Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey

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Not to be confused with Hohokus Township, New Jersey.
Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Ho-Ho-Kus
The Hermitage, historic site
The Hermitage, historic site
Map highlighting Ho-Ho-Kus's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Ho-Ho-Kus's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Ho-Ho-Kus, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°59′58″N 74°05′48″W / 40.999485°N 74.096574°W / 40.999485; -74.096574Coordinates: 40°59′58″N 74°05′48″W / 40.999485°N 74.096574°W / 40.999485; -74.096574[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated October 12, 1908
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Thomas Randall (R, term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Donald G. Cirulli[4]
 • Clerk Laura Borchers[4]
Area[1][6]
 • Total 1.749 sq mi (4.530 km2)
 • Land 1.735 sq mi (4.494 km2)
 • Water 0.014 sq mi (0.036 km2)  0.80%
Area rank 426th of 566 in state
53rd of 70 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 4,078
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 4,124
 • Rank 409th of 566 in state
63rd of 70 in county[12]
 • Density 2,350.3/sq mi (907.5/km2)
 • Density rank 259th of 566 in state
54th of 70 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07423[13][14]
Area code(s) 201[15]
FIPS code 3400332310[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885258[1][18]
Website www.ho-ho-kusboro.com

Ho-Ho-Kus is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 census, the borough's population was 4,078,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 18 (+0.4%) from the 4,060 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 125 (+3.2%) from the 3,935 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] It is the home of several historical landmarks, including the Ho-Ho-Kus Inn and The Hermitage.

Ho-Ho-Kus was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on October 12, 1908, from what had originally been the borough of Orvil, which was in turn created on March 8, 1905, from portions of Orvil Township.[20][21]

As of the 2000 United States Census, Ho-Ho-Kus was the 15th-wealthiest community in New Jersey with a per capita money income of $63,594 as of 1999, an increase of 36.9% from the $46,451 recorded in 1989.[22]

In 2011, New Jersey Monthly magazine named Ho-Ho-Kus the best place to live in the state of New Jersey, citing its affluence, its low crime rate, and the quality of its school system, as well as its proximity to New York City and other major commercial destinations.[23] The magazine also named Ho-Ho-Kus the eighth wealthiest community in New Jersey overall, with a median household income of $157,656.[24]

History of the name[edit]

The meaning of the name Ho-Ho-Kus is in dispute. From the official history on the borough's website, the most likely origin is a contraction of the Delaware Indian term "Mah-Ho-Ho-Kus" (or "Mehokhokus"), meaning "the red cedar."[25][26]

Other meanings have been suggested over the years and are listed on the borough's website, including an Indian word for running water, a cleft in the rock or under the rock or hollow rock, the word "hohokes", signifying the whistle of the wind against the bark of trees, the Chihohokies Indians whose chief lived here, the Dutch Hoog Akers for "high acorns" or Hoge Aukers, Dutch for "high oaks", the Indian word hoccus meaning "fox", or woakus, "gray fox", or that the "Ho" part means joy or spirit, and the rest of the name from "hohokes," meaning a kind of bark of a tree.[27]

Ho-Ho-Kus versus Hohokus[edit]

Downtown Ho-Ho-Kus

A constant source of confusion has been the manner in which the borough's name has been spelled, with each syllable capitalized and separated by hyphens. The confusion is only exacerbated by the existence of Hohokus Township, which comprised the area of present-day Ho-Ho-Kus and other surrounding communities, yet was spelled without the multiple capitalization or the hyphens. Ho-Ho-Kus is served by interchange 168 on the Garden State Parkway which spells the municipality as "Hohokus" on its exit signing.

The name "Ho-Ho-Kus" was used explicitly in the resolution requesting a change of name passed by the Borough Council on October 12, 1908 and submitted to the Secretary of State of New Jersey requesting "That the Borough now known as the Borough of Orvil be hereafter known as the Borough of Ho-Ho-Kus..."

A few theories have been offered for the hyphens and capitalization. One is that it was intended to differentiate between the borough and Hohokus Township, which was formed on April 9, 1849, and continued to exist until November 7, 1944, when a referendum was passed changing the name to present-day Mahwah.[20] Another explanation was that it was meant to avoid confusion by postal clerks with mail being sent to Hoboken.

