History of the Germany national football team
|Association||German Football Association|
|Most caps||Lothar Matthäus (150)|
|Top scorer||Miroslav Klose (71)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||1 (December 1992, August 1993, December 1993, February 1994 – March 1994, June 1994, July 2014 – present)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||22 (March 2006)|
|Highest Elo ranking||1 (1990–92, 1993–94, 1996–97, July 2014 – present)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||17 (1923)|
| Switzerland 5–3 Germany
(Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908)
| Germany 16–0 Russian Empire
(Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912)
| England Amateurs 9–0 Germany
(Oxford, England; 13 March 1909)
|Appearances||18 (First in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions, 1954, 1974, 1990, 2014|
|Appearances||11 (First in 1972)|
|Best result||Champions, 1972, 1980, 1996|
|Appearances||2 (First in 1999)|
|Best result||3rd Place, 2005|
The history of the German national football team began in 1908, when Germany played its first international match. Since then, the German national football team has been one of the most successful football teams, winning four World Cups and three European Championships.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Early years
- 1.2 Three German teams
- 1.3 Das Wunder von Bern
- 1.4 Memorable losses: Wembley goal and Game of the Century
- 1.5 World Cup title on home soil
- 1.6 Late 1970s and early 1980s
- 1.7 Beckenbauer's triumph as coach
- 1.8 Olympic football
- 1.9 Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)
- 1.10 Oliver Kahn/Michael Ballack era
- 1.11 Rejuvenation under Joachim Löw
- 1.12 2010 FIFA World Cup finals
- 1.13 Euro 2012 qualification
- 1.14 Euro 2012 finals
- 1.15 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification
- 1.16 2014 FIFA World Cup finals
- 2 Competition records
- 3 Historical kits
- 4 Previous squads
- 5 References
Between 1899 and 1901, prior to the formation of a national team, there were five unofficial international matches between different German and English selection teams, which all ended as large defeats for the German teams. Eight years after the establishment of the German Football Association (DFB), the first official match of the Germany national football team was played on 5 April 1908, against Switzerland in Basel, with the Swiss winning 5–3. Coincidentally, the first match after World War I in 1920, the first match after World War II in 1950 when Germany was still banned from most international competitions, and the first match in 1990 with former East German players were all against Switzerland as well. Germany's first championship title was even won in Switzerland.
At that time the players were selected by the DFB, as there was no dedicated coach. The first manager of the Germany national team was Otto Nerz, a school teacher from Mannheim, who served in the role from 1926 to 1936. The German FA could not afford travel to Uruguay for the first World Cup staged in 1930 during the Great Depression, but finished third in the 1934 World Cup in their first appearance in the competition. After a poor showing at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Sepp Herberger became coach. In 1937 he put together a squad which was soon nicknamed the Breslau Elf (the Breslau Eleven) in recognition of their 8–0 win over Denmark in the then German city of Breslau, Lower Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland).
After Austria became part of Germany in the Anschluss of March 1938, that country's national team – one of Europe's better sides at the time due to professionalism – was disbanded despite having already qualified for the 1938 World Cup. As required by Nazi politicians, five or six ex-Austrian players, from the clubs Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, First Vienna FC, were ordered to join the all-German team on short notice in a staged show of unity orchestrated for political reasons. In the 1938 World Cup that began on 4 June in France, this "united" German team lead 1-0 against Switzerland, but managed only a 1–1 draw. After leading 2-0 in the replay, held again in Paris, they lost 2–4 in front of a hostile crowd. That early yet undefeated (the replay being considered a tie-breaker like a penalty shootout) exit in the round of 16 stands as Germany's worst ever World Cup result (excluding the 1930 and 1950 tournaments in which they did not compete). They appeared in all other World Cups and advanced to the final eight, or better.
During World War II, the team played over 30 international games between September 1939 and November 1942, when national team games were suspended, as most players had to join the armed forces. Many of the national team players, and even ethnic German players from other national teams like Ernst Willimowski, were gathered together under coach Herberger as Rote Jäger through the efforts of a sympathetic air force officer trying to protect the footballers from the most dangerous wartime service.
Three German teams
After the Second World War, Germany was banned from competition in most sports until about 1950, with none of the three new German states, West Germany, East Germany and Saarland, entering the 1950 World Cup qualifiers, since the DFB was only reinstated as full FIFA member after this World Cup.
As in most aspects of life, the pre-war traditions and organisations of Germany were carried on by the Federal Republic of Germany, which was referred to as West Germany. This applied also to the restored DFB which had its headquarters in Frankfurt am Main and still employed coach Sepp Herberger. With recognition by FIFA and UEFA, the DFB maintained and continued the record of the pre-war team. Neighbouring Switzerland was once again the first team that played West Germany in 1950, with Turkey and Republic of Ireland being the only non-German speaking nations to play them in friendly matches during 1951.
