Hogsmill River

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Coordinates: 51°24′33″N 0°18′30″W / 51.40917°N 0.30833°W / 51.40917; -0.30833
Hogsmill
River
Hogsmill01.JPG
The Hogsmill at Kingston as it flows into the Thames
Country England
Counties Surrey, Greater London
Districts / Boroughs Epsom and Ewell, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Tributaries
 - left Hogsmill Stream, Horton Stream, Bonesgate Stream, Greens Lane Stream, Surbiton Stream, Tolworth Brook
 - right Ewell Court Stream
Towns Ewell, Old Malden, Berrylands, Kingston upon Thames
Source
 - location Ewell, Surrey
Mouth River Thames
 - location Kingston upon Thames
 - coordinates 51°24′33″N 0°18′30″W / 51.40917°N 0.30833°W / 51.40917; -0.30833
Length 9.9 km (6 mi)
Basin 73 km2 (28 sq mi)
Discharge for Kingston upon Thames
 - average 0.98 m3/s (35 cu ft/s)
 - max 26.3 m3/s (929 cu ft/s) 6 August 1981
 - min 0.33 m3/s (12 cu ft/s) 9 September 1976
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - Ewell 0.04 m3/s (1 cu ft/s)
Hogsmill River is located in Surrey
Hogsmill River
Magnify-clip.png
The source of Hogsmill River shown within Surrey
(grid reference TQ219627)

The Hogsmill River in Surrey is one of the tributaries of the River Thames; it rises in Ewell and flows into the Thames at Kingston upon Thames on the reach above Kingston road bridge. The river is 6 miles (9.9 km) in length and has a catchment area (water basin) of 73 km². The main river flows through much low-lying land, the majority of which is given over to sports grounds and green space, with the exception of Kingston town centre.

Course[edit]

Epsom & Ewell[edit]

The source of the Hogsmill River is a chalk spring located at or near grid reference TQ219627 at Bourne Hall Park in Ewell Village, Surrey. It flows in a northerly direction between Kingston Road and the sports field beside the railway track. The river passes the Upper and Lower Mill as it gently bends to the left before flowing under the Mole Valley line between Ewell West and Stoneleigh railway station at the start of the Hogsmill Open Space, maintained by Epsom and Ewell borough council which follows the river until the boundary with Kingston.

The river continues its course in green space between the residential areas of Ewell Court and West Ewell and it confluences with the Green Lanes Stream. After a short distance, the river flows as a boundary between Poole Road Recreation Ground and Ewell Court Park and flows behind Ewell Athletics Track. It reaches another confluence, this one being the Ewell Court Stream, flowing in just downstream from Ewell Court Lake.

The river runs further through the open space and passes near to West Ewell Infants School and Ruxley Church before flowing under Ruxley Farm Bridge, the site of the former Ruxley Splash. It passes Riverview Primary School in the residential area of the Ruxley Ward before the confluence with the Bonesgate Stream, which runs as the border between the boroughs of Epsom & Ewell and Kingston. After the confluence, the Hogsmill bends to the right and continues as this border past Tolworth Court Bridge with the A240.

Kingston[edit]

It runs beside Worcester Park Road and Old Malden Lane (both the B284) along the edge of a few sports grounds and under the entrance to a go-carting track. The river leaves the border as it turns left into the outskirts of Old Malden in an area of woodland and green space. It crosses the Chessington branch line a short distance away from Malden Manor railway station. The Hogsmill is now flowing in a NNW direction as it crosses the A3 between Tolworth and Malden junctions.

The river acts as a boundary between New Malden and Berrylands, beside sport and recreation grounds near Elmbridge Avenue, where it is joined by Tolworth Brook,[1] until almost reaching the Hampton Court branch of the South Western main line near Berrylands railway station. The Hogsmill leaves the green space area at the railway line and passes Kingsmeadow, Kingston Cemetery and the Sewage Works in the eastern outskirts of Kingston upon Thames.

