Hitachi Type 73

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Type 73
Type Artillery tractor
Place of origin  Japan
Service history
Used by Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Production history
Designed 1974
Manufacturer Hitachi
Specifications
Weight 19.8 t
Length 6.13 m
Width 2.95 m
Height 2.30 m
Crew 1 + 11

Armor none
Main
armament
12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine Mitsubishi ZF6 six-cylinder air-cooled diesel engine
400 hp (298 kW)
Operational
range
300 km
Speed 45 km/h

The Type 73 is an artillery tractor of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force.

History[edit]

The first production of the Type 73 was in 1974, built by Hitachi as a domestic replacement for the American M4 and M8 high-speed tractors. It was never produced in large numbers, as self-propelled artillery became the new focus.

Construction[edit]

The cab and gun crew compartments of the Type 73 are fully enclosed steel designs, with ammunition carried in a separate compartment at the rear. A 400 hp Mitsubishi diesel engine powers full tracks, and armament is a single 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun.

Usage[edit]

The Type 73 was intended to tow weapons such as the 155 mm Long Tom gun and the M115 203 mm howitzer. It can also be fitted with a dozer blade, or alternatively, the Type 92 mine roller.

References[edit]

  • Trewhitt, Philip (1999). Armoured Fighting Vehicles. p 312: Dempsey-Parr. ISBN 1-84084-328-4.