Holden VE Commodore
|Holden VE Commodore|
Holden VE Calais V Sedan
|Manufacturer||Holden (General Motors)|
|Also called||Holden VE Berlina
Holden VE Calais
Holden VE Ute
July 2006 – May 2013520,000+ units (all derivatives)
|Assembly||Australia: Elizabeth, South Australia|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé utility
5-door station wagon
|Layout||Front-engine, rear-wheel drive|
|Related||Buick Park Avenue (China)
Holden WM Statesman/Caprice
HSV E Series
|Engine||3.0 L SIDI V6
3.6 L Alloytec V6
3.6 L SIDI V6
6.0 L Generation 4 Alloy V8
|Wheelbase||2,915 mm (114.8 in)|
|Length||4,894–4,900 mm (192.7–190 in) (sedan)
4,896–4,904 mm (192.8–193.1 in) (wagon)
|Width||1,899 mm (74.8 in)|
|Height||1,471–1,476 mm (57.9–58.1 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,690–1,825 kg (3,700–4,020 lb) (sedan)
1,837–1,988 kg (4,050–4,380 lb) (wagon)
|Predecessor||Holden VZ Commodore|
|Successor||Holden VF Commodore|
Succeeding the previous VZ model, the VE marked the introduction of the fourth generation of Holden Commodore—a model line introduced in 1978. As opposed to the VZ and all models previous which used Opel-sourced platforms adapted both mechanically and in size for the local market, the VE programme is the first Commodore to be developed exclusively by Holden in Australia. Despite its status as an all-new model, engines—comprising the 3.6-litre V6 and more powerful 6.0-litre V8—have been largely carried over from the VZ series. Innovative features to help minimise export redevelopment costs, such as a symmetrical centre console housing a flush-fitting hand brake lever, facilitate the conversion to left-hand drive. Internationally, the VE is badge engineered as the Chevrolet Lumina, Chevrolet Omega and previously as the Pontiac G8 from 2007 to 2009.
Holden implemented a staged roll-out of the VE variants, releasing the sedan first in July 2006. Prior to this, Holden stated they would manufacture two parallel generations of Commodores until the new station wagon and utility body styles were launched. Variants by Holden's performance vehicle partner, Holden Special Vehicles (HSV), were released soon after the sedan's debut alongside the long-wheelbase WM Statesman/Caprice models. The VE Ute did not enter production until 2007 when it was accompanied by the previewing of a Sportwagon concept. The Sportwagon itself was subsequently introduced in July 2008 with the standard Commodore wheelbase instead of the extended wheelbase of previous Commodore wagons.
Updates to the VE have come in the form of model year (MY) changes from early 2007 onwards. Typically subtle in nature, these recurring changes have involved alterations to colours and trim, increased standard equipment, and a reduction in fuel consumption. More noteworthy adjustments have come in the form of a smaller 3.0-litre V6 engine for entry-level versions and "Series II" styling revisions in late 2010.
History of development
|Interior types – Series I|
SS V (pictured)
Calais V (pictured)
|Interior types – Series II|
Official manufacture of the sedan began at Holden's Elizabeth, South Australia production facility on 13 July 2006. Three days later, Holden publicly revealed the car at the Melbourne Convention Centre, broadcast simultaneously via the Internet. The launch occurred alongside that of the flagship WM Statesman/Caprice. Previous to this, Holden announced that VE station wagon and utility variants would be postponed and the VZ equivalents would remain in production. Sales of the VE Ute commenced on 22 August 2007. This was shortly followed by the unveiling of a Sportwagon concept, the production version of which was released in July 2008.
Holden's designers and engineers began laying down the basics of a clean-sheet Commodore sedan in 1999. In the seven years of development, the car came to be Holden's largest and most expensive project, representing an expenditure exceeding A$1 billion and 3.4 million kilometres (2.1 million miles) of testing.
In 1999 Peter Hughes, Holden's manager of exterior design, produced a two-dimensional image of a sketch drawn earlier by Michael Simcoe, Holden's design director at the time. Known in house as the "Bill of Design", the sketch formed the design basis for the production-ready car. Various elements of the sketch were changed, including the rear tail lamps, the low-profile side window cluster and the drawn out wheelbase, but the aggressive stance remained.
In 2004, just two years before the release of the VE Commodore, Holden unveiled the Torana TT36 concept car at the Australian International Motor Show in Sydney. The TT36 served as a preview of the VE and allowed Holden to gauge public reaction to its styling. Much of the Torana's styling drew on the essence of the VE's design. Some production-ready components even carried over from the TT36 including the steering wheel, the window and rear-view mirror switch cluster and the handbrake lever.
Shortly after stylists penned the first design sketches, Holden engineers began work on developing the chassis. Opel, which had provided the basis for all previous Commodore generations, ceased production of their rear-wheel drive Omega in 2003. This meant that Holden had two options: to use another GM platform, or to develop an all-new vehicle. GM's new premium rear-wheel drive Sigma platform was to see production in the 2002 Cadillac CTS. Holden's engineers were offered this platform, but decided it was not appropriate. The Sigma platform's double A-arm front suspension and extensive use of aluminium were too costly for the VE's market segment. The luggage compartment was deemed too small and the Sigma interior package could not be stretched sufficiently to become a family-sized car. In particular, the rear-seat shoulder width was too tight. These major drawbacks made Holden decide to develop an all new platform, known as the GM Zeta platform, on which a number of forthcoming GM vehicles will also be based. The Zeta suspension system comprises new double-pivot MacPherson strut for the front and a four-link independent rear setup. These replace the previous simple MacPherson strut design front and much criticised semi-trailing arm rear suspension, for improved ride and handling.
