Hoisington, Kansas

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Hoisington, Kansas
City
Location within Barton County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Location within Barton County (top) and Kansas (bottom)
Coordinates: 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833Coordinates: 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barton
Founded 1886
Incorporated 1887
Area[1]
 • Total 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Land 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,847 ft (563 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,706
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,691
 • Density 2,400/sq mi (910/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67544
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-32550 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0475512 [5]
Website City website

Hoisington is a city in Barton County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,706.[6]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Barton County

In 1886, a group of Barton County businessmen formed the Central Kansas Town Company and founded the town of Hoisington to attract the Kansas and Colorado Railroad to the area. They named the settlement after Andrew J. Hoisington, one of the company partners and a prominent businessman in nearby Great Bend.[7][8] The railroad reached Hoisington in the fall of 1886, and the settlement was incorporated as a city in 1887.[7] The post office, relocated from nearby Buena Vista, was renamed Hoisington in April 1887 as was the train station, originally named Monon, by 1889.[9]

Hoisington modernized and grew steadily over the following decades. The city's first power plant opened in 1903, and a city water system was completed in 1904. The railroad, known by that point as the Missouri Pacific, continued to play a central role in the city's development, employing 1,600 local men by 1911. Hoisington became a major freight and passenger operating division, complete with a roundhouse and shops. Electric street lights were installed in 1915, and the first streets were paved in 1917. The discovery of natural gas in the area in 1929, followed by the discovery of oil in the area in the 1930s, diversified and further stimulated the local economy.[7]

On April 21, 2001, Hoisington suffered a large scale disaster, when an F4 tornado ripped through the city, coming from the southwest corner and traveling almost straight into the middle of the city. However, the city's population and commerce recovered quickly. From the air, the tornado's path can still be seen due to the lack of trees, some empty lots, and the newer houses, which are larger and more spaced out than the older ones.

Geography[edit]

Map of Barton County, Kansas including Hoisington and surrounding communities

Hoisington is located at 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833 (38.517301, -98.778422) at an elevation of 1,847 feet (563 m).[5][10] It lies on the southern edge of the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains. Blood Creek, which flows east into nearby Cheyenne Bottoms, passes immediately south of the city.[11] Central Hoisington lies 5.5 miles (8.9 km) by road northwest of Cheyenne Bottoms. Situated at the intersection of U.S. Route 281 and K-4 in central Kansas, Hoisington is roughly 15 miles (24 km) north of Great Bend, the county seat, 105 miles (169 km) northwest of Wichita, and 234 miles (377 km) west-southwest of Kansas City.[12] The city sits astride the line between North and South Homestead Townships.[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 446
1900 789 76.9%
1910 1,975 150.3%
1920 2,395 21.3%
1930 3,001 25.3%
1940 3,719 23.9%
1950 4,012 7.9%
1960 4,248 5.9%
1970 3,710 −12.7%
1980 3,678 −0.9%
1990 3,182 −13.5%
2000 2,975 −6.5%
2010 2,706 −9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of 2009, the median household income in the city was $41,767, and the median family income was $56,767. The median income for males was $39,177 versus $27,009 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,651. Approximately 6.9% of families and 9.8% of the population fell below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,706 people, 1,167 households, and 721 families in the city. The population density was 2,255 people per square mile (870.7/km²). There were 1,361 housing units at an average density of 1,134.2 per square mile (439.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.9% White, 1.1% African American, 0.4% American Indian, 1.1% from some other race, and 2.4% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6]

There were 1,167 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18, 48.5% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32, and the average family size was 2.98.[6]

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males age 18 and over.[6]

Education[edit]

Hoisington School District (USD 431) provides public primary and secondary education with four schools in Hoisington:[15]

  • Roosevelt Elementary School (Grades Pre-K-2)
  • Lincoln Elementary School (3-4)
  • Hoisington Middle School (5-8)
  • Hoisington High School (9-12)

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 281 runs north-south through Hoisington, intersecting and briefly running concurrently with K-4 which runs east-west through the city.

The Hoisington Subdivision of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad runs east-west around the southern side of the city.

Media[edit]

Hoisington has two weekly newspapers: The Hoisington Dispatch and Tri-County News.[16][17]

Radio station KHOK is licensed to Hoisington and broadcasts from Great Bend, Kansas on 100.7 FM, playing a Country format.[18]

Fox affiliate KOCW, a satellite of KSAS-TV in Wichita, is licensed to Hoisington and broadcasts on digital channel 14.[19]

Culture[edit]

In popular culture and the arts[edit]

The April 2001 storm was featured on an episode of The Weather Channel series Storm Stories. The tornado struck during the high school prom, and many of the prom goers were unaware the tornado had even hit—a fact that was the subject of the June 9, 2001 episode of the NPR radio show This American Life.[20]

The ABC comedy "Sports Night" referenced Hoisington on October 13, 1998, in the episode "Intellectual Property." Associate Producer Jeremy Goodwin, challenged to find material to enable sports anchors Dan Rydell and Casey McCall to stretch a segment about a sporting event, notes that the "attendance at tonight's game, 11,323, is exactly the same as the population of Hoisington, Kansas." Producer Dana Whitaker then relays to Dan and Casey that they have two options for stretching the segment: report this odd "fact" about Hoisington, or "talk slower." Hoisington's population in 1998 was probably much closer to 2,975, according to the 2000 census.

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Hoisington include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  7. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Hoisington High School, Barton County, Kansas". National Park Service. 2005. p. 10. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  8. ^ "Hoisington". The Empire That Missouri Pacific Serves. Missouri Pacific Railroad. p. 118. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  9. ^ "History of Hoisington". 2002-09-09. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Blood Creek
  12. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  13. ^ DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. 4th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2009, p. 46. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  14. ^ "Hoisington city, Kansas - Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  15. ^ "Hoisington School District". Hoisington School District. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  16. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Hoisington dispatch". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  17. ^ "About this Newspaper: Tri county news". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  18. ^ "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  19. ^ "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  20. ^ Episode #186 "Prom" (originally aired on June 8, 2001)
  21. ^ http://bulletin.ncsu.edu/2013/09/atomic-pioneer-dies/
  22. ^ http://www.adastra-ks.org/150scientists/150scientists_Mar_3.pdf
  23. ^ "Kathryn Eames". The Plaza of Heroines. Iowa State University. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  24. ^ "Hoisington Community Fact Sheet". Visit Great Bend. Visitgreatbend.com. Retrieved 2014-08-21.  - click HoisingtonFactSheet.pdf

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps