Holbrookia maculata

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lesser earless lizard
Holbrookia maculata.jpg
lesser earless lizard (Holbrookia maculata)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptiliaia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Phrynosomatidae
Genus: Holbrookia
Species: H. maculata
Binomial name
Holbrookia maculata
Girard, 1851

The lesser earless lizard (Holbrookia maculata) is a species of phrynosomid lizard endemic to the southwestern and central United States and northern Mexico.

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming, as well as in the Mexican states of Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sinaloa, Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León.


The 9 recognized subspecies of Holbrookia maculata, many of which in the past held full species status, are:

  • Speckled earless lizard, H. m. approximans Baird, 1958
  • Bunker's earless lizard, H. m. bunkeri H.M. Smith, 1935
  • Dickerson's earless lizard, H. m. dickersonae Schmidt, 1921
  • Mexican earless lizard, H. m. elegans Bocourt, 1874
  • Northern earless lizard, H. m. maculata Girard, 1851
  • Eastern earless lizard, H. m. perspicua Axtell, 1956
  • Huachuca earless lizard, H. m. pulchra Schmidt, 1921
  • Bleached earless lizard, H. m. ruthveni H.M. Smith, 1943
  • Western earless lizard, H. m. thermophila Barbour, 1921