History of Sport Club Corinthians Paulista

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The Sport Club Corinthians Paulista is a football club based in São Paulo, São Paulo state, Brazil. For an overview of the club, see Sport Club Corinthians Paulista.

Foundation and humble beginnings (1910–1912)[edit]

In 1910 the football in Brazil was an elitist sport. The top clubs were formed by people who were part of the upper classes. Among them were Club Athletico Paulistano, São Paulo Athletic Club,[1] and Associação Atlética das Palmeiras.[2] Lower class society excluded from larger clubs founded their own minnow clubs and only played "floodplain" football.

Buckling the trend, a group of five workers of the São Paulo Railway, more precisely Joaquim Ambrose and Anthony Pereira (wall painters), Rafael Perrone (shoemaker), Anselmo Correia (driver) and Carlos Silva (general laborer), residents of the neighborhood of Bom Retiro. It was August 31, 1910. when these workers were watching a match featuring an London-based club touring Brazil, Corinthians FC.[3] After the match, while the group returned home, The men spoke of partnerships, business idea's, and general dreams of grandeur. In the mind of each one surfaced a great idea: the foundation of a club, after several exchanges in a lively argument, a common ground led those athletes the same dream. The arguments led to the conclusion that they would meet the next day to make a dream into reality.

September 1, 1910. In anticipation of heavy rains, the group agreed to meet after sundown in public sight. That night at 8:30 pm, on Rua José Paulino ("Rua dos Imigrantes" (Immigrants Street)), underneath the glow of an oil lamp the five workers reunited alongside their guest and neighbors from Bom Retiro. That night the club was founded, alongside its board of directors who elected Miguel Bataglia as the first club president.[3]

September 5, 1910, 8 pm at the residence of President Bataglia, the discussion on a club name began. the first ideas for the name of the club were full of Brazilian national spirit: Carlos Gomes Football Club and Futebol Clube Santos Dumont. However, these prominent Brazilian names were put aside after the English amateur team they had witnessed a few day earlier Corinthian, which donned pink and brown shirts and won all six games in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro during an exhibitional tour of Brazil. The name would stand Sport Club Corinthians Paulista as an homage to the great British club.[3]

It was then that President Bataglia declared "Corinthians will be a team of the people, by the people and for the people," a claim in reference to the previous "elite"-only football culture in Brazil at the time. The claim stuck and is still used to this day with Corinthians being known as the "Time do Povo" or the "Team for the People".

To buy the first ball, a bill traveled all over the neighborhood, it was necessary raise Rs$6000 to acquire the main instrument of the team. Directors board policy stated that only club associates could donate. This promoted many to officially join the club and forego their morning coffee to aid the club. Nickel by nickel the money slowly trickled in. Fortune struck when the donations of Rs$200 and a mountain of pennies was all that was required to secure the ball.

On the counter of a shop on Rua de Sao Caetano, directors poured the pennies, two hundred réis, and the haggling necessary for the regulation football. Everyone wanted to get their hands on the cherished ball that would roll across the São Paulo floodplain, parading the sacrifice that led a group of idealists to transform São Paulo Football. Effectively ending the elitism of Paulista Football and initiating its inclusion of all social classes, the beginning of Modern Football in São Paulo. This sport was once solely reserved only for a particular social group. At the time it was not popularly embraced, due to a curtain that divided the rich from the impoverished students and illiterate.[3]

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910, away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo; and despite being defeated by 1–0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful era as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game 2–0.

1914, Corinthians first Champion Squad: Fúlvio, Casemiro do Amaral and Casemiro Gonzalez; Police, Biano and Cesar; Aristides, Peres, Amilcar, Dias and Neco

Early years (1910–1922)[edit]

Fúlvio, Casemiro do Amaral and Casemiro Gonzalez; Police, Biano and Cesar; Aristides, Peres, Amilcar, Dias and Neco.

Corinthians played their first match on September 10, 1910 playing away against União da Lapa, a respected amateur club in São Paulo, and despite being defeated by 1–0, this match would mark the beginning of a successful age as an amateur club.

On September 14, Luis Fabi scored Corinthians' first goal, against Estrela Polar, another amateur club in the city, and Corinthians won their first game by 2–0.