After only 18 post war games in total, West Germany qualified for the 1954 World Cup, having prevailed against Norway and the "third German state", the Saarland.
The Saar protectorate, otherwise known as Saarland, was split from Germany and put under French control between 1947 and 1956. Saarland did not want to join French organisations and was barred from participating in pan-German ones. Thus, they sent separate teams to the 1952 Summer Olympics and also to the 1954 World Cup qualifiers, when Saarland finished below West Germany but above Norway in their qualification group, having won in Oslo. Legendary coach Helmut Schön was the manager of the Saarland team from 1952 until 1957, when the territory acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany. He went on to coach the championship-winning team of the 1970s.
In 1949, the communist German Democratic Republic was founded in the Soviet-occupied eastern part of the country. A separate football competition emerged in what was commonly known as East Germany. In 1952 the Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV) was established and the East Germany national football team took to the field. They were the only team to beat the 1974 World Cup winning West Germans in a highly symbolic event for the divided nation that was the only meeting of the two sides. East Germany went on to win the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and German reunification in 1990, the eastern football competition was reintegrated into the DFB.
Das Wunder von Bern
West Germany, captained by Fritz Walter, met in the 1954 World Cup some of the teams they had played in friendly matches, namely Turkey, Yugoslavia and Austria. When playing favourites Hungary in the group stage, with good chances to qualify for the next round even in case of defeat, coach Sepp Herberger did not field his best players, saving them from the experience of a 3–8 loss. West Germany would go on to meet Hungary again in the final, facing the legendary team of Mighty Magyars again, which had gone unbeaten for 32 consecutive matches. In a shocking upset, West Germany came back from an early two goal deficit to win 3–2, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winning goal with only six minutes remaining. The success is called "The Miracle of Bern" (Das Wunder von Bern). The unexpected victory created a sense of euphoria throughout a divided postwar Germany. The triumph is credited with playing a significant role in securing the postwar ideological foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Memorable losses: Wembley goal and Game of the Century
After finishing fourth in the 1958 World Cup and reaching only the quarter-finals in the 1962 World Cup, the DFB had to make changes. Following examples set abroad, professionalism was introduced, and the best clubs from the various Regionalligas were assembled into the new Bundesliga. In 1964, Helmut Schön took over as coach, replacing Herberger who had been in office for 28 years.
In the 1966 World Cup, West Germany reached the final after beating the USSR in the semifinal, facing hosts England at Wembley Stadium. Wolfgang Weber's last minute goal took the game into extra time, a goal claimed to be controversial by the English, with the ball appearing to hit the hand of a German player as it travelled through the England penalty area before he prodded it in. The first extra time goal by Geoff Hurst, nicknamed Wembley-Tor (Wembley goal) in Germany, is still controversial after all this time. As the Swiss referee did not see the situation properly, the opinion of the Soviet linesman Tofik Bakhramov who believed that the ball bounced back from the net rather than the crossbar led to one of the most contentious goals in the history of football. While the Germans pushed hard to tie the game, spectators entered the field in the final seconds, and Hurst scored another controversial goal giving England a 4–2 win.
West Germany gained a measure of revenge in the 1970 World Cup by knocking England out in the quarter-finals 3–2, having been 2–0 down, before they suffered another memorable extra time loss, this time in the semi-final against Italy at Estadio Azteca. Karl-Heinz Schnellinger scored during injury time to level the match at 1–1, and during extra time, both teams held the lead at one time. Memorably, Franz Beckenbauer remained on the field even with a dislocated shoulder, his arm in a sling strapped to his body, as West Germany had used up their two allowed substitutions. Eventually won 4–3 by Italy, this match with five goals in extra time is one of the most dramatic in World Cup history, and is called "Game of the Century" in both Italy (Partita del secolo) and Germany (Jahrhundertspiel). While the exhausted Italians [according to whom?] lost to Brazil, West Germany went on to claim third place by beating Uruguay 1–0, and Gerd Müller finished as the tournament's top scorer with 10 goals.
World Cup title on home soil
In 1971, Franz Beckenbauer became captain of the national team, and he led West Germany to great success as they became both the European and World Champions. They won the European Championship on their first try at Euro 1972, defeating the Soviet Union 3–0 in the final. Then, as hosts of the 1974 World Cup, they won their second World Cup, defeating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final at the Olympiastadion in Munich.
Two matches in the 1974 World Cup stood out for West Germany. The first group stage saw a politically charged match as West Germany played a game against East Germany. Both teams already were qualified for advance to the next round, and the East Germans won 1–0. The West Germans adjusted their line up after the loss and advanced to the final which was the other outstanding match, against the Johan Cruijff-led Dutch team and their brand of "Total Football". Cruijff was brought down early in the German penalty area following a solo run before any of the German players had even touched the ball, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty with just a minute gone on the clock. However, West Germany managed to come back, tying the match on a penalty scored by Paul Breitner, and winning it with Gerd Müller's goal just before half-time. A second goal by Müller was ruled offside.
