Holden Special

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Holden Special
Holden FJ Gawler.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Holden
Also called Holden Business
Holden Premier
Holden Standard
Production 1953–1968
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size
Body style 2-door coupé utility
3-door panel van
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Chronology
Successor Holden Kingswood

The Holden Special is a mid-size car that was manufactured by General Motors-Holden's, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors (GM). Introduced as the top-level trim in the new Holden FJ range of 1953, the Special was complemented by the entry-level Holden Standard and the mid-range Holden Business. The Business was in fact already available, introduced in July 1953 in the 48 series first seen in 1948. Three months later, the FJ was introduced, therefore forming a three-model lineup based around one car.[citation needed] A "Standard"-type variant also existed in the 48 series, but had been marketed simply as the "Holden".[1]

There were also coupé utility and panel van variants, introduced in 1951 (48) and 1953 (FJ) respectively. These were both based on the Standard, although neither were badged this way. Collectively, the two cars were known as the Holden utility and panel van. From March 1957 the sedan, utility and panel van body styles were complemented by a new five-door station wagon. The wagon was marketed as the "Station Sedan" in both Standard and Special trim levels.[2]

The Business sedan was deleted from the Holden lineup in mid-1959, during the FC production run, leaving just the Standard and Special. However, in 1962 the Holden Premier was introduced with the EJ series, becoming the new flagship, with the Special assigned as the mid-range Holden. This model trio continued until the 1968 HK series. The Standard became the Belmont, the Special the Kingswood, with the Premier staying as is. A new extended-length Brougham also joined the line-up, becoming Holden's topline offering.

First generation (1953–1956)[edit]

48[edit]

Main article: Holden 48-215

The Business was introduced in July 1953, in four-door sedan form only, as a better equipped version of the basic Holden 48-215 series sedan introduced in 1948 and was specifically aimed at the taxi market. Improvements included passenger grab rails, door pull handles, seat kick plates, heavy-duty seats, floor mats, a heavy-duty battery and a boot lid handle. The Business Sedan was officially designated as model 48-215-257.[3] Like the basic Holden sedan, it was powered by a 132.5 cubic inch six cylinder engine.[4]

FJ[edit]

Main article: Holden FJ

Only three months after the introduction of the original Business, the 48 series was replaced by the revised FJ Business. This series also included a new trim level, the Special, which was positioned above the Business in terms of price and equipment level. The new Business was designated as model FJ-217.[5]

Second generation (1956–1960)[edit]

FE[edit]

Main article: Holden FE

The FE series of July 1956 continued to offer Standard, Business and Special sedans but now featured new body styling, a longer wheelbase (up 2 inches (51 mm) to 105 inches), a more powerful engine (up 10 bhp (7.5 kW) to 70 bhp), revised electrics, steering and interior trim. The Business sedan was designated as model FE-217. From March 1957 a station wagon body style was offered in the FE series, but only in Standard and Special trim.[6]

FC[edit]

Main article: Holden FC

The revised FC series introduced in May 1958 was a face-lift, offering only minor improvements over the FE. The Business was designated the FC-217.[7]

Third generation (1960–1962)[edit]

FB[edit]

Main article: Holden FB
Holden FB Standard Sedan.
Holden FB Trim.
Holden Dealer logo FB.
Holden FB Owners Manual.

The introduction of the FB series in January 1960 saw the Business sedan discontinued, leaving the Standard and the Special as the only Holden sedans for the first years of the new decade.[8]

Holden Produced 174,747 Holden FB's. The FB like the FC took on the shape of the earlier General Motors Chevrolet. The new FB was very much styled off the 1957 Chevy, with the FB's rear pointed twin fins. Together with a "new American Style dashboard with speedo featuring an orange-coloured indicator band instead of a needle pointer" The Holden FB and the '57 Chev had a lot in common[9]

The FB Holden was manufactured with four common body styles. The Special sedan (model FB/225), Special Station Wagon (model FB/229), Standard Sedan (model FB/215), Standard Station Wagon (Model FB/219), Standard Panel Van (Model FB/2104) and standard Utility (Model FB/2106).[10][11]

