Holborn Viaduct railway station

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Holborn Viaduct
Extract of 1889 Railway Map Showing Ludgate Hill & Holborn Viaduct stations.png
Location
Place City of London
History
Opened by London, Chatham and Dover Railway
Platforms 6
Key dates Opened 1874
Closed 1990
Replaced by City Thameslink
Portal icon London Transport portal
Snow Hill
Location
Place City of London
History
Opened by London, Chatham and Dover Railway
Platforms 2
Key dates Opened 1874
Closed 1916
Replaced by None
Portal icon London Transport portal
A 1914 Railway Clearing House map of lines around the sites of Holborn Viaduct railway station and Snow Hill railway station

Holborn Viaduct was a railway terminus in central London.

History[edit]

Holborn Viaduct from which the station took its name

During the 1860s and 1870s, Ludgate Hill had begun to struggle with increasing numbers of trains. At the time, the LCDR was suffering financial problems, and so was unable to raise capital to expand the station. So, a separate company was set up to construct a 330-yard (300 m) branch from the Ludgate-Farringdon line that would terminate at a new station located on Holborn Viaduct, which would have a new hotel forming its frontage.

Holborn Viaduct opened on 2 March 1874 with the intention that it be used as a terminus for main line and continental trains: these services were intended to operate to both the City and the West End. Trains would travel as far as Herne Hill where they would split, with one portion going to Holborn Viaduct and the other to Victoria. Local services carried on through the Snow Hill Tunnel to join the Metropolitan Railway at Farringdon, with a pair of low-level platforms just north of Holborn Viaduct to allow interchange with the main line services. Opened on 1 August 1874, these platforms were named Snow Hill, before being briefly renamed Holborn Viaduct Low Level in 1912.

Passenger traffic through the Snow Hill tunnel ceased in 1916, which saw the low-level platforms closed, and Holborn Viaduct become a terminus for passenger services from the south of London into the City. The short distance between Holborn Viaduct and Blackfriars (660 yards (600 m)) also led to the intermediate station at Ludgate Hill being closed in 1929. The route was electrified in 1925 for services from Shortlands and Orpington.

Following the end of the Second World War, services to Holborn Viaduct began to be withdrawn. The electrification of the Kent Coast route led to two basic services operating all day from the station: to Sevenoaks and West Croydon, with peak time services to a number of other destinations. In 1963 the hotel, which had been heavily damaged during the Second World War, was demolished and redeveloped, a new 10-storey office building replacing it.

In the mid-1980s, Snow Hill tunnel was restored as a north-south rail link through central London. Services to and from Holborn Viaduct were gradually run down as part of this plan. In 1988, passenger trains began running through the Snow Hill Tunnel again, and Holborn Viaduct was reduced to operating only Monday-Friday during peak hours. The Thameslink plan was to build a new underground station in the vicinity, to be called St Paul's Thameslink. Its construction required the demolition of the bridge to Holborn Viaduct from Ludgate Hill. Holborn Viaduct eventually closed on 26 January 1990. The frontage of the station buildings were incorporated into the new City Thameslink station, which formed part of a new development funded by a commercial property company.

Rail approaches to Holborn Viaduct in 1953
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Terminus   London, Chatham
& Dover Railway
  Ludgate Hill
Terminus   British Rail
Southern Region

City Line
  Blackfriars

Layout[edit]

Holborn Viaduct was constructed as a six-platform terminus, with two island platforms and two side platforms, covered by a three-roof train shed. The redevelopment that began in 1963 saw the replacement of the train shed with shorter platform canopies, while a new concourse was constructed within the new office building on the ground floor level - the platforms were located at the first floor level.

The last train out of Holborn Viaduct was a special formed of two Class 411 units (8 CEP).[1] It was half an enthusiast special and half dedicated to those involved in the Ludgate project. It visited every London terminal used at that time by South Eastern. It terminated at Charing Cross and a reception for the Ludgate Project guests was held in the Charing Cross Hotel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jackson, Alan A. (1969) London's Termini. Newton Abbot: David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5901-0
  • White, H. P. (1963) "London Railway History" in: A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Vol. III: Greater London. Newton Abbot: David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5337-3
  • Clinnick, Richard (2011). "London's Lost Termini". Rail (Bauer Media) (664): 62–65. 
  1. ^ http://www.disused-stations.org.uk/h/holborn_viaduct/index28.shtml Photograph of unit 1513 as last train from Holborn Viaduct

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′58″N 0°06′13″W / 51.5162°N 0.1036°W / 51.5162; -0.1036