Hitachi Magic Wand

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Hitachi Magic Wand
Hitachi-magic-wand.jpg
Hitachi Magic Wand (HV-250R)
Other names Original Magic Wand[1][2]
Type Electric, wall-powered vibrating massager
Company Hitachi
Country Japan
Availability 1968–present
Slogan Powerful, penetrating vibrations
Official website

The Hitachi Magic Wand (also known as the Original Magic Wand) is an electric, wall-powered vibrating massager, manufactured by the Japanese company Hitachi. Its stated use is for relieving tension and relaxing sore muscles. The Magic Wand is well known for its use as a vibrator, a masturbation aid for women. Its total length is 12 inches (300 mm) with a weight of 1.2 pounds (0.54 kg). Stimulation is provided by its rubberised 2.5 inches (64 mm) head. Without attachments, the device functions effectively as a clitoral vibrator; able to bring women to clitoral orgasm. Owing to its popularity aftermarket attachments have been produced, including additions to: excite the clitoris, allow women to feel vibrations deeper into the vagina, and focus vibrations on the G-spot.

Hitachi listed the device with the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 1968; it became available to the North American mass market in the 1970s. Its use as a vibrator was popularized by sex educator Betty Dodson, who used it to teach women about masturbation. Her technique became known as the Betty Dodson Method. Sex shop Good Vibrations opened in 1977; the Magic Wand was a success from inception. Hitachi had a conflict with its U.S. distributor in 2000 and the Magic Wand briefly ceased being sold until the company reached a deal with new distributor Vibratex. Sex and the City featured the Magic Wand in a 2002 episode; the device sold out in stores for a period thereafter. Tanya Wexler's 2011 film Hysteria featured the Magic Wand in the closing credits showing the evolution of the vibrator. In 2012 filmmaker Clayton Cubitt used the Magic Wand in his video-art exhibit Hysterical Literature which involved women reading a text until reaching orgasm. Hitachi decided to cease production of the Magic Wand in 2013 due to concerns about having its name attached to a popular sex toy. Vibratex convinced the company to continue manufacturing it under the name "Original Magic Wand", omitting any reference to Hitachi.

Academics discussed usage of the Magic Wand for treatment of chronic anorgasmia (a type of sexual dysfunction in which a person cannot achieve orgasm) and problems with sexual issues including female sexual arousal disorder. The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology published a study in 1979 which found self-administered treatment along with the Hitachi HV 250 massager to be the most efficient option to address prior problems achieving orgasm. The Scientific World Journal published research in 2008 which showed that more than 93% of a group of 465 chronic anorgasmic women could reach orgasm using the Magic Wand and the Betty Dodson Method. Additional academic discussion has included a 2011 article in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, and a 2011 paper for the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. The Magic Wand has been utilized in medical studies in multiple clinical applications, including: a 2004 article in Dermatology Online Journal studying use to decrease discomfort before procedures such as injections, a study published in 2004 in the Journal of Applied Physiology on proprioception and a similar 2006 study in Experimental Brain Research, a 2007 analysis in Gait & Posture on use of the device while measuring balance and postural sway, and a 2010 article in Neuroscience Letters on Parkinson's disease research.

The Magic Wand received the nickname "the Cadillac of vibrators" from Good Vibrations. Therapists Ruth Westheimer and Laura Berman recommended the device to women, and Alexis McKinnis of the Star Tribune described it as a guaranteed path to orgasm for females. Yana Tallon-Hicks wrote for the Valley Advocate that the Magic Wand was extremely effective at bringing women to clitoral orgasm. Laura Anne Stuart of Express Milwaukee praised its efficiency, sturdiness and reliability. Mobile Magazine announced in its July 2005 issue that readers had voted the Hitachi Magic Wand "the No. 1 greatest gadget of all time". In 2006, women's entertainment company CAKE founders Melinda Gallagher and Emily Kramer awarded the device the Best Vibrator Award in their book A Piece of Cake. The Magic Wand from Vibratex won the award for "Favorite Sex Toy for Women" in October 2013 at The Sex Awards in California. In 2014, the magazine Women's Health recommended the device in an article titled "The Ultimate Guide to Sex Toys".