The FB Holden also saw the end of the Nitro (Duco) finishes. These early model FBs are very sought after in their original paint, as Holden introduced the "Magic Mirror" Acrylic finished in June 1960. With these change came new colours. Out were Nitro colours, Alpine Blue, Arctic Beige, Belmont Green, Biscay Green, Buckskin, Corana Grey, Desert Glow, Fernando Yellow, Lucerne Blue, Mandan Red, Raphael Ivory, Royal Glow, Sandstone Beige. All very rare colours to find on an FB Holden today, due to the five-month production window.[12] On the subject of windows, the FB had 27 percent more glass area than the previous Holden the FC. The FB was also lower wider and longer than the FC.[13]

The Holden FB panel van proved to be a big hit in the commercial sectors. The new 1960 FB panel van was the first Holden with a high roof. The FC Holden was more or less a station wagon in comparison.

Holden FB is also noted as Holden's first export left hand drive car. The first of these cars being delivered to Hawaii.[14]

EK[edit]

Main article: Holden EK
1961–1962 Holden EK Special

Introduced in May 1961, the Holden EK was essentially a cosmetic variation on the previous model the FB, with the addition of the first automatic transmission option factory-fitted to a Holden. 150,214 vehicles were produced. The Hydramatic was fully imported from the USA (used in many General Motors cars at the time).[15]

EK was available in the Special Sedan EK/225 and Special Station Sedan EK/229; however, extremely rare examples of automatic commercial EK's have been sighted with one EK/215 factory Hydramatic in Snowcrest white surfaced in 1990. The rare 215 Auto was sold by Mitchell & Townsend Holden Blacktown 28 March 1962; the car also featured body number 57.[16]

Just behind the Automatic gear box addition was the electric windshield wipers. The previous model FB used vacuum wipers. The other changes were more cosmetic. Holden implemented stronger seat material "ElastoFab" due to the FB trim splitting at the seams quite easily, with the horizontal mid seat seam trim join. Holden also added a new grille, plenum chamber (Wiper Vent) cover, larger bumper bar over-riders, different badging and side trim style.[17]

Fourth generation (1962–1965)[edit]

EJ[edit]

Holden EJ Special station sedan
Main article: Holden EJ

In 1962 Holden launched a completely new, lower-profile streamlined body with more interior space, new foam-padded seating and better all-round visibility.

The “Premier” model was introduced and the name “Premier”, was to be identified with luxury Classic Holden Cars for 16 years. The EJ Premier, first with standard metallic paint and auto transmission, offered leather trim bucket seats, heater, carpet, floor console and whitewalls. The EJ had Duo Servo brakes, strengthened front suspension, safety belt anchorages.

EH[edit]

Holden EH Special sedan.
Main article: Holden EH

Introduced in 1963.

Fifth generation (1965–1968)[edit]

HD[edit]

Main article: Holden HD

Introduced in 1965.

HR[edit]

Main article: Holden HR

Introduced in 1966.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wright (2008), p. 205.
  2. ^ Davis, Kennedy, Kennedy (Part One), p. 57
  3. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 223.
  4. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 292.
  5. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 225.
  6. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 228.
  7. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 229.
  8. ^ Darwin (2002), p. 230.
  9. ^ http://www.powerhousemuseum.com
  10. ^ Holden FB Workshop Manual Page 2
  11. ^ "www.historyofholden.com/fb-holden". 
  12. ^ General Motors Holden LTD Colour Identification Chart 1960
  13. ^ http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/collection/database/?irn=349490
  14. ^ "media.gm.com/aus/holden/en/company/history/HH13Part1.pdf" (PDF). 
  15. ^ Holden History http://www.historyofholden.com/ek-holden
  16. ^ http://www.fbekholden.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2251&highlight=snowcrest
  17. ^ http://media.gm.com/aus/holden/en/company/history/HH13Part1.pdf

References[edit]