History of the British line of succession

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The first ten people in the line of succession to the British throne at the time of death or abdication of each monarch are shown.

Anne[edit]

The Act of Union 1707, which united the thrones of Scotland and England, extended the Act of Settlement to Scotland. On the day of Anne's death, 1 August 1714, the full line of succession to the British throne was as follows, as provided by the Act of Settlement 1701 (see Jacobite line of succession to the English and Scottish thrones in 1714 for the succession list as it would have been before the Act of Settlement):

  1. Prince George Louis, Elector of Hanover (b. 1660), second cousin of the queen
  2. Prince George Augustus, Electoral Prince of Hanover, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1683), son of the Elector of Hanover
  3. Prince Frederick Louis of Hanover (b. 1707), son of the Electoral Prince
  4. Princess Anne of Hanover (b. 1709), first daughter of the Electoral Prince
  5. Princess Amelia of Hanover (b. 1711), second daughter of the Electoral Prince
  6. Princess Caroline of Hanover (b. 1713), third daughter of the Electoral Prince
  7. Queen Sophia Dorothea in Prussia (b. 1687), daughter of the Elector
  8. Prince Frederick, Crown Prince in Prussia (b. 1712), son of Queen Sophia Dorothea
  9. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (b. 1709), daughter of Queen Sophia Dorothea
  10. Prince Maximilian William of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1666), younger brother of the Elector
  11. Prince Ernest Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1674), younger brother of the Elector;
  12. King Frederick William I of Prussia (b. 1657), only child of the Elector's late sister Queen Sophia Charlotte in Prussia.

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became King George I.

George I[edit]

On the day of George I's death, 11 June 1727, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince George, Prince of Wales (b. 1683), son of the king
  2. Prince Frederick, Duke of Edinburgh (b. 1707), eldest son of the Prince of Wales
  3. Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (b. 1721), second surviving son of the Prince of Wales
  4. Princess Anne (b. 1709), first daughter of the Prince of Wales
  5. Princess Amelia (b. 1711), second daughter of the Prince of Wales
  6. Princess Caroline (b. 1713), third daughter of the Prince of Wales
  7. Princess Mary (b. 1723), fourth daughter of the Prince of Wales
  8. Princess Louise (b. 1724), fifth and youngest daughter of the Prince of Wales
  9. Queen Sophia Dorothea in Prussia (b. 1687), daughter of the king
  10. Prince Frederick, Crown Prince in Prussia (b. 1712), eldest surviving son of Queen Sophia Dorothea

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became George II.

George II[edit]

On the day of George II's death, 25 October 1760, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince George, Prince of Wales (b. 1738), eldest son of the king's deceased eldest son, Prince Frederick
  2. Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany (b. 1739), Frederick's second son
  3. Prince William Henry (b. 1743), Frederick's third son
  4. Prince Henry (b. 1745), Frederick's fourth son
  5. Prince Frederick (b. 1750), Frederick's fifth son
  6. Princess Augusta (b. 1737), Frederick's first daughter
  7. Princess Louisa (b. 1749), Frederick's third and second surviving daughter
  8. Princess Caroline Matilda (b. 1751), Frederick's fourth daughter
  9. Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (b. 1721), the king's second surviving son
  10. William V, Prince of Orange (b. 1748), son of the king's deceased first daughter Anne, Princess Royal

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became George III.

George III[edit]

On the day of George III's death, 29 January 1820, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince George, Prince Regent (b. 1762), the king's eldest son, and regent for nine years
  2. Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (b. 1763), the king's second son
  3. Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews (b. 1765), the king's third son
  4. Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent (b. 1819), the king's granddaughter by his deceased fourth son the Duke of Kent
  5. Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (b. 1771), the king's fifth son
  6. Prince George of Cumberland (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cumberland
  7. Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (b. 1773), the king's sixth son
  8. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774), the king's seventh son
  9. Prince George of Cambridge (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cambridge
  10. Queen Charlotte of Württemberg (Princess Royal) (b. 1766), the king's eldest daughter

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became George IV.

George IV[edit]

On the day of George IV's death, 26 June 1830, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews (b. 1765), brother of the king
  2. Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent (b. 1819), daughter of the king's deceased brother the Duke of Kent
  3. Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (b. 1771), brother of the king
  4. Prince George of Cumberland (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cumberland
  5. Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (b. 1773), brother of the king
  6. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774), brother of the king
  7. Prince George of Cambridge (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cambridge
  8. Princess Augusta of Cambridge (b. 1822), daughter of the Duke of Cambridge
  9. Princess Augusta Sophia (b. 1768), sister of the king
  10. Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Hornburg (b. 1770), sister of the king

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became William IV, by the end of whose seven-year reign, the only change in the succession would be the birth of Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge.