Denny Mooney was appointed chairman of Holden on 1 January 2004, by which time development of the VE Commodore was well underway. Key design and engineering work was being finalised, and investment was already being made in making the tooling with which to manufacture the car. One of Mooney's priorities was to improve the perceived quality issues that surrounded the previous generations of Commodores. The interior quality benefited dramatically from this additional emphasis; Mooney pushed for panel gaps to be reduced by a further 0.5 millimetres (0.020 in) over previous targets. Smaller panel gaps are just one of the ways that Holden have developed the VE to pitch it against the European competitors. Through the use of advanced steels and intensive design, the body structure is 50 percent stiffer than the outgoing model, benefiting from noise and vibration reductions, handling and crash safety. However the new body has resulted in substantially increased weight over the outgoing model.
The development of the new car led Holden to redesign the Elizabeth plant in South Australia so that entire sections of the car can be assembled off the foremost production line. This new production method allows for complete sub-sections like the engine and transmissions to be constructed seamlessly together on rigs that simplify production. This process is applied to the front-end module of the VE Commodore, consisting of the headlights, bumpers, airbag sensors and other accessory components. It can be easily removed as one-piece leading to lower repair costs and easier access to the engine bay. This design represents the first time such a method has been used within GM, and garnered the SAE Australasia's 2006 Automotive Engineering Excellence Award. A modular design structure known within Holden as "Flex Vision" has been applied to the interior where fundamentally different components such as audio units and instrument clusters can be swapped out for the different Commodore variants, creating radically varied interior look and feel without much higher costs. The upshot of this is much greater differentiation between the variants than the outgoing model creating three distinct interior looks, dubbed: Functional, Performance and Luxury. The closely related long-wheelbase WM Statesman/Caprice derivatives feature a fourth interior type referred to as Prestige.
Additional detail touches were added to the VE, such as a new four-strut hinge system for the boot to replace space intrusive, much maligned "gooseneck" hinges as used on previous Commodores. High-specification variants see expandable door pockets and a Saab-like "blackout" feature which illuminates only the speedometer at night to enhance driver focus on the road. An innovative flush-fitting handbrake set into a symmetrical centre console means the lever can be easily reversed to sit on the opposite side of console for left-hand drive export markets, minimising redesign costs.
Introduced in July 2008, the A$110 million VE Sportwagon programme represented a departure from previous Commodore station wagons. Holden was concerned that the traditional wagon market was being severely eroded by growing sport utility vehicle (SUV) sales and over-reliance on fleet purchasing. Up to 90 percent of VZ wagons were bought by fleet companies and Holden sought to attract more retail customers. The decision was made to develop a sportier, more stylish wagon as an alternative to SUVs. The Sportwagon, unlike the previous VZ wagon, which shared its long-wheelbase with the Statesman/Caprice is built on the same short-wheelbase platform as the sedan. This shift in thinking means cargo capacity is reduced from VZ's 1,402 litres (370 US gal) to 895 litres (236 US gal) but the sedan's near 50:50 weight distribution is retained. The Sportwagon is styled with an aggressively sloping rear profile. To ensure the cargo opening is sufficiently large with such a profile, the tailgate hinges part way up the roof line. The design of the tailgate is compact enough to open in just 268 millimetres (10.6 in) of space, a publicised feature in Sportwagon television commercials.
Revisions were made to the suspension over the sedan's setup. These included stiffer springs, anti-roll bar changes and an additional ball-joint in the rear suspension to handle the extra load. Weight increases by 91 kilograms (200 lb) over the sedan. Aggressive pricing means Sportwagon variants of each specification level receive a A$1,000 premium over the sedan and are cheaper than the outgoing VZ wagons.
2007 saw the launch of the Holden VE Ute, a coupe utility based on the VE Commodore. It was unveiled to the media in August, with showroom sales began later in the month. This generation of the Holden Ute is aimed as a "lifestyle vehicle", a shift from the traditional "workhorse" market.
- Omega: The base model, having similar standard features to the Commodore Omega sedan but can carry more than the SS-V, SS and SV6. It has the standard 3.6-litre V6 180 kW (241 hp) and 330 N·m (243 lb·ft). The manual version of the Omega came with the 3.6-litre High-Output V6 with 195 kW (261 hp) and 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) but only until the mid-2009 MY10 update.
- SV6: A sportier version of the V6 Ute, the SV6 replaced the S-pack from previous models. This has the 3.6-litre High-Output V6 with 195 kW (261 hp) and 340 N·m (251 lb·ft). Which has been recently updated to 210 kW (282 hp) and 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) engine.
- SS: The SS Ute is the basic V8 version with the same 6-litre V8 as the Commodore sedan with 270 kW (362 hp) and 530 N·m (391 lb·ft).
- SS-V: A higher spec edition of the SS and based on the SS-V Sedan, it has a 6-litre V8 with 270 kW (362 hp) and 530 N·m (391 lb·ft).
- SS-V Redline (Series II):A performance version of the SS-V offering Brembo brakes, 19-inch Alloy wheels, FE3 Super Sports Performance Suspension and a mandatory tyre inflater kit.
Unlike the previous VU–VZ generation, no double-cab, cab-chassis or AWD variants are offered.
Engine packaging became a contentious issue during development. Holden's designers wanted the engine positioned well behind the front axle to allow short overhangs and an overall sportier appearance, whereas the crash engineers were concerned that this would reduce the body's impact absorption in an accident. Negotiation between designers and crash engineers resulted in moving of some of the engine components, including relocating the battery to the boot, freeing up valuable front-end space. By having the engine moved back and further down, the VE Commodore also benefits from near perfect 50:50 weight distribution across all variants, leading to superior handling. Crash engineers introduced several other safety initiatives, including relocating the fuel tank in front of the rear-axle line, instead of behind. A more crash-resistant rear-end was also seen as necessary. The design though had to incorporate a spacious boot and a spare-wheel bay that could house the largest-sized wheel to be fitted to the car. Crash test results from Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP) rate the VE lower in the offset frontal impact test than the previous generation Commodore. The overall crash score was marginally higher than the outgoing VZ, due to improvements in side impact protection giving a score of 27.45 out of 37 or a four star rating out of a possible five.
