Hof van Twente

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Hof van Twente
Municipality
Farmhouse in Deldeneresch
Farmhouse in Deldeneresch
Flag of Hof van Twente
Flag
Coat of arms of Hof van Twente
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Hof van Twente in a municipal map of Overijssel
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates: 52°14′N 6°35′E / 52.233°N 6.583°E / 52.233; 6.583Coordinates: 52°14′N 6°35′E / 52.233°N 6.583°E / 52.233; 6.583
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Established 1 January 2001[1]
Government[2]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Ellen Nauta (CDA)
Area[3]
 • Total 215.41 km2 (83.17 sq mi)
 • Land 212.77 km2 (82.15 sq mi)
 • Water 2.64 km2 (1.02 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 12 m (39 ft)
Population (May 2014)[5]
 • Total 35,012
 • Density 165/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 7470–7479, 7490–7499
Area code 0547, 074
Website www.hofvantwente.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Hof van Twente, July 2013

Hof van Twente (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality in the eastern Netherlands, province Overijssel. The municipality was established 1 January 2001 as the result of the merger of the municipalities of Diepenheim, Goor, Markelo, Ambt Delden, and Stad Delden.

Population centres[edit]

The more larger places are printed in bold types.

  • Achterhoek near Markelo
  • Azelo
  • Bentelo (pop. about 1,500)
  • Delden (pop. about 7,100)
  • Deldenerbroek
  • Deldeneresch
  • Diepenheim (pop. about 2,700)
  • Dijkerhoek
  • Elsen and Elsenerbroek, near Markelo
  • Goor, where the town hall is (pop. about 12,250)
  • Hengevelde (pop. about 2,100)
  • Herike near Markelo
  • Markelo (pop. about 7,600)
  • Markelosebroek
  • Markvelde
  • Pothoek, and Stokkum, near Markelo
  • Stokkumerbroek near Markelo
  • Wiene
  • Zeldam.

History[edit]

Goor (Dutch for: low, swampy land) achieved city rights in 1263. An important city, however, it never became. The "Drost" ( a kind of mayor) of the Twente region, who ruled this area in behalf of the bishop of Utrecht, had in the late Middle Ages his residence in Goor. In its surroundings some castles were built, among them the house of the important Heeckeren family in 1412. Goor had a small harbour along the river Regge ( which flows to the Vecht near Ommen), but when the Twente canal was opened in 1936, a new industrial port was built there. The factory Eternit, that produces building materials containing asbestos, brought Goor unwillingly into trouble. For decades, everyone in Goor was permitted to use production refuse containing asbestos in order to pave their own paths and roads. Not earlier than about 1990, it was known in Goor that especially small particles of this material can cause cancer. In major parts of the city the soil has to be removed and either cleaned or replaced by non-polluted material.

Delden achieved its city rights in 1333. Its circle-shaped centre was surrounded by earthen walls. It came into existence thanks to the Twickel castle, situated less than one mile north of delden. This castle, that in its present form dates from the 17th century, is still inhabited by a German noble family ( Zu Castell - Rüdenhausen). In 1886, near this castle salt was discovered under the ground. This led to the exploration of this material, still going on in the nearby city of Hengelo.

In Markelo, prehistoric mounds "tumuli", containing graves have been excavated.

Economy[edit]

Hof van Twente is situated in the heart of the province Overijssel: south-west of Almelo, north-east of the Achterhoek region (Prov. Gelderland) and south-east of Rijssen-Holten. The small cities of Goor and Delden have some important industry (cement, metallics, plastics). Goor has a small harbour along the Twente Canal (Zutphen - Enschede).Permess International is one of the world's leading producers of high quality interlinings offering a complete range of products for the textile and allied industries. The motorway A35 has a junction between Delden and Hengelo (distance to both towns 2 km). Agriculture and tourism (see below) are of economic importance as well.

Railway Zutphen to Oldenzaal (line 73): Zutphen - Lochem - Goor (mun. Hof van Twente) - Delden (ditto) - Hengelo - Oldenzaal.

Sights[edit]

Bentelo village
  • All through the Hof van Twente ("Garden of Twente") it is possible to wander around on foot or bicycle. The municipality has many small woods, old water mills, beautiful country houses and small castles with their parks and small lanes winding themselves through the countryside. Therefore, many tourists visit this rural area. They stay in small hotels, holiday resorts, on camping sites and even at farms.
  • The Twickel castle near Delden can only be observed from the outside, but the major part of its parks and woods ( 60 square km) are freely accessible.
  • Castle Warmelo near Diepenheim, that was built in 1315, and was afterwards devastated and rebuilt several times, is in private use as well. Princess Armgard, the mother of Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, who was Queen Juliana's husband, lived there until her death in 1971. Its famous gardens are open to the public every summer.
  • Castle Weldam, between Markelo and Goor, is inhabited by the German noble family of Zu Solms-Sonnenwalde. The beautiful gardens of this castle can be visited. Castle's forest is free accessible as well.
  • In Delden you can visit the Gothic Saint Blasius Church (built in the 15th century).
  • Delden has the Dutch Salt Museum (Zoutmuseum), about salt, its history, use and mining.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeentelijke indeling op 1 januari 2001" [Municipal divisions on 1 January 2001]. cbs.nl (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Burgemeester Ellen Nauta" [Mayor Ellen Nauta] (in Dutch). Gemeente Hof van Twente. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Postcodetool for 7471DK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]