Hochelaga-Maisonneuve is a district of Montreal, Quebec, situated on the eastern half of the island, generally to the south and south-west of the city's Olympic Stadium. A part of the borough of Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, its borders are roughly Moreau Street to the west, Sherbrooke Street to the north, Viau Street to the east, and the Saint Lawrence River to the south. Its population of 129 110 persons is a mix of working class Québécois, students and recent immigrants.
Named after the First Nations village of Hochelaga encountered in 1535-1536 by the explorer Jacques Cartier, this neighbourhood at one time was believed to be the location of the prehistoric village. Historians and anthropologists have not reached agreement on the location of Hochelaga, a village of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, who spoke a Laurentian language and were distinct from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee. Nevertheless, it is generally agreed that the village of Hochelaga was in the general area of what is downtown Montreal, near Mount Royal. Ironically, the village was not located in the vicinity of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.
Despite being one of the poorest areas of the city, the district of 25,2 square kilometers is considered an up-and-coming one, with immigrants' creating new businesses.. It is a densely populated residential neighbourhood, with some industry. The Marché Maisonneuve and Promenade Ontario are affordable shopping areas for locals.
Olympic Park, containing the Stadium, Olympic Tower, Saputo Stadium, Biodome, Olympic Pool, Maurice Richard Arena, and Parc Maisonneuve (located just across the border in the Rosemont La Petite Patrie borough) offer recreation for locals and tourists. The district also enjoys an advantageous view of the International Fireworks Festival during the summer months.
The neighbourhood has a dense collection of residential architecture unique to Montreal, notably featuring outdoor spiraling metal staircases. The district's relatively cheap land prices and proximity to downtown Montreal have attracted developers. They have taken down some older buildings and replaced them with modern condominiums.
- Hochelaga, federal electoral district
- Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, provincial electoral district
- East End Forever, a documentary film about seven young people from the district
- Bruce G. Trigger, "The Disappearance of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians", in The Children of Aataenstic: A History of the Huron People to 1660, vol. 2], Montreal and London: Mcgill-Queen's University Press, 1976, pp. 214-218, accessed 2 Feb 2010
|Wikisource has the text of the 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia article Maisonneuve.|