Hòa Bình Province
|Hoa Binh Province
Tỉnh Hòa Bình
|— Province —|
|• People's Council Chair||Nguyễn Văn Quang|
|• People's Committee Chair||Bùi Văn Tỉnh|
|• Total||4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 ( 450/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Mường, Thai, Tày, Dao|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-14|
Hòa Bình ( listen) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's northwestern region. It borders Phu Tho Province and Son La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the north and northeast, Ha Nam Province to the southeast, Ninh Binh Province to the south and Thanh Hoa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese dong).
The province is divided into one city, Hoa Binh, and ten districts:
The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hoa Binh the capital of the province.
Hoa Binh Province was created on June 22, 1886 following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Son Tay Province, Hanoi and Ninh Binh Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."
The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm district (today in Bất Bạt district, Ha Tay province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam province", by the French colonial authorities.
On March 18, 1891 the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Luong Son, Ky Son, Lac Son, Lac Thuy, Mai Chau and Da Bac.
||Son La Province||Phu Tho Province|
|Thanh Hoa Province||Ha Nam Province
Ninh Binh Province