History of rugby union matches between Australia and England

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The rivalry between England and Australia started on 9 January in 1909 at Blackheath's Rectory Field in England. The Wallabies won the match 9 points to 3. The two nations next met in 1928, at Twickenham, and England won 18 points to 11. Twenty years passed before England and Australia met again, at Twickenham, in 1948, with Australia winning the affair 11 points to nil. It would then be another decade until the two nations played another test against one another. In 1958, they met again at Twickenham, and England won by nine points to six.

England and Australia played each other twice during the 1960s, first in 1963, when the Wallabies defeated England 18 points to 9 at Sydney's Sports Ground. They met again in 1967 and England went down again 11 to 23 at Twickenham. The nations played each other another four times during the 1970s; with England winning 20 points to 3 at Twickeham in 1973, Australia winning 16 to 9 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1975 and again that year 30 to 21 at Ballymore, and England winning in 1976, 23 to 6 at Twickenham.

The two nations would meet six times during the 1980s, the first encounter was in 1982, with England defeating Australia 15 to 11 at Twickenham. Two years later the Wallabies were victorious at Twickenham, winning by 19 points to 3. The next match was a pool match in the 1987 Rugby World Cup at Sydney's Concord Oval in 1987, with Australia winning 19 to 6. The nations played again in 1988, this time three times; Australia winning 22 to 16 at Ballymore, and again, 28 to 8 at Concord Oval, with the third and final match being played at Twickenham which England won 28 points to 19.

The sides met three times during the 1990s before the Cook Cup was introduced. The first match was in 1991 at the Sydney Football Stadium, and Australia won by 40 points to 15. The next match was the 1991 Rugby World Cup Final at Twickenham, which the Wallabies won by 12 points to 6. The last pre-Cook Cup match was a Quarter-Final of the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa, and was played at Newlands Stadium in Cape Town. England won by 25 points to 22, with a drop-goal in the dying seconds of the match.

Cook Cup[edit]

The Cook Cup came about when the Rugby Football Union (RFU) and the Australian Rugby Union (ARU) agreed to play each other on a home-and-away basis. The first Cook Cup match was played at Sydney's Aussie Stadium on 25 June 1997. Australia won the match by 25 points to 6. The series was however to be decided through two tests, and the second took place at Twickenham in London, this resulted in a 15-all draw. Since Australia won the first test, they were crowned champions.

In 1998 Australia ran out 76 to nil winners at Lang Park in Brisbane. The Wallabies were captained by John Eales, and in total, Australia scored 11 tries. The subsequent meeting at Twickenham saw England lose by just one point, the score being 12 to 11. The following year, the Cook Cup was decided through one match as opposed to the two Tests. The reason for the format change was due to the 1999 Rugby World Cup. Australia defeated England 22 points to 15 at Stadium Australia. The following year, the Cook Cup was again contested over the single match, due to the 2001 British Lions tour to Australia. The match was played at Twickenham, and England won 22 to 19 to win their first Cook Cup.

The 2006 match between Australia and England at Telstra Dome.

The single-test format remained for 2002, and England successfully defended their Cook Cup by beating Australia by just one point, 32 to 31 at Twickenham. For 2003, the Cook Cup was again decided over one match, due to the 2003 Rugby World Cup. The match was played at Melbourne's Telstra Dome, and England won 25 to 14. Also that year, the two nations met in what is arguably one of their most famous encounters ever, at the World Cup final. Jonny Wilkinson landed a drop goal in extra time that saw England win the Rugby World Cup by 20 points to 17.

The first post-World Cup match between England and Australia was played at Brisbane's Suncorp Stadium, in 2004, which saw Australia win 51 to 15. The 2004 Cook Cup was contested over two matches and the second game was played at Twickenham, with Australia winning by 21 points to 19, which saw the Wallabies win the Cook Cup. The 2005 Cook Cup was decided by just the one test, and England won by 26 points to 16 at Twickenham. In 2006 both games were won by Australia.

Since 1909, England and Australia have played each other 42 times. England have won 17, Australia 24 with 1 draw as of 2 November 2013.

Summary[edit]

Overall[edit]

Details Played Won by
 Australia
Won by
 England
Drawn Australia points England points
In England 23 10 12 1 356 374
In Australia 17 14 3 0 502 224
Neutral venue 2 0 2 0 32 37
Overall 42 24 17 1 890 635

Note: Date shown in brackets indicates when the record was or last set.

