Hokukano-Ualapue Complex

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Hokukano–Ualapue Complex
Hokukano-Ualapue Complex is located in Hawaii
Hokukano-Ualapue Complex
Location Hawaii Route 450, Ualapue, Molokaʻi, Hawaii
Coordinates 21°3′45.1″N 156°49′48″W / 21.062528°N 156.83000°W / 21.062528; -156.83000Coordinates: 21°3′45.1″N 156°49′48″W / 21.062528°N 156.83000°W / 21.062528; -156.83000
Area 146.5 acres (59.3 ha)
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 66000304[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLD December 29, 1962[2]

Hokukano-Ualapue Complex is a National Historic Landmarked pre-contact archaeological site on several properties adjacent to Hawaii Route 450 in Ualapue, on Molokaʻi island.

This site includes six heiaus and two fishponds. The complex is one of the most important collections of native Hawaiian sites in Hawaiʻi.[3][4] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.[1]

'Ili'ili'ōpae Heiau[edit]

The largest and most impressive of the six heiau in the complex is 'Ili'ili'ōpae, the largest heiau on Molokai and the second largest in all Hawaii. It consists of four tiers, rising to a stone platform measuring 287 feet by 87 feet.[3] It is located half a mile north of Highway 450, and can be reached by a track up the Mahulepu valley from the highway near milepost 15.

According to legend 'Ili'ili'ōpae Heiau was constructed in a single night with boulders passed from hand to hand along a chain of menehune from the Wailau valley on the north shore. A hiking trail from the temple to Wailau has now fallen into disuse and is overgrown.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Hokukano-Ualapue Complex". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b Dunbar, Helen R. (May 26, 1988). "Hokukano–Ualapue" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Hokukano–Ualapue" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  5. ^ Greg Ward (2011). Hawaii. Rough Guides. p. 409. ISBN 978-1848365292.