompasses a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1930[edit]

County Total: 386,702

  • Bridgeport (city) 146,716
  • Stamford (*) 56,765
  • Norwalk (city) 36,019
  • Greenwich 33,112
  • Danbury (*) 26,955
  • Stratford 19,212
  • Fairfield 17,218
  • Shelton (city) 10,113
  • Darien 6,951
  • Westport 6,073
  • New Canaan 5,456
  • Bethel 3,886
  • Trumbull 3,624
  • Ridgefield 3,580
  • Newtown 2,635
  • Wilton 2,133
  • Redding 1,599
  • Monroe 1,221
  • Easton 1,013
  • Brookfield 926
  • Weston 670
  • New Fairfield 434
  • Sherman 391

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes a non-coextensive city that encompasses a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1940[edit]

County Total: 418,384

  • Bridgeport (city) 147,121
  • Stamford (*) 61,215
  • Norwalk (city) 39,849
  • Greenwich 35,509
  • Danbury (*) 27,921
  • Stratford 22,580
  • Fairfield 21,135
  • Shelton (city) 10,971
  • Darien 9,222
  • Westport 8,258
  • New Canaan 6,221
  • Trumbull 5,294
  • Bethel 4,105
  • Newtown 4,023
  • Ridgefield 3,900
  • Wilton 2,829
  • Redding 1,758
  • Monroe 1,728
  • Brookfield 1,345
  • Easton 1,262
  • Weston 1,053
  • New Fairfield 608
  • Sherman 477

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes a non-coextensive city that encompasses a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1950[edit]

County Total: 504,342

  • Bridgeport (city) 158,709
  • Stamford (city) 74,293
  • Norwalk (city) 49,460
  • Greenwich 40,835
  • Stratford 33,428
  • Fairfield 30,489
  • Danbury (*) 30,337
  • Shelton (city) 12,694
  • Darien 11,767
  • Westport 11,667
  • Trumbull 8,641
  • New Canaan 8,001
  • Newtown 7,448
  • Bethel 5,104
  • Wilton 4,558
  • Ridgefield 4,356
  • Monroe 2,892
  • Easton 2,165
  • Redding 2,037
  • Weston 1,988
  • Brookfield 1,688
  • New Fairfield 1,236
  • Sherman 549

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes a non-coextensive city that encompasses a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1960[edit]

County Total: 653,589

  • Bridgeport (city) 156,748
  • Stamford (city) 92,713
  • Norwalk (city) 67,775
  • Greenwich 53,793
  • Fairfield 46,183
  • Stratford 45,012
  • Danbury (*) 39,382
  • Westport 20,955
  • Trumbull 20,379
  • Darien 18,437
  • Shelton (city) 18,190
  • New Canaan 13,466
  • Newtown 11,373
  • Bethel 8,200
  • Ridgefield 8,165
  • Wilton 8,026
  • Monroe 6,402
  • Weston 4,039
  • Easton 3,407
  • Brookfield 3,405
  • Redding 3,359
  • New Fairfield 3,355
  • Sherman 825

(*) not a city in its entirety, but includes a non-coextensive city that encompasses a significant percentage of the town's overall population.

1970[edit]

County Total: 792,814

  • Bridgeport (city) 156,542
  • Stamford (city) 108,798
  • Norwalk (city) 79,288
  • Greenwich 59,755
  • Fairfield 56,487
  • Danbury (city) 50,781
  • Stratford 49,775
  • Trumbull 31,394
  • Westport 27,318
  • Shelton (city) 27,165
  • Darien 20,336
  • Ridgefield 18,188
  • New Canaan 17,451
  • Newtown 16,942
  • Wilton 13,572
  • Monroe 12,047
  • Bethel 10,945
  • Brookfield 9,688
  • Weston 7,417
  • New Fairfield 6,991
  • Redding 5,590
  • Easton 4,885
  • Sherman 1,459

1980[edit]

County Total: 807,143

  • Bridgeport (city) 142,546
  • Stamford (city) 102,466
  • Norwalk (city) 77,767
  • Danbury (city) 60,470
  • Greenwich 59,565
  • Fairfield 54,849
  • Stratford 50,541
  • Trumbull 32,989
  • Shelton (city) 31,314
  • Westport 25,290
  • Ridgefield 20,120
  • Newtown 19,107
  • Darien 18,892
  • New Canaan 17,931
  • Bethel 16,004
  • Wilton 15,351
  • Monroe 14,010
  • Brookfield 12,872
  • New Fairfield 11,260
  • Weston 8,284
  • Redding 7,272
  • Easton 5,962
  • Sherman 2,281

1990[edit]