Late 1970s and early 1980s
West Germany failed to defend their titles in the next two major international tournaments. They lost to Czechoslovakia in the final of Euro 1976 in a penalty shootout by a score of 5–3 after the match finished 2–2, with Uli Hoeneß famously kicking the ball sky high. Since that loss, Germany has not lost a penalty shootout in major international tournaments. In fact, until Lukas Podolski's shot was saved by the Serbian goalkeeper Vladimir Stojković during group play of the 2010 World Cup, the last penalty missed by a German player dates back to the 1982 World Cup semifinals when the French goalkeeper Jean-Luc Ettori saved Uli Stielike's shot.
In the 1978 World Cup, Germany was eliminated in the second group stage after losing 2–3 to Austria, who had already been eliminated from the round of 16. Schön retired as coach afterward, and the post was taken over by his assistant, Jupp Derwall.
West Germany's first tournament under Derwall was successful, as they earned their second European title at Euro 1980 after defeating Belgium 2–1 in the final. West Germany then reached the final of the 1982 World Cup, though not without difficulties. They were upset 1–2 by Algeria in their first match, but managed to advance to the second round with a controversial 1–0 win over Austria. Then, in the semifinal against France, they came back from down 1–3 during extra time to tie the match 3–3 and won the following penalty shootout 5–4. In the final, they were defeated by Italy 1–3.
During this period, West Germany also had one of the world's most productive goal scorers in Gerd Müller, who racked up fourteen goals in two World Cups (1970 and 1974). His ten goals in 1970 are the third-most ever in a tournament, behind France's Just Fontaine and Hungarian Sándor Kocsis. Though Müller's all-time World Cup record of 14 goals was broken by Ronaldo in 2006, it took Ronaldo three tournaments to do so (1998, 2002, and 2006). Germany's Miroslav Klose is in third place all-time, with fourteen goals, scored over three tournaments (2002, 2006, and 2010).
Beckenbauer's triumph as coach
After West Germany were unexpectedly eliminated in the first round of Euro 1984, Franz Beckenbauer returned to the national team to replace Derwall as coach. In the 1986 World Cup, West Germany finished as runners-up for the second consecutive tournament after again beating France 2–0 in the semi-finals but losing to the Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the final, 2–3. In Euro 1988, West Germany's hopes of winning the tournament on home soil were spoiled by the Netherlands, as the Dutch gained revenge of their loss in 1974 by beating them 2–1 in the semifinals.
In the 1990 World Cup, West Germany finally won their third World Cup title in its unprecedented third consecutive final appearance. Captained by Lothar Matthäus, they defeated Yugoslavia (4–1), UAE (5–1), the Netherlands (2–1), Czechoslovakia (1–0), and England (1–1, 4–3 on penalty kicks) on the way to a final rematch against Argentina. West Germany won 1–0, with the only goal being a penalty scored in the 85th minute by Andreas Brehme. Beckenbauer, who won the World Cup as the national team's captain in 1974, thus became the second person ever (preceded only by Mário Zagallo) to win the World Cup as both player and coach, and the first as both captain and coach.
|Olympic medal record|
Prior to 1984, Olympic football was an amateur event, meaning that only non-professional players could participate. Due to this, West Germany was never able to achieve the same degree of success at the Olympics as at the World Cup, with the only medal coming in the 1988 Olympics, when they won the bronze medal. Since then, however, no German team has managed to qualify for the Olympics, even after the change of rules to include professionals, among them three athletes over 23 years old. West Germany also reached the second round in both 1972 and 1984. On the other hand, East Germany did far better, winning a gold, a silver and two bronze medals (one representing the United Team of Germany).
Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)
In February 1990, months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the draw for the 1992 European Championship qualifying tournament saw East Germany and West Germany drawn together in Group 5. After West Germany's 1990 World Cup win, with assistant Berti Vogts taking over as the national team coach, the retiring Beckenbauer infamously predicted that the German team, with additional former East Germans to choose from, would be invincible for years to come. The reunification of Germany was confirmed in August to take effect on 3 October 1990, with the accession of the former GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany. The members of the East German association Deutscher Fußball-Verband acceded to the DFB in November, while the 1990–91 seasons would continue, with the restructuring of leagues scheduled for 1991–92. The first game with a unified German team, including former East German internationals such as Matthias Sammer and Ulf Kirsten, was against Switzerland on 19 December.
In Euro 1992, Germany reached the final, but lost 0–2 to surprise winners Denmark. As the defending champions in the 1994 World Cup, they were upset 1–2 in the quarterfinals by Bulgaria even though they led for the first part of the match.
