Marché Maisonneuve, in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (French pronunciation: [ɔʃlaɡa mɛzɔ̃nœv]) is a district of Montreal, Quebec, situated on the eastern half of the island, generally to the south and southwest of the city's Olympic Stadium. A part of the borough of Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, its borders are roughly Moreau Street to the west, Sherbrooke Street to the north, Viau Street to the east, and the Saint Lawrence River to the south. Its population is a mix of working-class Québécois, students, and recent immigrants.
Named after the First Nations village of Hochelaga, encountered in 1535–36 by the explorer Jacques Cartier, the neighbourhood was at one time believed to be the location of the prehistoric village. Historians and anthropologists have not reached agreement on the location of Hochelaga, a village of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, who spoke a Laurentian language and were distinct from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee. Nevertheless, it is generally agreed that the village of Hochelaga was in the general area of what is downtown Montreal, near Mount Royal. Ironically, the village was not located in the vicinity of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.
Despite being one of the poorest areas of the city, the district of 25.2 square kilometers is considered an up-and-coming one, with immigrants creating new businesses.. It is a densely populated residential neighbourhood, with some industry. The Marché Maisonneuve and Promenade Ontario are affordable shopping areas for locals.
Olympic Park, containing the Stadium, Olympic Tower, Saputo Stadium, Biodome, Olympic Pool, Maurice Richard Arena, and Parc Maisonneuve (located just across the border in the Rosemont La Petite Patrie borough), offer recreation for locals and tourists. The district also enjoys a good view of the International Fireworks Festival during the summer months.
The neighbourhood has a dense collection of residential architecture unique to Montreal, notably featuring outdoor spiraling metal staircases. The district's relatively cheap land prices and proximity to downtown Montreal have attracted developers, who have taken down some older buildings and replaced them with modern condominiums.
The Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM) operates French-language public schools.
The English Montreal School Board (EMSB) operates English-language schools.
The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Hochelaga and Maisonneuve libraries.
- Hochelaga, federal electoral district
- Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, provincial electoral district
- East End Forever, a documentary film about seven young people from the district
- Bruce G. Trigger, "The Disappearance of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians", in The Children of Aataenstic: A History of the Huron People to 1660, vol. 2], Montreal and London: Mcgill-Queen's University Press, 1976, pp. 214-218, accessed 2 Feb 2010
|Wikisource has the text of the 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia article Maisonneuve.|