History of Russian culture

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Most Russian historians divide the Russian culture into several periods: Russia's culture was a very lively and rough experiments to live in at some points.

Russian culture of 19th century (1801-1914)[edit]

Upper Classes in Russia spoke French, some even as their first language, which became a problem during Napoleon's invasion.

Golden Age of Russian Poetry and Russian Literature Pushkin, Lermontov

Russian culture of 20th century[edit]

Silver Age of Russian Literature

Russian avant garde (1914-1932)[edit]

Silver Age of Russian Poetry

Culture of Communist enthusiasm (1917-1932)[edit]


Russian emigrant culture[edit]

The Gesher Theater in Israel was founded by Russian emigres to bring Russian theatrical traditions to the Israeli public.[1]

Stalinist period (1932–1953)[edit]

Socialist Realism

Post-stalinist period (1953-1991)[edit]

With the death of Joseph Stalin, there was a new sense of optimism in the Soviet Union with a brief flowering of a more liberal, open culture.

Post-Soviet period (1991-present)[edit]

The Culture of Russia includes:


  1. ^ Defending Identity: Its Indispensable Role in Protecting Democracy, by Natan Sharansky, 2008, pp 139ff.