Historical United States Census totals for Piscataquis County, Maine

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This article shows U.S. Census totals for Piscataquis County, Maine, broken down by municipality, from 1900 to 2000.

There are two types of incorporated municipalities in Maine, towns and cities. The tables in the New England Historical U.S. Census Totals series differentiate between towns and cities; however, there have never been any cities in Piscataquis County.

Most areas of New England are entirely divided into incorporated municipalities, with no unincorporated territory. In the three northern New England states, however, some unincorporated territory does exist, generally in areas that are very sparsely populated. Maine contains significantly more unincorporated territory than the other states, with the bulk of it in interior and northern counties, including Piscataquis County.

Some unincorporated territory in Maine is organized into a third type of town-level municipality unique to Maine, called a plantation (considered to be “organized”, but not incorporated), while some is entirely unorganized. Due to the large extent of unorganized territory in Piscataquis County, separate sections with detailed historical census totals for such areas follows the main tables below. For any census, adding up the totals for each town-level municipality, including any plantations or unorganized entities, should yield the county total.

For more information on the New England municipal system, see New England town.

Corporate changes since 1900[edit]

  • 1907 – Bowerbank Plantation re-incorporated as a town
  • 1922 – Dover and Foxcroft merged to form Dover-Foxcroft
  • 1940 – Medford disincorporated; subsequently organized as a plantation, but later reverted to unorganized territory
  • 1940 – Williamsburg disincorporated and reverted to unorganized territory
  • 1945 – Orneville disincorporated and reverted to unorganized territory
  • 1951 – Blanchard disincorporated; subsequently organized as a plantation, but later reverted to unorganized territory
  • 1967 – Medford re-incorporated as a town
  • 1978 – Beaver Cove Plantation incorporated as a town

1900[edit]

County Total: 16,949

  • Dover 1,889
  • Foxcroft 1,629
  • Brownville 1,570
  • Guilford 1,544
  • Sangerville 1,294
  • Milo 1,150
  • Greenville 1,117
  • Monson 1,116
  • Parkman 718
  • Abbot 716
  • Sebec 593
  • Atkinson 495
  • Willimantic 419
  • Wellington 413
  • Orneville 325
  • Medford 282
  • Blanchard 248
  • Shirley 248
  • Williamsburg 117

Unincorporated territory reported 1,066 residents. This consisted of 529 residents in organized plantations, and 537 residents in unorganized territory.

1910[edit]

County Total: 19,887

  • Milo 2,556
  • Dover 2,091
  • Foxcroft 1,867
  • Brownville 1,808
  • Guilford 1,680
  • Greenville 1,474
  • Sangerville 1,319
  • Monson 1,243
  • Abbot 705
  • Parkman 646
  • Sebec 549
  • Atkinson 528
  • Wellington 393
  • Orneville 350
  • Shirley 334
  • Willimantic 271
  • Medford 262
  • Blanchard 175
  • Williamsburg 138
  • Bowerbank 76

Unincorporated territory reported 1,422 residents. This consisted of 574 residents in organized plantations, and 848 residents in unorganized territory.

1920[edit]

County Total: 20,554

  • Milo 2,894
  • Foxcroft 2,071
  • Dover 1,979
  • Brownville 1,743
  • Guilford 1,687
  • Greenville 1,550
  • Sangerville 1,246
  • Monson 1,079
  • Abbot 572
  • Parkman 565
  • Sebec 464
  • Wellington 459
  • Atkinson 456
  • Shirley 273
  • Orneville 241
  • Medford 228
  • Willimantic 196
  • Blanchard 124
  • Williamsburg 82
  • Bowerbank 41

Unincorporated territory reported 2,604 residents. This consisted of 659 residents in organized plantations, and 1,945 residents in unorganized territory.

