Hochelaga (electoral district)

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For the defunct provincial riding, see Hochelaga (provincial electoral district).
Hochelaga
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec electoral district
Hochelaga.png
Hochelaga in relation to other electoral districts in Montreal
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Marjolaine Boutin-Sweet
New Democratic
District created 2003
First contested 2004
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 102,114
Electors (2011) 78,714
Area (km²)[2] 16.78
Pop. density (per km²) 6,085.5
Census divisions Montreal
Census subdivisions Montreal

Hochelaga (formerly known as Sainte-Marie and Montreal—Sainte-Marie) is a federal electoral district in Quebec, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1988 and since 2004. Its population in 2006 was 100,915.

Geography[edit]

The district includes the neighbourhood of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve and the western part of the neighbourhood of Longue-Pointe in the Borough of Mercier—Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, the eastern part of the neighbourhood of Rosemont in the Borough of Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie and the eastern part of the neighbourhood of Centre-Sud in the Borough of Ville-Marie.

Political geography[edit]

Until 2011, this working class riding strongly favoured the Bloc, which in 2008, won most polls. Their strongest support was east of Sherbrooke Street. The Liberals won a handful of polls in the northwest corner of the riding near Saint Leonard.

The New Democrats placed second in the 2009 by-election; as in much of Quebec, Bloc support collapsed in the 2011 election and the New Democrats swept the riding.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Canada 2006 Census
  • Ethnic groups: 83.5% White, 4.5% Black, 2.8% Latin American, 2.5% Arab, 2.2% Chinese, 1.9% Southeast Asian, 1.0% South Asian
  • Languages: 76.9% French, 3.4% English, 19.0% Others
  • Religions: (2001) 80.9% Catholic, 3.1% Protestant, 2.2% Muslim, 1.4% Buddhist, 1.4% Christian Orthodox, 9.4% No religion
  • Average income: $20,781

History[edit]

The electoral district of Hochelaga was created in 1867 covering the entire eastern part of the Island of Montreal. In 1976, it was renamed "Sainte-Marie". In 1981, it was renamed "Montreal—Sainte-Marie".

The riding was abolished in 1987 when it was redistributed into Laurier—Sainte-Marie and Rosemont ridings.

"Hochelaga" riding was recreated in 2003 from parts of Hochelaga—Maisonneuve and Laurier—Sainte-Marie ridings.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Hochelaga
1st  1867 − 1872     Antoine-Aimé Dorion Liberal
2nd  1872 − 1874     Louis Beaubien Conservative
3rd  1874 − 1878     Alphonse Desjardins Conservative
4th  1878 − 1882
5th  1882 − 1887
6th  1887 − 1891
7th  1891 − 1892
 1892 − 1896     Séverin Lachapelle Conservative
8th  1896 − 1900     Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore Liberal
9th  1900 − 1903
 1904 − 1904     Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet Liberal
10th  1904 − 1908
11th  1908 − 1911
12th  1911 − 1915     Louis Coderre Conservative
 1915 − 1917     Esioff-Léon Patenaude Conservative
13th  1917 − 1921     Joseph Edmond Lesage Liberal
14th  1921 − 1925     Édouard-Charles St-Père Liberal
15th  1925 − 1926
16th  1926 − 1930
17th  1930 − 1935
18th  1935 − 1940
19th  1940 − 1945     Raymond Eudes Liberal
20th  1945 − 1949
21st  1949 − 1953
22nd  1953 − 1957
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1968     Gérard Pelletier Liberal
28th  1968 − 1972
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1975
 1975 − 1977     Jacques Lavoie Progressive Conservative
 1977 − 1979     Liberal
Riding renamed — Sainte-Marie
31st  1979 − 1980     Jean-Claude Malépart Liberal
32nd  1980 − 1984
Riding renamed — Montreal—Sainte-Marie
33rd  1984 − 1988     Jean-Claude Malépart Liberal
Riding dissolved into Laurier—Sainte-Marie and Rosemont
Hochelaga
Riding re-created from Hochelaga—Maisonneuve and Laurier—Sainte-Marie
38th  2004 − 2006     Réal Ménard Bloc Québécois
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2009
 2009 − 2011     Daniel Paillé Bloc Québécois
41st  2011 − Present     Marjolaine Boutin-Sweet New Democratic

Election results[edit]

