History of cycling
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History of cycling
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People have been riding bicycles to work since the initial bicycle heyday of the 1890s. According to the website Bike to Work, this practice continued in the United States until the 1920s, when biking experienced sharp drop in part due to the growth of suburbs and the popularity of the car. In Europe, cycling to work continued to be common until the end of the 1950s.
Today many people ride bikes to work for a variety of reasons, including fitness, environmental concerns, convenience, frugality, and enjoyment. According to the US Census Bureau’s 2008 American Community Survey (ACS), on September 22, 2009, 0.55 percent of Americans use a bicycle as the primary means of getting to work. Some places of employment offer amenities to bike commuters, such as showers, changing rooms, indoor bike racks and other secure bike parking for employees.
The first documented cycling race was a 1,200 metre race held on May 31, 1868 at the Park of Saint-Cloud, Paris. It was won by expatriate Englishman James Moore who rode a bicycle with solid rubber tires. The first cycle race covering a distance between two cities was Paris–Rouen, also won by James Moore, who rode the 123 kilometres dividing both cities in 10 hours and 40 minutes.
The oldest established bicycle racing club in the United States is the St. Louis Cycling Club. Operating continuously since 1887 the club has sponsored races and timed distance events since its inception. Its members have included numerous national champions and Olympic team members.
- History of cycling in Syracuse, New York
- History of the bicycle
- List of doping cases in cycling
- List of professional cyclists who died during a race
- Maso, B. (tr. Horn, M.) (2005), The Sweat of the Gods, Mousehold Press, pp. 1-2, ISBN 1-874739-37-4
- Paris-Rouen 1869
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