While efforts had been made in the ensuing decades to change the name or to alter the way in which the name of the borough is spelled, the borough remains as "Ho-Ho-Kus."[28]

Warren Avenue Bridge crossing the Ho-Ho-Kus Brook

Geography[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus is located at 40°59′58″N 74°05′48″W / 40.999485°N 74.096574°W / 40.999485; -74.096574 (40.999485,-74.096574). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.749 square miles (4.530 km2), of which, 1.735 square miles (4.494 km2) of it was land and 0.014 square miles (0.036 km2) of it (0.80%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 316
1910 488 54.4%
1920 586 20.1%
1930 925 57.8%
1940 1,626 75.8%
1950 2,254 38.6%
1960 3,988 76.9%
1970 4,348 9.0%
1980 4,129 −5.0%
1990 3,935 −4.7%
2000 4,060 3.2%
2010 4,078 0.4%
Est. 2013 4,124 [11] 1.1%
Population sources:
1910-1920[29] 1910[30]
1910-1930[31] 1900-2010[32][33][34]
2000[35][36] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,078 people, 1,401 households, and 1,154 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,350.3 per square mile (907.5 /km2). There were 1,462 housing units at an average density of 842.6 per square mile (325.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.03% (3,753) White, 0.22% (9) Black or African American, 0.07% (3) Native American, 5.79% (236) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.39% (16) from other races, and 1.50% (61) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.12% (168) of the population.[8]

There were 1,401 households, of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.[8]

In the borough, 29.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $155,030 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,301) and the median family income was $157,202 (+/- $13,820). Males had a median income of $93,750 (+/- $26,877) versus $83,636 (+/- $27,361) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $67,238 (+/- $11,693). About 1.9% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Same-sex couples headed 8 households in 2010, unchanged from 2000.[38]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 4,060 people, 1,433 households, and 1,199 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,331.1 people per square mile (900.9/km²). There were 1,465 housing units at an average density of 841.2 per square mile (325.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.66% White, 0.59% African American, 0.10% Native American, 5.22% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[35][36]

There were 1,433 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.11.[35][36]

In the borough the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the borough was $129,900, and the median income for a family was $144,588. Males had a median income of $92,573 versus $54,091 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $63,594. 2.1% of the population and 2.6% of families were below the poverty line. 0.7% of those under the age of 18 and 1.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[35][36]

Affluence[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus is primarily an upper-class and upper-middle class suburb of New York City, ranking 15th in the state of New Jersey in terms of per-capita income. According to the Forbes 2010 survey of the most expensive ZIP codes in America, Ho-Ho-Kus ranked 268th nationally, with a median home price of $901,841.[39]

The Ho-Ho-Kus Public School District is classified in District Factor Group "J," the highest of eight categories, in both the 2000 and 1990 rankings. District Factor Groups are used in the state of New Jersey to rank school districts according to common socioeconomic characteristics. Northern Highlands Regional High School, which receives students from Ho-Ho-Kus, Allendale, Upper Saddle River, and part of Saddle River, is placed in the same category.[40]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Ho-Ho-Kus, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[41]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Ho-Ho-Kus is Republican Thomas W. Randall, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. Members of the Council are Council President Douglas K. Troast (R, 2015), Maryellen Lennon (R, 2014), Philip Rorty (R, 2013), Kevin Shea (R, 2013), Steven Shell (R, 2014) and Kim Weiss (R, 2015).[4][42][43][44][45][46][47][48]

Donald G. Cirulli is the Borough Administrator.[4]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus is located in the 5th Congressional District[49] and is part of New Jersey's 40th state legislative district.[9][50][51] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Ho-Ho-Kus had been in the 39th state legislative district.[52]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[53] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[54][55] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[56][57]

The 40th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Kevin J. O'Toole (R, Cedar Grove) and in the General Assembly by Scott Rumana (R, Wayne) and David C. Russo (R, Ridgewood).[58] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[59] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[60]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[61] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[62] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[63] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[64] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[65] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[66] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[67] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[68] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[69] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[70][71] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[72] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[73] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[74][75][61]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,981 registered voters in Ho-Ho-Kus, of which 546 (18.3% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,456 (48.8% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 976 (32.7% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[76] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 73.1% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 103.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[76][77]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,447 votes here (62.8% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 826 votes (35.9% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 21 votes (0.9% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,303 ballots cast by the borough's 3,116 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.9% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[78][79] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,440 votes here (58.1% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,009 votes (40.7% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 15 votes (0.6% vs. 0.8%), among the 2,478 ballots cast by the borough's 3,066 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.8% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[80][81] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,547 votes here (62.2% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 916 votes (36.8% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 18 votes (0.7% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,489 ballots cast by the borough's 2,987 registered voters, for a turnout of 83.3% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[82]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,063 votes here (62.5% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 553 votes (32.5% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 76 votes (4.5% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 3 votes (0.2% vs. 0.5%), among the 1,701 ballots cast by the borough's 3,024 registered voters, yielding a 56.3% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[83]

Education[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus Public School hosts a "Country Fair".

