Hohenlohe

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For the district in Germany, see Hohenlohe (district). For other uses, see Hohenlohe (disambiguation).
County (Principality) of Hohenlohe
Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Hohenlohe
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Würzburg
1450–1806


Coat of arms

Hohenlohe estates, Homann 1748
Capital Öhringen
Religion Roman Catholic
Lutheran
Government Monarchy
Margrave
 -  1157–70 Albert the Bear (first)
 -  1797–1806 Frederick William IV (last)
History
 -  Established 1450
 -  Raised to
    Imperial Counts
13 May
 -  Joined
    Franconian Circle
1500
 -  Raised to
    principality
21 May 1744
 -  Mediatised to
    Württemberg
12 July 1806

Hohenlohe is the name of a German princely dynasty, as well as the name of their Imperial State. Since 1450 rulers of an immediate county (Reichsgrafen), its two branches were raised to the rank of principalities of the Holy Roman Empire in 1744 and 1764 respectively; in 1806 they lost their independence and their lands formed part of the Kingdoms of Bavaria and of Württemberg. At the time of the mediatization in 1806, the area of Hohenlohe was 1 760 km² and its estimated population was 108,000.[1]

History[edit]

An early ancestor was mentioned in 1153 as one Conrad, Lord of Weikersheim. His son Conrad jun. called himself the possessor of Hohlach (Hohenloch or Hohenlohe) Castle near Uffenheim, and the dynasty's influence was soon perceptible in-between the Franconian valleys of the Kocher, the Jagst and the Tauber Rivers, an area that was to be called the Hohenlohe Plateau.

Heinrich I (d. 1183) was the first to take the title of Count of Hohenlohe, and in 1230 his grandsons, Gottfried and Conrad, supporters of Emperor Frederick II, founded the lines of Hohenlohe-Hohenlohe and Hohenlohe-Brauneck, names taken from their respective castles. The latter became extinct in 1390, its lands passing later to Brandenburg, while the former was divided into several branches, only two of which, however, Hohenlohe-Weikersheim and Hohenlohe-Uffenheim-Speckfeld, need be mentioned here. Hohenlohe-Weikersheim, descended from Count Kraft I (d. 1313), also underwent several divisions, that which took place after the deaths of Counts Albert and George in 1551 being specially important. At this time the lines of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein and Hohenlohe-Waldenburg were founded by the sons of Count George. Meanwhile, in 1412, the family of Hohenlohe-Uffenheim-Speckfeld had become extinct, and its lands had passed through the marriages of its heiresses into other families. George Hohenlohe was archbishop of Esztergom (1418 – 1423), serving the King Sigismund of Hungary (later also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia).

The existing branches of the Hohenlohe family are descended from the lines of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein and Hohenlohe-Waldenburg, established in 1551. The former of these became Protestant, while the latter remained Roman Catholic. Of the family of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, which underwent several partitions and inherited Gleichen in 1631, the senior line became extinct in 1805, while in 1701 the junior line divided itself into three branches, those of Langenburg, Ingelfingen and Kirchberg. Kirchberg died out in 1861, but members of the families of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen are still alive, the latter being represented by the branches of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (became extinct in 1960) and Hohenlohe-Öhringen. The Roman Catholic family of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg was soon divided into three branches, but two of these had died out by 1729. The surviving branch, that of Schillingsfürst, was divided into the lines of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and Hohenlohe-Bartenstein; other divisions followed, and the four existing lines of this branch of the family are those of Waldenburg, Schillingsfürst, Jagstberg, and Bartenstein. The family of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst possessed the duchy of Ratibor and still owns the principality of Corvey, inherited in 1834.

Family members[edit]

Hohenlohe coat of arms from Scheiblersches Wappenbuch, 1450 – 1480

Notable members of the von Hohenlohe family include:

Castles of the House of Hohenlohe[edit]

(*) still owned by members of the House of Hohenlohe

Heads of existing branches[edit]

Legion de Hohenlohe[edit]

The Legion de Hohenlohe was a unit of foreign soldiers serving in the French Army until 1831, when its members as well as those of the disbanded Swiss Guards were folded into the newly raised French Foreign Legion for service in Algeria.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Genealogy of the House of Hohenlohe
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • See generally A. F. Fischer, Geschichte des Hauses Hohenlohe (1866–1871);
  • K. Weller, Hohenlohisches Urkundenbuch. 1153–1350 (Stuttgart, 1899–1901), and
  • Geschichte des Hauses Hohenlohe (Stuttgart, 1904). (W. A. P.; C. F. A.)