Hitler Cabinet

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Hitler Cabinet
29th Cabinet of Germany
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg
1933–1945
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S33882, Adolf Hitler (cropped).jpg
Date formed 30 January 1933
Date dissolved 30 April 1945
People and organizations
Head of government Adolf Hitler
Deputy head of government Franz von Papen (until 7 August 1934)
Head of state Paul von Hindenburg (until 2 August 1934)
Adolf Hitler
Member party Nazi Party
German National People's Party (dissolved on 27 June 1933)
Status in legislature Nazi led coalition government
Opposition party Centre Party
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Communist Party
Opposition leader Otto Wels
History
Election(s) German federal election, November 1932
Legislature term(s) 7th legislature of the Reichstag
Previous Cabinet von Schleicher
Successor Cabinet Schwerin von Krosigk

The Hitler Cabinet de jure formed the government of Nazi Germany between 30 January 1933 and 30 April 1945 upon the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of the German Reich by president Paul von Hindenburg – contrived by the national conservative politician Franz von Papen, who reserved the office of the Vice-Chancellor for himself.[1]

Composition[edit]

The Reich cabinet consisted of the following Ministers:

Office Incumbent In office Party
Chancellor Adolf Hitler 30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen 30 January 1933 – 7 August 1934 none (Centre until 1932)
Minister of Foreign Affairs Konstantin von Neurath 30 January 1933 – 4 February 1938 none (NSDAP from 1937)
Joachim von Ribbentrop 4 February 1938 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick 30 January 1933 – 24 August 1943 NSDAP
Heinrich Himmler 24 August 1943 – 29 April 1945
Minister of Finance Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk 30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945 none (NSDAP from 1937)
Minister of Justice Franz Gürtner 30 January 1933 – 29 January 1941 DNVP (NSDAP from 1937)
Franz Schlegelberger (acting) 29 January 1941 – 24 August 1942 NSDAP
Otto Georg Thierack 24 August 1942 – 30 April 1945
Minister of the Reichswehr (from 1935: of War) Werner von Blomberg 30 January 1933 – 5 February 1938 none
Wilhelm Keitel (as Chief of the OKW) 5 February 1938 – 30 April 1945
Minister for Economics Alfred Hugenberg 30 January 1933 – 29 June 1933 DNVP
Kurt Schmitt 29 June 1933 – 3 August 1934 NSDAP
Hjalmar Schacht 3 August 1934 – 26 November 1937 none (NSDAP from 1937)
Hermann Göring 26 November 1937 – 15 January 1938 NSDAP
Walther Funk 5 February 1938 – 30 April 1945
Minister for Food and Agriculture Alfred Hugenberg 30 January 1933 – 29 June 1933 DNVP
Richard Walther Darré 29 June 1933 – 23 May 1942 NSDAP
Herbert Backe 23 May 1942 – 30 April 1945
Minister for Labour Franz Seldte[2] 30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP (from 30 April 1933)
Minister for Postal Affairs Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach 30 January 1933 – 2 February 1937 none
Wilhelm Ohnesorge 2 February 1937 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister for Transport Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach 30 January 1933 – 2 February 1937 none
Julius Dorpmüller 2 February 1937 – 30 April 1945 none (NSDAP from 1941)
Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels 13 March 1933 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister of Aviation Hermann Göring 5 May 1933 – 24 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister for Science and Education Bernhard Rust 1 May 1934 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister for Church Affairs Hanns Kerrl 16 July 1935 – 15 December 1941 NSDAP
Hermann Muhs (acting) 15 December 1941 – 30 April 1945
Minister for Armaments and Ammunition
(from 1943: for Armaments and War Production)
Fritz Todt 17 March 1940 – 8 February 1942 NSDAP
Albert Speer 8 February 1942 – 30 April 1945
Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories Alfred Rosenberg 17 November 1941 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Minister of State for Bohemia and Moravia Karl Hermann Frank 20 August 1943 – 30 April 1945 NSDAP
Ministers without portfolio
(from 1938: Reich Ministers)
Hermann Göring 30 January 1933 – 28 April 1933 NSDAP
Ernst Röhm (SA Chief) † 1 December 1933 – 1 July 1934
Rudolf Hess (Deputy Führer) 1 December 1933 – 10 May 1941
Hanns Kerrl 16 April 1934 – 18 July 1935
Hans Frank (Governor-General from 1939) 19 December 1934 – 30 April 1945
Hjalmar Schacht 26 November 1937 – 22 January 1943
Otto Meissner (Chief of Presidential Chancellery) 1 December 1937 – 30 April 1945
Hans Lammers (Chief of Reich Chancellery) 1 December 1937 – 30 April 1945
Arthur Seyss-Inquart 1 May 1939 – 30 April 1945
Martin Bormann (Chief of Nazi Party Chancellery) 12 May 1941 – 30 April 1945
Wilhelm Frick (Reich Protector) 24 August 1943 – 30 April 1945