With good results and an ascending number of supporters, Corinthians joined the Liga Paulista, after winning two qualifying games, and played in the São Paulo State Championship for the first time, in 1913, and just one year after joining the league, Corinthians was crown champion for the first time, in 1914 and again two years later.

There were many fly by night teams popping up in São Paulo at the time, and during the first practice held by Corinthians a banner was placed by the side of the field stating "This One Will Last"

Becoming Great (1922–1939)[edit]

The year of 1922, the Centennial of Brazilian Independence, marks the start of Corinthians hegemony in the São Paulo State Championship.

As football was almost exclusively played at Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo by that time, the two state champions were considered to be the two top clubs in Brazil. And defeating the Rio de Janeiro State Championship champion of that year, América, Corinthians definitely joined the hall of the great teams in Brazil.

The same year also marked the first of three State Championships in a row, something that happened again in 1928–1930 and 1937–1939.

Ups and downs (1940–1954)[edit]

Corinthians seemed predestinate to only be three State Champion in a row, since after to be six years without being a champion, came back to win of 1937 the 1939, but the 1940s were a difficult time. The club would win a championship in 1941 and later it would only come back to be successful in 1951. It was a time where Corinthians teams was known as “it makes me to laugh” or "faz-me rir" in Portuguese.

The beginning of the decade of 1950 made history in Corinthians and the São Paulo Championship. In 1951, the team composed of Carbone, Cláudio, Luisinho, Baltasar and Mário marked 103 goals in thirty matches of the São Paulo Championship, registering an average of 3,43 per game. Carbone was the top goalscoer of the competition with 30 goals. It would also win the São Paulo Championship of 1952 and 1954.

In this same decade, Corinthians was champion three times of the Rio-São Paulo Championship (1950, 1953 and 1954) the tournament that starts to be the championship of most importance in the country, because counted on the participation of the greatest clubs of the two states that were more blunted in the country.

In 1953, in a championship carried through in Venezuela, Corinthians won the Small Goblet of the World, a championship that many consider as a precursor of the Worldwide Championship of Clubs. In the occasion, Corinthians, substituting Vasco da Gama, went to Caracas, Venezuelan capital and conquered six consecutive victories, against the teams of A.S. Roma (1–0 and 3–1), CF Barcelona (3–2 and 1–0) and Selection of Caracas (2–1 and 2–0). It would also conquer the Goblet of IV the Centenarian of São Paulo, in the same year of 1954.

But after the headings of the São Paulo Championship and the Rio-São Paulo of 1954, Corinthians would live great lack of titles. The breakthrough finally came when they won the São Paulo state championship in 1977, breaking a string of 23 years without a major title.

National success and world champions (1990–2005)[edit]

In 1990, Corinthians won its first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, beating its rivals, São Paulo in the final at the opponent's own stadium, Estádio do Morumbi.[4] In the following year, Corinthians beat Flamengo and won the Supercopa do Brasil.[5] In 1995, the club won the Copa do Brasil for the first time, beating Grêmio in the final at Estádio Olímpico Monumental, in Porto Alegre.[6] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 1995, 1997, and in 1999,[7] and won the national championship again in 1998 and in 1999.[8]

In 2000, Corinthians won the first edition of the FIFA Club World Cup, beating Vasco in the final, at Estádio do Maracanã. To reach the final, Corinthians finished ahead of Real Madrid of Spain, Al-Nasr of Saudi Arabia and Raja Casablanca of Morocco.[9] In the same decade, the club won the state championship in 2001 and in 2003.,[7] and the Copa do Brasil in 2002, beating Brasiliense in the final.[10]

Between 1990 and 2005, the club also won the Ramón de Carranza Trophy in 1996, the Rio-São Paulo Tournament in 2002, the São Paulo Youth Cup in 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2005, and the Dallas Cup in 1999 and 2000.

Corinthians/MSI (2005–2007)[edit]

The club's situation in early 2004 was among the most difficult in its history. Bad administration, lack of money and terrible campaigns both in the 2003 Brazilian Championship and in the 2004 São Paulo State Championship caused its millions of supporters to worry. Fortunately, some young players and a new manager Tite helped the team to improve from their terrible start. At the end of the championship, Corinthians finished in 5th place and gained entry to the Copa Sudamericana (a minor continental championship).

