History of the Japanese in San Francisco

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The history of the Japanese in San Francisco begins in 1869 when the first Japanese immigrants arrived in San Francisco Bay.[1] In 1900 there were 90 Japanese businesses. By 1909 this figure increased to 545.[1] San Jose's Japantown was founded due to the need of combining comradeship and resources to survive as immigrants in the United States. Initially, it was known as Heinlenville Chinatown between Jackson and Taylor east of Sixth Street. However, John Heinlen offered his own property for the new location after the city's second Chinatown burned to the ground under mysterious circumstances. Despite outrage from the general public, Mr Heinlen built a new Chinatown entirely of brick. He then rented these buildings to the Chinese at very low rates. [2]


The Fukuin Kai opened in 1877. The book San Francisco's Japantown stated that this was believed to be the first Japanese organization in the United States.[1]


Kinmon Gakuen (金門学園) is a Japanese language school in San Francisco, established in 1911.

The San Francisco Japanese School (SFJS, サンフランシスコ日本語補習校 San Furanshisuko Nihongo Hoshū Kō) is a weekend Japanese school serving the area. The school office is in San Francisco. It rents classrooms in four schools serving a total of 1,400 students; two of the schools are in San Francisco and two are in the South Bay. For elementary students it operates out of the A.P. Giannini Middle School in San Francisco and the The Harker School Blackford Campus in San Jose. For junior high school and high school students it operates out of the Herbert Hoover Middle School in San Francisco and the J.F. Kennedy Middle School in Cupertino.[3]

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  1. ^ a b c San Francisco's Japantown, p. 7.
  2. ^ http://www.japantownsanjose.org/history.html
  3. ^ "About San Francisco Japanese School." San Francisco Japanese School. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.