Hokitika (New Zealand electorate)

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Hokitika is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand, based on the town of Hokitika. It existed from 1871 to 1890 and was represented by nine Members of Parliament. For a time, it was one of the two-member electorates in New Zealand.

History[edit]

The Hokitika electorate existed from the 1871 general election to 1890. John White was its first representative until the end of the parliamentary term in 1875, when he retired.[1]

Beginning with the 1875–76 general election, which was held in Hokitika on 14 January 1876, the electorate was represented by two members. Edmund Barff and Charles Button were elected. Barff served the whole term until 1879,[2] while Button resigned in May 1878[3] and was succeeded by Seymour Thorne George, who successfully stood in the Rodney electorate in 1879.[4]

Robert Reid[5] and Richard Seddon were elected in the 1879 general election. Seddon, who was later Premier ("King Dick"), was in 1881 elected for Kumara.[6] Reid contested the 1881 general election against Gerald George Fitzgerald, with the latter being successful.[7][8]

John Bevan won the 1884 general election,[9] and he was succeeded in the 1887 election by Joseph Grimmond.[10] In 1890, the Hokitika electorate was abolished.[11] Grimmond stood in the Westland electorate instead, but was defeated by Richard Seddon.[12]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Hokitika was represented by nine Members of Parliament.[13]

1871 to 1875[edit]

From 1871 to 1875, Hokitika was a single-member electorate. It was represented by one Member of Parliament.

Election Winner
1871 election John White (Independent)

1876 to 1881[edit]

From 1876 to 1881, Hokitika was a two-member electorate. It was represented by five Members of Parliament.

Election Winners
1876 election Edmund Barff (Independent) Charles Button (Independent)
1878 by-election Seymour Thorne George (Independent)
1879 election Robert Reid (Independent) Richard Seddon (Independent)

1881 to 1890[edit]

From 1881 to 1890, Hokitika was again a single-member electorate, represented by three Members of Parliament.

Election Winner
1881 election Gerald George Fitzgerald (Independent)
1884 election John Bevan (Independent)
1887 election Joseph Grimmond (Independent)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson 1984, p. 245.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  7. ^ "Westland". Tuapeka Times XIV (797). 14 December 1881. p. 5. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 110.
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 159.
  12. ^ "Westland". Clutha Leader XVII (856). 12 December 1890. p. 6. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  13. ^ Wilson 1984.

References[edit]

  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.