Holden's standardisation of six airbags in March 2008 for MY09 made the VE eligible for the ANCAP side pole test, yielding additional scoring points. The second stage of the VE's safety rollout in October 2008 for MY09.5 included the addition of an energy absorbing steering column shroud and redesigned rear door latches across the VE range. The inclusion of a seat belt reminder on the Omega sedan yielded another point, thus allowing the Omega sedan to score five-stars, or a score of 33.45 when tested the following December. The Omega Sportwagon was the next model to be awarded the full five stars the following February, following the addition of a seat belt reminder in Sportwagon production. The remaining VE models, including the Ute and WM Statesman/Caprice, which had already received most of the safety upgrades, received the seat belt reminder as standard fitment as of MY10 production from August 2009. As a result, all VE sedan and Sportwagon variants along with the extended length WM models received the five-star rating. The VE Ute officially received the rating on 19 October 2009, making the entire line-up of Australian-made Holdens five-star ANCAP rated.
Holden, concerned about the risks of introducing a new platform and drivetrain at the same time, introduced the Australian-built Alloytec V6 engine in the proven VZ model. This allowed time to address any issues or faults before fitting it to the VE. The original base V6 benefited from power increases over the VZ, with engine noise reduced by using new timing chains among other modifications. An updated version of the long-serving four-speed GM 4L60-E automatic transmission remained for this engine. Manual transmission options are the Aisin AY6 and Tremec T-56 six-speeders. Two automatics featuring Active Select; the five-speed GM 5L40-E and six-speed GM 6L80-E were also offered. The latter was reserved exclusively for a modified L76 V8 engine, giving an extra 10 kilowatts (13 hp) of power compared to the VZ. This new engine designated L98 does not readily support fuel-saving Active Fuel Management technology, unlike the L76.
In October 2006, Holden introduced a bi-fuel version of the Alloytec V6, available to the Omega and Berlina. Able to run on both petrol and LPG, it features an advanced sequential vapour gas injection (SVGI) system and hardened valve seats to cope. The bi-fuel V6 produces 5 kilowatts (7 hp) and 5 newton metres (4 lb·ft) less than the conventional V6 when run on LPG, for a total of 175 kilowatts (235 hp). Although LPG prices are lower, the engine uses a large 100-kilogram (220 lb) cylindrical gas tank which causes decreased boot space and slightly increased fuel consumption. Holden was able to take advantage of a loophole in government legislation, allowing an A$2,000 rebate on LPG installation because the unit is fitted post-production by Holden's customisation arm HSVi. Normally, people would only be entitled to a A$1,000 rebate for new cars pre-installed with LPG. Due to the possibility that these bi-fuel Commodores may have been fitted with undersized O-rings in the service valve hand tap, Holden issued a recall affecting the first 981 of these models on 10 April 2007. There were also two VE recalls previous to this. The initial 16 October 2006 recall affecting 1,521 V8 Commodore and WM Statesman/Caprice models involved a faulty fuel hose, causing a fuel smell to enter the cabin. A second 10 November 2006 recall affecting 12,830 Commodores and WM models built prior to 11 September 2006 resulted from defective rear seat belt anchors. On 7 December 2007, another recall was issued for over 86,000 VE and WM V6 models. This was due to the possibility that one of the fuel lines in the engine compartment may have a rub condition with a fuel vapour hose clip, possibly causing a fuel smell to become evident.
For the 2008 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney, Holden announced the MY09.5 upgrade involving the standardisation of the "premium" Alloytec V6 across the Commodore range from 1 November 2008, whereas previously it had been reserved for the SV6 and Calais. Omega and Berlina variants acquired variable valve timing, like the High Output engine, but not the "premium" dual exhaust system and the five-speed automatic transmission. These changes result in the base petrol V6 producing 5 kilowatts (7 hp) less power and 5 newton metres (4 lb·ft) less torque than the engine it replaces. However, Omega and Berlina sedans benefit from a two percent fuel efficiency improvement, or four percent for wagons. Additionally, emissions have also been reduced allowing petrol-powered variants to achieve Euro VI certification, a pending emission standard for European introduction in 2014. These changes extend further than the petrol engine as bi-fuel LPG variants benefit from an eight percent reduction in fuel economy when run on LPG. This reduced fuel consumption does however, come at a cost—LPG-equipped models are rated at 318 newton metres (235 lb·ft), 7 newton metres (5 lb·ft) less than before.
Also announced at the 2008 motor show was a version of the 6.0-litre V8 engine fitted with Active Fuel Management (AFM) technology, known as the L76. Originally omitted from the L98 V8, AFM aids fuel consumption under light engine loads, although it is available only when paired with the automatic transmission and power output is reduced by 10 kilowatts (13 hp). The announcement of AFM coincided with the announcement of EcoLine, a badge highlighting Holden vehicles employing fuel saving technologies or those powered by fuels other than petrol. For the VE Commodore, both AFM and LPG-powered versions fall under the EcoLine umbrella. On 7 April 2009, Holden announced that dealerships were receiving their first deliveries of EcoLine-branded models, including the new L76 V8s.
