Hòa Bình Province
Tỉnh Hòa Bình
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
|• People's Council Chair||Nguyễn Văn Quang|
|• People's Committee Chair||Bùi Văn Tỉnh|
|• Total||4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Mường, Tai, Tày, Dao|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-14|
Hòa Bình ( listen) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's Northwest region. It borders Phú Thọ Province and Sơn La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the north and northeast, Hà Nam Province to the southeast, Ninh Bình Province to the south and Thanh Hóa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese dong).
The province is divided into one city, Hòa Bình, and ten districts:
The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hòa Bình the capital of the province.
Hòa Bình Province was created on June 22, 1886 following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Sơn Tây Province, Hanoi and Ninh Bình Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."
The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc District) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm District (today in Bất Bạt District, Hà Tây Province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam Province", by the French colonial authorities.
On March 18, 1891 the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Lương Sơn, Kỳ Sơn, Lạc Sơn, Lạc Thủy, Mai Châu and Đà Bắc.
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||Sơn La Province||Phú Thọ Province|
|Thanh Hóa Province||Hà Nam Province
Ninh Bình Province