Design and features[edit]

The total length of the device is 12 inches (300 mm), with a weight of 1.2 pounds (0.54 kg).[2][3] Muscle and nerve stimulation is provided by the rubberised, 2.5 inches (64 mm) head of the device; it is attached to the main body of the massager via a flexible neck.[4][2] A 6 feet (1.8 m) long cord is attached to the device to provide power from wall electricity.[2] Out of the box the massager provides two vibration rates controlled by a switch on its body: 5,000 and 6,000 rpm,[4][2] which is equivalent to 83 Hz and 100 Hz.[5] Because the device was not originally designed as a vibrator, it exhibits some deficiencies when used for this purpose.[2] Apart from its size and bulk and its reliance on a mains power supply, which limit its portability, it is not waterproof or water-resistant, and overheats when used for more than 25 minutes.[2] It does not work well in electrical outlets outside of the U.S.[6][7]

Owing to its popularity various aftermarket attachments, differences in colour, pattern of studs, and material, are available to purchase.[4][2] Without attachments, the device functions effectively as a clitoral vibrator; able to bring women to clitoral orgasm.[8] There are add-ons to the device available which go over the top of the device and aid with exciting the clitoris.[9] An attachment called the "Wonder Wand" allows women to feel vibrations deeper into the vagina.[5][10] According to an article in the Dermatology Online Journal, "The Wonder Wand™ attachment is made of a smooth blue plastic that is easily cleaned after use".[5] Attachments to aid with penetrative sensations or to modify texture of the device are available constructed from silicone.[11] Another add-on called the "G-Spotter" fits over the device in the same fashion and turns the device into a G-spot vibrator.[12][10] "Liberator Axis" is a booster pillow which stabilizes the Hitachi Magic Wand so that a woman does not have to physically hold it during usage.[13][14] Additional attachments have been sold by Betty Dodson on www.BettyDodson.com with pictorial instructions on their use with the Hitachi Magic Wand,[15] and at www.drugstore.com.[5] Yet another attachment made by an unaffiliated company provides for a cap which goes over the top of the device so it can function as a male masturbation sleeve.[1] An aftermarket accessory is also available (via a potentiometer) which provides a continuously variable speed selector for finer control.[4]

History[edit]

Debut as massager[edit]

On 25 April 1968, the Hitachi Magic Wand was listed for business usage with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.[2][16] It became available to the mass market in the United States during the 1970s and was advertised as a device to aid with medical massage techniques.[17][18] It is effective at relieving pain associated with back aches.[18] It is registered with the Food and Drug Administration as a physical medicine device under the classification therapeutic electric massager.[19] Kabushiki Kaisha Hitachi Seisakusho has registered the trademark to the Hitachi Magic Wand.[20] The stated use of the Magic Wand is for the soothing and relaxing of sore muscles and nerves, relieving tension, and rehabilitation after sports injuries.[4][2]

Success as vibrator[edit]

Women's masturbation education[edit]

The Magic Wand has found great commercial success as a vibrator, a masturbation aid for women.[21][2] Its popularity for this purpose is associated with the American artist and sex educator Betty Dodson, who used it in demonstrations and instructional classes to teach women about masturbation.[21][2] Her technique became known as the Betty Dodson Method.[22] In 1974, Dodson recommended the device in her book Liberating Masturbation.[1] In 1975, Dodson replaced the Panasonic Panabrator in her demonstrations with the Hitachi Magic Wand.[2] Men's magazines Leg Show and Juggs former editor Dian Hanson was recommended the device by Dodson in 1977.[2] Hanson recalled her initial experience after receiving the recommendation from Dodson: "She told me to get a Hitachi Magic Wand, but to be careful of its power, both physical and psychological, as it's an addictive agent right behind heroin. My only previous vibrator experience was a pink plastic thing that held two D-cell batteries and the Hitachi was a whole 'nother world."[2]

The Hitachi Magic Wand has been an enduring success at the sex shop Good Vibrations since the store's opening in 1977.[2]

In 1977, the sex shop Good Vibrations opened, and the Hitachi Magic Wand has been a bestseller at the store since its opening.[2] The device became an enduring bestseller in adult sex toy shops in the United States.[1] It has become known colloquially among women as "Big Buzzy".[15][23] During the 1980s, the device was advertised in the back-pages of Mother Jones magazine.[2] The device became popular with women and was featured on the cover of the book Good Vibrations: The New Complete Guide to Vibrators.[15] The book was authored by Joani Blank and first published in 1976 as Good Vibrations: The Complete Woman's Guide to Vibrators.[24] The Magic Wand device is featured on the covers to the 1989 and 1998 editions of the book.[25][26] In 1997 the Hitachi Magic Wand was the most popular holiday gift item at the Good Vibrations store in Berkeley, California.[27] According to Out magazine the Magic Wand was the best-selling sex toy of 1998.[28]