On 4 August 2009, Holden announced the MY10 revisions to the VE and WM range to be released in September. For the VE Omega and Berlina, the 3.6-litre Alloytec V6 has been downsized to 3.0-litres, the lowest engine displacement of a Commodore since the straight-six engine fitted to the 1986 VL series. This smaller capacity engine features Spark Ignition Direct Injection (SIDI) technology, and is officially claimed to reduce fuel consumption by up to 12 percent depending on the variant. Power increases to 190 kilowatts (250 hp), although torque is reduced to 290 newton metres (210 lbf·ft). Along with the 3.0-litre engine, a 3.6-litre version of the same, producing 210 kilowatts (280 hp) and 350 newton metres (260 lbf·ft), was also unveiled. Other than the manual transmission version of the SV6, all SIDI V6 models are coupled to GM's 6L50 automatic and fall under Holden's EcoLine banner. Benefits to fuel economy for the 3.6-litre SIDI can also be attributed to an improved "deceleration fuel cut" system, which terminates the fuel supply during engine coasting; a higher efficiency alternator and voltage regulator; a 50 rpm lower idle speed (to 550 rpm); and a new "turbine damper" for the automatic transmission that works to suppress vibrations at low rpms, thus enabling earlier upshifts. Omega versions of the Ute and all bi-fuel versions retain the existing 3.6-litre and four-speed automatic combination, although the LPG engine has been tweaked for further efficiency gains.
Further powertrain improvement came in September 2010 with the MY11 upgardes. Omega versions of the Ute were upgraded to the 3.0-litre SIDI engine with six-speed automatic transmission as used in the sedan and wagons versions. Holden also modified both the 3.0-litre V6 and 6.0-litre V8 engines to accept E85 bio-ethanol in addition to petrol. Holden claims that running either engine on E85 provides a sizeable increase in performance and reduces CO2 emissions between 20 and 40 percent, depending on the distance the fuel is transported from the production site to the filling station. E85 compatibility extended to the 3.6-litre V6 as part of the MY12 update in September 2011.
|Eng. disp.; configuration||Engine||Power||Torque||Transmission||Fuel type||Fuel consumption (sedan)||Production|
|3.6 L (3,564 cc); V6||Alloytec (LY7)||180 kW (240 hp)||330 N·m (240 lb·ft)||4-speed GM 4L60-E automatic||Petrol||10.9 L/100 km (21.6 mpg-US)||2006–2007|
|10.8 L/100 km (21.8 mpg-US)||2007–2008|
|175 kW (235 hp)||325 N·m (240 lb·ft)||10.6 L/100 km (22.2 mpg-US)||2008–2009|
|Petrol/LPG (bi-fuel)||16.0 L/100 km (14.7 mpg-US)||2006–2007|
|15.5 L/100 km (15.2 mpg-US)||2007–2008|
|318 N·m (235 lb·ft)||14.2 L/100 km (16.6 mpg-US)||2008–2009|
|13.4 L/100 km (17.6 mpg-US)||2009–2012|
|High Output Alloytec (LY7)||195 kW (261 hp)||340 N·m (250 lb·ft)||6-speed Aisin AY6 manual||Petrol||11.0 L/100 km (21.4 mpg-US)||2006–2009|
|5-speed GM 5L40-E automatic||11.3 L/100 km (20.8 mpg-US)|
|3.0 L (2,997 cc); V6||SIDI (LF1)||190 kW (250 hp)||290 N·m (210 lb·ft)||6-speed GM 6L50 automatic||Petrol||9.3 L/100 km (25.3 mpg-US)||2009–2010|
|Petrol/E85||9.1 L/100 km (25.8 mpg-US)||2010–2011|
|8.9 L/100 km (26.4 mpg-US)||2011–2013|
|3.6 L (3,564 cc); V6||SIDI (LLT)||210 kW (280 hp)||350 N·m (260 lb·ft)||6-speed Aisin AY6 manual||Petrol||10.2 L/100 km (23.1 mpg-US)||2009–2010|
|9.8 L/100 km (24.0 mpg-US)||2010–2013|
|6-speed GM 6L50 automatic||9.9 L/100 km (23.8 mpg-US)||2009–2010|
|9.8 L/100 km (24.0 mpg-US)||2010–2011|
|SIDI (LFX)||Petrol/E85||9.5 L/100 km (24.8 mpg-US)||2011–2013|
|SIDI (LWR)||180 kW (240 hp)||320 N·m (240 lb·ft)||LPG||12.3 L/100 km (19.1 mpg-US)||2012–2013|
|6.0 L (5,967 cc); V8||Generation 4 Alloy (L98)||270 kW (360 hp)||530 N·m (390 lb·ft)||6-speed Tremec T-56 manual||Petrol||14.4 L/100 km (16.3 mpg-US)||2006–2009|
|13.7 L/100 km (17.2 mpg-US)||2009–2010|
|6-speed GM 6L80-E automatic||14.3 L/100 km (16.4 mpg-US)||2006–2008|
|Generation 4 Alloy (AFM) (L76)||260 kW (350 hp)||517 N·m (381 lb·ft)||13.9 L/100 km (16.9 mpg-US)||2008–2009|
|12.9 L/100 km (18.2 mpg-US)||2009|
|12.6 L/100 km (18.7 mpg-US)||2009–2010|
|Generation 4 Alloy (L77)||270 kW (360 hp)||530 N·m (390 lb·ft)||6-speed Tremec T-56 manual||Petrol/E85||12.2 L/100 km (19.3 mpg-US)||2010–2013|
|Generation 4 Alloy (AFM) (L77)||260 kW (350 hp)||517 N·m (381 lb·ft)||6-speed GM 6L80-E automatic||12.6 L/100 km (18.7 mpg-US)||2010–2011|
|12.3 L/100 km (19.1 mpg-US)||2011–2013|
Replacing the outgoing Commodore Executive and Acclaim, the Omega offers a halfway point in terms of equipment levels. The most significant gain over the Executive is the electronic stability control system (Bosch version 8.0) now standard across the range. Like all VE models, the Omega uses a "space saver" spare tyre, which has come under scrutiny. The tyre can be driven for 500 kilometres (310 mi) at a maximum speed of 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). Concerns have been raised by the public over its usefulness in remote Australian outback areas, far from any tyre repair centres and asserts that it is a cost-cutting measure. Similar concerns have been raised in the media, although Holden maintains that this is a weight-saving feature and allows for full-size spare tyres to be purchased at an additional cost. Likewise, critics found the omission of standard air conditioning for the Omega model unforgivable, given both the overall hot Australian climate, and the cost of the car. This, however, was rectified in the MY09 upgrade of the Omega (see below).
