Hoe Avenue peace meeting

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The Hoe Avenue Peace Meeting was an important gathering of New York gangs on December 7, 1971 in The Bronx.[1] It was called to propose a general truce and an unprecedented inter-gang alliance. The impetus for the meeting was the murder of "Black Benjie", a leader of the gang Ghetto Brothers. The meeting was a success but while no lasting peace was ever established, a subsequent negotiation established a procedure for dealing with conflicts to avoid street "warfare". The meeting is notable for being one of the first attempts by street organizations to broker a truce between groups of different ethnic backgrounds.

History[edit]

The meeting was held at the Boys Club on Hoe Ave with dozens of street organizations and many city officials and police present. Present at the Hoe Avenue peace meeting included the Black Pearls, Savage Skulls, Turbans, Young Sinners, Royal Javelins, Dutchmen, Magnificent Seven, Dirty Dozens, Liberated Panthers, Black Spades, Seven Immortals, Latin Spades, Peacemakers and the Ghetto Brothers.[2] The peace meeting was organized by the Ghetto Brothers after one of their members, 25 year-old Cornell "Black Benjie" Benjamin, was killed trying to stop a gang fight.[3] The objective was to draw up a peace treaty in honor of "Black Benjie", who had been the designated peacemaker of the Ghetto Brothers.

To guarantee that it would be nonviolent, it was arranged to have a member of the Turbans gang to take position, with a rifle, on a rooftop across the street from the Boys' Club on the day of the meeting.[4] Inside, the power structure was in evidence. Presidents, vice-presidents, and warlords sat on folding chairs in a circle in the middle of the club's gymnasium. Gang members took seats in the bleachers, while wives were made to wait outside the building. Only two females were permitted inside—the presidents of the all-girl gangs, the Alley Cats and the Savage Sisters—and their folding chairs were placed in the last/fourth row, behind those of the warlords.[5] The Peace Meeting and the context both before and after 20 years appear in Flyin' Cut Sleeves; Children of the Street, a documentary film by Rita Fecher and Henry Chalfant.

STREET GANGS THAT ATTENDED THE HOE AVENUE PEACE TREATY[citation needed]:

1.) BACHELOR'S. 2.) BLACK CATS INC. 3.) BLACK IVORY. 4.) BLACK PEARLS. 5.) BLACK SPADES. 6.) BLUE IMPERIALS. 7.) BORN TO RAISE HELL. 8.) BROTHERS & SISTERS. 9.) DESERTERS. 10.) DIRTY DOZEN R.T 11.) DOMINICAN LIONS. 12.) EVIL SERPENTS. 13.) FLAMING LORDS. 14.) FOX ST.ASSOCIATION. 15.) GHETTO BROTHERS ORGANIZATION. 16.) IMMORTALS NEW YORK. 17.) JAVELINS. 18.) LATIN ACES. 19.) LATIN KINGS. 20.) LIBERATED PANTHERS. 21.) MAC.7 ROUNDS. 22.) MAJESTIC WARLOCKS TRIBE. 23.) MONGOLS. 24.) PEACEMAKERS 1ST D.V, 2ND D.V 25.) P.O.W.E.R 26.) RENEGADES. 27.) ROMAN KINGS. 28.) ROYAL SWORDS. 29.) SAVAGE NOMADS. 30.) SAVAGE SKULLS. 31.) SEVEN IMMORTALS. 32.) SHADES OF BLACK. 33.) SLICS. 34.) SPANISH DAGGERS. 35.) SPANISH SKULLS. 36.) TURBANS 1ST D.V, 4TH D.V, 5TH D.V 37.) UNITED LORDS. 38.) YOUNG SAIGONS. 39.) YOUNG SINNERS.

Spanish Eddie[edit]

One of the Youth Services Agency's Bronx gang crisis squad, Eduardo Vincenti, 27, "Spanish Eddie" (a veteran of the 1950s Bronx street gangs), began working on the grandiose notion of getting every major gang in the Bronx to sign an intergang treaty and alliance.[6] This giant alliance would be called "The Family", and every gang would become a division in the larger gang. The idea had just enough vision in it for gang leaders to be interested in its possibilities. Vincenti felt that once unified under a single name, the gangs could do virtually anything, if someone provided them with the right kind of social vision. The police admitted to as many as 10,000 gang members in the Bronx alone.[7]

Vincenti signed on 68 gangs to the coalition/treaty before he and 10 other crisis squad members were suddenly transferred from the Bronx and reassigned to Brooklyn where he was shot in the face trying to prevent a gun battle in the West farms area.[8] Vincenti survived to continue work on the Brotherhood Family in his spare time. Bronx Squad Crisis members believed the shooting was orchestrated in response to Spanish Eddie's attempts to broker a treaty.[9]

40th Anniversary[edit]

In 2011, former members of the Ghetto Brothers & Black Panthers spoke to the Daily News in advance of a planned celebration to commemorate the event credited with "the de-escalation of gang violence in the South Bronx and beyond". The event was scheduled to take place at the Bronx River Art Center, 305 E. 140th St. "Yello Benj" Melendez also discussed the murder of Cornell Benjamin aka "Black Benjie" as the inspiration for the causing the truce to stick, referring to him as one of NYC's forgotten heroes. Joseph Mpa of the Black Panthers stated that the truce itself played a role in the rise of HipHop Culture since it permitted greater ease of travel between neighborhoods without the fear of violent reprisals for crossing gang boundaries. Photos of the Truce Activists from that era appear in the article.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crime and Justice by Ramsey Clark page 192 Arno Press, 1974 ISBN 0-405-04167-5
  2. ^ Scars of the Soul Are Why Kids Wear Bandages When They Don't Have Bruises By Miles Marshall Lewis, Saul Williams Page 87 thru page 93 Akashic Books 2005 ISBN 1-888451-71-8
  3. ^ Vampires, Dragons, and Egyptian Kings By Eric C. Schneider Chap. 8, p. 243 Princeton University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-691-07454-2; Reaper, pp. 96, 93
  4. ^ Sources: The Compound, p. 88; and Vampires, last chapter
  5. ^ Source: The Compound, Chap. 5, pp. 88-89
  6. ^ Can't Stop, Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-hop Generation By Jeff Chang, D.J. Kool Herc Page 55 Published 2005 Macmillan ISBN 0-312-42579-1
  7. ^ Reaper, p. 93
  8. ^ Scars of the Soul Are Why Kids Wear Bandages When They Don't Have Bruises By Miles Marshall Lewis, Saul Williams Page 89 Akashic Books 2005 ISBN 1-888451-71-8
  9. ^ Scars of the Soul Are Why Kids Wear Bandages When They Don't Have Bruises By Miles Marshall Lewis, Saul Williams Page 89 Akashic Books 2005 ISBN 1-888451-71-8
  10. ^ Former Bronx gang members mark 40th anniversary of truce that led to decline of street violence in the 1970s Ghetto Brothers, now graying, recall 'Peace Summit' in Bronx By Tanyanika Samuels / NEW YORK DAILY NEWS PUBLISHED: THURSDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2011, 6:00 AM UPDATED: THURSDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2011, 6:00 AM accessed online October 14, 2013.