History of the Pakistani cricket team

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The Pakistan cricket team made its Test cricket debut in 1952 and has since become one of the most successful teams in modern cricket. The team reached the semi-finals of the 1979,1983, 1987 World Cups, and finals in 1992 and 1999, and won the 1992 ICC Cricket World Cup by defeating England in the final.[1]

Past History[edit]

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, and the establishment of the separate nation state of Pakistan, cricket in the country developed steadily and Pakistan was given Test Match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord's Cricket Ground on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India,[2] which, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process.

Pakistan's first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2–1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a memorable victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan's first home Test match was in Dacca in January 1955 against India, after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in test history[3]).

The team is considered strong but unpredictable. Traditionally Pakistani cricket has had players of great talent but limited discipline, making them a team which could play inspirational cricket one day and then perform less than ordinarily another day. Over the years, competitions between India and Pakistan have always been emotionally charged and provide for intriguing contests, as talented teams from both sides of the border elevate their game to new levels to produce high-quality cricket. Pakistan's matches against India in the Cricket World Cup have seen packed stadiums and heightened atmospheres no matter where the World Cup has been held.

1986 Australasia Cup[edit]

The 1986 Australasia Cup, played in Sharjah, is remembered as a famous last-ball victory for Pakistan against arch-rivals India, with Javed Miandad emerging as a national hero.[4]

India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4.92 runs per over. Javed Miandad came in to bat at number 3, and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Later recalling the match, Miandad stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity. With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team's lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match. Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary.[4][5]

1992 World Cup Semi Final[edit]

After winning the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262. Pakistan batted conservatively yet lost wickets at regular intervals. With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7.67 per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease. A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls. Once Inzamam got out, Pakistan required 36 from 30 balls, which wicketkeeper Moin Khan ended with a towering six over long off, followed by the winning boundary to midwicket. The match is seen as the emergence of Inzamam onto the international stage.[6][7][8]

1992 World Cup Victory[edit]

The 1992 Cricket World Cup in Australia & New Zealand marked Pakistan's first World Cup victory. It is remembered for the comeback Pakistan made after losing key players such as Waqar Younis and Saeed Anwar, and being led by an injured captain Imran Khan. Pakistan won only 1 of their first 5 matches including a 1 no-result and were nearly eliminated in the first round of the tournament after being bowled out for 74 against England, until the match was declared as a "no result" due to rain. Captain Imran Khan famously told the team to play as "cornered tigers", after which Pakistan won five successive matches, including, most famously, the semi-final against hosts New Zealand and the final against England.[9] the most important part of the final was the ha-trick of WASIM AKRAM he got to imprtant wickets in 44th over which made paksitan win the WORLD CUP inshalala we will be a good team kabi himat na haroo

2007 World Cup Shock[edit]

Pakistan participated in one of the biggest upsets in World Cup History when they were knocked out of the competition in a shock defeat to Ireland, who were playing in their first competition. Pakistan, needing to win to qualify for the next stage after losing to the West Indies in their opening match, were put into bat by Ireland on a green pitch. They lost wickets regularly and only 4 batsmen crossed double figures. In the end they were bowled out by the resurgent Irish for 132. The Irish went on to win the match, helped by a knock of 72 from Niall O'Brien. This meant that Pakistan had been knocked out during the first round for the second consecutive World Cup.[10][11][12]

Tragedy struck the team when coach Bob Woolmer died one day later on 18 March 2007 in a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica. Jamaican police spokesman, Karl Angell, reported on 23 March 2007 that, "Mr Woolmer's death was due to asphyxiation as a result of manual strangulation", and that, "Mr Woolmer's death is now being treated by the Jamaica police as a case of murder."[13]

Subsequent to his team's defeat and the death of Bob Woolmer, Inzamam-ul-Haq announced his resignation as captain of the team and his retirement from one-day cricket, stating that he would continue to take part in Test cricket but not as captain.[14]