Vibratex distribution[edit]

In 2000, the Hitachi company had a conflict with Appliance Corporation of America, the American distributor of its products including the Hitachi Magic Wand.[3] The device ceased being sold briefly in the United States.[3] In June 2000, Hitachi reached a deal with the sex toy distributor company Vibratex located in California to sell the device in the U.S.[3] Vibratex has continued to sell the device in the U.S. through 2014.[2][20] Urologist and specialist in sexual dysfunction Jed Kaminetsky told The New York Observer in 2000, "The thing is legendary. I tell women who are having problems with orgasms to masturbate. The vibrator is a very effective way to masturbate, and the Hitachi Magic Wand, if not the best, is one of the best vibrators out there."[3]

The concept of using a neck massager for other than its stated purpose was popularized in 2002 in the television show Sex and the City in the fifth season episode, "Critical Condition".[29][1] The character Samantha Jones goes to Sharper Image to purchase a vibrator, only to be told by staff at the store that it is simply a neck massager.[29][1] Shortly after being featured on Sex and the City, the Hitachi Magic Wand sold out of stores.[30] Journalist Naomi Wolf reported for The Sunday Times that while performing research for an article on the female-oriented sex toys catalogue Good Vibrations, she was informed that the reason the Hitachi Magic Wand was sold out from their stock was due to its appearance on Sex and the City.[31]

The Philadelphia Inquirer reported in 2006 that the Hitachi Magic Wand was exempt from anti-vibrator laws on the books in Alabama, Georgia, and Texas, for it did not appear to be a phallic object.[32] The closing credits of director Tanya Wexler's 2011 film Hysteria featured the Hitachi Magic Wand in a montage which showed the evolution of the vibrator.[33][34] In August 2012, American filmmaker Clayton Cubitt utilized the Hitachi Magic Wand in a video-art exhibit titled Hysterical Literature.[35][36][37] The film project featured females seated in a chair reading from a chosen piece of literature while simultaneously being stimulated by the Hitachi Magic Wand.[35] Each video ends with the woman's orgasm.[35] The first video featured performer Stoya, and additional films included artist Stormy Leather and comedian Margaret Cho.[35] Novels A Clockwork Orange Beloved, and Leaves of Grass; and the poem "Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror" by John Ashbery, are among the pieces of literature selected as performance pieces for Hysterical Literature.[35] Writing for The McClatchy Company, Chuck Shepherd called it "Great Art!".[36][37]

Hitachi's concerns about having its name attached to a popular sex toy caused the company to decide to cease production of the Magic Wand in 2013.[2] Vibratex director of operations Eddie Romero told Engadget that Hitachi is a "very traditional" company and was uncomfortable being associated with the best-selling masturbation aid.[2] Vibratex convinced Hitachi to continue manufacturing the device as the "Original Magic Wand", using lighter and more durable materials, and omitting any reference to Hitachi.[2] The newly named device came back on the market in June 2013, with improved engineering and modified graphic design on its accompanying box.[1] Hitachi does not market the device for sexual purposes.[38] Betty Dodson commented to Engadget on Hitachi's decision to cease production of the device: "Evidently, Mr. Hitachi Sr. didn't like the idea that his massage machine was giving millions of women orgasms ... It remains my favorite vibrator to this day."[2] On 5 May 2014, the device was featured in a comedy segment of the television program Louie on FX.[39][40][2] In 2014, 250,000 Magic Wands were sold in the U.S. by Vibratex.[2]

Reception[edit]

Academic analysis[edit]

Treatment of sexual dysfunction[edit]

Multiple academics have discussed usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand for treatment of chronic anorgasmia (a type of sexual dysfunction in which a person cannot achieve orgasm) and other problems with sexual issues including female sexual arousal disorder.[41][22][42][43]

A study published in 1979 in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology analyzed training women in self-masturbation techniques in a sample of individuals who previously had difficulty experiencing orgasm.[41] The researchers gave women the Hitachi HV 250 massager in order to help excitation of the clitoris and increase the likelihood they would experience an orgasm.[41] They found the self-administered treatment with the assistance of the Hitachi Magic Wand to be the most efficient option to address prior problems achieving orgasm.[41]