Hochelaga, 2004 - present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
     New Democratic Party Marjolaine Boutin-Sweet 22,314 48.17 +33.72 $18,453
     Bloc Québécois Daniel Paillé 14,451 31.20 -18.53 $46,974
Liberal Gilbert Thibodeau 5,064 10.93 -9.74 $17,622
     Conservative Audrey Castonguay 3,126 6.75 -2.45 $5,647
Green Yaneisy Delgado Dihigo 798 1.72 -2.54 not listed
Rhinoceros Hugo Samson Veillette 246 0.53 +0.03 none listed
     Communist Marianne Breton Fontaine 180 0.39 -0.01 $1,772
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 143 0.31 -0.08 none listed
Total valid votes 46,322 100.00
Total rejected ballots 725
Turnout 47,047 58.43 +0.19
Electors on the lists 80,515
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada. Percentage change figures refer to voting shifts as compared with the 2008 general election, not the 2009 by-election.
Canadian federal by-election, November 9, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
     Bloc Québécois Daniel Paillé 8,989 51.16 +1.43 $54,233
     New Democratic Party Jean-Claude Rocheleau 3,444 19.60 +5.15 $69,082
Liberal Robert David 2,519 14.34 -6.33 $23,211
     Conservative Stéphanie Cloutier 1,768 10.06 +0.86 $37,337
Green Christine Lebel 572 3.26 -1.00 not listed
neorhino.ca Gabrielle Anctil 129 0.73 +0.23 $130
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 79 0.45 +0.06 $349
     Independent John Turmel 69 0.39 none listed
Total valid votes 17,569 100.00
Total rejected ballots 264
Turnout 17,833 22.63 -35.61
Electors on the lists 78,801
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
     Bloc Québécois Réal Ménard 22,720 49.73 -5.85 $28,893
Liberal Diane Dicaire 9,442 20.67 +3.43 not listed
     New Democratic Party Jean-Claude Rocheleau 6,600 14.45 +5.54 $21,479
     Conservative Luc Labbé 4,201 9.20 -3.01 $8,586
Green Philippe Larochelle 1,946 4.26 -0.60 not listed
neorhino.ca Simon Landry 230 0.50 not listed
     Communist Marianne Breton Fontaine 184 0.40 $898
Marijuana Blair T. Longley 183 0.40 -0.32 not listed
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 177 0.39 -0.09 not listed
Total valid votes 45,683 100.00
Total rejected ballots 644
Turnout 46,327 58.24 -0.07
Electors on the lists 79,542
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
     Bloc Québécois Réal Ménard 25,570 55.58 -4.54 $25,836
Liberal Vicky Harvey 7,932 17.24 -8.39 $10,318
     Conservative Audrey Castonguay 5,617 12.21 +8.15 $30,705
     New Democratic Party David-Roger Gagnon 4,101 8.91 +3.42 $2,780
Green Rolf Bramann 2,235 4.86 +1.88 none listed
Marijuana Blair T. Longley 332 0.72 -0.33 none listed
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 220 0.48 +0.23 none listed
Total valid votes 46,007 100.00
Total rejected ballots 723
Turnout 46,730 58.31 +0.52
Electors on the lists 80,142
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
     Bloc Québécois Réal Ménard 27,476 60.12 +9.60 $35,055
Liberal Benoit Bouvier 11,712 25.63 -10.06 $22,566
     New Democratic Party David Gagnon 2,510 5.49 +3.55 $695
     Conservative Mario Bernier 1,856 4.06 -3.33 $2,131
Green Rolf Bramann 1,361 2.98 $963
Marijuana Antoine Théorêt-Poupart 482 1.05 none listed
     Communist Pierre Bibeau 190 0.42 $647
     Marxist-Leninist Christine Dandenault 112 0.25 none listed
Total valid votes 45,699 100.00
Total rejected ballots 936
Turnout 46,635 57.79
Electors on the lists 80,702
Percentage change figures are factored for redistribution. Conservative Party percentages are contrasted with the combined Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative figures from 2000. Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.

Montreal—Sainte-Marie, 1984 - 1988[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Jean-Claude Malépart 13,668 43.38 -25.12
Progressive Conservative François Richard 10,919 34.65 +21.87
New Democratic Lauraine Vaillancourt 3,525 11.19 +2.45
Rhinoceros Dominique Whipette Langevin 2,338 7.42 +1.49
Parti nationaliste André Vaillancourt 990 3.14
Commonwealth of Canada Ghislain Coté 69 0.22
Total valid votes 31,509 100.00