Record Australia England
Longest winning streak 4 (3 Nov 1984–5 Nov 1988) 5 (18 Nov 2000–26 Jun 2004)
Largest points for
Home 76 (6 June 1998) 35 (13 November 2010)
Away 31 (16 November 2002) 25 (21 June 2003)
Largest winning margin
Home 76 (6 June 1998) 17 (13 November 2010)
Away 16 (3 November 1984) 11 (21 June 2003)

Results[edit]

No. Date Venue Score Winner Comments Attendance
43 29 November 2014 Twickenham, London 2014 Autumn International
42 2 November 2013 Twickenham, London 20 – 13  England 2013 Autumn International 81,500
41 17 November 2012 Twickenham, London 14 – 20  Australia 2012 Autumn International 81,361
40 13 November 2010 Twickenham, London 35 – 18  England 2010 Autumn International 80,002
39 19 June 2010 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 20 – 21  England 2010 England rugby union tour of Australasia 48,392
38 12 June 2010 Subiaco Oval, Perth 27 – 17  Australia 32,228
37 7 November 2009 Twickenham, London 9 – 18  Australia 2009 Autumn International 80,020
36 15 November 2008 Twickenham, London 14 – 28  Australia 2008 Autumn International 80,688
35 6 October 2007 Stade Vélodrome, Marseille 10 – 12  England 2007 Rugby World Cup quarter-final 59,102
34 17 June 2006 Telstra Dome, Melbourne 43 – 18  Australia 2006 mid-year rugby test series 41,278
33 11 June 2006 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 34 – 3  Australia 60,124
32 12 November 2005 Twickenham, London 26 – 16  England 2005 Autumn Internationals
31 27 November 2004 Twickenham, London 19 – 21  Australia 2004 Autumn Internationals
30 26 June 2004 Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane 51 – 15  Australia 2004 England rugby union tour of Australasia
29 22 November 2003 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 17 – 20  England 2003 Rugby World Cup Final 82,957
28 21 June 2003 Colonial Stadium, Melbourne 14 – 25  England 2003 England rugby union tour of Australasia
27 16 November 2002 Twickenham, London 32 – 31  England 2002 end of year rugby union tests
26 10 November 2001 Twickenham, London 21 – 15  England
25 18 November 2000 Twickenham, London 22 – 19  England
24 26 June 1999 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 22 – 15  Australia 1999 England rugby union tour of Australia
23 28 November 1998 Twickenham, London 11 – 12  Australia
22 6 June 1998 Lang Park, Brisbane 76 – 0  Australia 1998 England rugby union tour
21 15 November 1997 Twickenham, London 15 – 15   draw
20 12 July 1997 Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney 25 – 6  Australia 1997 England rugby union tour of Argentina and Australia
19 11 June 1995 Newlands, Cape Town 25 – 22  England 1995 Rugby World Cup
18 2 November 1991 Twickenham, London 6 – 12  Australia 1991 Rugby World Cup Final
17 27 July 1991 Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney 40 – 15  Australia 1991 England rugby union tour of Australia and Fiji
16 5 November 1988 Twickenham, London 28 – 19  England 1988 Australia rugby union tour
15 12 June 1988 Concord Oval, Sydney 28 – 8  Australia 1988 England rugby union tour of Australia and Fiji
14 29 May 1988 Ballymore, Brisbane 22 – 16  Australia
13 23 May 1987 Concord Oval, Sydney 19 – 6  Australia 1987 Rugby World Cup
12 3 November 1984 Twickenham, London 3 – 19  Australia 1984 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
11 2 January 1982 Twickenham, London 15 – 11  England 1981–82 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
10 3 January 1976 Twickenham, London 23 – 6  England 1975–76 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
9 31 May 1975 Ballymore, Brisbane 30 – 21  Australia 1975 England rugby union tour of Australia
8 24 May 1975 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 16 – 9  Australia
7 17 November 1973 Twickenham, London 20 – 3  England 1973 Australia rugby union tour of Europe
6 7 January 1967 Twickenham, London 11 – 23  Australia 1966-67 Australia rugby union tour
5 4 June 1963 Sydney Sports Ground, Sydney 18 – 9  Australia 1963 England rugby union tour of Australasia
4 1 February 1958 Twickenham, London 9 – 6  England 1957-58 Australia rugby union tour
3 3 January 1948 Twickenham, London 0 – 11  Australia 1947-48 Australia rugby union tour
2 7 January 1928 Twickenham, London 18 – 11  England 1927-28 Waratahs tour
1 9 January 1909 Rectory Field, Blackheath 3 – 9  Australia 1908–09 Australia rugby union tour of Britain

Notable Meetings[edit]

World Cup Finals[edit]

2007 World Cup Quarter-final
2003 Rugby World Cup Final
1995 World Cup Quarter-final
1991 Rugby World Cup Final