Reunified Germany won their first major international title at Euro 1996, becoming the European champions for the third time. They defeated hosts England on penalty kicks (6–5 after a 1–1 draw) in the semifinals and the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final, a match decided by a golden goal scored by Oliver Bierhoff. Matthias Sammer won the Ballon d'Or in 1996 for his performances for Germany and Borussia Dortmund.
However, in the 1998 World Cup, Germany were again eliminated by a less-heralded opponent in the quarterfinals, this time in a 0–3 defeat to Croatia. Vogts stepped down afterwards and was replaced by Erich Ribbeck.
Oliver Kahn/Michael Ballack era
Following another early World Cup exit in 1998 along with the retirement of many key players and discouraging results under Ribbeck, Germany's standing as one of the world's elite national sides was in question.
In Euro 2000, the aging team went out in the first round after failing to win any of their three matches, including an embarrassing 0–3 loss to an understrength Portugal side (who had already advanced to the next round). Ribbeck resigned amid strong public criticism and was replaced temporarily and then permanently by Rudi Völler – after planned successor Christoph Daum was involved in a drug scandal.
Coming into the 2002 World Cup, expectations of the German team were low due to poor results in the qualifiers. This included not directly qualifying for the finals for the first time. The team nonetheless dealt a thrashing to Saudi Arabia 8–0 in their first match. In the knockout stages, riding on the heroics of Oliver Kahn and Michael Ballack they produced three consecutive 1–0 wins against Paraguay, the United States, and co-hosts South Korea, setting up a final against Brazil, the first World Cup meeting between the two. Unfortunately Ballack was suspended for the final due to accumulated yellow cards and Kahn was injured during the final proper. In a hard-fought match, Germany thus lost 0–2. Nevertheless, Miroslav Klose won the Silver Boot and German captain and goalkeeper Oliver Kahn won the Golden Ball, the first time in the World Cup's history that a goalkeeper was named the best player of the tournament, as well as the Yashin-Award for the best goalkeeper in the tournament.
Germany failed to build on their success in 2002 and again exited in the first round of Euro 2004, this time drawing their first two matches and losing the third. As was the case in 2000, the team exited losing to an understrength side that had already advanced, in this case the Czech Republic. Even though Germany dominated the match, they could not score, losing to a Czech goal scored on the break. Völler resigned afterwards, denouncing the constant media criticism in a famous TV interview. The national team had to find their third new coach in six years after having had only six coaches in the previous 75 years. When prospective candidates including Ottmar Hitzfeld and Otto Rehhagel turned down the job, former national team player Jürgen Klinsmann, who had never held any coaching jobs before, was appointed. In similar style to Beckenbauer's former role as team manager without a coaching license, the experienced Joachim Löw from Stuttgart was appointed to assist him. Klinsmann made Michael Ballack the captain following Euro 2004. Klinsmann's main task was to lead the national team to a good showing at the 2006 World Cup being hosted in Germany.
Prior to the start of the tournament, hopes were not as high for Germany as in previous tournaments (even in Germany itself), even though it was the host nation. Critics pointed out the apparent lack of quality players in the squad and coach Klinsmann's decision to live in America rather than Germany. However, Germany won the opening game of the World Cup against Costa Rica 4–2. They continued to develop both confidence and support across the group stage, conceding no further goals as they beat Poland 1–0 and Ecuador 3–0, with Miroslav Klose scoring twice and Lukas Podolski adding another in the last match. Germany finished on top of their group with three wins. The team went on to defeat Sweden 2–0 in the round of 16, with Lukas Podolski netting both goals in only 12 minutes, from assists by Miroslav Klose.
Germany faced favorites Argentina in the quarter-finals, a team that Germany had not defeated since the 1990 World Cup. Germany's clean sheet streak was broken shortly after half time as Argentina scored first to grab a 0–1 lead. However, Michael Ballack's cross, flicked on by Tim Borowski, allowed Klose to head in the equalizer with 10 minutes to spare. During the subsequent penalty shootout, goalkeeper Jens Lehmann saved two shots while his teammates all converted their shots to win the shootout 4–2. After the game, the Argentinians started a brawl, which later resulted in a match ban for midfielder Torsten Frings after Italian television networks showed video footage of him participating in the fight.
Expectations rose in Germany following these results, with many thinking that a record eighth appearance in the World Cup final was possible even though a starter was missing and the players were tired after already playing a tough 120 minutes against Argentina. In the semifinal match against Italy, the match went to extra time again, and hopes grew high that another penalty shootout would take the team to the final match in Berlin. However, despite Klinsmann's focus on fitness, the speed and concentration of the German players faded, and they conceded two goals in the final ninety seconds of extra time.
