History of the Jews in Chile

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Chilean Jews
Judíos de Chile
יהודים בצ'ילה
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Total population
15,000 (census)[1]-70,000 (estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Santiago, Valparaíso
Languages
Chilean Spanish, Hebrew, Yiddish
Religion
Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Argentine Jews

Jewish presence in Chile is as old as the history of that country. Over time, Chile has received several contingents of Jewish immigrants. Currently, the Jewish community in Chile comes mainly from the migrations occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries, mostly of Ashkenazi background.

Chile is home to the third-largest Jewish community in South America.

Migration history[edit]

Spanish colonization and settlement[edit]

The first Jews arrived in Chile with the Spanish conquistadors. These were Jewish converts to Catholicism because, at the time of the Inquisition, had to hide their Jewish origin living. Most of this immigration occurred in the early years of the conquest, fleeing religious persecution in Spain, since in the Americas is not yet the court of the Inquisition installed.[2] Diego García de Cáceres, faithful friend and executor of the founder of Santiago, Pedro de Valdivia, was one of them.

In colonial times, the most prominent Jewish character in Chile was the surgeon Francisco Maldonado da Silva, one of the first directors of the San Juan de Dios Hospital. Maldonado da Silva was an Argentine Jew born in San Miguel de Tucumán into a Sephardic family from Portugal. He was accused to the Tribunal of the Inquisition by her sisters, devout Christians, from attempting to convert them to Judaism. Maldonado declared openly Jew, earning him the conviction to be burned alive in 1639. During this period, entire crypto-people families, those who "converted" to Catholicism but privately remained Jews, arrived.

Jewish immigration in the 19th century[edit]

From 1840, decades after the abolition of the Inquisition in Chile, began the Jewish immigration to the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Congreso Judío Latinoamericano. "Comunidades judías: Chile" (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Memoria Chilena - La comunidad judía en Chile