County Total: 827,645

  • Bridgeport (city) 141,686
  • Stamford (city) 108,056
  • Norwalk (city) 78,331
  • Danbury (city) 65,585
  • Greenwich 58,441
  • Fairfield 53,418
  • Stratford 49,389
  • Shelton (city) 35,418
  • Trumbull 32,016
  • Westport 24,410
  • Ridgefield 20,919
  • Newtown 20,779
  • Darien 18,196
  • New Canaan 17,864
  • Bethel 17,541
  • Monroe 16,896
  • Wilton 15,989
  • Brookfield 14,113
  • New Fairfield 12,911
  • Weston 8,648
  • Redding 7,927
  • Easton 6,303
  • Sherman 2,809

2000[edit]

County Total: 882,567

  • Bridgeport (city) 139,529
  • Stamford (city) 117,083
  • Norwalk (city) 82,951
  • Danbury (city) 74,848
  • Greenwich 61,101
  • Fairfield 57,340
  • Stratford 49,976
  • Shelton (city) 38,101
  • Trumbull 34,243
  • Westport 25,749
  • Newtown 25,031
  • Ridgefield 23,643
  • New Canaan 19,395
  • Darien 19,607
  • Monroe 19,247
  • Bethel 18,067
  • Wilton 17,633
  • Brookfield 15,664
  • New Fairfield 13,953
  • Weston 10,037
  • Redding 8,270
  • Easton 7,272
  • Sherman 3,827

Boroughs and Non-coextensive Cities[edit]

As of 1900, Fairfield County contained five boroughs and four non-coextensive cities:

  • The borough of Bethel, within the town of the same name
  • The borough of Greenwich, within the town of the same name
  • The borough of New Canaan, within the town of the same name
  • The borough of Newtown, within the town of the same name
  • The borough of Shelton, within the town of Huntington
  • The city of Danbury, within the town of the same name
  • The city of Norwalk, within the town of the same name
  • The city of South Norwalk, within the town of Norwalk
  • The city of Stamford, within the town of the same name

In addition to the above, there was a fifth city, Bridgeport, which had already been made coextensive with its parent town. A sixth borough, Ridgefield (within the town of the same name), was incorporated in 1901. The following changes have occurred since then:

  • 1913 – The city of Norwalk became coextensive with its parent town, consolidating with the city of South Norwalk in the process
  • 1915 – The borough of Shelton became a city, and was made coextensive with its parent town (the town of Huntington; the town's name was changed to Shelton in 1919)
  • The borough of Bethel disincorporated sometime between 1910 and 1920
  • 1921 – The borough of Ridgefield disincorporated
  • 1932 – The borough of Greenwich disincorporated
  • 1935 – The borough of New Canaan disincorporated
  • 1949 – The city of Stamford became coextensive with its parent town
  • 1965 – The city of Danbury became coextensive with its parent town

1900

  • Danbury (city) 16,537
  • Stamford (city) 15,997
  • South Norwalk (city) 6,591
  • Norwalk (city) 6,125
  • Shelton (borough) 2,837
  • Bethel (borough) 2,561
  • Greenwich (borough) 2,420
  • New Canaan (borough) 1,304
  • Newtown (borough) 254

1910

  • Stamford (city) 25,138
  • Danbury (city) 20,234
  • South Norwalk (city) 8,968
  • Norwalk (city) 6,954
  • Shelton (borough) 4,807
  • Greenwich (borough) 3,886
  • Bethel (borough) 3,041
  • New Canaan (borough) 1,672
  • Ridgefield (borough) 1,114
  • Newtown (borough) 434

1920

  • Stamford (city) 35,096
  • Danbury (city) 18,943
  • Greenwich (borough) 5,939
  • New Canaan (borough) 1,918
  • Ridgefield (borough) 1,030
  • Newtown (borough) 426

1930

  • Stamford (city) 46,346
  • Danbury (city) 22,261
  • Greenwich (borough) 5,981
  • New Canaan (borough) 2,372
  • Newtown (borough) 482

1940

  • Stamford (city) 47,938
  • Danbury (city) 22,339
  • Newtown (borough) 603

1950

  • Danbury (city) 22,067
  • Newtown (borough) 782

1960

  • Danbury (city) 22,928
  • Newtown (borough) 1,261

1970

  • Newtown (borough) 1,963

1980

  • Newtown (borough) 2,022

1990

  • Newtown (borough) 1,800

2000

  • Newtown (borough) 1,843

Notes[edit]

1970 Census

The Census Bureau made a number of revisions to 1970 census totals subsequent to their initial release. The 1970 total for the city of Norwalk was originally reported as 79,113; for the town of Westport, 27,414; for the town of Darien, 20,411; and for the town of New Canaan, 17,455. The totals were later revised to those shown in the list above. This was apparently done to correct an assignment error between these municipalities; the collective population of the four is the same using either set of figures, so the county total was not affected.

1980 Census

The Census Bureau made a number of revisions to 1980 census totals subsequent to their initial release. The 1970 total for the city of Stamford was originally reported as 102,453; and for the town of Greenwich, 59,578. The totals were later revised to those shown in the list above. This was apparently done to correct an assignment error between these municipalities; the collective population of the two is the same using either set of figures, so the county total was not affected.

See also[edit]