Despite having their dreams of playing in the final dashed, Klinsmann's squad quickly recovered their composure, and journalists noted the team's upbeat mood in the practices leading up to the third-place match. Three starters, including captain Michael Ballack, would not be available for the third place match, and their opponent Portugal's goalkeeper, Ricardo, had up to that point conceded only one goal in regular play. Nonetheless, Germany thoroughly defeated Portugal 3–1, at one point leading 3–0 due to Bastian Schweinsteiger's two goals and an own goal, also off his shot, by Portugal's Petit.
With this victory, Germany ended the World Cup on a high, not only with the 3–1 win over Portugal in the battle for third place, but also with several awards: Miroslav Klose was awarded the Golden Boot for his tournament-leading five goals, becoming the first player from the united Germany to earn it, and fellow striker Lukas Podolski won the 'Best Young Player' award. Furthermore, four of Germany's players (Jens Lehmann, Philipp Lahm, Michael Ballack, and Miroslav Klose) were selected for the tournament All-Star Team. In addition, with 14 goals scored, the German side scored more goals than any other team in the tournament. After the tournament, over 500,000 people honored the team by giving them a hero's welcome at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.
Rejuvenation under Joachim Löw
Germany's entry into the Euro 2008 qualifying round was marked partially by the promotion of Joachim Löw to head coach, since Klinsmann retired in spite of a public outcry for him to continue managing the Mannschaft. Löw did not have the sweeping charisma of his predecessor, but the reputation of being a shrewd and capable tactician. He quickly became notable for continually introducing talented young players into his team, leading to a continuous rejuvenation of the squad. In a group with the Czech Republic and the Republic of Ireland, Germany qualified comfortably, defeating San Marino in a record 13–0 away win along the way.
For the final tournament, Germany were placed into Group B alongside Poland, Croatia and longtime rivals Austria. Germany defeated Poland 2–0 but suffered an ignominious 1–2 defeat to Croatia, compounded by a red card for Bastian Schweinsteiger for an aggressive off-the-ball incident. Germany entered the knockout round with a victory over Austria in the last match of group play. The only scorer of the game was Michael Ballack, who scored in the 49th minute with a powerful long-distance free-kick that was later chosen as the German Goal of the Year. Their quarterfinal opponent was Portugal. Germany started well and took an early lead after Schweinsteiger converted a cross from Lukas Podolski. Miroslav Klose made it 2–0 after heading in a free kick by Schweinsteiger. Portugal responded with a goal right before halftime, but Germany reclaimed their two-goal lead in the second half when Schweinsteiger assisted another header, this time by Michael Ballack. Germany saw out the rest of the match comfortably, conceding a late consolation goal, leaving the final score at 3–2.
Germany went into their semifinal match against Turkey as the favourites. However, the team put up a nervous and shaky performance, falling behind due to Uğur Boral's goal in the 22nd minute. Bastian Schweinsteiger equalised, and Miroslav Klose put Germany ahead with less than twelve minutes left only for Semih Şentürk to level the score in the last minutes of the match. Just as the game was heading for extra time, defender Philipp Lahm cut inside past Colin Kazim-Richards, exchanged passes with Thomas Hitzlsperger, and stole in at the near post to score in the final minute, sending Germany into the final against Spain.
Spain were the heavy favourites but Germany was believed to be one of the few sides able to challenge them. Spain controlled the game and took the lead through Fernando Torres. Germany ended up losing the match 0–1, finishing as the runners-up of the tournament.
For the qualification for World Cup 2010, Germany were placed in a group with Azerbaijan (led by former Germany coach Berti Vogts), Finland, Liechtenstein, Russia, and Wales. Germany comfortably qualified as top of the group with 8 wins and two draws (both against Finland).
2010 FIFA World Cup finals
The 2010 World Cup draw, which took place on 4 December 2009, placed Germany in Group D, along with Australia, Serbia, and Ghana. Throughout the tournament, Germany impressed by playing an attractive, attacking style of football. On 13 June 2010, they played their first match of the tournament against Australia and won 4–0. They lost their second match 0–1 to Serbia. Their next match against Ghana was won 1–0 by a goal from Mesut Özil. Germany went on to win the group and advanced to the knockout stage. In the round of 16, Germany defeated England 4–1, England's highest World Cup loss to date. At 2–1, however, the game controversially had a goal by Frank Lampard disallowed, despite video replays that showed the ball beyond the goal line. In the quarterfinals, Germany defeated Argentina 4–0; this match was also celebrated striker Miroslav Klose's 100th international cap and the match in which he tied German legend Gerd Müller's record of 14 World Cup goals, one behind the all-time record of 15 World Cup goals, which is held by Ronaldo of Brazil. In the semi-final on 7 July, Germany lost 1–0 to Spain, in an almost flashback to the finals of Euro 2008. Germany played Uruguay for Third Place, as in 1970, and won the match 3–2 on 10 July.
