Hokkaidō Expressway

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Hokkaidō Expressway sign

Hokkaidō Expressway
道央自動車道
Route information
Length: 413.6 km (257.0 mi)
Existed: 1971[1] – present
Major junctions
From: Ōnuma Kōen Interchange in Mori, Hokkaidō
Pref. Route 149
To: Shibetsu-Kenbuchi Interchange in Kenbuchi, Hokkaidō
Japanese National Route Sign 0040.svg National Route 40
Location
Major cities: Muroran, Tomakomai, Chitose, Sapporo, Fukagawa, Asahikawa
Highway system
National highways of Japan
Expressways of Japan

The Hokkaidō Expressway (道央自動車道 Dōō Jidōsha-dō?) is a national expressway in Hokkaidō, Japan. It is owned and operated by East Nippon Expressway Company.

Naming[edit]

The expressway is named the Dōō Expressway (lit. Central Hokkaidō Expressway) in Japanese, however its official English name is the Hokkaidō Expressway. It is the only national expressway in Japan in which the English name is not a direct romanization of the Japanese name. Officially the expressway is designated as the Hokkaidō Jūkan Expressway.[2]

Overview[edit]

Chitose-Eniwa Junction

The expressway connects the north of Hokkaidō with the south via the city of Sapporo. Extension of the expressway in the north towards the city of Wakkanai and in the south towards the city of Hakodate is underway; although the Hokkaidō Expressway itself is not planned to extend as far as these two cities, various expressway-standard roads (bypasses of National Route 40 to the north and National Route 5 to the south) will cover the remaining distances.

Some unfinished sections of the expressway (Shibetsu-Kenbuchi Interchange to Nayoro Interchange in the north and Ōnuma Interchange to Nanae Interchange in the south) will be constructed according to the New Direct Control System.[3] These sections are expected to operate toll-free upon completion.

The section from Sapporo-minami Interchange through Sapporo Junction to Sapporo-nishi Interchange on the Sasson Expressway is built to an urban expressway standard and tolls are charged at a flat rate. As of March 2008 the toll on this section is 400 yen for regular passenger cars. Tolls on all other sections of the expressway are assessed according to distance travelled in the same manner as most other national expressways.[4]

History[edit]

  • December 4, 1971 - Kitahiroshima Interchange - Chitose Interchange section opened.
  • September 19, 1972 - Kitahiroshima Interchange - Chitose Interchange section expanded to 4 lanes.
  • October 24, 1978 - Chitose Interchange - Tomakomai-higashi Interchange section opened.
  • October 29, 1979 - Sapporo-minami Interchange - Kitahiroshima Interchange section opened.
  • October 29, 1980 - Tomakomai-higashi Interchange - Tomakomai-nishi Interchange section opened.
  • November 9, 1983 - Sapporo Interchange - Iwamizawa Interchange section opened.
  • November 30, 1983 - Tomakomai-nishi Interchange - Shiraoi Interchange section opened.
  • October 18, 1985 - Shiraoi Interchange - Noboribetsu-higashi Interchange section opened.
  • October 25, 1985 - Sapporo Interchange - Sapporo-minami Interchange section opened.
  • October 9, 1986 - Noboribetsu-higashi Interchange - Noboribetsu Muroran Interchange section opened.
  • September 18, 1987 - Iwamizawa Interchange - Bibai Interchange section opened. Mikasa and Bibai Interchanges become the first in Japan to implement automated ticket dispensers at toll gates.
  • October 8, 1988 - Bibai Interchange - Takikawa Interchange section opened.
  • September 12, 1989 - Takikawa Interchange - Fukagawa Interchange section opened.
  • October 30, 1990 - Fukagawa Interchange - Asahikawa Takasu Interchange section opened (originally 2 lanes, expansion to 4 lanes completed in 2004).
  • April 26, 1991 - Highway Oasis opened at Sunagawa Service Area (at that time the second in Japan in first in Hokkaidō).
  • October 25, 1991 - Noboribetsu Muroran Interchange - Muroran Interchange section opened.
  • September 30, 1992 - Sapporo Junction is opened, connecting with the Sasson Expressway.
  • October 27, 1992 - Muroran Interchange - Date Interchange section opened.
  • March 30, 1994 - Date Interchange - Abuta Tōyako Interchange section opened.
  • October 22, 1997 - Abuta Tōyako Interchange - Oshamanbe Interchange section opened.
  • March 23, 1998 - Connection with the Hidaka Expressway is completed at Tomakomai-higashi Interchange.
  • April 11, 1998 - Fukagawa Junction is opened, connecting with the Fukagawa-Rumoi Expressway.
  • October 7, 1999 - Chitose-Eniwa Junction is opened, connecting with the Dōtō Expressway.
  • November, 1999 - Chitose-bound exit opened at Sapporo-minami Interchange.
  • March 29, 2000 - Date Interchange - Toyoura Interchange section closed due to risk of eruption from nearby Mount Usu.
  • July 13, 2000 - Temporary Abuta Tōyako Interchange opened, allowing access to Toyoura Interchange.
  • October 4, 2000 - Asahikawa Takasu Interchange - Wassamu Interchange section opened.
  • February 9, 2001 - Date Interchange - Toyoura Interchange section reopened.
  • June 30, 2001 - Temporary Abuta Tōyako Interchange closed due to full reopening of expressway.
  • September 10, 2001 - Asahikawa-bound entrance opened at Sapporo-minami Interchange.
  • October 17, 2001 - Fukagawa Interchange - Otoe Parking Area section expanded to 4 lanes.
  • November 19, 2001 - Oshamanbe Interchange - Kunnui Interchange section opened.
  • September 30, 2003 - Otoe Parking Area - Asahikawa Takasu Interchange section expanded to 4 lanes.
  • October 4, 2003 - Wassamu Interchange - Shibetsu-Kenbuchi Interchange section opened.
  • March 27, 2004 - Pippu Junction is opened, connecting with the Asahikawa-Monbetsu Expressway.
  • November 18, 2006 - Kunnui Interchange - Yakumo Interchange section opened.
  • December 21, 2007 - Abuta Tōyako Interchange is moved to a new location to meet the rebuilt National Route 230.
  • October 10, 2009 - Yakumo Interchange - Otoshibe Interchange section opened.
  • November 26, 2011 - Otoshibe Interchange - Mori Interchange section opened.
  • November 10, 2012 - Mori Interchange - Ōnuma Kōen Interchange section opened.
  • August 3, 2013 - New Chitose Airport Interchange opened.