This situation was one of the factors enabling Corinthians' president, Alberto Dualib, to convince the club's advisors to sign a controversial deal with an international fund of investors called Media Sports Investment. The deal granted the company a large degree of control over the club for 10 years in exchange for large financial investments in return. This has brought many quality players to the team, such as Carlos Tévez, Roger, Javier Mascherano and Carlos Alberto.

Despite the MSI investiments, Corinthians had a slow start in the 2005 state championship, but managed to improve as it progressed, eventually managing to finish second. Their start to the Brazilian championship during 2005 was difficult, too, but after Daniel Passarella's dismissal (due to an unexpected 5–1 loss to Corinthians' rivals, São Paulo), the club finished the championship well, and were eventually crowned Brazilian Champions for the fourth time, after some controversial annulment of eleven games due to a betting scandal.

The relationship between Corinthians' managers and the MSI president, Kia Joorabchian is not good, and after being eliminated in the Copa Libertadores de América, the club experienced a crisis that was responsible for the bad performances for the rest of 2006. Is still unknown whether the partnership will continue for the coming years and whether the club will get more funds to sign new players, although Kia Joorabchian has left the partnership.

On December 2, 2007, following a 1–1 draw away to Grêmio, Corinthians were relegated to the second division for the first time in Brazilian football history.

2008: The Year of Overrun[edit]

Corinthians, who won promotion to the top division of Brazilian football for 2009 by winning the Serie B tournament, signed with three-time FIFA Player of the Year Ronaldo.[11][12]

World Club Cup champion again[edit]

The club won the Série A for the fifth time in 2011. Corinthians beat Cruz Azul of Mexico, Club Nacional of Paraguay and Deportivo Táchira of Venezuela in the Group Stage of the 2012 Copa Libertadores, then they beat Emelec of Ecuador in the Round of 16, Rio de Janeiro-based club Vasco da Gama in the Quarterfinals and fellow São Paulo state team Santos in the Semifinals. On July 4, after reaching the final of the 2012 Copa Libertadores undefeated, Corinthians won its first title after a two-match final against six-time champions Boca Juniors by drawing 1–1 in Argentina and accomplishing an inaugural victory at the Estádio do Pacaembu in São Paulo winning 2–0, becoming the ninth Brazilian team to win the Copa Libertadores.[13][14] After this historical title, Corinthians is considered the most valuable club in Brazil.[15]

Corinthians won the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup for the second time after defeating in the Semifinals Al-Ahly of Egypt 1–0 on December 12, 2012 and beating in the Final English club Chelsea 1–0 on December 16, 2012.[16][17][18] Cássio was awarded the cup's Golden Ball while Peruvian Paolo Guerrero was awarded the Bronze Ball.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ do not confuse with São Paulo Futebol Clube
  2. ^ do not confuse with Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
  3. ^ a b c d "No Bom Retiro, em 1910, Começa Esta História". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). May 12, 1976. Retrieved April 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 1990 at RSSSF
  5. ^ Supercopa do Brasil at RSSSF
  6. ^ Copa do Brasil 1995 at RSSSF
  7. ^ a b Campeonato Paulista at RSSSF
  8. ^ Campeonato Brasileiro Série A at RSSSF
  9. ^ 2000 FIFA Club World Cup at RSSSSF
  10. ^ Copa do Brasil 2002 at RSSSF
  11. ^ Brazilian Ronaldo set to join Corinthians - The Telegraph, December 9, 2008
  12. ^ Ronaldo agrees to join Corinthians - The Independent, December 9, 2008
  13. ^ "World Football – Adriano signs for Corinthians – Yahoo! Eurosport". ESPN Soccernet. July 4, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Corinthians, the cream of South America". FIFA.com. July 5, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Estudo: Corinthians é primeiro brasileiro com marca superior a R$ 1 bi". Esportes.terra.com.br. July 16, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  16. ^ "World is lost for Chelsea". ESPNFC.Com. December 16, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Chelsea v Corinthians – as it happened". Guardian UK. December 16, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Corinthians 1 Chelsea 0". BBC Sport. December 16, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Double joy for Corinthians stars". FIFA. December 16, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2013.