Holden have offered five limited edition models based on the Omega:
- Commodore V-Series: introduced in October 2006, the Commodore V featured air conditioning, a sports-oriented body kit including 17-inch alloy wheels, a rear spoiler and colour-matched wing mirrors and exterior door handles.
- Commodore Lumina: debuted in June 2007 with a luxury theme including the Berlina grille and the original Calais V seven-spoke alloy wheels. Specified identically to the V-Series with exception to the rear spoiler, the Lumina saw the addition of rear parking sensors and Bluetooth connectivity.
- Commodore 60th Anniversary: released on 1 May 2008 to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the 48–215, Holden's first vehicle. Aside from the unique 18-inch alloy wheels, leather seat inserts, and "60th Anniversary" badging, the anniversary model is essentially identical to the Lumina in terms of both equipment and styling.
- Commodore International: sedans and Sportwagons entered production in mid-March 2009. Internationals are appointed with launch VE Calais V alloy wheels, front foglamps, a six-disc CD changer, leather upholstered trim and steering wheel, Bluetooth connectivity and rear park assist. Holden reintroduced the International in October 2009. Offered in sedan and Sportwagon body styles, the second iteration was fitted with the 3.0-litre SIDI V6 engine and six-speed automatic transmission; a 3.6-litre LPG Alloytec V6 engine with four-speed automatic transmission option was available for the sedan only. Extra features include 18-inch alloy wheels, Berlina front grille, leather seat trim and steering wheel, Bluetooth connectivity and rear park assist for the sedan (already standard on Sportwagons).
Building on the Omega, the SV6 is equipped with the more powerful High Output variant of the Alloytec V6 engine, coupled to a six-speed manual or five-speed automatic transmission. Air conditioning, a key feature missing on the launch Omega, came standard on the SV6. A body kit and sports suspension similar to the V8 Commodore SS/SS V variants is also fitted. The SV6 sports the Performance interior look, characterised by an accentuated matte black centre console and red lighting, as opposed to the silver Functional-style interior of the Omega.
Offering similar equipment levels to the SV6, the Commodore SS uses the 6.0-litre V8 engine and T-56 six-speed manual transmission. The SS is recognisable from its quad exhaust outlets in place of the SV6 dual outlets. The resulting specification level is much higher than the outgoing minimalist SV8 and only missing a few cosmetic touches of the previous flagship Commodore SS. Since its release, the SS has won two consecutive (2006 and 2007) Bang For Your Bucks awards, a Motor magazine initiative. The judges gave preference to the SS the second-time-round because "the VE Commodore SS really does represent the biggest bang you'll ever get for your bucks like these."
A more upmarket SS, the SS V-Series represents the first time this type of naming has been applied to Holden products. The V-Series naming is reminiscent of the V-badging on selected Cadillac models, another member of the GM family. The badge design on the bootlid bears strong resemblance to the ones used by Cadillac. But whereas Cadillac uses it to signify high-performance versions of its products, Holden V-Series variants boast extra features. The V-Series variants were introduced, largely due to a fully optioned Commodore SS in the VZ range being rather successful. The SS V offers extra luxuries at a similar price point to the preceding SS. Inside, it is recognisable by the metallic look pedals and instruments matched with the exterior colour. Additionally, the entire dashboard can be optioned in a range of loud colours: bright red, orange or black. The SS V exterior is equally adventurous, exhibiting five-spoke 19-inch alloy wheels and the option of larger 20-inch wheels: the largest wheels ever fitted to a Holden car.
- SS V 60th Anniversary: like the 60th Anniversary Omega-based edition, the SS V pack launched on 1 May 2008. Over the standard production SS V, the anniversary model added 10-spoke 20-inch alloy wheels, satellite navigation, rear parking sensors, a high-mounted rear spoiler, chrome exterior door handle highlights and "60th Anniversary" badging and floor mats.
- SS V-Series Special Edition: following the 2009 cancellation of Pontiac brand in North America, the Pontiac G8 front-end fascia and other trimmings were fitted to approximately 1,500 Commodore SS Vs. Unveiled at the 2009 Deniliquin ute muster on 2 October, sales began in November. Unlike the G8 which was only offered as a sedan, Holden issued utility, sedan and Sportwagon body variants of the Special Edition. Due to the popularity of the Pontiac-inspired SS V, Holden announced on 14 January 2010 that production would be extended until March 2010.
Priced lower than the outgoing model, the second tier Berlina retains a similar amount of equipment. The exterior styling is similar to the Omega but gaining extra touches such as larger tail-lights, front fog lamps and seven-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels. It features the Luxury-type interior with a large LCD centre display and is the only model in the VE range that features wood grain highlights.
Like the Berlina, the Calais retains the features of the outgoing model but at a lower price point. Offering a blend of luxury and sporting character, it pairs the High Output Alloytec V6 engine of the SV6 with the five-speed automatic transmission. Unlike the previous model Calais which featured a semi-sport suspension setup known as FE1.5, the VE shares the Commodore SS/SS V stiff sports suspension. Like the SS, an upscale V-Series edition is available. Being the flagship of the Commodore range, it comes with everything the VE has to offer and serves as a stepping stone to the luxury long-wheelbase Statesman/Caprice range based on the VE. The Calais (as well as Berlina) are the only models in the range to feature larger tail-lights.