On 23 March 2007, Pakistan players and officials were questioned by Jamaican police and submitted DNA samples along with fingerprints, as part of the routine enquiries in the investigation into Woolmer's murder.[15] Three days after leaving the West Indies for Pakistan, via London, the Pakistan team were ruled out as suspects. The deputy commissioner of Jamaican police. Mark Shields, the detective in charge of the investigation, announced, "It's fair to say they are now being treated as witnesses." "I have got no evidence to suggest it was anybody in the squad."[16] A memorial service was held in Sacred Heart Church, Lahore, for Bob Woolmer on 1 April 2007. Among the attendees were Pakistan players and dignitaries, including Inzamam-ul-Haq, who was quoted as saying, "After Woolmer's family, the Pakistan team was the most aggrieved by his death."[17] After the World Cup ended, serious doubts were raised about the investigation, with increasing speculation that Woolmer died of natural causes. This has now been accepted as fact, and the case has been closed.[18]

On 16 July 2007, Geoff Lawson, previously head coach of New South Wales, was appointed coach of the Pakistan for two years, becoming the third foreigner to take on the role.[19] In the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, Pakistan exceeded expectations to reach the final but ended as runners-up, after losing the final to India in a nail-biting finish. On 25 October 2008, Intikhab Alam was named as a national coach of the team by the PCB.

Player disputes and rebellions[edit]

The Pakistan team has been marred by player disputes and rebellions within the team on various instances. The first such reported instance was in 1981, when ten players including Imran Khan, Asif Iqbal and Majid Khan refused to play under the captaincy of Javed Miandad.[20]
Once again, in 1992 Miandad was the target of another revolt this time lead by Wasim Akram with the support of now retired Imran Khan. This led to Miandad being replaced with Akram. Later in 1993, when Wasim Akram was appointed captain of the national team, players including Waqar Younis and Javed Miandad revolted against him and Akram was removed as captain. Akram did regain captaincy again in 1996 and then again in 1998-99.[20]

In 2009, many senior players revolted against captain Younis Khan when the team was playing in the UAE against New Zealand. Press reports say that a group of eight players led by Shoaib Malik went to the house of former captain Inzamam-ul-Haq, where they swore on the Quran to never play under Younis again.[21] Sensing the direction of the wind, Younis left the team for "rest" and the captaincy was awarded to Mohammad Yousuf.[22]
On the subsequent Australian tour, differences between Yousaf and the other players came to the forefront, causing Yousaf to give the captaincy of the fifth ODI to Shahid Afridi. Shoaib Malik, captain the team in the T20 (after Afridi was suspended due to ball tampering), started a tirade against Yousaf.
The above mentioned revolt lead to an operation cleanup within the Pakistan team, when selectors were asked not to consider Younis Khan and Mohammad Yousaf for any future series.[23]

Match fixing[edit]

Pakistan cricket team has been scarred by match fixing allegations on many occasions. First such incident was reported in 1995, when Shane Warne alleged that Salim Malik had offered money. In 2010 Salman Butt, Mohammad Amir and Mohammad Asif were suspended from international cricket. This later led to ten-, five- and seven-year bans respectively. The trio also served time in prison in the UK.

Tournament history[edit]

World Cup Champions Trophy Asia Cup Austral-Asia Cup Asian Test Championship Commonwealth Games World Twenty20

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pakistan Cricket Team performances at World Cups
  2. ^ Guinness Cricket Encyclopaedia
  3. ^ Stump the Bearded Wonder No 126: BBC Sport Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  4. ^ a b Going, going...gone. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  5. ^ Austral-Asia Cup, 1985/86, Final, India v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  6. ^ Inzi announces his arrival, and India's hat-trick hero. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  7. ^ Five of the best. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  8. ^ Benson & Hedges World Cup, 1991/92, 1st Semi Final, New Zealand v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  9. ^ Imran's Tigers turn the corner. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  10. ^ Pakistan sent home by bold Ireland. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  11. ^ Shamrocks turn Pakistan green. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  12. ^ ICC World Cup – 9th Match, Group D, Ireland v Pakistan. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  13. ^ Police hunt Woolmer's murderer: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  14. ^ Shattered Inzamam retires from one-day scene: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  15. ^ DNA testing for Pakistan players: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  16. ^ Pakistan no longer suspects in Woolmer case: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  17. ^ Memorial service for Woolmer held in Lahore: Cricinfo.com Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  18. ^ Doubts grow over pathologist's findings. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 21 May 2007.
  19. ^ Lawson named Pakistan coach. Cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  20. ^ a b Players revolt under Javed Miandad
  21. ^ Player take oath not to play under Younis
  22. ^ Younis resigns as captain, wants rest
  23. ^ Yousaf, Younis banned for life