Hokah, Minnesota

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Hokah, Minnesota
City
Looking east along MN-44 in downtown Hokah with Thompson Bluff in the background
Looking east along MN-44 in downtown Hokah with Thompson Bluff in the background
Location of Hokah, Minnesota
Location of Hokah, Minnesota
Coordinates: 43°45′34″N 91°20′47″W / 43.75944°N 91.34639°W / 43.75944; -91.34639
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Houston
Founded 1851
Government
 • Mayor James Scholze
Area[1]
 • Total 0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)
 • Land 0.73 sq mi (1.89 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 702 ft (214 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 580
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 569
 • Density 794.5/sq mi (306.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55941
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-29510[4]
GNIS feature ID 0645066[5]
Website www.cityofhokah-mn.gov

Hokah is a city in Houston County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 580 at the 2010 census.[6] Hokah is located across the Mississippi River from La Crosse, Wisconsin and is part of the La Crosse metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Hokah welcome sign

Prior to European settlement, the area that is now the city of Hokah was a Native American settlement.[7] The city's name, which is a Native American word meaning "gar fish," derives from the chief of the settlement, Chief Wecheschatope Hokah.[8] There were, at one time, more than forty Indian mounds throughout Hokah including several effigy mounds, though most have been lost.[9]

The first recorded European settler in Hokah was Edward Thompson, who arrived in the spring of 1851 and constructed a small flour mill and dam on Thompson Creek, a tributary of the Root River that runs through the city and now bears his name.[10] The first town meeting was held in 1858, and the town was officially incorporated into a village by the state of Minnesota on March 2, 1871.[11]

By 1875, Hokah had several major industries including four flour mills, cooper shops and a railroad depot, driven by the city's location on the Root River near where it empties into the Mississippi River as well as the Root River Valley Railroad which ran through the north end of the city from nearby La Crescent to Rochester.[12] The railroad depot was equipped for all types of railroad work, including the construction of railroad locomotives and coaches. The depot employed as many as 500 workers and is said to have constructed as many as 300 coaches in one year.[13] As of 1880, Hokah also had a plow factory, a furniture factory, three blacksmith shops, a shoe shop, two drug stores, and six general stores.[14]

In 1876, a railroad bridge was completed across the Mississippi River from La Crosse, connecting the Root River Valley Railroad to the railroads across the river in La Crosse.[15] In 1880, the Root River Valley Railroad was purchased by the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad and the railroad depot in Hokah was razed in favor of a depot in La Crosse, leaving several hundred without employment and causing many people to leave the area.[16]

Hokah city hall

On April 23, 1923, the village was reincorporated as a city.[11] Hokah City Hall, built by the Works Progress Administration in 1938, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[17]

On August 19, 2007, 15.10 inches of rain fell in Hokah over a 24-hour period, breaking the previous 24-hour rainfall record for the state of Minnesota of 10.84 inches set on July 22, 1972 in Fort Ripley, Minnesota.[18] This rainfall was part of the weather system that caused the 2007 Midwest flooding and caused widespread damage throughout Hokah and surrounding communities including landslides, damaged and destroyed homes, and washed-out roads.[19] Hokah also holds the record for the most rainfall in any month for the state of Minnesota of 23.86 inches, also set in August, 2007.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.75 square miles (1.94 km2), of which 0.73 square miles (1.89 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Hokah's location in the Driftless Area of southeastern Minnesota gives it a hilly landscape dominated by high bluffs and low river valleys known locally as coulees. The city's downtown is set on a small bluff between the Root River valley and the Thompson Creek valley. At the east end of downtown is Thompson Bluff, locally known as Mt. Tom, a bluff that rises more than 400 feet above downtown. Like Thompson Creek, Thompson Bluff is named for Edward Thompson.

Modern-day Como Falls

Hokah is home to Como Falls, a waterfall on Thompson Creek. From 1858 until the 1930's Hokah was also home to Lake Como, a 90-acre, 20-foot deep man-made lake created by building a dam on Thompson Creek at Como Falls.[21] Lake Como was a popular local vacation spot in its heyday, drawing visitors from La Crosse and the surrounding area with lakeside cabins and boat rentals.[22] The dam that created Lake Como failed during a flood in 1909 and allowed the lake to drain but was rebuilt in 1922. By the late 1930's, soil erosion from nearby farms prior to the widespread local use of contour plowing caused the lake bed to fill in, bringing about the end of Lake Como. Today, the site of Lake Como is used as a community park, pool, baseball field, and farmland.[23]

Transportation[edit]

Hokah is located approximately 6 miles west-southwest of downtown La Crosse, Wisconsin, or about 9 miles by automobile via the Mississippi River Bridge in La Crescent.

Minnesota State Highway 44, which runs northeast-southwest, passes directly through downtown Hokah and has its northern terminus at an intersection with Minnesota State Highway 16 northeast of downtown. Minnesota State Highway 16 runs east-west and passes north of downtown. Minnesota State Highway 26, which runs parallel to the Mississippi River and serves as part of the Great River Road, passes just to the east of Hokah.