In 2008 The Scientific World Journal published research where women with long-term problems achieving orgasm were instructed on how to overcome this problem using prior documentation from Betty Dodson.[22] Authors Pia Struck and Søren Ventegodt chose the Hitachi Magic Wand to aid the women in their treatment protocol because of the significant size of the head of the device.[22] They wrote that this effectively created a vibrating sensation in the area of the subject's clitoris and vulva without creating superficial discomfort.[22] Their research showed that more than 93% of a group of 465 chronic anorgasmic women could reach orgasm using Hitachi Magic Wand and the Betty Dodson Method.[22] Struck and Ventegodt concluded their course of treatment, which included a holistic body of other options including usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand, was logical, without harm, and effective.[22]

Bat Sheva Marcus shared her findings in a 2011 article in The Journal of Sexual Medicine after introducing women to the Hitachi Magic Wand as a way to increase her subjects' level of sexual experience and assess changes in their sexual expectations after additional education post initial usage of a vibrator.[42] Marcus found that there were six distinct patterns in her subjects' experiences after education with the device, including: some experienced significant changes in their manner of orgasm, others felt scared through introduction of an object outside of their own body being introduced to their routine of pleasure, over reliance, modifications to perceptions surrounding sex, and emotional changes in their lovers.[42] She concluded that medical professionals intending to suggest usage of a vibrator to their female patients for conditions including female sexual arousal disorder and anorgasmia should discuss the impact this could have post usage.[42]

In a 2011 paper for the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, authors Anna Eaglin and Shaowen Bardzell discussed changes in perceptions of sexual well-being in society.[43] They emphasized that there has been a dearth of research on sex toys and their impact on sexual well-being.[43] They discussed the Hitachi Magic Wand within the context of devices used in sexual behavior that were not originally created with such intentions in mind.[43]

Additional clinical applications[edit]

In addition to its usage to treat anorgasmia and sexual dysfunction,[41][22] the Hitachi Magic Wand has been utilized in medical studies in a variety of other clinical applications.[5][44]

In a 2004 article published in Dermatology Online Journal, authors Kevin C Smith, Stephen L Comite, Suprina Balasubramanian, Alan Carver and Judy F Liu reported on usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand as a way to help alleviate pain prior to cosmetic and dermatologic techniques performed by clinicians.[5] The authors described usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand to decrease discomfort before procedures including: supplementing anesthesia with the injection of triamcinolone acetonide into the proximal nail fold for psoriasis, decreasing discomfort during a Restylane injection of the nasolabial fold, making an Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) facial treatment easier by reducing pain during the procedure, and throughout axillary hyperhidrosis treatment with botulinum toxin.[5] They recommended use of the device with the "Wonder Wand" attachment, to provide vibration to a decreased surface area on the patient.[5] The authors concluded, "Although the use of vibration anesthesia generally does not eliminate pain completely, it can serve to make the injection or procedure much more tolerable."[5] Kevin C Smith and Francisco Perez-Atamoros further elaborated on usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand in this fashion in Chapter 7 "Other Dermatologic Uses of Botulinum Toxin" of the 2006 book Botulinum Toxin in Clinical Dermatology edited by Anthony V. Benedetto.[45]

Ely Rabin and Andrew M. Gordon reported in 2004 in the Journal of Applied Physiology on their use of the Hitachi Magic Wand to create vibrations in the left biceps brachia in order to study proprioception signals in humans related to fingertip contact on surfaces.[44] They created vibrations in the biceps muscles of their subjects while asking them to determine the position of their fingertips through spatial awareness of the human body with respect to its location.[44] Rabin and Gordon concluded, "As expected, without tactile cues, biceps vibration caused illusory elbow extension."[44] Rabin and Gordon followed up their research in 2006 with a subsequent paper this time published in the journal Experimental Brain Research.[46]

In 2007, authors Laurie Swana, Hajime Otanib, and Peter V. Loubertc published analysis in the journal Gait & Posture of the Hitachi Magic Wand as a device used to help measure balance and postural sway.[47] During a test of balance while having to deal with simultaneous vibration, the researchers attached one Hitachi Magic Wand to each leg with Fabrifoam SuperWrap.[47] The authors attempted to analyze whether or not postural sway decreased more due to simultaneously challenging the subject to perform a balance assignment or a cognitive one.[47] They concluded: "Performing the difficult cognitive task, yet not the easy cognitive task, was associated with a decrease in postural sway ... The decrease was not influenced by the difficulty of the balance task. The difficulty level of the cognitive task was the critical factor that decreased sway in dual task conditions."[47]