1930[edit]

County Total: 18,231

  • Dover-Foxcroft 3,750
  • Milo 2,912
  • Brownville 1,910
  • Guilford 1,735
  • Greenville 1,615
  • Sangerville 1,225
  • Monson 1,181
  • Abbot 525
  • Parkman 538
  • Atkinson 394
  • Sebec 357
  • Wellington 350
  • Shirley 197
  • Orneville 286
  • Medford 251
  • Willimantic 173
  • Blanchard 104
  • Williamsburg 67
  • Bowerbank 43

Unincorporated territory reported 618 residents. This consisted of 315 residents in organized plantations, and 303 residents in unorganized territory.

1940[edit]

County Total: 18,467

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,015
  • Milo 3,000
  • Greenville 1,955
  • Brownville 1,914
  • Guilford 1,752
  • Sangerville 1,194
  • Monson 977
  • Parkman 581
  • Abbot 466
  • Sebec 372
  • Atkinson 312
  • Wellington 261
  • Shirley 236
  • Orneville 210
  • Willimantic 188
  • Blanchard 118
  • Bowerbank 49

Unincorporated territory reported 867 residents. This consisted of 307 residents in organized plantations, and 560 residents in unorganized territory.

1950[edit]

County Total: 18,617

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,218
  • Milo 2,898
  • Brownville 1,964
  • Greenville 1,889
  • Guilford 1,842
  • Sangerville 1,161
  • Monson 855
  • Parkman 590
  • Abbot 462
  • Sebec 442
  • Atkinson 400
  • Wellington 252
  • Shirley 212
  • Willimantic 189
  • Blanchard 75
  • Bowerbank 20

Unincorporated territory reported 1,148 residents. This consisted of 163 residents in organized plantations, and 985 residents in unorganized territory.

1960[edit]

County Total: 17,379

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,173
  • Milo 2,756
  • Greenville 2,025
  • Brownville 1,641
  • Guilford 1,880
  • Sangerville 1,157
  • Monson 852
  • Parkman 530
  • Abbot 404
  • Sebec 384
  • Atkinson 280
  • Wellington 231
  • Shirley 214
  • Willimantic 137
  • Bowerbank 17

Unincorporated territory reported 698 residents. This consisted of 138 residents in organized plantations, and 560 residents in unorganized territory.

1970[edit]

County Total: 16,285

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,178
  • Milo 2,572
  • Greenville 1,894
  • Guilford 1,694
  • Brownville 1,490
  • Sangerville 1,107
  • Monson 669
  • Parkman 457
  • Abbot 453
  • Sebec 325
  • Wellington 232
  • Atkinson 213
  • Shirley 174
  • Medford 146
  • Willimantic 126
  • Bowerbank 29

Unincorporated territory reported 526 residents. This consisted of 129 residents in organized plantations, and 397 residents in unorganized territory.

1980[edit]

County Total: 17,634

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,323
  • Milo 2,624
  • Greenville 1,839
  • Guilford 1,793
  • Brownville 1,545
  • Sangerville 1,219
  • Monson 804
  • Parkman 621
  • Abbot 576
  • Sebec 469
  • Atkinson 306
  • Wellington 287
  • Shirley 242
  • Willimantic 164
  • Medford 163
  • Beaver Cove 56
  • Bowerbank 27

Unincorporated territory reported 576 residents. This consisted of 162 residents in organized plantations, and 414 residents in unorganized territory.

1990[edit]

County Total: 18,653

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,657
  • Milo 2,600
  • Greenville 1,884
  • Guilford 1,710
  • Brownville 1,506
  • Sangerville 1,398
  • Parkman 790
  • Monson 744
  • Abbot 677
  • Sebec 554
  • Atkinson 332
  • Shirley 271
  • Wellington 270
  • Medford 194
  • Willimantic 170
  • Beaver Cove 104
  • Bowerbank 72

Unincorporated territory reported 720 residents. This consisted of 36 residents in organized plantations, and 684 residents in unorganized territory.

