History of Brazilian animation

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The history of Brazilian animation is relatively recent. In the first half of the 20th century were produced some small experiments in animation without much continuity, to the emergence of several animated films in the other half of the century. In the 21st century was started the production of much animated series for television.

1910s-1950s[edit]

Since 1907 Brazilian theaters already presented animated vignettes at the closing of the newsreels. However, Kaiser was the first Brazilian autonomous animation. The animated short film was exhibited in 1917 during the World War I. The animation was created by Álvaro Marins satirizing the German Emperor Wilhelm II with which Brazil declared war in that year.[1]

The first feature-length animated film made in the country is Amazon Symphony, produced by Anélio Lattini Filho in 1953. Filmed in black and white, it took 6 years to be completed because it was conducted solely by Anélio Lattini, without the help of any other animator. During the 1960s the animation begins to have a regular presence in advertising.[2]

1970s-1990s[edit]

Piconzé is another milestone in Brazilian animation, the first colored animation feature film produced in the country (debuted in theaters in 1972), made by the Japanese cartunist Ypê Nakashima (1926-1974), who immigrated to Brazil in 1956 and worked with advertising animation. In Japan, Ypê Nakashima was cartoonist and worked in newspapers such as Mainichi Shimbun, Yomiuri Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun.[3]

In this decade the Monica's Gang comics, which have become quite popular among younger audiences in the region, were adapted to numerous animated films over the years resulting in a TV show a few years later. Some other animated films were also produced between the 1980s and 1990s, however in 1996 the most outstanding film was Cassiopeia that was the first film in computer-animated, a year after the release of the Disney Pixar's film Toy Story.[4]

2000s-present[edit]

A great advance in Brazilian animations occurred in recent years. Several awarded films have emerged in the first decade as The Happy Cricket[5] (and his sequel The Happy Cricket and the Giant Bugs), Xuxinha e Guto contra os Monstros do Espaço, Uma Aventura no Tempo, Brichos, Garoto Cósmico, and several TV series as Anabel, Fudêncio, Gui & Estopa and Fishtronaut. The series Doggy Day School and My Big Big Friend were the first animated series to be co-produced with foreign countries, the Canada as was the case for both.

With a law created by the Brazilian organization ANCINE[6] in 2011 several cable children's channels were forced to develop Brazilian original series, mainly cartoons. Among the best known cartoons today are Sítio do Picapau Amarelo, Monica's Gang, Haunted Tales for Wicked Kids and Jorel's Brother.[7] The films Rio 2096: A Story of Love and Fury and The Boy and the World, had international awards outside Brazil.

See also[edit]

References[edit]