Authors noted above Ely Rabin and Andrew M. Gordon expanded on research incorporating usage of the Hitachi Magic Wand to stimulate the biceps brachia with co-authors Lisa Muratorib and Konstantina Svokosa in a 2010 article published in Neuroscience Letters.[48] They researched measuring people suffering Parkinson's disease (PD) for proprioceptive ability while having their biceps muscle stimulated with the vibrator.[48] The authors found, "that the somatosensory integration mechanism for prioritizing tactile and proprioception feedback in this task are not disrupted by PD, and are not related to the observed proprioceptive deficits."[48]

Commentary[edit]

The device received the nickname "the Cadillac of vibrators" from the sex shop Good Vibrations.[3] Authors Anne Hooper and Philip Hodson called it: "the Rolls-Royce of vibrators".[9] Sex therapist Ruth Westheimer called the device "very popular among the brands of plug-in vibrators".[21] Therapist and sex educator Laura Berman recommended the device in multiple articles for the Chicago Sun-Times, both for women who had never experienced an orgasm and females with difficulty becoming aroused.[49][50]

Rachel Kramer Bussel praised the device in a 2011 article for SexIs Magazine titled: "10 Reasons The Hitachi Magic Wand is My Favorite Vibrator".[51]

Mobile Magazine announced in its July 2005 issue that readers had voted the Hitachi Magic Wand "the No. 1 greatest gadget of all time".[52] The Magic Wand won despite being included in the category with inventions such as the iPod, telephone, and toothbrush.[52] In 2006, women's entertainment company CAKE founders Melinda Gallagher and Emily Kramer awarded the device the Best Vibrator Award in their book A Piece of Cake.[53] In their 2007 book The Hot Woman's Handbook they called it "the mother of all vibrators".[54] Gallagher and Kramer commented, "It can deliver powerful, reliable vibrations, not only to the clit but also to the entire external vulva. While the Hitachi Magic Wand really is great for using on the whole body to relax, Hitachi won't admit that its massive sales figures appear to add up to a lot more than demand for back massages."[54]

Writing for the Star Tribune, Alexis McKinnis recommended the device for a woman having difficulty achieving orgasm, and wrote: "Maybe vibration will do the trick ... invest in a Hitachi Magic Wand. This 'personal massager' has been declared a guaranteed orgasm generator by thousands of women over three decades."[55] McKinnis recommended the Magic Wand again in a subsequent column as a Valentine's Day gift, observing: "The 'guaranteed orgasm generator' you're looking for is the Hitachi Magic Wand by Vibratex. Since hitting the market ... the Wand remains virtually unmatched in vibrating power and durability. The genius is in its simplicity."[56] Valued by users for its strength, versatility and staying power, the device has garnered attributes such as "the most recognizable sex toy on Earth", based also on its appearance in many pornographic films.[2] Author Robert J. Rubel wrote that the device was "one of the most popular vibrators in the U.S."[57] Rubel noted, "about 90% of the women with whom you play with sexually will very quickly orgasm with this vibrator".[57]

Rachel Kramer Bussel praised the device in a 2011 article for SexIs Magazine titled: "10 Reasons The Hitachi Magic Wand is My Favorite Vibrator".[51] She wrote, "I'm not saying I don't like other toys, and I'm definitely open to trying new ones, but this is my favorite, the one I go to when I don't want to waste time, when I just want to cut to the chase, and I imagine it always will be."[51] She composed her article in the form of an ode to her favorite toy.[51] Her rationale for selecting the device as her favorite included: the Magic Wand's power, speed at bringing her to a state of increased arousal, its lack of need for batteries, its delivery of intense clitoral sensations, and its affordability.[51] Yana Tallon-Hicks described the device in a 2011 piece for the Valley Advocate: "The Hitachi is the secretly world famous heavyweight champ of buzzing sex toys, earning its trophy for consistently beating out even the most stubborn clitoral orgasms. This vibrator is strong—iron-pumping, pulling mac trucks kind of strong."[8] Valley Advocate recommended the Magic Wand in a 2012 article for overweight partners to use during sex, due to its longer handle.[14] In a subsequent article for the same publication, Tallon-Hicks wrote, "For said women who are (un)blissfully unaware, The Hitachi Magic Wand is the mother of all vibrators. It’s the President of Vibrator City and the Mayor of Vibratorsville. Originally designed as a 'back massager,' the Hitachi is pants-down the strongest vibrator ever."[13]