- Calais V International:
- Calais V 60th Anniversary:
Model year changes
Like the VZ model before it, Holden with the VE have continued to moderate the long-standing tradition of implementing substantial updates marked by the frequent use of new model designations (such and VT, VX, and VY) successively interspersed with "Series II" and occasional "Series III" revisions. Holden have instead implemented a series of running changes over VE's lifetime, signified by the model year (MY):
- MY08: models came in April 2007. The horizontal wood grain key line across the dash on the Berlina was replaced by a matte silver insert. Also, the recessed buttons on the Omega key fob were now raised and made of a more durable plastic. This did not affect the remaining variants, fitted with the "flip-out" key fob from launch.
- MY09: models were launched on 15 March 2008. Six airbags were made standard across the range—Omega and SV6 variants were previously fitted with two and four airbags respectively. Omega models also received standard fitment of air conditioning, 16-inch alloy wheels, body colour wing mirrors and door handles, and a new grille insert with chrome highlights. Revised alloy wheel designs were featured on the Calais (seven-spoke) and Calais V (10-spoke).
- MY09.5: upgrades affected models ordered from 21 October 2008 and produced from November. Instrument cluster illumination was commonised to white. The turn-by-turn navigation and Berlina V8 options were removed. Engine wise, the "premium" version of the Alloytec V6 was now fitted to the Omega and Berlina, bringing improved fuel consumption and a slight reduction in engine output (see above). A range of safety upgrades were also introduced (see above). Further MY09.5 changes were introduced in March 2009. The space-saver spare wheel were discontinued and replaced by two no-cost options: either a lightweight tyre inflator kit or a full-size spare wheel (previously an extra cost). Sportwagon variants of the Calais V and SS V receive an alloy spare wheel if the full-size spare is chosen, while the remainder of the line-up receives a steel wheel spare. March also signalled an opportunity for Holden to replace the dark-grey horizontal dashboard strip and steering wheel spokes as used on the SV6, SS and SS V to a matte silver type. The safety improvements made to the Omega sedan from October production onwards were also introduced for the Omega Sportwagon (see above), and the "V-Series" insignia used on SS V and Calais V models was removed, replaced by a single "SS V" or "Calais V" badge.
- MY10: versions of the VE were released in September 2009. New 3.0-litre and 3.6-litre V6s have been introduced, featuring Spark Ignition Direct Injection (SIDI) and coupled to a new six-speed automatic transmission (see above). These revised powertrains are marketed as part of Holden's EcoLine range. Visually, all SIDI versions are distinguished by relocated and additional EcoLine badging. 3.0-litre versions now utilise twin exhaust outlets. Updated cars also gain a recalibrated suspension setup and an extra ball-joint in the rear suspension (previously introduced on the Sportwagon); the result is increased tautness and improved handling in models fitted with 18 and 19-inch diameter wheels. These cars are also equipped with a larger 24-millimetre (0.9 in) rear stabiliser bar. Additional engine bay sound deadening and a new muffler have resulted in reduced noise, vibration, and harshness. Elsewhere, the fitment of lighter low rolling-resistance tyres aids fuel consumption by minimising friction.
- MY11: revisions to the styling identify this update, marketed by Holden as the "Series II". Announced on 31 August 2010, and launched on 10 September, MY11 heralded styling changes across the range by way of new front fascias, the addition of aerodynamic lip detailing to the decklids of sedans, and new alloy wheel designs on the Berlina specification and higher. Front-end changes comprise partially reshaped headlamps, redesigned bumpers, and an enlarged grille with restyled inserts that differ throughout the model range. Inside, the interiors receive a redesigned centre console stack incorporating a new 6.5-inch touchscreen, new dashboard, rearranged controls, reconfigured ventilation outlets, and updates to trimmings and illumination colours. SV6, SS and SS V interiors are differentiated via the application of circular air vents. Standard on all models is the 6.5-inch infotainment system developed primarily by Siemens VDO. Dubbed "Holden-iQ", this integrates media playback and control functions. The iQ head unit replaces the previous mechanical CD stacker with a single slot and built in storage for approximately 15 CDs worth of music (internal storage optional on the Omega). The system also features full iPod integration, USB and auxiliary input, and incorporates Bluetooth handsfree telephone compatibility and music streaming. On V-Series specifications, iQ incorporates satellite navigation with live traffic updates, speed zone alerts and traffic camera notification. Sedans and wagons specified with navigation also receive a reversing camera.
In terms of powertrain, the MY11 brought flex-fuel capability for the 3.0-litre V6 and 6.0-litre V8, allowing them to run on E85 bio-ethanol (see above). With the MY11 update, Holden also introduced a new "Redline" sports package as an option on V-Series models. The package includes lightweight, forged and polished 19-inch multi-spoke alloy wheels from the Pontiac G8 GXP. Other Redline additions encompass four-piston Brembo high-performance brakes, stiffer "FE3" suspension and chromed window surrounds for sedans, and the mandatory fitment of the tyre inflater kit on the Redline Ute.
- MY12: Holden commenced production of the MY12 update Commodore on 6 September 2011. This followed Holden's 2 September announcement that mechanical changes would be limited to efficiency improvements and the implementation of E85 compatibility for the 3.6-litre SIDI V6. As part of the cosmetic update, the Omega gains new seven-spoke 16-inch alloy wheels and chrome highlights for the lower outboard fascia inserts, while the Berlina receives new chrome highlighted foglight surrounds. The Calais V adds a new boot lip spoiler, which will be available as an accessory for other MY12 sedans. SV6 and SS models score a new chrome-highlighted lower airdam and front grille surround, with V-Series versions of the SS acquiring additional chrome-accented lower outboard inserts. Redline editions of the SS V gain redesigned 19-inch wheels, red painted brake calipers, and the fitment of "FE3" suspension is extended to the Sportwagon and Ute variants.
