Hitotsubashi University

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Hitotsubashi University
一橋大学
The seal of Hitotsubashi University
Motto Captains of Industry
Established 1920 (Origins 1875)
Type Public (National)
President Susumu Yamauchi
Academic staff 630
Undergraduates 4,500
Postgraduates 2,100
Location Kunitachi, Tokyo, Japan
Campus Urban
Colors Crimson Red (DIC-2489)     
Mascot None
Website hit-u.ac.jp

Hitotsubashi University (一橋大学 Hitotsubashi daigaku?) is a national university specialised in the social sciences in Tokyo, Japan. A useful comparison would be to the London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) in London. The university has campuses in Kunitachi, Kodaira, and Kanda.

Hitotsubashi is considered one of the most prestigious universities and the best in economics and commerce related subjects in Japan, consistently ranking amongst the top universities in Japanese university rankings.[1][2] It was ranked 25th in the world in 2011 by École des Mines de Paris[3] and is one of the highest ranked national universities that is not one of the National Seven Universities.[4]

Hitotsubashi has strong relationships with overseas universities. There are about 590 international students and 450 researchers from abroad under academic exchange agreements with 83 universities and research institutions, including University of Chicago, the University of Oxford and the University of California.

The university's symbol is inspired by Mercury, Roman mythology's god of commerce.[5]

History[edit]

When founded by Arinori Mori in 1875, Hitotsubashi was called the Institute for Business Training (商法講習所|Shōhō Kōshujo), where it nurtured businessmen to modernize Japan after the collapse of the feudal Tokugawa Shōgunate. There were talks about a merger with The University of Tokyo, but alumni and students objected—the merger was not fulfilled. This is known as the "Shinyu Incident".[6]

From the university web page: "For 130 years Hitotsubashi graduates have played leading roles in Japanese business, hence the university's motto 'captains of industry.' Today, our former students are also prominent in finance, government, politics and the media. The quality of our research has been recognized internationally, and Hitotsubashi scholars maintain strong ties to industry and government. Hitotsubashi is an excellent base for visiting researchers, offering a well-stocked library, a beautiful campus (and in the case of ICS a location in the heart of Tokyo), and a friendly atmosphere."

  • 1875: Arinori Mori established Institute for Business Training (商法講習所|Shōhō Kōshūjo) at Ginza-owarichō, Tokyo.
  • 1884: became a national school under the direct supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce of Japan, and changed its name to the Tokyo Commercial School (東京商業学校|Tokyo Shōgyō Gakkō).
  • 1885: came under the control of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan, and absorbed the Tokyo Foreign Language School. The school then relocated to the site of the latter institution in an education district called Hitotsubashi, Tokyo in the vicinity of the Imperial Palace.
  • 1887: the status of the Tokyo Commercial School was raised to that of the Higher Commercial School (高等商業学校|Kōtō Shōgyō Gakkō).
  • 1897: established affiliated institutions for foreign-language education.
  • 1899: separated affiliated institutions for foreign-language education as Tokyo School of Foreign Languages (now Tokyo University of Foreign Studies).
  • 1902: changed its name to the Tokyo Higher Commercial School (東京高等商業学校| Tōkyō Kōtō Shōgyō Gakkō) due to the establishment of another such school in Kansai district (now Kobe University).
  • 1920: raised to and became the Tokyo College of Commerce (東京商科大学| Tōkyō Syōka Daigaku).
  • 1927: moved to Kunitachi and Kodaira, Tokyo, its present location, on account of the Great Kanto Earthquake.
  • 1944: changed its name to the Tokyo College of Industry (東京産業大学| Tōkyō Sangyō Daigaku) under the order of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan.
  • 1947: changed its name back to the Tokyo College of Commerce (東京商科大学| Tōkyō Syōka Daigaku).
  • 1949: adopted the new system and the name of Hitotsubashi University (一橋大学| Hitotsubashi Daigaku) through a student ballot, when the American education system was introduced as part of the postwar education reforms, and established Faculties of Commerce, Economics, and Law & Social Sciences.
  • 1951: separated Faculty of Law & Social Sciences into Faculty of Law and Faculty of Social Science.
  • 1996: established the Graduate School of Language and Society.
  • 1998: established the Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy (ICS).
  • 2004: established Law School due to the introduction of Law School system in Japan.
  • 2005: established School of International and Public Policy.