It crosses under Villiers Road before heading past a campus of Kingston University before crossing Springfield Road beside Denmark Road and Grange Road. It also runs under the bridge for the A307 (Wheatfield Way) near College Roundabout beside Kingston College. The river then runs under St. James's Road by the Magistrates Court and the Guildhall before flowing under Kingston High Street and Wadbrook Street. The Hogsmill River meets the Thames beside a restaurant and shopping area beside the Thames Path footbridge at grid reference TQ177691.

Tributaries[edit]

Hogsmill Stream[edit]

The Hogsmill Stream is the shortest out of the five main steams of the Hogsmill, running for 0.3 miles (0.5 km). It rises at the spring in Ewell Village and runs to the confluence with the Green Lanes stream between West Ewell and Ewell Court in the Hogsmill Open Space.

Green Lanes Stream[edit]

The Green Lanes stream is 1.9 miles (3.1 km) long and starts as a run-off from Stamford Green Pond on the eastern edge of Epsom Common. Other smaller streams from the common join the main stream a few meters from the pond as it goes underground. It runs near Manor Green Road and is above the ground at times, for example by the bridges under Christ Church Mount, a crescent road off Manor Green Road. Shortly afterwards, it flows underground again and this is where it runs under Epsom Primary School on Hook Road at the junction with Longmead Road. This is where the stream comes above the ground.

It runs parallel with Longmead Road where it runs near to Longmead Industrial Estate and Blenheim High School until the road meets the B2200 (Chessington Road) and the stream runs under it. This is where it flows between the two roads named Green Lanes (the river is named after the roads). It runs into the Hogsmill Open Space before meeting the confluence with the Hogsmill Stream.

Ewell Court Stream[edit]

Ewell Court Stream is 1.7 miles (2.7 km) long and starts near a pond on the edge of Nonsuch Park by the A24 (London Road) in Stoneleigh. After running under the A24, it continues under Briarwood Road. It is visible again briefly in an alley near Stoneleigh railway station. The stream bends left Under Stoneleigh Park Road and runs under Walsingham Gardens and the A240 (Kingston Road) where it enters Ewell Court. After running after Preston drive, it enters Ewell Court Park and comes above ground before running through Ewell Court Lake, a quarter of a mile upstream from the confluence with the Hogsmill.

Its principal tributary is the Bonesgate Stream, 3 miles (5 km) in length, which rises south of Chessington to join the Hogsmill at Tolworth Court Bridge. Its other tributaries are:

  • Surbiton Stream, 3.75 miles (6 km)
  • Horton Stream, 3.3 miles (5.3 km)

Art[edit]

Ophelia – the play may have been in Denmark and the model in a bath, but the landscape was the Hogsmill near Ewell

The Hogsmill has appeared in the art of John Millais in his rendition of Ophelia, and of William Holman Hunt who painted The Hireling Shepherd on the meadows by the Hogsmill, looking north towards Ewell Court Farm.[2][3] The doorway (to the soul) in Hunt's The Light of the World is believed to be part of a gunpowder mill on the Hogsmill at Ewell.[4]

Industry[edit]

The Hogsmill is known for watermills, reputed to have produced gunpowder for the Napoleonic Wars.[4] Additionally the waters were used to generate electricity for Ewell Court House.[5]

See also[edit]

The Hogsmill flowing under the Clattern Bridge in Kingston. The bridge is one of the oldest in Surrey, being mentioned in 1293 as "Clateryngbrugge"[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thames Down Link". Surrey County Council. p. 2. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Rosenfield, Jason; Smith, Alison (2007). Millais (Exhibition Catalogue). Tate Publishing. ISBN 9789079310029. 
  3. ^ "Epsom and Ewell History Explorer: The PreRaphaelites". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Epsom and Ewell History Explorer: Gunpowder Mills". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ewell Court House". Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Blue Plaque on Clattern Bridge, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames

External links[edit]

Next confluence upstream River Thames Next confluence downstream


Longford River, Raven's Ait (north) Hogsmill River Sudbrook (stream) (north)