History of Taipei

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History of Taiwan
1640 Map of Formosa-Taiwan by Dutch 荷蘭人所繪福爾摩沙-臺灣.jpg
Prehistory to 1624
Dutch Formosa 1624–1662
Spanish Formosa 1626–1642
Kingdom of Tungning 1662–1683
Qing rule 1683–1895
Republic of Formosa 1895
Japanese rule 1895–1945
Republic of China rule since 1945
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The recorded history of Taipei began with the Han Chinese settling of the Taipei Basin in 1709, leading up to the formation of the national capital of Taiwan and High-tech industry hub and that is now Taipei City. Other notable dates include the 1895 annexation of Taiwan by Japan, during which Taipei began to grow more rapidly, and in the 1950s, the USA's provision of financial assistance to the ROC government, after which the city continued on a path of fast structural and industrial growth.

First settlement[edit]

The region known as the Taipei basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the 18th century. Han Chinese began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709.

By the late 19th century, the area of present-day Taipei was home to northern Taiwan's major Han settlements, in addition to the government-designated foreign trade port of Tamsui. The Taipei area's economic importance grew with increases in foreign trade, especially that related to tea exportation.

First Chinese official development[edit]

In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture (臺灣府) and incorporated into the new Taipei Prefecture (臺北府). Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangkah and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei (城內), "the inner city", and government buildings were erected there. From 1875 (during the Qing Dynasty) until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Tamsui County (Tamsui District now)(淡水縣) of Taipei Prefecture and the prefectural capital. Taipei remained a temporary provincial capital before it officially became the capital of Taiwan in 1894.

Japanese rules and leadership[edit]

Old street in Taipei. 2013

As settlement for losing the Sino-Japanese War, China ceded the entire island of Taiwan to Japan in 1895. After the Japanese takeover, Taipei, called Taihoku in Japanese, emerged as the political center of the Japanese Colonial Government. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule, including the Presidential Building which was the Office of the Taiwan Governor-General (台灣總督府). During the Japanese rule, Taihoku was incorporated in 1920 as part of Taihoku Prefecture (台北州-Tai Bei Zhou). It included Bangka (艋舺-Meng Jia), Dadaocheng, and Chengnei among other small settlements. The eastern village Matsuyama (松山庄-Song Shan Zhuang) was annexed into Taihoku City in 1938.

Nationalist rule[edit]

Non-Kuomintang Taiwanese politician Wu San-lian (2L) celebrated his landslide victory (65.5%) in the first-time Taipei city mayoral election in January 1951 with his supporters. Taipei is the capital of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since December 1949.
With President Chiang Kai-shek, the U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower waved hands to Taiwanese people during his visit to Taipei, Taiwan in June 1960.

Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War and its consequent surrender in August 1945, Taiwan was taken over by Chinese Nationalist troops. Subsequently, a temporary Office of the Taiwan Province Administrative Governor (臺灣省行政長官公署) was established in Taipei City, but the behaviour of soldiers lead to increasing tensions, and to the 228 incident.

On December 7, 1949, the Kuomintang (KMT) government under Chiang Kai-shek established Taipei as the provisional capital of the ROC after the Communists forced them to flee mainland China. Taipei was also the capital of Taiwan Province until the 1956 when the provincial administration was moved to Chunghsing Village (中興新村) in central Taiwan. However, the PRC does not recognize this move and still regards Taipei as the provincial capital of Taiwan.

As approved on December 30, 1966 by Executive Yuan, Taipei became a centrally administered municipality on July 1, 1967. In the following year, Taipei City expanded again by annexing Shilin, Beitou, Neihu, Nangang, Jingmei and Muzha. In 1990, 16 districts in Taipei City were consolidated into the current 12 districts.

New Taipei residents[edit]

After the 1990s, after two decades of building urban underground railway traffic, fast roads and early Taipei MRT network, such as bus lanes, had to be completed to a considerable extent relieve the pressure on traffic. In addition, Taipei has continued to construct a more convenient environment of Humanities and Education, and in a more open public conceptualism, and gradually establish a service-based, and diversity goals towards the development of the city forward. After a few years into the 21st century, the Taipei though after the ruling party, have occurred in 1997 murder of Pai Hsiao-yen's security crisis, the collapse of the East Star Building 921 earthquake events in 1999, 2001 Typhoon Nari loss of hundreds of millions of dollars, 2002 Taipei drought and water crisis of 2003 SARS crisis and other major livelihood events, but does not affect the Taipei city into an international process.

For the purposes of the expansion will be a whole, the highest in eastern Taipei, Taipei 101 as the main landmarks Xinyi District started its rapid development, has become the premier central business district of Taipei, the Taring. On the other hand, while actively internationalization, Taipei began to have cognitive and cultural value of traditional architecture. After 2000, Taipei, paying attention to the content and quality of the culture of Taiwan, and began to promote a culture of equality and the right to reproduce the historical memory, emphasizing traditional common people, and promote cultural industries, promote learning and release the Taipei government resources, and create a new culture of meteorological Taipei.

See also[edit]