History of tropical cyclone-spawned tornadoes

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Intense tropical cyclones usually produce tornadoes, the majority of those weak, especially upon landfall.

List of Atlantic tropical cyclones which spawned tornadoes[edit]

These are the North Atlantic tropical cyclones that are known to have spawned tornadoes in the U.S. From 1995–2010, 1,163 tornadoes were associated with tropical cyclones in the U.S.,[1] accounting for slightly under 6% of all tornadoes.

Pre–1900[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
unnamed September 10, 1811 1 SC
unnamed June 30, 1814 1 SC Killer waterspout never reached land
unnamed September 10, 1882 *3 FL
unnamed October 4, 1885 *1 NJ
unnamed October 11, 1885 *1 FL
unnamed July 6, 1891 *4 LA, MS
unnamed September 13, 1892 *4 NC, SC
1893 Sea Islands hurricane August 28, 1893 *1 NC
unnamed September 7, 1893 *1 LA
unnamed October 4, 1899 *1 GA

1900–19[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
unnamed September 7, 1900 *2 GA
unnamed September 4, 1915 *2 GA, VA
unnamed July 6, 1916 *11 GA, AL, MS
unnamed July 15, 1916 *1 SC
unnamed October 18, 1916 *4 AL
unnamed October 29, 1917 *4 SC. VA
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 10, 1919 *1 FL
1919 Florida Keys hurricane September 15, 1919 2 TX, NM

1920–39[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
unnamed September 9, 1921 *6 TX
unnamed August 10, 1928 *5 SC
unnamed August 15, 1928 *4 SC, NC
unnamed September 28, 1929 *6 FL, SC
unnamed September 6, 1933 1 SC
unnamed October 4, 1933 *2 FL
unnamed July 24, 1934 *8 TX
1935 Labor Day hurricane September 4, 1935 *13 SC, NC, VA, MD
unnamed August 15, 1938 *1 LA

1940–59[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
unnamed August 10, 1940 2 SC
unnamed October 20, 1941 *2 FL
unnamed October 18, 1944 3 FL
unnamed August 27, 1945 *2 TX
unnamed September 17, 1945 *1 SC
unnamed September 19, 1947 *1 FL
unnamed October 11, 1947 *4 FL
unnamed September 4, 1948 1 GA, FL
unnamed September 21, 1948 *1 FL
unnamed October 5, 1948 *3 FL
unnamed August 28, 1949 *4 NC
unnamed October 3, 1949 1 TX
Hurricane Baker August 13, 1950 2 FL
Hurricane Able August 31, 1952 *3 VA, NC, MD
Hurricane Connie August 10, 1955 *4 SC, NC, DE
Hurricane Diane August 19, 1955 *1 PA
Hurricane Flossy September 24, 1956 *5 FL, GA, SC
Hurricane Audrey June 27, 1957 *21 MS, AL, LA, TN
Hurricane Cindy July 10, 1959 11 NC, VA, MD, GA
Hurricane Debra July 24, 1959 5 OK, TX
Hurricane Gracie September 29, 1959 *7 SC, NC, VA, PA
Hurricane Judith October 17, 1959 1 FL

1960–79[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
Hurricane Donna September 10, 1960 *5 VA, NC, SC
Hurricane Ethel September 15, 1960 *6 FL, AL
Hurricane Carla September 10, 1961 *20 TX, LA, OK, AR F4 killed 8 in Galveston, TX vicinity; strongest hurricane-spawned tornado
Hurricane Cleo August 27, 1964 *17 FL, SC, VA, NC
Hurricane Dora September 12, 1964 3 SC, NC
Hurricane Hilda October 3, 1964 *10 LA, MS, AL, NC Deadliest tropical cyclone spawned tornado killed 22 at Larose, LA
Hurricane Isbell October 14, 1964 *9 FL
Hurricane Betsy September 8, 1965 *6 FL, AL, MS
Hurricane Alma June 8, 1966 5 FL, MS
Hurricane Inez October 4, 1966 2 FL
Hurricane Beulah September 20, 1967 *115+ TX, Mexico
Hurricane Abby June 7, 1968 4 NC
Hurricane Gladys October 17, 1968 2 FL
Hurricane Camille August 17, 1969 2 FL
Hurricane Celia August 31, 1970 9 TX
Hurricane Edith September 16, 1971 *16 LA, AL, MS
Hurricane Fern September 10, 1971 5 TX
Hurricane Agnes June 18, 1972 *17 FL, GA 1972 Hurricane Agnes tornado outbreak
Hurricane Carmen September 8, 1974 4 LA
Hurricane Eloise September 23, 1975 5 GA, FL
Hurricane Babe September 5, 1977 *14 LA, SC, MS, AL
Hurricane David September 3, 1979 *34 FL, MD, VA, PA, DE
Hurricane Frederic September 12, 1979 10 AL, GA, FL

