History of the Jews in Namibia

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The Jews in Namibia have a history lasting a little more than one and a half centuries.[1] Non-existent in Namibia before the 19th century, Jews played an important if minor role in the history of Namibia since that point in time, despite their continuous small population.[1] Some Namibian Jews even managed to become famous, such as "businessman, philanthropist and Jewish communal leader" Harold Pupkewitz (1915–2012).[1][2]

History (1800s-1965)[edit]

Windhoek, the capital of and largest city in Namibia, and where some Namibian Jews live today.

In the mid-1800s, Jewish merchants from Cape Town named the De Pass brothers became the first Jews in what is now Namibia when they established a trading post on the Nawaqualand Coast.[1] The De Pass brothers began the Pomona Copper Company in Pomona, Namibia in 1861.[1] After Namibia became a German colony in the late 1800s, more Jews established connections (such as business ventures) in Namibia.[1] However, under German rule, only about 100 Jews lived in Namibia, most of whom lived in Swakopmund.[1] After the German defeat in World War I, the newly created League of Nations gave South Africa a mandate over Namibia.[1] The Jewish population of Namibia (which had close relations with the Jews in South Africa)[3] began increasing after this point, and there were 400 to 500 Jews living in Namibia (mostly in Windhoek) in 1965 (Jews were still less than one percent of the total White population in Namibia during this time, though).[1]

History (1965-present)[edit]

Due to the fact that the League of Nations mandate for Namibia was cancelled by the United Nations and the fact that Namibia became independent, the Jewish population in Namibia dramatically declined since 1965, with only 60 to 100[4] Jews living in Namibia today.[1] Despite this extremely low number of Jews, Windhoek "has a Hebrew congregation dating from 1917, a synagogue built in 1925, a Talmud Torah, a communal hall, an active Zionist movement supported by generous contributions, and the only Jewish minister in the territory."[1] Other than at Windhoek, the only other place in Namibia today where Jews live in is Keetmanshoop, where about twelve Jewish families currently live.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Namibia: Virtual Jewish History Tour". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  2. ^ "OBITUARY - End of an era as Namibia mourns death of larger-than-life businessman and Jewish leader". World Jewish Congress. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Namibia's Jewish community". Jewishindependent.ca. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  4. ^ Slater, Dan (2008-06-12). "A Bar Mitzvah in Namibia: Checking In On Kobi Alexander - Law Blog - WSJ". Blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-08-01.