In a 2013 article for Express Milwaukee, Laura Anne Stuart commented, "For some people, this supercharged toy is the only thing that can ensure an orgasm. For others, it may be the fastest and least complicated route to ecstasy. It is also extremely sturdy and will last for decades."[1] The Magic Wand from Vibratex won the award for "Favorite Sex Toy for Women" in October 2013 at The Sex Awards in California.[58][59][60] In 2014, the magazine Women's Health featured the device in an article titled "The Ultimate Guide to Sex Toys", where it was recommended for use with two partners.[61]

Awards[edit]

Year Award Work Organization Result References
2005 No. 1 greatest gadget of all time Hitachi Magic Wand Mobile Magazine Won [52]
2006 Best Vibrator Award The Hitachi Magic Wand A Piece of Cake Won [53]
2013 Favorite Sex Toy for Women The Magic Wand from Vibratex The Sex Awards Won [58][59][60]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Stuart, Laura Anne (19 April 2013). "The Rebirth of the Magic Wand". Express Milwaukee. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Trout, Christopher (28 August 2014). "The 46-year-old sex toy Hitachi won't talk about". Engadget. Archived from the original on 27 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Goldman, Andrew (12 June 2000). "Panic in Bedrooms as Magic Wand, Cadillac of Vibrators, Disappears". The New York Observer. p. 1. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Godson, Suzi (11 December 2004). "The Vibrator Comes of Age". Times Online (London). Retrieved 8 March 2008. (subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Smith MD, Kevin C; Stephen L Comite MD, Suprina Balasubramanian, Alan Carver MD, Judy F Liu (2004). "Vibration anesthesia: A noninvasive method of reducing discomfort prior to dermatologic procedures". Dermatology Online Journal (UC Davis; eScholarship University of California; California Digital Library) 10 (2). Retrieved 24 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Arts & Entertainment". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts: Accessed via NewsBank). 10 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Arts & Entertainment". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts: Accessed via NewsBank). 22 April 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Tallon-Hicks, Yana (10 November 2011). "Hitachi Me Baby, One More Time". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts). Archived from the original on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Hooper, Anne; Philip Hodson (2006). 269 Amazing Sex Tips and Tricks for Women. Robson Books Ltd. p. 102. ISBN 978-1861059598. 
  10. ^ a b Gentry, Cynthia (2005). The Bedside Orgasm Book: 365 Days of Sexual Ecstasy. Fair Winds Press. pp. 170, 209, 272, 364. ISBN 978-1592331017. 
  11. ^ "News & Commentary". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts: Accessed via NewsBank). 4 November 2010. "The Hitachi Magic Wand , with a reputation for releasing even the most stubborn orgasm, brings a powerful buzz to all the right places (instead of uncomfortably rattling the handle). Separately sold removable silicone tops add extra texture or penetration options" 
  12. ^ Paget, Lou (2002). Road Map to Ecstasy. Rodale Pr. p. 279. ISBN 978-1579547011. 
  13. ^ a b Tallon-Hicks, Yana (6 December 2012). "Can’t Touch This". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts: Accessed via NewsBank). 
  14. ^ a b "Arts & Entertainment". Valley Advocate (Easthampton, Massachusetts: Section: Arts & Entertainment; Issue: 1358; Accessed via NewsBank). 26 January 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c Hersh, Sunny (2007). Is It Hot in Here, Or Am I Just Hot?. Fast Forward Publications. p. 29. ISBN 978-0974309330. 
