Holabird & Root
The architectural firm now known as Holabird & Root was founded in Chicago in 1880. Over the years, the firm has changed its name several times and adapted to the architectural style then current — from Chicago School to Art Deco to Modern Architecture to Sustainable Architecture.
The original founders, William Holabird and Ossian Cole Simonds, worked in the office of William LeBaron Jenney. They set up their own independent practice, Holabird & Simonds, in 1880 when they took on the project for an extension to Graceland Cemetery, passed on to them by Jenney. In 1881, Martin Roche, who had also worked for Jenney, joined them as a third partner. After only working together on five projects, Simonds left the firm in 1883 to pursue a career as a landscape architect. Holabird, Simonds & Roche became Holabird & Roche. A few years later however, the firm once again collaborated with the ex-partner when, from 1889 to 1895, they designed and built Fort Sheridan, for which Simonds provided the landscaping.
Beginning with the Tacoma Building (completed 1889; demolished 1929), their first major commission, and the Marquette Building (1895), the firm became well known for its groundbreaking Chicago School skyscrapers. An enormously successful practice, they also designed large, ornate hotels across the country, including Chicago's Palmer House.
After the deaths of William Holabird (1923) and Martin Roche (1927), the then renamed Holabird & Root was run by Holabird's son John Augur Holabird and John Wellborn Root, Jr., who had both joined back in 1914. Under their leadership, the firm adopted an Art Deco style. The company name changed to Holabird, Root & Burgee for a while, and two further generations of Holabirds served as partners (up to 1987). Currently located in the Marquette Building, the firm is now again called Holabird & Root, although nobody of either name is involved anymore.
- Graceland Cemetery Chapel, 1888
- Pontiac Building, 1891
- Monadnock Building (southern half), 1893
- McConnell Apartments, 1210 North Astor, Chicago, Illinois, 1897
- Gage Group Buildings, 1899
- Chicago Building, 1904
- Oliver Building, 1907 & 1920
- University Club of Chicago, 1908
- Cook County Courthouse/Chicago City Hall, 1910
- University of Illinois Ice Arena, 1913
- Muehlebach Hotel, 1915
- Memorial Stadium (Champaign), 1923
- Chicago Temple Building, 1923
- Soldier Field, 1924
- Palmer House Hotel, 1925
- Pedestals for Ivan Meštrović's The Bowman and The Spearman statues, 1926
- Stevens Hotel, 1927
- Evanston Masonic Temple, Evanston, Illinois, 1927
- 333 North Michigan Building, Chicago, Illinois, 1928
- Palmolive Building, Chicago, 1929
- Chicago Daily News Building, Chicago, 1929
- Rand Tower, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1929
- Chicago Motor Club Building, Chicago, 1929
- Chicago Board of Trade Building, Chicago, 1930
- Henry Crown Field House, Chicago, ~1930's
- Mason City Public Library, Mason City, Iowa, 1939
- North Dakota State Capitol Building, Bismarck, North Dakota, 1934
- Statler Hotel Washington, 1943
- Foster Walker Complex, Northwestern University, 1973
- Kersten Physics Teaching Center, University of Chicago, 1985
- Foellinger Auditorium gallery addition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985
- Skybridge, City of Davenport, Iowa, 2005
- Peninsula Players Theater, Fish Creek, Wisconsin, 2006
- Blaser, Werner. Chicago Architecture: Holabird & Root, 1880-1992. Basel; Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1992.
- Bruegmann, Robert. Holabird & Roche/Holabird & Root: An Illustrated Catalog of Works, 1880-1940. New York: Garland Publishing, 1991.
- Bruegmann, Robert. The Architects and the City: Holabird & Roche of Chicago, 1880-1918. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
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