Hohenfinow

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Hohenfinow
Hohenfinow   is located in Germany
Hohenfinow
Hohenfinow
Coordinates: 52°49′0″N 13°56′0″E / 52.81667°N 13.93333°E / 52.81667; 13.93333Coordinates: 52°49′0″N 13°56′0″E / 52.81667°N 13.93333°E / 52.81667; 13.93333
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Barnim
Municipal assoc. Britz-Chorin-Oderberg
Government
 • Mayor Kerstin Bernhard (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 21.91 km2 (8.46 sq mi)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 500
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16248
Dialling codes 033362
Vehicle registration BAR
Website www.birt-chorin.de

Hohenfinow is a municipality in the Barnim district in Brandenburg, Germany. It is part of the Amt ("municipal federation") Britz-Chorin-Oderberg.

Geography[edit]

Hohenfinow is located about 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Eberswalde. It is part of a rural area on the northeastern rim of the Barnim Plateau, south of the Finow River and the Finow Canal. The glacial valley in the north with the neighbouring municipality of Niederfinow separates it from the adjacent Uckermark region. The historic village centre is surrounded by extended fields, meadows and pine forests.

History[edit]

Parish church

A fortress overlooking the Finow valley and a ford across the river was erected about 1220, after the area settled by Polabian Slavs had been conquered by the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. The foundations of the parish church date back to around 1250. The settlement itself was first mentioned in a 1334 deed issued by the Wittelsbach margrave Louis I.

Temporarily held by Count Henry Matthias of Thurn, the estates were sold to the Pfuel noble family in 1614. During the indecisive stance of Brandenburg in the Thirty Years' War, Hohenfinow was devastated by a contingent under Ernst von Mansfeld in 1626, and again by Imperial, Saxon and Swedish troops in the following years. The rebuilding began with three remaining farmsteads. In 1780 the cornfields of Hohenfinow were mentioned in a travel account by Johann III Bernoulli.

In 1855 the Hohenfinow manor was purchased by Felix von Bethmann-Hollweg (1824–1900), scion of a Frankfurt banking dynasty and father of the later German chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, who was born here in 1856. In the last days of World War II, a unit of the "Army Detachment Steiner" rested near Hohenfinow before the troops withdraw to Eberswalde.

Demography[edit]

Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Hohenfinow:
Population development within the current boundaries
[2]
Year Population
1875 776
1890 758
1910 812
1925 879
1933 864
1939 872
1946 894
1950 1 015
1964 829
1971 849
Year Population
1981 639
1985 579
1989 580
1990 574
1991 563
1992 546
1993 539
1994 541
1995 539
1996 558
Year Population
1997 569
1998 581
1999 571
2000 575
2001 555
2002 550
2003 543
2004 538
2005 537
2006 524
Year Population
2007 513
2008 509
2009 521
2010 524
2011 519
2012 500
2013 512

Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.[3]

References[edit]