List of interchanges and features[edit]

Southern route (Sapporo JCT - Nanae IC)[edit]

No. Name Connections Dist. from
Sapporo JCT
Bus Stop Notes Location
(all in Hokkaidō)
1-1 Sapporo JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Northern Route
Japan road sign 325.svg Sasson Expressway
0.0 Shiroishi-ku, Sapporo
1 Kitagō IC Japanese National Route Sign 0274.svg National Route 274 (Sapporo Shindō) 1.6 Asahikawa-bound exit, Tomakomai-bound entrance only
2 Ōyachi IC Japanese National Route Sign 0274.svg National Route 274 (Sapporo Shindō) 3.6 Tomakomai-bound exit, Asahikawa-bound entrance only
2-1
TB
Sapporo-minami IC/TB Sapporo Shindō 7.4 Kiyota-ku, Sapporo
3 Kitahiroshima IC Japanese National Route Sign 0036.svg National Route 36 11.9 Kitahiroshima
3-1
PA
Wattsu PA/SIC City Route (Hiroshima Wattsu Route) 16.0 O
BS Kita-Eniwa Bus Stop 22.1 O Eniwa
4 Eniwa IC/BS Pref. Route 117 (Eniwadake Kōen Route) 25.8 O
4-1 Chitose-Eniwa JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Dōtō Expressway 29.8 Chitose
5 Chitose IC Pref. Route 77 (Chitose Inter Route) 34.8
5-1 New Chitose Airport IC Pref. Route 1091 (Izumisawa Shinchitose Kūkō Route) 38.8
PA Misawa PA 41.4 Tomakomai
6 Tomakomai-higashi IC/
JCT
Japanese National Route Sign 0235.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Hidaka Expressway
Pref. Route 91 (Tomakomai-higashi Inter Route)
46.7
BS Takaoka Bus Stop 55.2 O
<6-1> Tomakomai-chūō IC Japanese National Route Sign 0276.svg National Route 276 Planned
7 Tomakomai-nishi IC Pref. Route 141 (Tarumae Nishikioka Route) 64.3
SA Tarumae SA 67.4
8 Shiraoi IC Pref. Route 86 (Shiraoi Ōtaki Route) 80.1 Shiraoi
PA Hagino PA 84.9
BS Takeura Bus Stop 89.7 O
9 Noboribetsu-higashi IC Pref. Route 2 (Tōyako Noboribetsu Route) 98.7 Noboribetsu
PA Tomiura PA 101.7
10 Noboribetsu Muroran IC Japanese National Route Sign 0036.svg National Route 36
Pref. Route 144 (Noboribetsu Muroran Inter Route)
110.1
PA Moto-Wanishi PA 118.2 Hakodate-bound only Muroran
11 Muroran IC Pref. Route 107 (Muroran Kanjō Route)
Pref. Route 127 (Muroran Inter Route)
119.7
SA Usuzan SA 130.2 Date
12 Date IC Pref. Route 145 (Date Inter Route)
Pref. Route 519 (Takinomachi Date Route)
132.6
- Higashiusu Emergency Exit Authorized vehicles only Tōyako
- Kitausu Emergency Exit Authorized vehicles only
13 Abuta Tōyako IC Japanese National Route Sign 0230.svg National Route 230 146.2
PA Toyoura-Funkawan PA 154.3 Highway Oasis Toyoura
14 Toyoura IC Japanese National Route Sign 0037.svg National Route 37 159.4
14-1 Kuromatsunai JCT Japanese National Route Sign 0005.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Kuromatsunai Road 177.6 Kuromatsunai
PA Shizukari PA 187.9 Oshamanbe
15 Oshamanbe IC Japanese National Route Sign 0005.svg National Route 5 193.2
16 Kunnui IC Japanese National Route Sign 0230.svg National Route 230 204.3
<PA> Kunnui PA Planned
17 Yakumo IC Japanese National Route Sign 0277.svg National Route 277 226.0 Yakumo
PA Yakumo PA 234.4 Highway Oasis
18 Otoshibe IC Pref. Route 1155 (Otoshibe Inter Route) 242.0
19 Mori IC Pref. Route 1156 (Mori Inter Route) 262.2 Mori
<TB> Ōnuma Kōen Toll Gate
<20> Ōnuma Kōen IC Pref. Route 149 (Ōnuma Inter Route) 271.9
<21> Nanae IC Japanese National Route Sign 0005.svg National Route 5 Planned Nanae
Through to Japanese National Route Sign 0005.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Hakodate Shindō