1980–99[edit]

Tropical cyclone Date of (first) tornado Tornadoes Area affected Notes
Hurricane Allen August 9, 1980 *29 TX Costliest tropical cyclone–related tornado in history struck Austin, TX vicinity inflicting $100 million in damages
T. D. #2 June 5, 1981 9[2] LA, TX
Hurricane Dennis August 17, 1981 2 FL
T. D. #8 August 31, 1981 14[3] TX
Hurricane Alicia August 17, 1983 *22 TX
Hurricane Diana September 5, 1984 1 FL
Hurricane Danny August 15, 1985 *39 LA, MS, TN, AL, SC, GA
Hurricane Elena August 31, 1985 10 FL
Hurricane Gloria September 27, 1985 2 NJ, MA
Hurricane Juan October 28, 1985 11 FL, AL, MS
Hurricane Bonnie June 27, 1986 5 LA
Hurricane Gilbert September 16, 1988 *29+ TX, Mexico
Hurricane Chantal August 1, 1989 4 TX
Hurricane Hugo September 22, 1989 3 SC, NC
Hurricane Jerry October 15, 1989 5 TX
Hurricane Bob August 18, 1991 5 NC, NY
Tropical Storm Beryl (1994) August 16-17, 1994 37 Carolinas, Georgia, Mid Atlantic
Hurricane Georges September 1998 47 AL, GA, FL Hurricane Georges tornado outbreak
Hurricane Floyd September 16, 1999 14+[4] NC

2000–10[edit]

Tropical cyclone Outbreak dates Tornadoes Location of tornado(es) References
Hurricane Gordon September 16, 2000 11 FL, NC, SC
Tropical Storm Helene September 22, 2000 13 FL, GA, SC
Hurricane Keith October 6, 2000 1 TX
Tropical Storm Allison June 11, 2001 28 FL, AL, GA, LA, MS, SC, VA, MA, ME, TX
Tropical Storm Barry August 2, 2001 5 FL, MS, MO
Tropical Storm Gabrielle September 13, 2001 18 FL
Hurricane Michelle November 5, 2001 5 FL
Tropical Storm Fay September 6, 2002 11 TX
Hurricane Gustav September 10, 2002 1 NC
Tropical Storm Hanna September 14, 2002 2 AL, GA
Hurricane Isidore September 25, 2002 10 AL, FL, LA
Hurricane Lili October 3, 2002 26 AL, MS, LA, KY
Hurricane Kyle October 8, 2002 8 SC, NC
Hurricane Charley August 13, 2004 16 FL, NC, VA
Hurricane Gaston August 29, 2004 33
Hurricane Frances September 4-8, 2004 103* FL, GA, SC, NC, VA
Hurricane Ivan September 16, 2004 117* VA, GA, FL, PA, AL, SC, MD, NC, WV
Tropical Storm Arlene June 11, 2005 3 Florida, Indiana [1]
Hurricane Cindy July 5, 2005 48 North Carolina Alabama, VA, Georgia, MS, South Carolina, LA, MD [1]
Hurricane Dennis July 10, 2005 10 Florida and Georgia [5]
Hurricane Emily July 20, 2005 11 Texas [5]
Hurricane Katrina August 25, 2005 59 United States Gulf Coast [1]
Hurricane Rita September 24, 2005 98 United States Gulf Coast [1][5]
Tropical Storm Tammy October 6, 2005 1 Georgia, United States [5]
Hurricane Wilma October 24, 2005 8 Florida [5]
Tropical Storm Alberto June 12, 2006 17 Southeastern United States [1]
Hurricane Ernesto August 24, 2006 5 Florida and North Carolina, United States [6]
Tropical Storm Barry June 1–2, 2007 4 Cuba, Florida, United States [7][8]
Tropical Storm Erin August 16, 2007 7 Texas and Oklahoma, United States [7]
Hurricane Humberto September 12, 2007 1 Louisiana, United States [1]
Tropical Depression Ten September 20, 2007 2 Florida, United States [7]
Tropical Storm Olga December 16, 2007 2 Florida, United States [1][7]
Hurricane Dolly July 23–24, 2008 6 Texas, United States [1][9]
Tropical Storm Fay August 18–27, 2008 50 South-eastern United States [9]
Hurricane Gustav August 31, 2008 49 United States Gulf Coast [9]
Hurricane Hanna September 6, 2008 1 Pennsylvania [9]
Hurricane Ike September 9, 2008 33 United States Gulf Coast [1][9]

2010–2014[edit]

Tropical cyclone Outbreak dates Tornadoes Location of tornado(es) References
Hurricane Alex June 30 – July 2, 2010 11 Texas, United States [1][10]
Tropical Storm Hermine September 7–9, 2010 13 Southern United States [1]
Cyclone Carlos February 22, 2011 1 Karratha, Australia [11]
Tropical Storm Arlene June 30, 2011 1 Texas, United States [12]
Hurricane Irene August 26, 2011 9 United States East Coast [1]
Tropical Storm Lee September 3–7, 2011 46 Southeastern United States [13]
Hurricane Rina October 29, 2011 2 Florida, United States [1]
Tropical Storm Beryl May 28–30, 2012 4 Southeastern United States [14]
Tropical Storm Debby June 23–27, 2012 24 Florida, United States [15]
Hurricane Isaac August 21 – September 1, 2012 26 Southeastern, Midwestern, and Eastern United States [16]
Typhoon Sanba (Karen) September 18, 2012 Several Japan [17]
Hurricane Sandy October 28, 2012 1 Bermuda [18]
Cyclone Oswald January 17–29, 2013 Several Queensland, Australia [19]
Tropical Storm Andrea June 5–7, 2013 16 Cuba, Florida, and North Carolina, United States [20]
Tropical Storm Bebinca (Fabian) June 20, 2013 2 Palawan and Occidental Mindoro, Philippines [21]
Severe Tropical Storm Rumbia (Gorio) June 29, 2013 1 Quezon, Philippines [22]
Severe Tropical Storm Toraji September 4, 2013 3 Japan [23][24]
Typhoon Man-yi September 15–16, 2013 10 Japan [23][25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Edwards, Roger; et al. "Tropical cyclone tornado data set" (xls). Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  2. ^ United Press International. Thunderstorms Pound Gulf Coast. Retrieved on 2008-05-13.
  3. ^ David M. Roth. Tropical Depression Eight – August 27 – September 1, 1981. Retrieved on 2008-05-12.
  4. ^ Richard J. Pasch, Todd B. Kimberlain and Stacy R. Stewart. Preliminary Report: Hurricane Floyd 7 – 17 September, 1999. Retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  5. ^ a b c d e Beven, John L; Avila, Lixion A; Blake, Eric S; Brown, Daniel P; Franklin, James L; Knabb, Richard D; Pasch, Richard J; Rhome, Jamie R; Stewart, Stacy R (March 1, 2008). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2005". Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 136 (3): 1109–1173. doi:10.1175/2007MWR2074.1. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  6. ^ Franklin, James L; Brown, Daniel P (2007). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2006". Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 137 (3): 1174–1200. doi:10.1175/2007MWR2377.1. Archived from the original on October 15, 2010. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d Brennan, Michael J; Knabb, Richard J; Mainelli, Michelle; Kimberlain, Todd B (2009). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2007". Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 138 (5): 4061–4088. doi:10.1175/2009MWR2995.1. Archived from the original on October 15, 2010. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  8. ^ Instituto de Meteorología (April 7, 2008). "Member Report: Cuba: Summary of the 2007 Hurricane Season In Cuba". RA IV Hurricane Committee. World Meteorological Organization. p. 1. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Brown, Daniel P; Beven, John L; Franklin, James L; Blake, Eric S (May 1, 2010). "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2008". Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 138 (5): 1975–2001. doi:10.1175/2009MWR3174.1. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  10. ^ Pasch, Richard J (December 15, 2010) (PDF). Hurricane Alex: June 25 – July 2, 2010 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 3. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL012010_Alex.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  11. ^ Western Australian Regional Office. "Severe Tropical Cyclone Carlos". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  12. ^ Beven II, John L (August 8, 2012) (PDF). Tropical Storm Arlene: June 28 – July 1, 2011 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 2. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012011_Arlene.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  13. ^ Brown, Daniel P (December 15, 2011) (PDF). Tropical Storm Lee (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. pp. 4–5. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL132011_Lee.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  14. ^ Beven II, John L; National Hurricane Center (December 12, 2012) (PDF). Tropical Storm Beryl: May 20 – 26, 2012 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 4. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL022012_Beryl.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  15. ^ Kimberlain, Todd B (January 7, 2013) (PDF). Tropical Storm Debby: June 23 – 27, 2012 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 4. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL042012_Debby.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  16. ^ Berg, Robert J; National Hurricane Center (January 28, 2013) (PDF). Hurricane Issac: August 21 – September 1, 2012 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 8. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL092012_Isaac.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  17. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (November 22, 2012). "Member Report: Japan". ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee: 7th Integrated Workshop. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. pp. 9–10. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  18. ^ Blake, Eric S; Kimberlain, Todd B; Berg, Robert J; Cangialosi, John P; Beven II, John L (February 12, 2013) (PDF). Hurricane Sandy: October 22 – 29, 2012 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. p. 14. Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL182012_Sandy.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  19. ^ Queensland Regional Office (February 2013). Tropical Cyclone Oswald (Report). Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on February 6, 2013. http://www.bom.gov.au/announcements/sevwx/qld/qldtc20130117.shtml. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  20. ^ Beven II, John L (August 22, 2013) (PDF). Tropical Storm Andrea: June 5 – 7, 2013 (Tropical Cyclone Report). United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. pp. 4-5. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/AL012013_Andrea.pdf. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  21. ^ "Effects of Tropical Depression "Fabian" in Region IV-B". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. June 22, 2013. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013. 
  22. ^ "SitRep No.9 re Preparedness Measures and Effects of Tropical Storm "Gorio"". National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. July 1, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  23. ^ a b Japan Meteorological Agency (November 22, 2013). "Member Report: Japan". ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee: 8th Integrated Workshop/2nd TRCG Forum. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee. p. 9. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  24. ^ (in Japanese) 平成25年9月2日からの突風及び大雨による被害状況等について(最終報). Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. http://www.fdma.go.jp/bn/%E5%B9%B3%E6%88%9025%E5%B9%B49%E6%9C%882%E6%97%A5%E3%81%8B%E3%82%89%E3%81%AE%E7%AA%81%E9%A2%A8%E5%8F%8A%E3%81%B3%E5%A4%A7%E9%9B%A8%E7%AD%89%E8%A2%AB%E5%AE%B3%E5%A0%B1%EF%BC%88%E6%9C%80%E7%B5%82%E5%A0%B1%29%20%20.pdf. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
  25. ^ (in Japanese) 台風第18号による被害状況等について(第11報). Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency. October 7, 2013. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. http://www.fdma.go.jp/bn/%E5%8F%B0%E9%A2%A8%E7%AC%AC%EF%BC%91%EF%BC%98%E5%8F%B7%E3%81%AB%E3%82%88%E3%82%8B%E8%A2%AB%E5%AE%B3%E7%8A%B6%E6%B3%81%E7%AD%89%E3%81%AB%E3%81%A4%E3%81%84%E3%81%A6%EF%BC%88%E7%AC%AC%EF%BC%911%E5%A0%B1%EF%BC%89.pdf. Retrieved December 21, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]