Germany scored the most with a total of 16 goals in the 2010 World Cup, in comparison, the winning nation Spain scored only 8 goals. The German team became the first team since Brazil in 1982 to record the highest goal difference in a World Cup without winning it. In an internet poll, Germany has been voted the World Cups Most Entertaining Team, although FIFA has not officially announced the award yet. German youngster Thomas Müller won the Golden Boot with the most goals and assists scored (succeeding teammate Miroslav Klose), and he was also given the Best Young Player Award (succeeding teammate Lukas Podolski).
The German team reflected the changing demographic of Germany. It was significantly multicultural, as 11 of the players in the final 23-man World Cup Finals roster were eligible to play for other countries, despite 10 of the 11 being born or raised in Germany. The 11th, Cacau, arrived from Brazil in his late teens. Despite this transition, Germany kept the traditional strength as a team that excels when playing at major tournaments with a well-attuned team. Prior to the World Cup the Mannschaft lost in a friendly to England 2–1, another friendly against Argentina 1–0, and less than a year after the World Cup Germany lost against Australia 2–1. While losing on home soil in friendlies, Germany decisively thrashed all these three teams in the tournament in South Africa, scoring four goals in each match.
Euro 2012 qualification
Euro 2012 finals
The draw for the final tournament took place on 2 December 2011 at the Ukraine Palace of Arts in Kiev, Ukraine. Germany was placed in group B along with Portugal, Netherlands, and Denmark, thus making it the group of death.
As the only team to have won all three group matches, Germany went on to defeat Greece in the quarter-final and set a historic record in international football of 15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches. In the semi-final match against Italy, despite high expectations, Germany was unable to break the record to defeat Italy in any competitive matches.
9 June 2012
13 June 2012
|Van Persie 73'||Report||Gómez 24 ', 38'|
17 June 2012
|Krohn-Dehli 24'||Report||Podolski 19'
22 June 2012
Salpingidis 89' (pen.)
28 June 2012
|Özil 90+2' (pen.)||Report||Balotelli 20 ', 36'|
2014 FIFA World Cup qualification
On 30 July 2011 at the 2014 FIFA World Cup preliminary draw, Germany were placed in Group C. They commenced their qualifying campaign in late 2012 in a group that featured contenders Sweden, Republic of Ireland, Austria, Faroe Islands and Kazakhstan.
2014 FIFA World Cup finals
The draw for the 2014 FIFA World Cup finals placed Germany in Group G. The other teams are Portugal, Ghana, and United States. The German Football Association constructed a purpose built training base, Campo Bahia, for their stay in Brazil. Germany defeated Argentina 1–0 in the final on 13 July and obtained its fourth title.
FIFA World Cup record
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup Qualification record|
|1930||Did Not Enter||–||–||–||–||–||–|
|1958||Fourth Place||4th||6||2||2||2||12||14||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|1974||Champions||1st||7||6||0||1||13||4||Qualified as Hosts|
|1978||Second Group Stage||6th||6||1||4||1||10||5||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|1994||Quarter-Final||5th||5||3||1||1||9||7||Qualified as Defending Champions|
|2006||Third Place||3rd||7||5||1||1||14||6||Qualified as Hosts|
|2018||To Be Determined|
- *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
UEFA European Championship record
|UEFA European Championship record||UEFA European Championship Qualification record|
|1960||Did Not Enter||Did Not Enter|
|1968||Did Not Qualify||4||2||1||1||9||2|
|1988||Semi Final||3rd||4||2||1||1||6||3||Qualified as Hosts|
|2016||To Be Determined||4||2||1||1||7||4|
- *Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
FIFA Confederations Cup record
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||Did Not Enter |
|1995||Did Not Qualify|
|1997||Did Not Enter |
|2001||Did Not Qualify|
|2003||Did Not Enter |
|2009||Did Not Qualify|
|2021||To Be Determined|
- *Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Note All tournaments from 1950 to 1990 inclusively were competed as West Germany.
- FIFA World Cup
- UEFA European Championship
|Otto Nerz||1926–1936||70||42||10||18||60.00||Third place at the 1934 World Cup|
|167||94||27||46||56.29||Winner of the 1954 World Cup, Fourth place at the 1958 World Cup|
|Helmut Schön||1964–1978||139||87||31||21||62.59||Runner-up of the 1966 World Cup, Third place at the 1970 World Cup, Winner of Euro 1972, Winner of the 1974 World Cup, Runner-up of Euro 1976|
|Jupp Derwall||1978–1984||67||44||12||11||65.67||Winner of Euro 1980, Runner-up of the 1982 World Cup|
|Franz Beckenbauer||1984–1990||66||34||20||12||51.52||Runner-up of the 1986 World Cup, Winner of the 1990 World Cup|
|Berti Vogts||1990–1998||102||66||24||12||64.71||Runner-up of Euro 1992, Winner of Euro 1996|
|Rudi Völler||2000–2004||53||29||11||13||54.72||Runner-up of the 2002 World Cup|
|Jürgen Klinsmann||2004–2006||34||20||8||6||58.82||Third place at the 2005 Confederations Cup, Third place at the 2006 World Cup|
|Joachim Löw3||2006–||118||80||21||17||67.80||Runner-up of Euro 2008, Third place at the 2010 World Cup, Third place at the Euro 2012, Winner of the 2014 World Cup|
- Includes matches won or lost on penalty shoot-outs.