At the time of launch in Australia, Ford's BF Falcon directly competed with the VE Commodore. In November 2006 Toyota released their key Aurion model to the Australian market. The front-wheel drive Mitsubishi 380 also indirectly competed with the Holden Commodore but has since been discontinued.
The VE Commodore was well received in the Australian market, where it has consistently outsold rivals in the large car segment. Sales at one point were nearly double that of its closest segment competitor, the Ford Falcon. However, this gap has narrowed since the release of a new Falcon FG model. VE's position as Australia's outright best selling car was challenged in 2007 and overtaken during some months in 2008 by the Toyota Corolla in the face of increasing petrol prices. However, the release of the Sportwagon in mid-2008 has helped to re-establish its number one sales position by accounting for more than 30 percent of total Commodore sales. In 2007 the VE Commodore became the fifth Commodore model to receive the prestigious Wheels Car of the Year award.
Apart from being sold in Australia, the full range is also available in New Zealand, while in the Middle East and South Africa the Commodore is re-branded as the Chevrolet Lumina. Sales of the Berlina began in 2007 for Brazilian market as the Chevrolet Omega. Pontiac in North America also imported Commodore sedans from 2008 through to 2009 as the G8. The G8's cessation was a consequence of GM's Chapter 11 bankruptcy resulting in the demise of the Pontiac brand. Unlike the Chevrolet Lumina and Omega, the Pontiac received several unique features including a revised L76 engine with Active Fuel Management as opposed to the Commodore's L98, and appearance changes.
- Robinson (2006), p. 158.
- Robinson (2006), p. 12–13.
- "Holden VE Ute and Wagon". CarAdvice. 3 August 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- Torr, Feann (22 August 2007). "Holden VE Ute". WebWombat. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- "Holden wagon: Could this be the estate of the nation?". Wheels (ACP Magazines): 17. November 2007.
- Dowling, Neil (11 July 2008). "Holden VE Sportwagon". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- "Commodore VE: Tested to destruction". The Daily Telegraph. News Limited. 26 July 2006. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 34–41.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 44–46.
- Robinson (2006), p. 34–35.
- Robinson (2006), p. 53.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 31.
- Robinson (2006), p. 55–56.
- Butler, Dowling, Hagon, Newton, p. 30.
- "Denny Mooney". General Motors. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007.
- Hagon, Toby (17 July 2006). "VE News: Inside the Commodore". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-03-29.
- Hagon, Toby (25 July 2006). "VE News: VE Commodore a body-builder". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
- Butler, Dowling, Hagon, Newton, p. 28.
- Hutton, Deborah; Skaife, Mark (26 August 2006). Billion Dollar Baby—The making of the VE Commodore (Documentary). Port Melbourne, Victoria: GM Holden. Event occurs at 4:04. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- Newton, Bruce (25 July 2006). "VE News: Crash costs down for VE Commodore". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2006-11-01.
- "2006 Automotive Engineering Excellence Awards" (PDF). Society of Automotive Engineers Australasia. 12 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-01.
- Butler, Dowling, Hagon, Newton, p. 20.
- Robinson (2006), p. 81–82.
- Robinson (2006), p. 52–53.
- Butler, Dowling, Hagon, Newton, p. 21, 23.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 51–52.
- "2008 Holden Sportwagon first steer". CarAdvice. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
- Stevens, Samantha (30 July 2008). "Five with Ferlazzo". Wheels. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- "First drive: Holden VE Sportwagon". Herald Sun. News Limited. 11 July 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- Carey, John (August 2008). "Space shuttle". Wheels (ACP Magazines): 82–88.
- Quirk, Brendan (12 June 2008). "Holden sports a sleek new star: Sportwagon". The Courier-Mail. Queensland Newspapers. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
- Carey, John (8 August 2008). "Launch Pad: Holden Sportwagon". Wheels. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- "MIMS: Sportwagon hits the market at sedan plus $1000". Carsales. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- Hagon, Toby (22 August 2007). "Revealed: Holden Commodore VE Ute". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
- Robinson (2006), p. 51–52.
- Pettendy, Marton (3 August 2006). "First drive: VE sets a new Aussie benchmark". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- Robinson (2006), p. 54.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 36.
- Downling, Joshua (15 June 2007). "Why don't we build a five-star car?". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- "Commodore achieves Five-Star ANCAP rating". CarAdvice. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- Heasley, Andrew (4 December 2008). "Commodore scores five-star safety rating, but only one model". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
- "Holden Sportwagon earns top marks". Carsales. 2 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-02.
- Martin, Terry (28 August 2009). "Five ANCAP stars for all Australian large sedans". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
- Colquhoun, Steve (20 October 2009). "Holden utes join the five star safety club". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- Robinson (2006), p. 105.
- Butler, Dowling, Hagon, Newton, p. 32.
- Robinson (2006), p. 214–215.
- Newton, Bruce (20 September 2006). "Holden Calais V V8". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- "Dual-Fuel VE Holden Commodore". WebWombat. 25 October 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- "LPG Vehicle Scheme". AusIndustry. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "Holden VE & VZ Series Vehicles – LPG Service Valve Hand Tap". Product Recalls Australia. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "Holden Commodore VE & WM Series – Fuel Hose". Product Recalls Australia. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "Holden Commodore VE & WM Series – Rear Seat Belt Buckle". Product Recalls Australia. 10 November 2006. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "Holden – VE and WM models". Product Recalls Australia. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- Duncan, Jamie (7 January 2008). "Top-selling Holden Commodore recalled". Australian Associated Press. News Limited. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "Motor Show Line Up Promotes Energy Diversity". General Motors. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "2009 Holden VE & WM specification changes". CarAdvice. 21 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-22.