2000[edit]

County Total: 17,235

  • Dover-Foxcroft 4,211
  • Milo 2,383
  • Greenville 1,623
  • Guilford 1,531
  • Sangerville 1,270
  • Brownville 1,259
  • Parkman 811
  • Monson 666
  • Abbot 630
  • Sebec 612
  • Atkinson 323
  • Wellington 258
  • Medford 231
  • Shirley 183
  • Willimantic 135
  • Bowerbank 123
  • Beaver Cove 91

Unincorporated territory reported 895 residents. This consisted of 52 residents in organized plantations, and 843 residents in unorganized territory:

Plantations[edit]

As of 1900, Piscataquis County contained five plantations: Barnard, Bowerbank, Elliotsville, Lake View and Kingsbury. Four had been incorporated as towns in the 19th century, but had disincorporated and changed to a plantation form of government prior to 1900. The only one of the five that had never been a town is Lake View.

Only two plantations remain today, Lake View and Kingsbury. Bowerbank re-incorporated as a town in 1907. The other two surrendered their organization and reverted to unorganized territory in the early 1980s: Barnard (1982) and Elliotsville (1983). Four other plantations have also existed at some point since 1900:

  • The isolated community of Chesuncook, to the northeast of Moosehead Lake, was organized as a plantation for a short time, from 1921 to 1933. The 1930 Census was the only census in which it was reported as a plantation.
  • After its disincorporation, the former town of Medford operated as a plantation for about three years, from 1942 to 1945. It then surrendered its organization and reverted to unorganized territory. (It would later re-incorporate as a town in the 1960s.)
  • After the town of Blanchard disincorporated in 1951, it adopted a plantation form of government. It remained a plantation until 1984, when it surrendered its organization and reverted to unorganized territory.
  • Beaver Cover Plantation was formed from previously unorganized territory in 1975. It incorporated as a town in 1978.

1900

  • Lake View 173
  • Kingsbury 106
  • Barnard 98
  • Elliottsville 86
  • Bowerbank 66

1910

  • Lake View 245
  • Elliottsville 120
  • Kingsbury 108
  • Barnard 101

1920

  • Lake View 368
  • Barnard 155
  • Elliottsville 73
  • Kingsbury 63

1930

  • Elliottsville 77
  • Chesuncook 70
  • Barnard 61
  • Lake View 57
  • Kingsbury 50

1940

  • Elliottsville 100
  • Barnard 74
  • Lake View 70
  • Kingsbury 63

1950

  • Barnard 66
  • Elliottsville 39
  • Kingsbury 35
  • Lake View 23

1960

  • Blanchard 57
  • Barnard 32
  • Elliottsville 23
  • Lake View 18
  • Kingsbury 8

1970

  • Blanchard 56
  • Elliottsville 26
  • Barnard 24
  • Lake View 16
  • Kingsbury 7

1980

  • Blanchard 64
  • Barnard 48
  • Elliottsville 26
  • Lake View 20
  • Kingsbury 4

1990

  • Lake View 23
  • Kingsbury 13

2000

  • Lake View 43
  • Kingsbury 9

Unorganized Territory[edit]

Like all of Maine's interior counties, Piscataquis County contains a significant amount of unorganized territory. Most of it is in the northern and central parts of the county, in areas which are very sparsely populated. Historically, only about the southern third of the county (roughly, south of Moosehead Lake) has been incorporated or organized. The northern edge of the organized part of the county followed Shirley, Greenville, Elliotsville, and a line running along the northern edge of Bowerbank, Barnard, Williamsburg, Brownville and Lake View. All territory south of that line was historically organized, with all but Lake View once incorporated as towns (Note that Barnard, Elliotsville and Kingsbury were all towns at one time but had changed to plantations prior to 1900). North of that line, the entire county has historically been unorganized, with only a few minor exceptions. From 1921 to 1933 the isolated community of Chesuncook, to the northeast of Moosehead Lake, was organized as a plantation. Beaver Cover Plantation was established in 1975 from previously unorganized territory at the southeast corner of Moosehead Lake, adjacent to Greenville (“Gore A”, also known as TA2R13 & TA2R14). Beaver Cover later incorporated as a town.