Faculties and Graduate Schools[edit]

Kanematsu auditorium on the Kunitachi Campus

Hitotsubashi University has about 4,500 undergraduate and 2,100 postgraduate students with some 630 faculty members.

Undergraduate programs[edit]

  • Commerce (275)
  • Economics (275)
  • Law (175)
  • Social Sciences (235)

Graduate programs[edit]

  • Commerce (Master Program: 108, Doctor Program: 30)
  • Economics (Master Program: 70, Doctor Program: 30)
  • Law (Master Program: 15, Doctor Program: 26 Juris Doctor Program: 100)
  • Social Sciences (Master Program: 87, Doctor Program: 44)
  • Language and Society (Master Program: 49, Doctor Program: 21)
  • International Corporate Strategy (ICS) (including MBA Program)
  • International and Public Policy (55)

Parentheses show the numbers of admitted students per year.[7]

Research institutes and centers[edit]

Library on the Kunitachi Campus
  • Institute of Economic Research
    • Research Center for Information and Statistics of Social Science
    • Center for Economic Institutions[8]
    • Center for Intergenerational Studies[9]
  • Research and Development Center for Higher Education
  • Information and Communication Technology Center
  • Center for Student Exchange[10]
  • International Joint Research Center
  • Institute of Innovation Research[11]
  • Center for Historical Social Science Literature[12]

Academic exchange agreements overseas[edit]

As of 2007, Hitotsubashi University had academic exchange agreements with 83 overseas universities and research institutions, including those between departments and departments, as follows:[13]

Academic Rankings[edit]

University rankings (overall)
Toyo Keizai National[14] General 7
WE National[15] Employment 1
NBP Greater Tokyo[16][17] Reputation 5
Shimano National[18] Selectivity SA
ENSMP World[19] Alumni 25

Template:Infobox Japanese university ranking (by subject)

Hitotsubashi University is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, consistently ranking amongst the top universities in Japanese university rankings. It is one of the highest ranked national universities that is not one of the National Seven Universities.

Hitotsubashi is a specialized institution only in social science, thus it is not as well known as other big universities such as University of Tokyo and Kyoto University. Although it has only social science departments and the place in the university rankings is always underrated, the reputation is very high. Consequently, its outstanding position in Japan can be seen in the several rankings below.

General rankings[edit]

The university was ranked 7th out of 181 major universities in 2011 in the ranking called "Truly strong universities (本当に強い大学)" by Toyo Keizai.[20] In this ranking, Hitotsubashi is 1st in average graduate salary.

According to QS World University Rankings, Hitotsubashi was ranked 314th, 314th, 420th, 378th and 365th in the world during 2005-2009. It has been ranked 114th, 101st, 99th and 178th during 2007-2010 in its social science ranking.[21]

Research performance[edit]

The Weekly Diamond reported that Hitotsubashi has the 4th highest research standard in Japan in research funding per researcher in COE Program.[22] In the same article, it's ranked seventh in quality of education by GP funds per student.

The economics department especially has a high research standard. According to the Asahi Shimbun, Hitotsubashi was ranked 4th in Japan in economic research during 2005-2009.[23] More recently, Repec in January 2011 ranked Hitotsubashi's Economic Department as Japan's 5th best economic research university.[24] Currently three researchers in Hitotsubashi are listed as top 10% economists in its world economist rankings.[25] Hitotsubashi has provided seven presidents of the Japanese Economic Association in its 42-year history; this number is the second largest.[26]

Asahi Shimbun summarized the amount of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Hitotsubashi was ranked 7th during 2005-2009.

Graduate school rankings[edit]

Hitotsubashi Law School is considered as one of top law schools in Japan, as it was ranked No. 1 in the passing rate of Japanese Bar Examination in 2006, 2008 and 2009.[27]

Hitotsubashi Business School is ranked 2nd in Japan by Nikkei Shimbun.[28] Eduniversal ranked Japanese business schools and Hitotsubashi was ranked 3rd in Japan (100th in the world).[29] In this ranking, Hitotsubashi is one of three Japanese business schools categorized in "Universal business schools with major international influence". It is one the few Japanese business schools teaching in English.

Alumni Rankings[edit]

Hitotsubashi alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries such as shown below.