Changes[edit]

  • March 1933: Joseph Goebbels enters the cabinet as Minister of Propaganda.
  • April 1933: Franz Seldte becomes a member of the NSDAP; Göring takes a portfolio as Minister of Aviation.
  • June 1933: Kurt Schmitt succeeds Hugenberg as Minister of Economics. Richard Walther Darré succeeds Hugenberg as Minister of Food.
  • December 1933: Ernst Röhm and Rudolf Hess enter the Cabinet as Ministers without Portfolio.
  • May 1934: Bernhard Rust enters the Cabinet as Minister of Science and Education.
  • June 1934: Hanns Kerrl enters the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio. Röhm, Minister without Portfolio, is murdered.
  • July 1934: Göring takes another portfolio as Minister of Forestry.
  • August 1934: Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen leaves the cabinet. A new Vice-Chancellor is not installed. Hjalmar Schacht succeeds Schmitt as Minister of Economics.
  • December 1934: Hans Frank enters the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio.
  • March 1935: Göring takes yet another portfolio as Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe.
  • May 1935: The title of Minister of Defense is replaced by that of Minister of War. Blomberg retains the office.
  • July 1935: Hanns Kerrl takes a portfolio as Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs.
  • April 1936: Werner von Fritsch, Commander-in-Chief of the Army, and Erich Raeder, Commander in Chief of the Navy, join the Cabinet.
  • February 1937: Wilhelm Ohnesorge succeeds Eltz as Minister of Posts. Julius Dorpmüller succeeds Eltz as Minister of Transport.
  • November 1937: Hermann Göring succeeds Schacht as Minister of Economics. Schacht becomes Minister without Portfolio.
  • December 1937: Otto Meissner enters the Cabinet as Minister of State and Head of the Chancellery.
  • January 1938: Walther Funk succeeds Göring as Minister of Economics.
  • February 1938: Joachim von Ribbentrop replaces Neurath as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Neurath becomes Minister without Portfolio. Blomberg resigns as Minister of War and his office is abolished. His role is taken by General Wilhelm Keitel as Director of the OKW. Walther von Brauchitsch succeeds Fritsch as Commander-in-Chief of the Army.
  • May 1939: Arthur Seyss-Inquart enters the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio.
  • March 1940: Fritz Todt becomes Minister of Armaments and Ammunition.
  • January 1941: Franz Schlegelberger succeeds Gürtner as Minister of Justice.
  • May 1941: Rudolf Hess is suspended from the Cabinet.
  • July 1941: Alfred Rosenberg enters the Cabinet as Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories.
  • December 1941: Hanns Kerrl, the Minister of Ecclesiastical Affairs, dies. He is not replaced. Hitler himself takes up the position of Commander-in-Chief of the Army.
  • February 1942: Albert Speer succeeds Todt as Minister of Armaments and Ammunition.
  • May 1942: Herbert Backe succeeds Darré as Minister of Food.
  • August 1942: Otto Georg Thierack succeeds Schlegelberger as Minister of Justice.
  • January 1943: Karl Dönitz succeeds Raeder as Commander-in-Chief of the Navy.
  • January 1943: Hans Lammers appointed President of Reich Cabinet (Cabinet President in Hitler's absence)
  • August 1943: Heinrich Himmler succeeds Frick as Minister of the Interior.
  • September 1943: Albert Speer's ministerial authority is extended to cover the entire German war industry, and is elevated to Minister of Armaments and War Production.
  • July 1944: Schacht departs the Cabinet.

End of Cabinet[edit]

As the Third Reich government was disintegrating at the end of the Second World War and following Hitler's death on 30 April 1945, it was succeeded by the short-lived Cabinet Schwerin von Krosigk of the Flensburg government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kershaw, Ian (2010). Hitler: A Biography. Norton. p. 253. ISBN 9780393075625. 
  2. ^ Stackelberg, Roderick (2002). Hitler's Germany: Origins, Interpretations, Legacies. Routledge. p. 109. ISBN 9780203005415.