Most of the northern two-thirds of the county is quite remote and has never had any significant population on more than a transitory basis. The distinction between a “township” and a “gore-like entity”, etc. in Piscataquis County is not always clear, as there are some surveyed townships labeled as “grants”. There are at least seventy townships in the county which have never been organized, however, along with some additional gore-like entities. Some islands in Moosehead Lake are not part of any larger unorganized entity, but constitute their own.

Between 1935 and 1945, a large number of municipalities in Maine dissolved and reverted to unorganized townships. In Piscataquis County, this included three communities which had historically been towns (Williamsburg, Medford and Orneville). Since that time, Piscataquis County has both gained and lost municipalities. In 1951, the town of Blanchard disincorporated; Blanchard subsequently maintained a plantation form of government until the 1980s, when it was one of three plantations in the county that dissolved and reverted to unorganized territory (the others were Barnard and Elliotsville). On the other hand, the former town of Medford re-incorporated as a town in 1967, and the new municipality of Beaver Cove was later created from previously unorganized territory.

The areas of Piscataquis County that are entirely unorganized cover about 3,100 square miles (8,000 km2), with a population of about 850 people. This covers about three-quarters of the county’s land area, but includes only about 5% of its population. Two unorganized townships have a large enough population to maintain a registrar and clerk to conduct elections for state and federal offices, although they do not have true organized municipal governments. One is the former town of Orneville. The other is the unnamed township designated as T1R9 (this township is not close to the populated areas of the county, but is along the border with Penobscot County, not far from Millinocket). Two similar entities have also been formed by groups of multiple unorganized townships banding together: “Greenville Townships”, and the “Unorganized Townships of Big Moose, Harford’s Point, Lily Bay, Little Moose Township, TAR10/12”.

Over the years, the U.S. Census Bureau has used different methods to compile data for unorganized territory in Maine. From 1900 to 1950, data was tabulated for each individual unorganized entity. In 1960, a single catch-all “Unorganized Territory” listing was provided for each Maine county, generally with no further breakdown. Since 1970, the Census has grouped contiguous areas in each county into one or more “unorganized territories”. As of the 2000 Census, four such areas are recognized within Piscataquis County:

  • Northwest Piscataquis Unorganized Territory: the western portion of the historically unorganized northern and central parts of the county. This covers all of the unorganized territory around Moosehead Lake that is within Piscataquis County, including an area at the southwest corner of the lake, west of Greenville, that has no land connection to the rest of the Territory. The eastern boundary of this Territory, bordering Northeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory, is an irregular line that appears to follow roads and watercourses in most places, not township boundaries.
  • Northeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory: the eastern portion of the historically unorganized northern and central parts of the county. At its southern end, it includes the territory of the former towns of Elliotsville, Barnard and Williamsburg. The western boundary of this Territory, bordering Northwest Piscataquis Unorganized Territory, is an irregular line that appears to follow roads and watercourses in most places, not township boundaries.
  • Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory: the former town of Orneville, in the southeast corner of the county. (It is unclear why this territory is called “Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory” rather than “Orneville Unorganized Territory”. A possible explanation may be that the Territory was originally intended to include Medford, which had re-incorporated as a town by the time the 1970 Census was taken.)
  • Blanchard Unorganized Territory: the former town (later plantation) of Blanchard, which is its own Unorganized Territory because it does not border any other land that is both unorganized and within Piscataquis County.

When the Unorganized Territories were first created for the 1970 Census, there were just two in Piscataquis County: North Piscataquis and Southeast Piscataquis. Southeast Piscataquis was the same as it is currently (Orneville Township). North Piscataquis was all other unorganized territory in the county, (including the present-day town of Beaver Cove, which was unorganized at the time). For the 1980 Census, North Somerset was broken up into Northeast Somerset and Northwest Somerset. Blanchard Unorganized Territory was added for the 1990 Census, after Blanchard Plantation surrendered its organization and reverted to unorganized territory.

The listings below provide population figures for 1) all unincorporated territory, including plantations; 2) organized plantations, for which breakouts are available in the main tables above; and 3) unorganized territory, with any available breakouts provided.