According to the Weekly Economist 2010 rankings and the President's article on October 16, 2006, graduates from Hitotsubashi have the best employment rate in 400 major companies; the average graduate salary is the second best in Japan.[30][31] École des Mines de Paris ranks Hitotsubashi University as 25th in the world in 2011 in the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies, although Hitotsubashi is small compared to other Japanese universities in the ranks.[3]

The university is ranked 8th in Japan for the number of alumni holding executive positions in the listed companies of Japan, and this number per student (probability of becoming an executive) is 2nd in Japan.[32][33]

Popularity and Selectivity[edit]

Hitotsubashi is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as one of the top with University of Tokyo, Kyoto University and Tokyo Institute of Technology among 180 national and public universities.[34][35][36][37]

Notable faculty[edit]

Famous alumni[edit]

Josui Kaikan

The university's alumni association is called Josuikai (如水会) and its main building (Josui Kaikan) is next to the building where Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy (ICS) is in Kanda, Tokyo.

Politicians[edit]

Diplomats[edit]

Judges, bureaucrats[edit]

Industry[edit]

Academia[edit]

Others[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://sekaione.com/japanese-universities-introduction/
  2. ^ Makoto IKEMA, "Hitotsubashi University, 1875-2000: A Hundred and Twenty-five Years of Higher Education in Japan" Palgrave Macmillan 2000
  3. ^ a b Classements de l'école d'ingénieurs - MINES ParisTech. Mines-paristech.fr (2012-10-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  4. ^ 本当に強い大学【2011年版】総合ランキング・トップ100-教育力・就職力・財務力で独自ランキング | オリジナル | 東洋経済オンライン | 新世代リーダーのためのビジネスサイト. Toyokeizai.net. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  5. ^ Hitotsubashi University Library, Origins of the University Symbol
  6. ^ University's Official Site
  7. ^ 入学者選抜要項/入学定員
  8. ^ Center for Economic Institutions, Hitotsubashi University
  9. ^ Center for Intergenerational Studies, Hitotsubashi University
  10. ^ Center for Student Exchange, Hitotsubashi University
  11. ^ Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University
  12. ^ Center for Historical Social Science Literature, Hitotsubashi University
  13. ^ Hitotsubashi University Data 2008
  14. ^ "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  18. ^ "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  19. ^ "ENSMP World University Rankings". École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  20. ^ 本当に強い大学【2010年版】総合ランキング・トップ100-東大5連覇、京大が阪大を逆転、関学躍進 | オリジナル | 東洋経済オンライン | 新世代リーダーのためのビジネスサイト. Toyokeizai.net. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  21. ^ All Study Destinations. Top Universities. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  22. ^ "週刊ダイヤモンド" ダイヤモンド社 2010/2/27 http://web.sapmed.ac.jp/kikaku/infomation/0227daiyamondokiji.pdf
  23. ^ "University rankings 2011" Asahi Shinbun
  24. ^ Within Country and State Rankings at IDEAS: Japan. Ideas.repec.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  25. ^ Economist Rankings at IDEAS. Ideas.repec.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  26. ^ Japanese Economic Association - JEA Global Site. Jeaweb.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  27. ^ 第3回新司法試験の結果について
  28. ^ Recent News | Hitotsubashi University ICS - MBA Japan. Ics.hit-u.ac.jp. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  29. ^ University and business school ranking in Japan. Eduniversal-ranking.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  30. ^ Yomiuri Weekly 2005/7/10
  31. ^ 年収偏差値・給料偏差値ランキング(2006・10・16):稼げる大学はどれ?. Hensachi-ranking.seesaa.net (1999-02-22). Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  32. ^ "出身大学別上場企業役員数ランキング" (in Japanese). 大学ranking.net. 
  33. ^ 役員輩出率 大学ベスト30. Ranking100.web.fc2.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  34. ^ Private universities apply different kind of exams. Thus it's only comparable between universities in the same category.
  35. ^ E.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings http://www.yozemi.ac.jp/rank/gakubu/index.html
  36. ^ In this ranking for example, Hitotsubashi Law course has the entrance difficulty of 90%, which is the top with University of Tokyo, and Economics course in Hitotsubashi as 2nd with 89%.
  37. ^ Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 11 scales) in Japan. "危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. 
  38. ^ The Harvard Crimson February 5, 1998
  39. ^ Connor, R. E. "How That Road Got Its Name." Houston Post, Sunday May 2, 1965. Spotlight, Page 3. - Available on microfilm at the Houston Public Library Central Library Jesse H. Jones Building

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°41′37″N 139°26′42″E / 35.69374°N 139.44509°E / 35.69374; 139.44509