Advanced School of the NSDAP
The Advanced School of the NSDAP (German: Hohe Schule der NSDAP, literally "High School of the NSDAP") was a project by the chief ideologist of the Nazi Party Alfred Rosenberg to create an elite Nazi university, a kind of academy for party officials. A monumental central university building was to be built on the shores of Lake Chiemsee, based on the architectural plans of Hermann Giesler.
The university's establishment began in 1939 with the opening of its central library. Alfred Baumler nominated philologist Walter Grothe as the library's head. On 29 January 1940, Rosenberg received an order from Hitler to continue the preparatory work for the university's opening:
The Hohe Schule is some day to become the center for National Socialist doctrinal research and education. It will be established after the war. However, in order to expedite the preparatory work already initiated, I order that Reichsleiter Alfred Rosenberg continue this preparatory work, especially in the field of research and the establishment of a library. The offices of the Party and the State organizations are required to support his work in every way.—Adolf Hitler, 29 January 1940
The first faculty of the school, the Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question, was opened on 26 March 1941 in Frankfurt am Main. Rosenberg's plan was to establish at least a total of eleven units of the school in different locations. Among these were Institute for Indo-Germanic Intellectual History (Munich), Institute of Biology and Race Studies (Stuttgart), Institute of Religious Studies (Hall), Institute of Germanic Studies (Kiel), Institute of Ideological Colonial Studies (Hamburg), Institute of German Folklore (Münster and Graz), Institute for Research on the East (Prague), Institute of Celtic Studies (Römhild) and Institute for the Study of Germanism and Gallicanism (Strasbourg).
In October 1942, the Central Library of the High School moved from Berlin to Carinthia, where parts of the library were housed in the Tanzenberg Castle in Sankt Veit an der Glan, a former Olivetan monastery.
Plunder of materials
To achieve the goal set out by Hitler on 29 January 1940, The Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce (German: Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg ) with the help of the Gestapo combed through the libraries, archives, Masonic lodges and the offices of high church authorities of occupied Western Europe in search of relevant material for the university. On 1 March 1942, Hitler authorized Rosenberg to seize materials as well as cultural treasures for the school, as a "systematic spiritual battle" against "Jews, Freemasons, and affiliated opponents of National Socialism" was necessary. More than 500.000 volumes were seized and sent to the Central Library to wait for the war's end and a transfer to Chiemsee.
- See, for example Lixfeld & Dow 1994
- Davidson, Eugene (1966). The Trial of the Germans: An Account of the Twenty-Two Defendants Before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, University of Missouri Press, ISBN 0826211399, p. 127
- Alfred Rosenbergs "Hohe Schule"
- The Avalon Project: Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 7 FIFTY-SECOND DAY Wednesday, 6 February 1946
- Frankfurter Rundschau - Die Theorie des mörderischen Wahns. 12 October 2005
- Potthast, Jan Björn (2002). Das jüdische Zentralmuseum der SS in Prag. Gegnerforschung und Völkermord im Nationalsozialismus. Frankfurt a.M. / New York, ISBN 3-593-37060-3, p. 179
- The Avalon Project: Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume 1 Chapter XIV - The Plunder of Art Treasures