- Record includes periods of pre-division Germany (1936–1942 – 70 matches: 42 wins, 13 draws, 15 losses) and West Germany (1950–1964 – 97 matches: 52 wins, 14 draws, 31 losses; no national team matches and no national coaches between 1942 and 1950).
- Record as of 23 November 2014.
This is the list of Germany captains since Germany's first participation in a World Cup in 1934 (current as of 23 November 2014).
Note: the column "games" signifies overall games as captain, not overall caps. East German captains are not included. Captained games outside the player's main period are also included.
|Fritz Walter||1951–1956||30||Honorary captain|
|Uwe Seeler||1961–1970||40||Honorary captain|
|Franz Beckenbauer||1971–1977||50||Honorary captain|
|Lothar Matthäus||1987–1999||72||Honorary captain|
- Most World Cups played in: Lothar Matthäus – 5 (All-time record tied with Mexico's Antonio Carbajal)
- Most World Cup match appearances: Lothar Matthäus – 25 (All-time record)
- Most World Cup goals: Miroslav Klose – 16 (All-time record leading goalscorer)
- Most European Championship match appearances: Philipp Lahm – 14
- Most European Championship goals: Jürgen Klinsmann – 5
- "Germany: FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1908". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1912". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1909". DFB. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
- Note that this match is not considered to be a full international by the English FA, and does not appear in the records of the England team
- In early times it was simply called "die 11 besten Spieler von Deutschland" or just "die Bundesauswahl" (the Federation XI). Tags like "National team" or "National XI" weren't introduced until after World War I
- "Professor Otto Nerz". DFB (in German). Retrieved 13 March 2012.
- Muras, Udo (16 May 2007). "Nur Hitler konnte sie stoppen" (in German). Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "All matches of The National Team in 1937". DFB. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "(West) Germany – International Results". RSSSF. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1954: Hungary vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "The Miracle of Bern". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1966: England vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "England’s claim to the firmament". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1970: Italy vs. West Germany". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "A test of endurance and will". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Müller the menace in German masterclass". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "West Germany make their mark". UEFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "1974 FIFA World Cup Germany – Dutch take plaudits but Germany take the prize". FIFA. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "East edge battle of brothers". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Final, 1974: West Germany vs. The Netherlands". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Oranje crushed in Munich". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Panenka's panache seals Czech triumph". UEFA. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Ley, John (18 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Lukas Podolski's missed penalty sees him join elite Germany club". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Hrubesch turns West Germany's unlikely hero". UEFA. 4 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Les Fennecs spring a surprise". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Nick Amies (1 April 2010). "World Cup Semi-Final, 1982: West Germany vs. France". The Making of a World Cup Legend. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Battling Germans knock out brave Bleus". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Italians triumph in heavyweight rumble". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "FIFA World Cup Record – Players". FIFA. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Eddie Griffin (20 April 2010). "World Cup All-Time Top Goal Scorers". Soccerlens. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "German World Cup top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Chowdhury, Saj (27 June 2006). "Ronaldo's riposte". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "Franz Beckenbauer". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Maradona lights up the world – with a helping hand". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy". UEFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Germany hit winning note as Italian chorus fades". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Gazza weeps as Germans prevail". FIFA. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy – Matches". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- "Gatecrashing Denmark down Germany". UEFA. 5 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Bulgaria Ends Germany's Reign". New York Times. 11 July 1994. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Mifflin, Lawrie (11 July 1994). "WORLD CUP '94; Bulgaria, a Small Foot in Soccer, Steps Closer to Glass Slipper". New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Thomsen, Ian (1 July 1996). "Germany Wins Euro 96 With a 'Golden Goal'". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Hosts denied by Germany in epic semi-final". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Bierhoff hero of Germany's EURO '96 win". UEFA. 6 October 2003. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Longman, Jere (5 July 1998). "WORLD CUP '98; Croatia Stuns Germany With the Aid Of a Red Card". New York Times. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- Hughes, Rob (9 September 1998). "Another Day, Another Coach Gone:Now It's Vogts". New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Holders Germany suffer heavy defeat". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 20 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Ribbeck quits as Germans head home". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 21 June 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Voller named as caretaker coach". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 2 July 2000. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Daum: I took cocaine". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 12 January 2001. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Germany savage Saudis". BBC Sport (BBC). 1 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany edge out Paraguay". BBC Sport (BBC). 15 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany beat valiant USA". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany shatter Korea". BBC Sport (BBC). 25 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Kahn wins Golden Ball award". BBC Sport (BBC). 2 July 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Kahn named top keeper". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2002. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany 1–2 Czech Rep". BBC Sport (BBC). 23 June 2004. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Voeller quits Germany role". BBC Sport. 24 June 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Hitzfeld snubs Germany job". London: guardian.co.uk. 1 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Rehhagel snubs Germany". BBC Sport. 10 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Klinsmann takes German post". London: guardian.co.uk. 26 July 2004. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Germany 4–2 Costa Rica". BBC Sport (BBC). 9 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Germany 1–0 Poland". BBC Sport (BBC). 14 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Ecuador 0–3 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). 20 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Germany 2–0 Sweden". BBC Sport (BBC). 24 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Germany 1–1 Argentina". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 June 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Lehmann had penalty taker notes". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- Walker, Michael (1 July 2006). "Lehmann's penalty heroics send Germany into raptures". The Guardian (Berlin: Guardian News and Media Limited). Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Frings missing but Germany remain confident". FIFA. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Germany 0–2 Italy (aet)". BBC Sport (BBC). 4 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Germany 3–1 Portugal". BBC Sport (BBC). 8 July 2006. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Klose finishes as leading scorer". BBC Sport. 9 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Podolski beats Ronaldo to award". BBC Sport. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Azzurri prominent in All Star Team". FIFA. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Germany 2006 – Statistics". FIFA. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Klinsmann quits as Germany coach". BBC Sport. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Klinsmann quits, Low steps in". London: guardian.co.uk. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Records tumble as Germany soar". UEFA.com. 6 September 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Draw sets up heavyweight contests". UEFA. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (8 June 2008). "Germany 2–0 Poland". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- Bevan, Chris (12 June 2008). "Croatia 2–1 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- Chowdhury, Saj (16 June 2008). "Austria 0–1 Germany & Poland 0–1 Croatia". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- McKenzie, Andrew (19 June 2008). "Portugal 2–3 Germany". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (25 June 2008). "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- Cheese, Caroline (25 November 2007). "2010 World Cup qualifying draw". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Draw ignites FIFA World Cup fever". FIFA.com. FIFA. 4 December 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Taylor, Daniel (13 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Miroslav Klose helps Germany put four past Australia". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Taylor, Daniel (18 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany lose to Serbia after Klose's red card and Podolski's penalty miss". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Ingle, Sean (23 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Mesut Ozil strike sends Germany through to last 16". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- McCarra, Kevin (27 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany tear down England's defence". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "FAW boss Jonathan Ford rejects technology idea". BBC News. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Garside, Kevin (27 June 2010). "England v Germany: Frank Lampard's disallowed goal highlights stupidity of Fifa". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "England v Germany: Frank Lampard denied goal by Uruguayan linesman – in pictures". The Daily Telegraph (London). 27 June 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- Fifield, Dominic (3 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany dump Diego Maradona and Argentina out". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- McCarra, Kevin (7 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Spain overcome Germany after Carles Puyol winner". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- Duxbury, Nick (10 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany beat Uruguay in third-place thriller". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "World Cup 2010 – Statistics". planetworldcup.com. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Golden Boot". FIFA. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Muller named Hyundai Best Young Player". FIFA. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Hytner, David (17 June 2010). "World Cup 2010: Germany reap the rewards of the liberation generation". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- McKenzie, Andrew (19 November 2008). "Germany 1–2 England". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Higuain punishes Adler error". ESPN Soccernet. 3 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Germany stunned by Australia's burst of two goals in three minutes". London: guardian.co.uk. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Football tables". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 October 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- "December date for EURO finals draw in Kyiv". UEFA. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "EURO draw throws up fascinating group tests". UEFA. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Germany overpower Greece in Gdansk". UEFA. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "The Preliminary Draw results in full". FIFA. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "2014 Fifa World Cup - Group G". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- As 1990 FIFA World Cup Champions
- As UEFA Euro 1996 Champions
- As 2002 FIFA World Cup Runners-up
- "Germany Football Shirts – Old Football Kits". oldfootballshirts.com. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- "All Matches from 1908". schwarzundweiss.co.uk. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Nationaltrainer" (in German). DFB. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "German most-capped World Cup players". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "World Cup Hall of Fame: Lothar Matthaeus". CNN. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- "German most-capped EC players". DFB. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "German EC top scorers". DFB. Retrieved 14 January 2012.