Hitra

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Not to be confused with Hirta or Hidra.
Hitra, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway kommune
Municipality
FillanCommunityCentre.JPG
Coat of arms of Hitra, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Hitra, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway kommune
Sør-Trøndelag within
Norway
Coordinates: 63°32′50″N 8°51′17″E / 63.54722°N 8.85472°E / 63.54722; 8.85472Coordinates: 63°32′50″N 8°51′17″E / 63.54722°N 8.85472°E / 63.54722; 8.85472
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
District Fosen
Administrative centre Fillan
Government
 • Mayor (2007) Ole L. Haugen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 685.51 km2 (264.68 sq mi)
 • Land 645.63 km2 (249.28 sq mi)
 • Water 39.88 km2 (15.40 sq mi)
Area rank 163 in Norway
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,256
 • Rank 226 in Norway
 • Density 6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.4 %
Demonym Hitraværing
Hitterværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1617
Official language form Neutral
Website www.hitra.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Hitra landscape with wind turbines, near Straum.

Hitra is a municipality and an island in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality covers the island of Hitra and several smaller islands, and is part of the Fosen region. With a land area of 571.5 km2 (220.7 sq mi), the island of Hitra is the seventh largest island in mainland Norway, and the largest island south of the Arctic Circle.

The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Fillan. Other villages include Andersskogan, Ansnes, Forsnes, Hestvika, Knarrlagsund, Kvenvær, Melandsjøen, Nordbotn, Sandstad, and Ulvan.

Hitra is famous in Norway for its large and dense population of Red Deer (as symbolised in its coat of arms — see image right). Hitra is a member of the International Island Games Association.

General information[edit]

Hopsjøbrygga, Hitra

Hitra was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1877, the northern district of Frøya (population: 3,949) was separated from Hitra to form a municipality of its own. On 1 January 1886, the southern and eastern parts of Hitra were separated into a new municipality of Fillan. This left Hitra with 2,241 residents. Then on 1 January 1913, the western part of Hitra was separated to form the new municipality of Kvenvær. This left Hitra with 1,439 residents. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Hitra, Kvenvær, Fillan, and Sandstad were merged to form a new, larger Hitra municipality. Prior to the merger, Hitra had 1,344 residents.[2]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Hitr. The name is probably derived from a word with the meaning "split" or "cleft" (referring to the many inlets of the island). Until 1918 the name of the island and municipality was spelled Hitteren.[3]

See also: Hidra

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 7 August 1987. The arms show the head of a Red Deer in silver on a blue background. It symbolizes one of Northern Europe's largest populations of red deer which is located in the municipality.[4]

See also: Coats of Arms of Gjemnes, Hjartdal, and Voss

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) with a total of five churches and two chapels within the municipality of Hitra. It is part of the Deanery (prosti) of Orkdal and the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Hitra
Parish
(Sokn)
Church Name Year Built Location
of the Church
Hitra Hitra kirke 1927 Melandsjøen
Dolm kirke 1188 Dolmøya
Fillan Fillan kirke 1789 Fillan
Nordbotn kirke 1900 Nordbotn
Kvenvær Kvenvær kirke 1909 Kvenvær
Forsnes kapell 1935 Forsnes
Sandstad Sandstad kirke 1888 Sandstad

Geography[edit]

View of Hitra

Hitra is the seventh largest island of mainland Norway, and is bordered by Frøya to the north. It lies between the Trondheimsleia and the Frøyfjorden. The 345-metre (1,132 ft) tall Mørkdalstuva is the highest point on the island.

Other than the large island of Hitra, there are many other islands in the municipality, notably Fjellværsøya, Ulvøya, Dolmøya, Helgbustadøya, and Bispøyan. The Børøyholmen lighthouse and Terningen lighthouse are located in the Trondheimsleia in the southeast part of Hitra municipality.

Transportation[edit]

Entrance to the Hitra Tunnel

The company Kystekspressen runs westamaran services from Trondheim and Kristiansund. The 5,610-metre (3.5 mi) long undersea tunnel called the Hitratunnelen connects Hitra to the mainland to the south and the 5,305-metre (3.3 mi) long Frøya Tunnel connects Hitra to Frøya to the north.

Energy[edit]

There is a wind farm in the central part of the island, Hitra Wind Farm, founded in 2004, which has 24 wind turbines which produce a total of 55 megawatts (74,000 hp).

See Also.[edit]

Hitra official football team.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 63. 
  4. ^ "Sør-Trøndelag fylke". Retrieved 2008-10-28. 

External links[edit]