  16. ^ United States Patent and Trademark Office (2012). "Detailed trademark information from the official US federal trademark database (USPTO): Magic Wand". Markify (Word Mark: Magic Wand. Live/Dead Indicator: Live. Serial Number: 72298601. Filing Date: May 20, 1968. Registration Number: 0867623. Registration Date: April 1, 1969. International Class: 010. In International Class 010 (US 044): Electric Massager. First Use: April 25, 1968. First Use in Commerce: April 25, 1968. Owner (Registrant): Hitachi Sales Corporation. Address: 48-50 34th St. City: Long Island City. State: NY. Postcode: 11101. Legal Entity Type: Corporation. Last Listed Owner: Hitachi Living Systems, Ltd. Address: 2-15-12 Nishi Shinbashi, Minato-KU. City: Tokyo. Country: JP. Legal Entity Type: Corporation. Correspondent: Jill Anderfuren. Marshall Gerstein & Borun LLP. 63rd Floor. 233 S. Wacker Drive. Chicago IL 60606. Attorney: Jill Anderfuren. Design Search Code: N/A. Mark Description: N/A. Current Filing Basis: 1A. Original Filing Basis: 1A. Published for Opposition: N/A. Current Status: Registered and Renewed. Change In Registration: Change in registration has occurred. International Registration: N/A. Type of Mark: Trademark. Register: Principal.). Archived from the original on 30 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  17. ^ Isaacson, Andy (14 May 2012). "Can a Better Vibrator Inspire an Age of Great American Sex?". Atlantic: Web Edition Articles (The Atlantic Monthly Company; Accessed via NewsBank). 
  18. ^ a b Peasgood, Julie (2012). The Greatest Guide to Sex. Greatest Guides Limited. p. 121. ISBN 978-1907906022. 
  19. ^ Food and Drug Administration (2014). "Proprietary Name: Electric massager; Hitachi Magic Wand; HV-250R; Personal Magic Wand; Vibratex Magic Wand; HV-260". Establishment Registration & Device Listing (Classification Name: Massager, Therapeutic, Electric. Product Code: ISA. Device Class: 1. Regulation Number: 890.5660. Medical Specialty: Physical Medicine. Registered Establishment Name: Hitachi Maxell, LTD. Registered Establishment Number: 1000164900. Owner/Operator: Hitachi Maxell, LTD. Owner/Operator Number: 9020590. Establishment Operations: Specification Developer.). Archived from the original on 24 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  20. ^ a b Brooks, Deanna; Pennelope Jimenez, Serria Tawan (2007). The Bunny Book. Chronicle Books. pp. 129, 192. ISBN 978-0811854023. 
  21. ^ a b c Westheimer, Ruth K. (2007). Sex for Dummies. Wiley Publishing, Inc. p. 204-206. ISBN 978-0-470-04523-7. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Struck, Pia; Søren Ventegodt (2008). "Research Article: Clinical Holistic Medicine: Teaching Orgasm for Females with Chronic Anorgasmia using the Betty Dodson Method". The Scientific World Journal (Hindawi Publishing Corporation) 8: 883–895. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  23. ^ Price, Joan (2006). Better Than I Ever Expected. Seal Press. pp. 129–130. ISBN 978-1-58005-152-1. 
  24. ^ Blank, Joani (1976). Good Vibrations: The Complete Woman's Guide to Vibrators. Down There Press. ISBN 9780960232420. 
  25. ^ Blank, Joani (1989). Good Vibrations: The Complete Guide to Vibrators. Down There Press. ISBN 978-0940208124. 
  26. ^ Blank, Joani (1998). Good Vibrations: The New Complete Guide to Vibrators. Down There Press. ISBN 978-0940208261. 
  27. ^ Guynn, Jessica; Psyche Pascual (14 December 1997). "Retailing's oddballs: Toy story". Contra Costa Times (Walnut Creek, California: Accessed via NewsBank). p. D1. 
  28. ^ James Collard, ed. (January 1999). "We still know what you did last year". Out. p. 69. ISSN 1062-7928. 
  29. ^ a b Sohn, Amy; Sarah Wildman (2004). "Critical Condition". Sex and the City: Kiss and Tell. Gallery Books. p. 136. ISBN 978-0743457309. 
  30. ^ Creeber, Glen (2005). Serial Television. British Film Institute. p. 154. ISBN 978-1844570201. 
  31. ^ Wolf, Naomi (20 July 2003). "Cover story: Sex and the sisters". The Sunday Times (London: Times Newspapers Ltd). Archived from the original on 30 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  32. ^ Flam, Faye (27 March 2006). "Good vibes: A hysterical perspective on sex toys". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. D1. 
  33. ^ Stewart, Sara (18 May 2012). "'Hysteria' gives off good vibrations". New York Post (Accessed via NewsBank). p. 38; Section: Pulse. Archived from the original on 30 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
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External links[edit]