Sainte-Marie, 1979 - 1984[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Jean-Claude Malépart 19,160 68.49 +9.08
Progressive Conservative André Payette 3,576 12.78 -7.81
New Democratic Jean-Pierre Juneau 2,443 8.73 +3.96
Rhinoceros François Straight Favreau 1,659 5.93 1.30
Social Credit Gaston Pleau 605 2.16 -6.73
Independent Lorraine Rondeau 301 1.08
Marxist–Leninist André Gagnon 115 0.41 -0.09
Union populaire Claude Cousineau 114 0.41 -0.52
Total valid votes 27,973 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Jean-Claude Malépart 19,612 59.41 +26.09
Progressive Conservative André Payette 6,797 20.59 -27.98
Social Credit Gaston Pleau 2,936 8.89 -1.30
New Democratic Jean-Pierre Juneau 1,575 4.77 +0.79
Rhinoceros François Straight Favreau 1,527 4.63
Union populaire Marcel Chaput 306 0.93
Marxist–Leninist André Gagnon 166 0.50
Communist Lydia Morand 91 0.28
Total valid votes 33,010 100.00

Hochelaga, 1867 - 1979[edit]

Canadian federal by-election, 14 October 1975
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Pelletier resigned, 29 August 1975
Progressive Conservative Jacques Lavoie 8,236 48.58 +18.19
Liberal Pierre Juneau 5,649 33.32 -16.54
Social Credit Gilles Caouette 1,729 10.20 -0.46
New Democratic Onias Synnott 675 3.98 -2.92
Independent Gérard Contant 396 2.34
Independent Louise Ouimet 169 1.00
Independent Daniel Charlebois 101 0.60
Total valid votes 16,955 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gérard Pelletier 10,561 49.86 +5.52
Progressive Conservative Jacques Lavoie 6,435 30.38 +5.91
Social Credit Lucien Mallette 2,258 10.66
New Democratic Roger Hébert 1,461 6.90 -10.92
Independent Jean Poitras 190 0.90
Marxist–Leninist Robert Lévesque 181 0.85
Communist Guy Désautels 95 0.45
Total valid votes 21,181 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gérard Pelletier 11,235 44.34 -10.80
Progressive Conservative Jacques Lavoie 6,199 24.47 -1.64
New Democratic Raymond-Gérard Laliberté 4,515 17.82 +5.07
Independent Gérard Contant 2,171 8.57
Independent Jacques Ferron 879 3.47
Independent Françoise Lévesque 338 1.33
Total valid votes 25,337 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gérard Pelletier 12,080 55.14 +7.39
Progressive Conservative Michel Gagnon 5,720 26.11 +6.49
New Democratic René Nantel 2,793 12.75 -6.88
Ralliement créditiste Dollard Desormeaux 1,122 5.12 -8.83
Communist Jeannette Walsh 192 0.88
Total valid votes 21,907 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Gérard Pelletier 11,929 47.76 +1.39
New Democratic Claude Richer 4,902 19.62 +7.61
Progressive Conservative Marius Heppell 4,662 18.66 +4.88
Ralliement créditiste Fernand Bourret 3,486 13.96 -12.73
Total valid votes 24,979 100.00

Note: Ralliement créditiste vote is compared to Social Credit vote in the 1963 election.

Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 13,093 46.36 -4.09
Social Credit Fernand Bourret 7,535 26.68 +17.60
Progressive Conservative J.-Marius Heppell 3,892 13.78 -15.92
New Democratic Arthur Lamoureux 3,394 12.02 +2.57
Communist Jeannette Pratte 327 1.16 -0.17
Total valid votes 28,241 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 13,220 50.45 -2.21
Progressive Conservative Yvon Groulx 7,784 29.70 -10.78
New Democratic Noël Langlois 2,475 9.44 +5.37
Social Credit Robert Leblanc 2,379 9.08
Communist Samuel Walsh 347 1.32 -1.46
Total valid votes 26,205 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 16,706 52.65 -23.28
Progressive Conservative Benoît Gonthier 12,845 40.48 +25.52
Co-operative Commonwealth Armand Sauvé 1,294 4.08 +1.15
Labor–Progressive Camille Dionne 883 2.78 -3.39
Total valid votes 31,728 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 20,611 75.93 -0.36
Progressive Conservative Benoît Gonthier 4,063 14.97 -0.40
Labor–Progressive Gérard Fortin 1,675 6.17 +2.70
Co-operative Commonwealth Lucien Pépin 796 2.93 -1.95
Total valid votes 27,145 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 19,467 76.29 +8.93
Progressive Conservative Jean Jodoin 3,921 15.37 -11.11
Co-operative Commonwealth Roger Beaudin 1,245 4.88
Labor–Progressive Camille Dionne 885 3.47
Total valid votes 25,518 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 17,633 67.36 +5.11
Progressive Conservative Joseph-Omer Ravary 6,930 26.47 +20.35
Union des électeurs Roméo Dagenais 1,615 6.17 +4.69
Total valid votes 26,178 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 22,444 62.25 +8.42
Bloc populaire Raymond Godin 7,915 21.95
Independent Jean-Paul Chauvin 2,264 6.28 -23.02
Progressive Conservative Achille Dubeau 2,208 6.12 -6.81
Co-operative Commonwealth Noël-Émile Bourassa 692 1.92
Social Credit Léopold Gendron 533 1.48
Total valid votes 36,056 100.00

