Holbeche House in 2007 is a care home
|Town or city||Kingswinford near Dudley (formerly in Staffordshire)|
|Action at Holbeche House|
|Part of Gunpowder Plot|
|Gunpowder plotters||Government posse|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Robert Catesby†||Richard Walsh|
Holbeche House (also, in some texts, Holbeach or Holbeache) is a mansion located approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Kingswinford, now in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley but historically in Staffordshire. Some of the main protagonists in the Gunpowder Plot were either killed or captured at Holbeche House in 1605.
The Gunpowder Plot was an attempt by a small party of provincial English Catholics to blow up the House of Lords during the State Opening of Parliament, thereby killing James I and his court, as the prelude to a revolt during which a Catholic monarchy would be restored to the English throne.
It was after the failure of the plot that the fugitives took shelter in Holbeche House, owned by Stephen Lyttelton. They had taken supplies from Warwick Castle on 6 November and weapons and gunpowder from Hewell Grange on 7 November, but the powder became damp in the rain. After arriving at Holbeche House at about 10 pm, several were maimed when gunpowder left to dry in front of the fire was ignited by a stray spark. At about noon the next day, 8 November 1605, the house was surrounded by a posse led by Richard Walsh (the Sheriff of Worcester), originally seeking those responsible for the raid at Warwick Castle. Most of the plotters were either killed or wounded in the ensuing fight. Some walls have holes from muskets used in the storming of the house in 1605. Those still alive were taken to London, and later executed.
The building was constructed in around 1600. The original house has a central block of three bays, with two stories and an attic with dormer windows, and projecting side wings with Dutch gables at each end. Some original wood panelling remains inside. New façades were added in the early 19th century, and the house was later expanded. It is now a grade II* listed building, and is a private nursing home operated by Four Seasons Health Care.
- Holbeche house at Brittania.com accessed 18 October 2007
- Aikin, L. p.244
- Gunpowder Plot Society
- Holbeche House Care Home, Four Seasons Health Care
- Holbeache House, British Listed Buildings
- List entry summary, English Heritage