Holbrook, Arizona

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Holbrook, Arizona
City
Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum
Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum
Motto: "Gateway to the Petrified National Forest"
Location in Navajo County and the state of Arizona
Location in Navajo County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 34°54′26″N 110°9′46″W / 34.90722°N 110.16278°W / 34.90722; -110.16278Coordinates: 34°54′26″N 110°9′46″W / 34.90722°N 110.16278°W / 34.90722; -110.16278
Country  United States
State  Arizona
County Navajo
Incorporated 1917
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Body Holbrook City Council
 • Mayor Jeff Hill
Area
 • Total 15.4 sq mi (39.9 km2)
 • Land 15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation[1] 5,082 ft (1,548 m)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 5,053[2]
 • Estimate (2012) 5,005[2]
 • Density 328.12/sq mi (126.64/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) no DST/PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 86025
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-33280
GNIS ID(s) 5871, 2410773
Airport Holbrook Municipal Airport
Website http://www.ci.holbrook.az.us/

Holbrook (Navajo: Tʼiisyaakin) is a city in Navajo County, Arizona, United States. According to 2012 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 5,005.[2] The city is the county seat of Navajo County.[3]

Holbrook was founded in 1881 or 1882, when the railroad was built, and named to honor the first chief engineer of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.[4]

Historical events[edit]

  • During 1881 and 1882, railroad tracks were laid down and a railroad station was built. The community was then named Holbrook after the first engineer of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. This station was replaced by the Santa Fe Depot in 1892.
  • Holbrook became the county seat of Navajo County in 1895 and was incorporated in 1917.
  • Many of the events that played out during the Pleasant Valley War up to 1887 occurred in and around Holbrook.

Holbrook meteorite[edit]

Fragment of the "Holbrook" meteorite
See also: meteorite falls

After the appearance of a smoke trail in the sky on July 19, 1912, a meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kilograms (419 pounds) exploded over the town of Holbrook, and a shower of stones fell from the sky, estimated to number more than 16,000 and varying in weight from 6.6 kilograms to less than 0.1 grams.

Geography[edit]

Holbrook is located at 34°54′26″N 110°9′46″W / 34.90722°N 110.16278°W / 34.90722; -110.16278 (34.907203, -110.162882).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.4 square miles (40 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Holbrook has a semi-arid climate (BSk) with cold to cool winters and hot summers. Although the mean snowfall is 0.16 metres (6.30 in), the median is zero, so the majority of winters do not have measurable snow.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 3,438
1970 4,757 38.4%
1980 5,785 21.6%
1990 4,686 −19.0%
2000 4,917 4.9%
2010 5,053 2.8%
source:[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 4,917 people, 1,626 households, and 1,195 families residing in the city. The population density was 318.4 people per square mile (122.9/km²). There were 1,906 housing units at an average density of 123.4 per square mile (47.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.28% White, 24.00% Native American, 2.36% Black or African American, 1.04% Asian, 8.38% from other races, and 4.94% from two or more races. 23.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,626 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the city the population was spread out with 35.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,746, and the median income for a family was $36,349. Males had a median income of $30,797 versus $24,088 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,912. About 16.6% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.7% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]

At the Wigwam Motel along U.S. Route 66, visitors can take the chance to bunk down in a teepee.

Annual events[edit]

  • Old Western Days [10]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools The city is served by the Holbrook Unified School District and serves 2324 students.

Three elementary schools: Park Elementary School (K-2) and Hulet Elementary School (3-5) serve the city and Indian Wells Elementary (K-6) serves the northern parts of the school district.

Holbrook Junior High School (6-8) and Holbrook High School (9-12) serve the city.

Colleges and universities One of the four main campuses of Northland Pioneer College community college is located in Holbrook. The other three main campuses are in Show Low, Snowflake, and Winslow, all in Navajo County, Arizona.

Public libraries The Holbrook Public Library is located in Holbrook.[11]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ellis, Catherine H. (2007). Holbrook and The Petrified Forest, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC. ISBN 978-0-7385-4885-2.

References[edit]

  • Lyle Johnston, editor, Centennial Memories - A history of Holbrook Az. 1881-1981, privately printed, 1992.
  1. ^ "Feature Detail Report for: Holbrook". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ a b c "Holbrook (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://www.azcommerce.com/doclib/commune/holbrook.pdf
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "HOLBROOK, AZ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2010)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ See the entry for September 19 on Ben Scott, Schott's Miscellany Calendar 2009 (New York: Workman Publishing Company, 2008).
  10. ^ http://www.ci.holbrook.az.us/index.asp?SEC=9ED08635-E8B5-421D-8DA8-33D875B16AA9&Type=B_BASIC
  11. ^ "Member Libraries." Navajo County Public Library District. Retrieved on January 21, 2011.

External links[edit]