Two nearby motor vehicle bridges span the Mississippi River and connect the southeastern corner of Minnesota to the La Crosse area in Wisconsin: six miles north of Hokah, the Mississippi River Bridge carries U.S. Route 14 and U.S. Route 61 and connects downtown La Crescent, Minnesota to downtown La Crosse, Wisconsin, and eight miles north of Hokah, the I-90 Mississippi River Bridge in Dresbach, Minnesota carries Interstate 90 across the Mississippi River to northern La Crosse and Onalaska, Wisconsin. South of Hokah, the closest bridge to cross the Mississippi River is the Black Hawk Bridge, thirty miles south in Lansing, Iowa.

The nearby La Crosse Amtrak station provides daily service for the Empire Builder Amtrak route, and the La Crosse Regional Airport provides daily service to Chicago and Minneapolis via American Airlines and Delta Air Lines.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 525 —    
1880 961 +83.0%
1890 582 −39.4%
1900 536 −7.9%
1910 400 −25.4%
1920 407 +1.8%
1930 452 +11.1%
1940 546 +20.8%
1950 643 +17.8%
1960 685 +6.5%
1970 697 +1.8%
1980 686 −1.6%
1990 687 +0.1%
2000 614 −10.6%
2010 580 −5.5%
Source: United States Census records. Figures are for the village/city of Hokah only and do not include Hokah Township.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 580 people, 275 households, and 152 families residing in the city. The population density was 794.5 inhabitants per square mile (306.8/km2). There were 287 housing units at an average density of 393.2 per square mile (151.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 275 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.7% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the city was 39.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 31.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.0% male and 49.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 614 people, 271 households, and 159 families residing in the city. The population density was 860.1 people per square mile (333.9/km²). There were 278 housing units at an average density of 389.4 per square mile (151.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.37% White, 1.14% African American, 0.16% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.

There were 271 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,838, and the median income for a family was $36,000. Males had a median income of $32,212 versus $21,016 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,630. About 16.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

Education[edit]

Hokah, the nearby community of La Crescent, and the surrounding area are served by the La Crescent-Hokah Public School District.[24] St. Peter's School, a Catholic school serving pre-kindergarten through 8th grade, is also located in Hokah.[25]

The city's public library is the Hokah Public Library.[26] The library is a member of Southeastern Libraries Cooperating (SELCO), one of Minnesota's twelve regional public library systems, which serves the southeastern portion of the state.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Homepage". City of Hokah, MN. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.cityofhokah-mn.gov/documents/History-of-Hokah.pdf
  9. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dgarvey/Mounds/Hokah_Effigy_Mounds.html
  10. ^ http://genealogytrails.com/minn/houston/twphistory_hokah.htm
  11. ^ a b Warren Upham (2001). Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia. Minnesota Historical Society Press. pp. 244–. ISBN 978-0-87351-396-8. 
  12. ^ http://lacrosse-buildings.com/hokah/
  13. ^ http://lacrossetribune.com/houstonconews/news/local/hokah-railroad-shops-had-huge-impact-on-area/article_d6037d5f-2f05-55f8-8626-53f0e3619d4f.html
  14. ^ http://lacrossetribune.com/houstonconews/news/local/hokah-railroad-shops-had-huge-impact-on-area/article_d6037d5f-2f05-55f8-8626-53f0e3619d4f.html
  15. ^ http://www.footstepsoflacrosse.org/lax_hist.asp
  16. ^ http://www.cityofhokah-mn.gov/documents/History-of-Hokah.pdf
  17. ^ http://lacrossetribune.com/houstonconews/news/local/a-different-kind-of-registration-for-historic-hokah-city-hall/article_acacb6b8-9910-547c-9e90-93c5a4cfb0cf.html
  18. ^ http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/journal/24hour_rain_record.html
  19. ^ "Southeast Minnesota 2007 Flood". daycreek.com. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  20. ^ http://climate.umn.edu/doc/journal/monthly_rain_record.htm
  21. ^ Trimble, Stanley W. (21 November 2012). Historical Agriculture and Soil Erosion in the Upper Mississippi Valley Hill Country. CRC Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-1-4665-5574-7. 
  22. ^ http://lacrosse-buildings.com/hokah/
  23. ^ Trimble, Stanley W. (21 November 2012). Historical Agriculture and Soil Erosion in the Upper Mississippi Valley Hill Country. CRC Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-1-4665-5574-7. 
  24. ^ http://www.isd300.k12.mn.us
  25. ^ http://www.greatschools.org/minnesota/hokah/2526-St-Peter-Elementary-School/
  26. ^ http://www.cityofhokah-mn.gov/library.html
  27. ^ http://www.selco.info/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°45′34″N 91°20′47″W / 43.75944°N 91.34639°W / 43.75944; -91.34639