Linn County, Oregon

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Linn County, Oregon
Linn County Courthouse Oregon.JPG
Linn County Courthouse in Albany
Map of Oregon highlighting Linn County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded December 28, 1847
Seat Albany
Largest city Albany
Area
 • Total 2,310 sq mi (5,983 km2)
 • Land 2,292 sq mi (5,936 km2)
 • Water 18 sq mi (47 km2), 0.78%
Population
 • (2010) 116,672
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.co.linn.or.us
Sign welcoming visitors to the county.

Linn County is a county located in the Willamette Valley region of the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,672.[1] The county seat is Albany.[2] It is named in honor of Lewis F. Linn, a U.S. Senator from Missouri who advocated the American settlement of the Oregon Country.

History[edit]

On December 28, 1847 the Provisional Legislature created Linn County from the southern portion of Champoeg (later Marion) County. The boundaries were altered in 1851 and 1854 with the creation of Lane and Wasco Counties. The county seat was originally located in Calapooia (later known as Brownsville), but in 1851 the Territorial Legislature passed an act establishing Albany as the county seat. A special election in 1856 reaffirmed Albany as the county seat.

Economy[edit]

Principal industries are wood products, agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. Linn County's economy relies heavily on the lumber and wood products industry; in 1990, this industry accounted for 40% of the county's manufacturing jobs. The climate and soil conditions provide one of Oregon's most diversified agriculture areas, allowing a wide variety of specialty crops such as common and perennial ryegrass. Linn County is also home to the only emery mine in the United States, and the production of manufactured and motor homes.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,310 square miles (6,000 km2), of which 2,292 square miles (5,940 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (0.78%) is water.[3]

Oregon's center of population for the 2000 census is located in the county, southwest of Lyons at 44°43′56″N 122°34′46″W / 44.732273°N 122.579524°W / 44.732273; -122.579524.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 994
1860 6,772 581.3%
1870 8,717 28.7%
1880 12,676 45.4%
1890 16,265 28.3%
1900 18,603 14.4%
1910 22,662 21.8%
1920 24,550 8.3%
1930 24,700 0.6%
1940 30,485 23.4%
1950 54,317 78.2%
1960 58,867 8.4%
1970 71,914 22.2%
1980 89,465 24.4%
1990 91,227 2.0%
2000 103,069 13.0%
2010 116,672 13.2%
Est. 2012 118,360 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 103,069 people, 39,541 households, and 28,232 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 42,521 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.20% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, and 2.49% from two or more races. 4.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.2% were of German, 13.0% American, 11.2% English and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 39,541 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,518, and the median income for a family was $44,188. Males had a median income of $35,586 versus $24,073 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,633. About 8.90% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

In January 2013, Linn County Sheriff Tim Mueller gained national attention for a letter he sent to Vice-President Joe Biden, informing Mr. Biden that he [Mueller] would not enforce any federal firearms laws he considered to be "offending the constitutional rights of my citizens." He further stated that he would not permit federal officers to come to his county to enforce such laws.[7] A copy of the letter may be seen on the Linn County Sheriff's Department Facebook page.[8]

Natural history[edit]

A variety of flora and fauna occur in Linn County. Fauna include mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. Trees include a variety of oaks and conifers as well as other species such as Salix sessilifolia.[9] The Rough-skinned Newt is a common amphibian occurring in the oak woodlands of the county.[10] Carpenter Mountain, one of the highest points in the western Cascades is located in Linn County, although road access to the peak is only possible through Lane County.

Communities[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities and CDPs[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Population and population centers by state: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2013/01/16/us/oregon-sheriff-gun-laws/index.html
  8. ^ https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=539550812730439&set=a.539534166065437.126973.149679131717611&type=1&theater
  9. ^ Charles Vancouver Piper and Rolla Kent Beattie, Flora of the Northwest Coast
  10. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa), Globaltwitcher, ed. Nicklas Stromberg [1]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°38′N 123°05′W / 44.63°N 123.09°W / 44.63; -123.09