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Raymond Eudes 16,849 53.83 -10.77
Independent Liberal Jean-Paul Chauvin 9,172 29.30
National Government Achille Dubeau 4,049 12.94 +1.26
Independent Liberal Richard Thibault 1,230 3.93
Total valid votes 31,300 100.00

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Charles St-Père 19,506 64.60 -3.81
Reconstruction Hervé Langevin 7,164 23.73
Conservative Armand Chevrette 3,524 11.67 -19.92
Total valid votes 30,194 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Charles St-Père 19,382 68.41 -15.94
Conservative Joseph-Thomas-Ulric Simard 8,949 31.59 +18.53
Total valid votes 28,331 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Charles St-Père 16,339 84.35 +8.65
Conservative Joseph-Thomas-Ulric Simard 2,530 13.06 -11.24
Independent Liberal Jean-Marie-Mastaï-Georges Cardinal 502 2.59
Total valid votes 19,371 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Charles St-Père 14,741 75.70 -13.92
Conservative Jean-Baptiste Bumbray alias Jean Edouard Charles 4,732 24.30 +13.92
Total valid votes 19,473 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Édouard-Charles St-Père 20,164 89.62 -4.59
Conservative Joseph Rosario Léo Ayotte 2,335 10.38
Total valid votes 22,499 100.00

Note: Liberal vote is compared to Opposition vote in 1917 election.

Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Joseph-Edmond Lesage 9,697 94.21
Labour Gédéon Martel 309 3.00
Unknown Cléophas Dignard 287 2.79
Total valid votes 10,293 100.00
By-election on 15 October 1915

Coderre appointed Puisne Judge, Superior Court of Quebec, 6 October 1915

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Esioff Léon Patenaude acclaimed
Canadian federal by-election, 19 November 1912
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Coderre appointed Secretary of State for Canada, 29 October 1912
Conservative Louis Coderre 4,276 68.10 +12.81
     Nationalist Léopold Doyon 2,003 31.90
Total valid votes 6,279 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Louis Coderre 7,178 55.29 +6.30
Unknown Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet 5,805 44.71 -6.30
Total valid votes 12,983 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet 4,656 51.01 -2.16
Conservative Louis Coderre 4,471 48.99 +2.16
Total valid votes 9,127 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet 4,974 53.17 +1.29
Conservative A.A. Bernard 4,381 46.83 -1.29
Total valid votes 9,355 100.00
Canadian federal by-election, 16 February 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Madore appointed Puisne Judge of the
Supreme Court of Quebec, December 1903
Liberal Louis-Alfred-Adhémar Rivet 4,114 51.88 -2.50
Conservative A.A. Bernard 3,816 48.12 +2.50
Total valid votes 7,930 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore 4,127 54.38 +0.64
Conservative Sévérin Lachapelle 3,462 45.62 -0.64
Total valid votes 7,589 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore 3,635 53.74 +11.79
Conservative Sévérin Lachapelle 3,129 46.26 -11.79
Total valid votes 6,764 100.00

Note: change in popular vote indicates change from 1891 general election.

By-election on 21 October 1892

Desjardins called to the Senate, 1 October 1892

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Séverin Lachapelle acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Alphonse Desjardins 5,266 58.05 +6.20
Liberal Joseph Lanctot 3,805 41.95 -6.20
Total valid votes 9,071 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes %
Independent Conservative Alphonse Desjardins 3,050 51.85
Liberal Joseph Lanctot 2,832 48.15
Total valid votes 5,882 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Alphonse Desjardins acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Alphonse Desjardins 3,039 56.48
Unknown Laurent-Olivier David 2,342 43.52
Total valid votes 5,381 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Alphonse Desjardins acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Louis Beaubien 1,800 58.40
Unknown V. Hudon 1,282 41.60
Total valid votes 3,082 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Antoine Aimé Dorion 1,312 50.44
Unknown Mr. Lanouette 1,289 49.56
Total valid votes 2,601 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Riding history from the Library of Parliament:

Notes[edit]