Ho-Ho-Kus Public School serves public school students in preschool through eighth grade. As of the 2010-11 school year, the school had an enrollment of 651 students.[84] The school population has seen an increase of more than 200 students in the preceding decade.[85]

Local secondary school students in public school attend Northern Highlands Regional High School in nearby Allendale, which serves students in the ninth through twelfth grades grades from Allendale, Ho-Ho-Kus, Upper Saddle River and Saddle River, as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Ho-Ho-Kus district.[23][86]

After ending a long-standing sending relationship to Ridgewood High School in the mid-1970s, Ho-Ho-Kus students started attending Midland Park High School. The small size of the Midland Park school and the lack of electives led to efforts in the mid-1990s to find another high school to serve students from the borough.[25] Since then, high school students from Ho-Ho-Kus have been attending Northern Highlands Regional High School.[87] The current agreement between Ho-Ho-Kus and Northern Highlands runs through 2018.[88]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[89][90]

Ho-Ho-Kus is home to the Ho-Ho-Kus Waldwick Cooperative Nursery School.[91]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The borough had a total of 26.52 miles (42.68 km) of roadways, of which 19.50 miles (31.38 km) are maintained by the municipality, 6.01 miles (9.67 km) by Bergen County and 1.01 miles (1.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[92]

Route 17, County Route 507, and County Route 502 travel through Ho-Ho-Kus.

Public transportation[edit]

Ho-Ho-Kus is served by New Jersey Transit at the Ho-Ho-Kus train station, which is located at Brookside Avenue and 1st Street, one block from Franklin Turnpike.[93] The station provided service on both the Bergen County Line and Main Line, which run north-south to Hoboken Terminal with connections via the Secaucus Junction transfer station to New Jersey Transit one-stop service to New York Penn Station and to other NJ Transit rail service. Connections are available at the Hoboken Terminal to other New Jersey Transit rail lines, the PATH train at the Hoboken PATH station, New York Waterways ferry service to the World Financial Center and other destinations and Hudson-Bergen Light Rail service.[94][95]

Short Line provides service between the borough and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan from a stop at Route 17 and Hollywood Avenue, with limited service offered at a stop at Franklin Turnpike and Maple Avenue.[96]

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ho-Ho-Kus include:

In popular media[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d Ho-Ho-Kus Mayor and Council, Borough of Ho-Ho-Kus. Accessed December 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 165.
  6. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision from 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Ho-Ho-Kus, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Ho-Ho-Kus borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 16. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ho-Ho-Kus borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Ho-Ho-Kus, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NX for Ho Ho Kus, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 6, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 27, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 80. Accessed June 6, 2012.
  21. ^ Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey p. 7, lists a date of October 15, 1908 for the incorporation of Ho-Ho-Kus.
  22. ^ Money Income (1989 and 1999) and Poverty (1999) New Jersey, Counties and Municipalities, New Jersey State Data Center, April 2003. Accessed August 27, 2012.
  23. ^ a b "The #1 Town: Ho-Ho-Kus", New Jersey Monthly, August 15, 2011. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  24. ^ "Top Town: Most Affluent", New Jersey Monthly, August 15, 2011. Accessed September 7, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Ho-Ho-Kus; A Borough That Guards Its Traditions", The New York Times, February 5, 1995. Accessed August 22, 2011. "The district serves kindergarten through eighth grades. High school students are sent to nearby Midland Park, an arrangement Mayor Sayers terms 'unsatisfactory' because, he says, Midland Park High School is small and offers few electives. The Ho-Ho-Kus Board of Education is discussing possible alternatives."
  26. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey State Library, May 1945. Accessed December 13, 2013.
  27. ^ "In-Depth History of Ho-Ho-Kus."
  28. ^ Background of Ho-Ho-Kus History pp. 149-150.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 31, 2013.
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  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 15, 2011.
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  33. ^ Bergen County Data Book 2003, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 31, 2013. Population for 1900, prior to the borough's incorportation, was extrapolated by county statisticians.
  34. ^ Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1990-2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed December 9, 2013. Data for the 1900 census year, prior to the borough's establishment, were extrapolated by county statisticians.
  35. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Ho-Ho-Kus borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 5, 2013.
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  37. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Ho-Ho-Kus borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2012.
  38. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2013.
  39. ^ Most Expensive ZIP Codes: Ho-Ho-Kus, Forbes. Accessed October 10, 2010.
  40. ^ District Factor Groups (DFG) for School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 7, 2011.
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  47. ^ Kleimann, Karen. "Ho-Ho-Kus Council welcomes Shell; Mongelli receives award", Town Journal, January 4, 2012. Accessed June 6, 2012. "Incumbents Mayor Tom Randall and Councilwoman Maryellen Lennon were sworn into office, while newcomer Steven Shell took his place at the table after winning the three-year seat in November left open when former Council President John Mongelli did not seek reelection.... Councilman Doug Troast was nominated and voted in as council president for 2012."
  48. ^ Coutros, Evonne. "Ho-Ho-Kus council fills seat left open by clerical error", The Record (Bergen County), November 23, 2011. Accessed June 4, 2012. "The Borough Council has voted to appoint Kim Weiss to fill the unexpired council seat she was forced to temporarily vacate after a clerical error by the Borough Clerk omitted the listing of the term on the Nov. 8 ballot. Borough officials cited the Municipal Vacancy Law as precedent for the appointment of Weiss, who was appointed in July to fill the unexpired term of former councilman Kevin Crossley, who resigned for personal reasons."
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  54. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
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  56. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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