Ryazan Oblast

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Ryazan Oblast
Рязанская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 54°24′N 40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600Coordinates: 54°24′N 40°36′E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600
Political status
Country  Russia
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Administrative center Ryazan
Government (as of March 2011)
 - Governor Oleg Kovalyov[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma
 - Charter Charter of Ryazan Oblast
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 39,600 km2 (15,300 sq mi)
Area rank 58th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,154,114
 - Rank 45th
 - Density[6] 29.14 /km2 (75.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 70.9%
 - Rural 29.1%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-RYA
License plates 62
Official languages Russian[8]
Official website

Ryazan Oblast (Russian: Ряза́нская о́бласть, Ryazanskaya oblast [rʲɪˈzanskəjə ˈobləstʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is the oblast's largest city. Population: 1,154,114 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

Ryazan Oblast borders Vladimir Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (NE), the Republic of Mordovia (E), Penza Oblast (SE), Tambov Oblast (S), Lipetsk Oblast (SW), Tula Oblast (W), and Moscow Oblast (NW). Ryazan Oblastis located in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with a highest point of no more 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black earths (Chernozyom).

History[edit]

As early as 1096, Ryazan had the status of a country, but the name of its capital appears only in the Nikonov chronicle. The first Olgovsky Uspensky Monastery, one of the oldest in Russia, was built in Ryazan land in the 12th century. A new round of history began in 1198, when the Murom-Ryazan principality left the jurisdiction of the Chernigov bishopric (eparchy) and became an independent eparchy with its seat in Ryazan.

The Oka River near Konstantinovo in Rybnovsky District of Ryazan Oblast

In the 13th century, the principality was centered in the middle reaches of the Oka River and lasted for a considerable time. In the words of historian D. Ilovaisky, "The Ryazan principality was the most warlike and restive branch of the house of Rurik". The Russians who began settling the right bank of the Oka in the 10th century were faced with the onslaught of nomadic cattle-herding tribes that repeatedly invaded the forests from the south.

The most dramatic events in the history of the grand princedom are linked with the name of Oleg II of Ryazan, at a time when it cherished the hope of being Moscow's equal. This was in the 14th century, in the time of Dmitry Donskoy, when what is now Ryazan (called Pereslavl-Ryazansky at the time) had already become the capital of Ryazan land. As far as Moscow was concerned, late Muscovite chronicles invariably portrayed Oleg II as a bitter enemy who had betrayed the common Russian cause. From the chronicles of 1350-1402, it is clear that the Ryazan principality acquired real power under Prince Oleg Ivanovich Ryazansky, who had a great advantage over the Muscovite princes in governing the principality. In 1778, the Pereslavl-Ryazansky received the shorter name of Ryazan by Decree of Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Economy[edit]

Ryazan Oblast is part of the Central economic region. The Oblast is in an economically favorable geographical location owing to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agrarian Oblast. The foundations of agriculture in the oblast are livestock farming and plant cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the oblast.

Transportation[edit]

Demographics[edit]

'Population: 1,154,114 (2010 Census);[5] 1,227,910 (2002 Census);[9] 1,345,924 (1989 Census).[10]

2012
  • Births: 12 351 (10.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 18 723 (16.3 per 1000) [11]
  • Total fertility rate:[12]

2009 - 1.42 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.45 | 2012 - 1.54 | 2013 - 1.56(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Russians - 95.1%
  • Ukrainians - 0.8%
  • Armenians - 0.5%
  • Mordvins - 0.5%
  • Tatars - 0.5%
  • Azeris - 0.4%
  • Uzbeks - 0.3%
  • Others - 1.9%
  • 74,419 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[13]

Religion[edit]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in Ryazan Oblast (2012)[14][15]

  Unaffiliated Christian (3%)
  Muslim (1%)
  Rodnover (1%)
  Other Orthodox (1%)
  Spiritual but not religious (15%)
  Atheist (9%)
  Other or undeclared (7%)

According to a 2012 official survey[14] 63% of the population of Ryazan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% adheres to other Orthodox Churches, 1% are Muslims, and 1% of the population adheres to Slavic Rodnovery (Slavic Neopaganism). In addition, 15% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Official website of Ryazan Oblast. Oleg Ivanovich Kovalyov, Governor of Ryazan Oblast (Russian)
  4. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Official on the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  12. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  13. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  14. ^ a b c Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  15. ^ 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.