Northern route (Sapporo JCT - Nayoro IC)[edit]

No. Name Connections Dist. from
Sapporo JCT
Bus Stop Notes Location
1-1 Sapporo JCT Japan road sign 325.svg Sasson Expressway
Japan road sign 325.svg Southern Route
0.0 Shiroishi-ku, Sapporo
1 Sapporo IC/TB Japanese National Route Sign 0274.svg National Route 274 (Sapporo Shindō) 0.5 Asahikawa-bound entrance, Tomakomai-bound exit only
2 Ebetsu-nishi IC Pref. Route 110 (Ebetsu Inter Route) 7.1 Ebetsu
PA Nopporo PA 10.3 O
3 Ebetsu-higashi IC Japanese National Route Sign 0337.svg National Route 337 16.7
BS Kurisawa Bus Stop 24.3 O Iwamizawa
4 Iwamizawa IC Japanese National Route Sign 0234.svg National Route 234 32.4
SA Iwamizawa SA/
Higashiyama Bus Stop
36.1 O
5 Mikasa IC Pref. Route 116 (Iwamizawa Mikasa Route) 42.3 Mikasa
6 Bibai IC Pref. Route 135 (Bibai Furano Route) 53.6 Bibai
PA Chashinai PA 59.0 O
7 Naie Sunagawa IC Pref. Route 114 (Akabira Naie Route) 67.2 Naie
BS Sunagawa Yoshino Bus Stop 71.1 O Sunagawa
SA Sunagawa SA/
Sunagawa Ishiyama Bus Stop
76.1 O Highway Oasis
8 Takikawa IC Japanese National Route Sign 0038.svg National Route 38 81.2 Takikawa
BS Ebeotsu Bus Stop 86.6 O
8-1 Fukagawa JCT Japanese National Route Sign 0233.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Fukagawa-Rumoi Expressway 94.0 Fukagawa
9 Fukagawa IC Pref. Route 79 (Fukagawa Toyosato Route) 99.1
PA Otoe PA 104.9
BS Osamunai Bus Stop 109.1 O
10 Asahikawa Takasu IC Pref. Route 146 (Asahikawa Takasu Inter Route)
Pref. Route 1125 (Arashiyama Kōen Route)
125.8 Takasu
11 Asahikawa-kita IC Pref. Route 37 (Takasu Higashikagura Route) 134.3 Asahikawa
PA Pippu-Taisetsu PA 141.6 Pippu
11-1 Pippu JCT Japanese National Route Sign 0450.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Asahikawa-Monbetsu Expressway 145.0
12 Wassamu IC Japanese National Route Sign 0040.svg National Route 40 155.6 Wassamu
<PA> Kenbuchi PA Opens in 2020 Kenbuchi
TB Kenbuchi Toll Gate 171.6
13 Shibetsu-Kenbuchi IC Japanese National Route Sign 0040.svg National Route 40
<14> Tayoro IC Pref. Route 888 (Tōyō Tayoro Route) Opens in 2015 Shibetsu
- Nayoro IC Nayoro
Through to Japanese National Route Sign 0040.svgJapan road sign 325.svg Nayoro Bypass

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Kitahiroshima City". Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. "High Standard Trunk Road Map" (pdf). Retrieved 2008-04-13. 
  3. ^ "E-NEXCO Opening Schedule". Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  4. ^ "E-NEXCO Drive Plaza Route Search". Retrieved 2008-04-15. 

External links[edit]