1900

All unincorporated territory 1,066

Organized plantations 529

Unorganized territory 537

  • Big Squaw (T2R6) & Little Squaw (T3R5) Twps. 131
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 114
  • Chesuncook Twp. (T5R13) 65
  • Kineo Twp. 43
  • Bowdoin College Grant East (T7R10 NWP) 42
  • Days Academy Grant 37
  • Northeast Carry Twp. (T3R15) 24
  • Frenchtown Twp. (TAR13) 20
  • T4R9 WELS 11
  • T5R9 WELS 11
  • Gore A (TA2R13 & 14) 10
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 5
  • T6R13 5
  • T2R12 3
  • T2R10 2
  • Trout Brook Twp. (T6 R9 WELS) 2
  • T3R10 1
  • T4R10 1
  • Islands: 10 (see “Notes” section below)

1910

All unincorporated territory 1,422

Organized plantations 574

Unorganized territory 848

  • T2R13 91
  • Chsuncook Twp. (T5R13) 90
  • T4R9 NWP 77
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 75
  • Little Squaw Twp. (T3R5) 62
  • Northeast Carry Twp. (T3R15) 55
  • Kineo Twp. 48
  • Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) 42
  • Frenchtown Twp. (TAR13) 39
  • Days Academy Grant 32
  • T1R9 28
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 23
  • T2R10 19
  • Trout Brook Twp. (T6 R9 WELS) 19
  • T4R11 15
  • T5R9 NWP 15
  • T5R14 12
  • T6R11 9
  • T7R9 NWP 9
  • T3R10 8
  • T5R11 8
  • T6R10 8
  • T7R12 8
  • T1R10 6
  • T4R14 6
  • T3R12 5
  • Rainbow Twp. (T2R11) 4
  • T5R10 4
  • T1R11 3
  • Bowdoin College Grant East (T7R10 NWP) 3
  • TAR11 2
  • T3R11 2
  • T4R10 2
  • T7R11 2
  • TBR11 1
  • T7R9 WELS 1
  • T7R10 1
  • Islands: 14 (see “Notes” section below)

1920

All unincorporated territory 2,604

Organized plantations 659

Unorganized territory 1,945

  • Chesuncook Twp. (T5R13) 247
  • T4R11 152
  • T5R12 147
  • Little Squaw Twp. (T3R5) 135
  • Bowdoin College Grant East (T7R10 NWP) 115
  • Days Academy Grant 113
  • T5R10 96
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 92
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 92
  • T1R12 82
  • Shawtown Twp. (TAR12) 69
  • TBR11 62
  • Gore A (TA2R13 & 14) 55
  • T1R9 55
  • Smithtown Twp. (T1R13) 40
  • T8R5 39
  • Northeast Carry Twp. (T3R15) 34
  • T7R9 NWP 34
  • Frenchtown Twp. (TAR13) 33
  • Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) 33
  • T4R12 27
  • Lobster Twp. (T3R14) 24
  • T2R13 23
  • East Middlesex Canal Grant 21
  • Kineo Twp. 21
  • T3R11 17
  • Bowdoin College Grant West (T8R10 NWP) 17
  • T4R14 16
  • Trout Brook Twp. (T6 R9 WELS) 11
  • T4R10 8
  • T5R11 7
  • T1R10 5
  • Rainbow Twp. (T2R11) 5
  • T3R12 3
  • T7R12 3
  • T2R12 1
  • T10 R15 1
  • Islands: 10 (see “Notes” section below)

1930

All unincorporated territory 618

Organized plantations 315

Unorganized territory 303

  • Little Squaw Twp. (T3R5) 47
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 42
  • T4R9 NWP 29
  • Kineo Twp. 27
  • Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) 23
  • T2R13 19
  • T3R11 18
  • TAR12 15
  • T3R10 14
  • T5R9 NWP 11
  • Frenchtown Twp. (TAR13) 10
  • TAR11 6
  • Rainbow Twp. (T2R11) 6
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 5
  • T5R10 5
  • Days Academy Grant 3
  • TBR11 3
  • T2R12 1
  • T5R12 1
  • Islands: 18 (see “Notes” section below)