William IV[edit]

On the day of William IV's death, 20 June 1837, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent (b. 1819), daughter of the king's deceased brother the Duke of Kent
  2. Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (b. 1771), brother of the king (succeeded as King of Hanover, as the senior agnatic descendant)
  3. Prince George of Cumberland (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cumberland
  4. Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (b. 1773), brother of the king
  5. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774), brother of the king
  6. Prince George of Cambridge (b. 1819), son of the Duke of Cambridge
  7. Princess Augusta of Cambridge (b. 1822), daughter of the Duke of Cambridge
  8. Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (b. 1833), daughter of the Duke of Cambridge
  9. Princess Augusta Sophia (b. 1768), sister of the king
  10. Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Hornburg (b. 1770), sister of the king

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became Queen Victoria.

Victoria[edit]

On the day of Victoria's death, 22 January 1901, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (b. 1841), eldest son of the queen
  2. Prince George, Duke of York (b. 1865), eldest surviving son of the Prince of Wales
  3. Prince Edward of York (b. 1894), eldest son of the Duke of York
  4. Prince Albert of York (b. 1895), second son of the Duke of York
  5. Prince Henry of York (b. 1900), third son of the Duke of York
  6. Princess Mary of York (b. 1897), daughter of the Duke of York
  7. Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (b. 1867), eldest daughter of the Prince of Wales
  8. Lady Alexandra Duff (b. 1891), elder daughter of Princess Louise
  9. Lady Maud Duff (b. 1893), younger daughter of Princess Louise
  10. Princess Victoria of Wales (b. 1868), second daughter of the Prince of Wales

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became Edward VII.

Edward VII[edit]

On the day of Edward VII's death, 6 May 1910, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince George, Prince of Wales (b. 1865), son of the king
  2. Prince Edward of Wales (b. 1894), eldest son of the Prince of Wales
  3. Prince Albert of Wales (b. 1895), second son of the Prince of Wales
  4. Prince Henry of Wales (b. 1900), third son of the Prince of Wales
  5. Prince George of Wales (b. 1902), fourth son of the Prince of Wales
  6. Prince John of Wales (b. 1905), fifth son of the Prince of Wales
  7. Princess Mary of Wales (b. 1897), daughter of the Prince of Wales
  8. Princess Louise, Princess Royal (b. 1867), eldest daughter of the king
  9. Princess Alexandra of Fife (b. 1891), elder daughter of Princess Louise
  10. Princess Maud of Fife (b. 1893), younger daughter of Princess Louise

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became George V.

George V[edit]

On the day of George V's death, 20 January 1936, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince Edward, Prince of Wales (b. 1894), eldest son of the king
  2. Prince Albert, Duke of York (b. 1895), second son of the king
  3. Princess Elizabeth of York (b. 1926), elder daughter of the Duke of York
  4. Princess Margaret of York (b. 1930), younger daughter of the Duke of York
  5. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900), third son of the king
  6. Prince George, Duke of Kent (b. 1902), fourth son of the king
  7. Prince Edward of Kent (b. 1935), son of the Duke of Kent
  8. Princess Mary, Princess Royal (b. 1897), daughter of the king
  9. George Lascelles, Viscount Lascelles (b. 1923), elder son of the Princess Royal
  10. Gerald Lascelles (b. 1924), younger son of the Princess Royal

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became Edward VIII.

Edward VIII[edit]

On the day of Edward VIII's abdication, 11 December 1936, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Prince Albert, Duke of York (b. 1895), brother of the king
  2. Princess Elizabeth of York (b. 1926), elder daughter of the Duke of York
  3. Princess Margaret of York (b. 1930), younger daughter of the Duke of York
  4. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900), brother of the king
  5. Prince George, Duke of Kent (b. 1902), brother of the king
  6. Prince Edward of Kent (b. 1935), son of the Duke of Kent
  7. Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood (b. 1897), sister of the king
  8. Viscount Lascelles (b. 1923), elder son of the Princess Royal
  9. Gerald Lascelles (b. 1924), younger son of the Princess Royal
  10. Princess Arthur of Connaught, Duchess of Fife (b. 1891), daughter of Edward VIII's aunt, Louise, Princess Royal

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became George VI.

George VI[edit]

On the day of George VI's death, 6 February 1952, the line of succession to the British throne was as follows:

  1. Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (b. 1926), elder daughter of the king
  2. Prince Charles of Edinburgh (b. 1948), son of Princess Elizabeth
  3. Princess Anne of Edinburgh (b. 1950), daughter of Princess Elizabeth
  4. Princess Margaret (b. 1930), younger daughter of the king
  5. Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900), brother of the king
  6. Prince William of Gloucester (b. 1941), elder son of the Duke of Gloucester
  7. Prince Richard of Gloucester (b. 1944), younger son of the Duke of Gloucester
  8. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (b. 1935), elder son of the king's deceased brother, the 1st Duke of Kent
  9. Prince Michael of Kent (b. 1942), younger son of the 1st Duke of Kent
  10. Princess Alexandra of Kent (b. 1936), daughter of the 1st Duke of Kent

The throne passed to the first person in line, who became Elizabeth II.

Elizabeth II[edit]

For the current line of succession see Line of succession to the British throne.

See also[edit]

References[edit]