Hóc Môn District
|Hoc Mon District
Huyện Hóc Môn
Position in HCMC's metropolitan area
|Centrally governed city||Ho Chi Minh City|
|Town, communes||1 thị trấn, 11 xã|
|• Total||109 km2 (42 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)|
|• Main ethnic groups||predominantly Kinh|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+07)|
Hóc Môn District now consists of the town of Hóc Môn (thị trấn Hóc Môn) and 11 communes (xã):
- Bà Điểm
- Đông Thạnh
- Nhị Bình
- Tân Hiệp
- Tân Thới Nhì
- Tân Xuân
- Thới Tam Thôn
- Trung Chánh
- Xuân Thới Đông
- Xuân Thới Sơn
- Xuân Thới Thượng
Between 1698 and 1731, some people from the northern and central regions of Vietnam moved to Hóc Môn to escape the constant warfare between the Nguyễn and the Trịnh. At that time, this area was still undeveloped land, with wild animals including tigers roaming free. Because a great deal of taro grew in the swampy areas there, the new settlers called this place "Hóc Môn", meaning "the corner/alley with taro.". In 1885 a revolt broke out at the Eighteen Betel Nut Gardens (vi:18 thôn vườn trầu).
The Giồng T-road junction (ngã ba Giồng) at Hóc Môn is a road intersection where many anticolonial prisoners were executed by French firing squads, including Phan Đăng Lưu, Hà Huy Tập, and Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Võ Văn Tần and Nguyễn Văn Cừ on 28 August 1941.
In April 1997, seven communes split to create district 12: Thạnh Lộc, An Phú Đông, Tân Thới Hiệp, Đông Hưng Thuận, Tân Thới Nhất, a piece of Tân Chánh Hiệp and a piece of Trung Mỹ Tây.
- "HCMC's Population and population density in 2010 by district". HCMC Office of Statistics. Retrieved Feb 4, 2014.
- Erik Harms Saigon's Edge: On the Margins of Ho Chi Minh City - Page 29 "... intersection, where many anticolonial figures perished, including, most famously, the trio of Nguyễn thị Minh Khai, Võ Văn Tần, and Nguyễn Văn Cừ, who were put before the firing squads there on August 28, 1941. ... And nowadays the historic memorial to revolutionary martyrs executed at the “Giồng” triple intersection is threatened by"
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