1940

All unincorporated territory 867

Organized plantations 307

Unorganized territory 560

  • Medford Twp. 213
  • Williamsburg Twp. 100
  • Little Squaw Twp. (T3R5) 58
  • Chesuncook Twp. (T5R13) 32
  • Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) 30
  • Northeast Carry Twp. (T3R15) 23
  • Smithtown Twp. (T1R13) 20
  • T4R9 NWP 13
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 9
  • T10R12 9
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 7
  • T5R9 NWP 7
  • T1R9 5
  • T1R10 5
  • T1R14 5
  • Kineo Twp. 4
  • T2R13 4
  • East Middlesex Canal Grant 2
  • T3R11 2
  • Harfords Point Twp. 1
  • TAR11 1
  • TBR11 1
  • T7R9 WELS 1
  • T7R10 1
  • Islands: 7 (see “Notes” section below)

1950

All unincorporated territory 1,148

Organized plantations 163

Unorganized territory 985

  • Little Squaw Twp. (T3R5) 222
  • Orneville Twp. 209
  • Medford Twp. 191
  • Williamsburg Twp. 105
  • Kineo Twp. 40
  • Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) 36
  • Chesuncook Twp. (T5R13) 16
  • Lily Bay Twp. (TAR14) 16
  • TAR12 15
  • T4R9 NWP 12
  • T5R9 NWP 11
  • T1R9 10
  • T3R12 10
  • Smithtown Twp. (T1R13) 9
  • T2R13 8
  • Kathadin Iron Works Twp. (T6R9 NWP) 8
  • Northeast Carry Twp. (T3R15) 7
  • Frenchtown Twp. (TAR13) 6
  • Rainbow Twp. (T2R11) 6
  • Eagle Lake Twp. (T8R13) 5
  • T10R12 5
  • T3R10 4
  • T3R11 4
  • T7R12 4
  • Days Academy Grant 3
  • Gore A (TA2R13 & 14) 3
  • T1R10 3
  • TAR10 2
  • T2R9 2
  • T7R9 WELS 2
  • TAR11 1
  • T2R10 1
  • T5R12 1
  • Lobster Twp. (T3R14) 1
  • Trout Brook Twp. (T6 R9 WELS) 11
  • T6R10 1
  • T6R11 1
  • T7R13 1
  • T8R14 1
  • Islands: 2 (see “Notes” section below)

1960

All unincorporated territory 698

Organized plantations 138

Unorganized territory 560

The 1960 Census reported all unorganized territory in Piscataquis County under a single catch-all listing. No breakdown is available.

1970

All unincorporated territory 526

Organized plantations 129

Unorganized territory 397

Starting with the 1970 Census, the unorganized territory in Piscataquis County was broken into groups of contiguous territory. Two such entities were recognized in 1970.

  • North Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 241
  • Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 156

1980

All unincorporated territory 576

Organized plantations 162

Unorganized territory 414

For the 1980 Census, the former North Piscataquis Unorganized Territory was broken into two entities, for a total of three recognized within the county.

  • Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 183
  • Northeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 132
  • Northwest Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 99

1990

All unincorporated territory 720

Organized plantations 36

Unorganized territory 684

A fourth Unorganized Territory was added for 1990, reflecting the dissolution of the former Blanchard Plantation (Blanchard got its own listing because it does not border any other unorganized territory within Piscataquis County).

  • Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 247
  • Northeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 218
  • Northwest Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 141
  • Blanchard Unorganized Territory 78

2000

All unincorporated territory 895

Organized plantations 52

Unorganized territory 843

  • Northeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 347
  • Southeast Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 254
  • Northwest Piscataquis Unorganized Territory 159
  • Blanchard Unorganized Territory 83

Note: the unorganized townships in Piscataquis County are on three different grids:

  • WELS (west of the Easterly Line of the State): as its name suggests, the baseline for this grid is the boundary between Maine and New Brunswick in Aroostook County. In places, it has up to 20 numbered rows, arranged from north to south. The upper rows exist only in Aroostook County, however, so that only rows 1 through 10 enter the modern borders of Somerset County. A row “A” and “B” also exist in some areas to the south of row 1; the boundary between this grid and the one to the south of it (NWP) is irregular. The townships on this grid in Piscataquis County are generally in ranges 9 through 15, although Moosehead Lake cuts off range 15 in some of the rows, and rows A and B do not exists in all ranges. The area of Piscataquis County covered by the WELS system is for the most part very remote and very sparsely populated. Most of the townships are identified only by their row and range numbers and have never developed informal township names.
  • NWP (North of Waldo Patent): covers the area to the immediate south of the WELS grid, to the southeast of Moosehead Lake. Much of the organized portion of Piscataquis County was originally on this grid, but the last few ranges at the northern end have remained mostly unorganized. Ranges are numbered south to north, rows east to west. The northernmost range is generally range 9, although there is a range 10 in some places, as the boundary between this grid and the one to the north of it (WELS) is irregular. All of the never-organized townships on this grid in Piscataquis County are in those two ranges. The never-organized townships on this grid in Piscataquis County are in rows 4 through 8. (Lower-numbered rows are further east, in Penobscot County).
  • BKP EKR (Bingham’s Kennebec Purchase, East of the Kennebec River): covers a small portion of Piscataquis County that lies southwest of Moosehead Lake. The rows of townships on this grid are numbered west to east, with the baseline at the Kennebec River; most of the grid is in Somerset County. The only two unorganized townships in Piscataquis County numbered on this grid are Big Squaw Twp. (T2R6) and Moosehead Junction Twp. (T3R5). Because the Kennebec River does not run at all due north-south in this area, row numbering is somewhat irregular, accounting for why T2R6 is directly north of T3R5. Some of the current or former municipalities to the immediate south of those two townships were originally on this grid (e.g., Blanchard, Shirley, Kingsbury, Wellington).

In 1999, the Maine state legislature officially changed the name of Big Squaw Township (T2R6) to Big Moose Township, and Little Squaw Township (T3R5) to Moosehead Junction Township. In 2003, the legislature officially named T5R9 NWP, which had not previously had a generally used name, as Ebemee Township.

Notes[edit]

Unorganized Islands

The censuses from 1900 through 1950 contain listings for islands in Moosehead Lake which were unorganized, but treated as distinct from any larger unorganzied entity. These listings are as follows:

  • 1900: Deer Island and adjoining islands (pop. 9) and Moose Island (pop. 1).
  • 1910: Deer Island (pop. 11) and Sugar Island (pop. 3). A footnote describes these areas as “not within the limits of an organized town or plantation”.
  • 1920: Deer Island (pop. 8) and Sugar Island (pop. 2). A footnote again describes these areas as “not within the limits of an organized town or plantation”.
  • 1930: Deer Island (pop. 9) and Sugar Island (pop. 9).
  • 1940: “Islands not belonging to any town” (pop. 7). The specific islands are not identified, but totals provided for the 1920 and 1930 censuses match the figures above for Deer and Sugar islands.
  • 1950: “Islands not belonging to any town” (pop. 2).

In the 1960 Census, these islands were presumably included under the catch-all listing for unorganized territory; since 1970, they have presumably fallen under North Piscataquis Unorganized Territory and its successors.

1900 Census

In the 1900 Census, Big Squaw (T2R6) and Little Squaw (T3R5) Townships were combined in a single listing, as “Squaw Mountain Township”.

1940 Census

The 1940 Census reported Medford as an unorganized township. Even though Medford did not permanently dissolve its municipal government until 1945, this was not in error. While Medford adopted a plantation form of government following its disincorporation as a town, there was apparently a lag between the time it disincorporated as a town and the time it became a plantation. The 1940 Census fell within this interim period when Medford was technically, if only briefly, an unorganized township.

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