- "Commodore demoted". Carsales. 31 October 2008. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- Pettendy, Marton (10 October 2008). "AFM for V8, not V6". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- "Economy improves for Commodore". CarAdvice. 31 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Spinks, Jez (14 February 2009). "Running the rule over LPG options". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- Colquhoun, Steve (2 January 2009). "Holden sacrifices V8 power for economy". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- "Holden EcoLine: Australian International Motor Show 2008". WebWombat. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- "GM Holden EcoLine Badge Highlights Alternative Range". General Motors. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Hagon, Toby (4 August 2009). "Holden Commodore MY10: New engines, more frugal". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- Pettendy, Marton (4 August 2009). "Holden cuts Commodore consumption". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- Gratton, Ken (4 August 2009). "Direct-injection power, efficiency for Commodore". Carsales. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Mathioudakis, Bryon (8 September 2009). "First drive: Holden V6 keeps evolving". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "Holden Commodore VE Series II Revealed". The Motor Report. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Pettendy, Marton (14 September 2010). "Holden ups base Ute price". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Hagon, Toby; Ottley, Stephen (5 February 2011). "Ethanol put to the test: E85 v E10 v premium unleaded". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "2012 Commodore Brings Improved Fuel Consumption And Design Tweaks". The Motor Report. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Power figures are measured in accordance with the ECE standard.
- Fuel consumption figures are measured in accordance with the ADR 81/01 (2006–2009) and ADR 81/02 (2009 onwards) standard. Fuel economy figures may differ between body styles and specification levels.
- Performance and fuel economy figures attained when running on LPG. The engine will produce the same figures as the conventional Alloytec V6 when run on petrol, with economy rated at 11.7 L/100 km (20.1 mpg-US) for the original-release engine.
- Performance figures attained when running on 98 RON premium unleaded fuel. Using 91 RON fuel will result in slightly lower power and fuel economy.
- Davis, Tony; Kennedy, Alistair; Kennedy, Ewan (February 2007). "The Holden Heritage – 13th Edition (Part Three)" (PDF). GM Holden. pp. 125–127. Archived from the original on 15 September 2010.
- Robinson (2006), p. 101–102.
- Dowling, Joshua; Hudson, Jaedene (21 July 2006). "VE News: Commodore's $3500 tyre change". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
- "VE News: Did Holden mislead over tyres?". Drive. Fairfax Media. 21 July 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-12.
- "Holden VE Commodore Pricing". CarAdvice. 20 July 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
- "Six Airbags Standard Across Commodore Range" (DOC). General Motors. 8 March 2008. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- "VE Commodore: How much?". Carsales. 18 July 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
- "Holden VE Commodore Lumina Sedan Special Edition". CarAdvice. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-17.
- Martin, Terry (1 April 2008). "60th anniversary Holden special editions offer up to $8000 of extra value". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- "All-New Cruze Headlines Holden Stand". General Motors. 27 February 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Joseph, Noah (1 October 2009). "Pontiac G8 resurfaces in Australia as a pair of special-edition Holdens". Autoblog. Weblogs, Inc. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
- McKinnon, Bill (21 August 2006). "Holden VE Commodore". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-03-09.
- Morley, David (September 2007). "Lion King II". Wheels (ACP Magazines): 89.
- Hagon, Toby (16 July 2006). "New names, features for VE Commodore". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- McCarthy, McKay, Newton, Robinson, p. 94.
- Downling, Joshua (19 September 2009). "Exclusive! Pontiac G8 revived in Australia". Carsales. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
- Robinson (2006), p. 205.
- "No Series II for VE Commodore". Carsales. 4 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- "Holden VE Ute Revealed!". CarAdvice. 22 August 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- Pettendy, Marton (20 January 2009). "Commodore gets new spare options". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- "Holden reinvents the (spare) wheel". Carsales. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- Dowling, Joshua (5 August 2009). "Ute showdown: Ford versus Holden". Carsales. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- McDonald, Neil (4 August 2009). "Holden cuts Commodore consumption". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Gratton, Ken (9 September 2009). "Holden Commodore VE MY10". Carsales. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- Gratton, Ken (8 September 2009). "MY10 Commodore: changes in detail". Carsales. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Blackburn, Richard (8 September 2009). "MY10 Commodore: heart transplant but no facelift". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- Mathioudakis, Byron (31 August 2010). "First look: 'Clever' Commodore evolves". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Introducing Series II – The very clever Commodore". General Motors. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- Campbell, Matt (1 September 2010). "Holden Commodore VE Series II – Model by Model". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Britten, Tim (2 March 2011). "GM US to use Holden's iQ". Carsales. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Gratton, Ken (20 September 2010). "Holden Commodore VE Series II". Carsales. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Dornin, Tim; Fung, Derek (1 September 2010). "New Holden Commodore drinks bio-ethanol, hearts household waste". CNET Australia. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Dowling, Joshua (10 September 2010). "Pontiac GXP lives on as Holden Redline". Carsales. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Holden ups the ante with Redline edition". General Motors. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Perfect New Colours for Holden Commodore and Cruze". General Motors. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Pettendy, Marton (2 September 2010). "Holden cuts Commodore thirst". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- Pettendy, Marton (6 September 2010). "Holden reveals MY12 Commodore details". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Campbell, Matt (6 September 2010). "Holden updates Commodore range". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Stanford, James (20 October 2006). "Ford Falcon BF MkII: back in the fight". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Robinson, Peter (November 2006). "Back from the dread". Wheels (Australian Consolidated Press): 53. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Morley, David (1 April 2008). "Mitsubishi 380". Drive. News Limited. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
- Montgomery, Garth (3 November 2006). "Holden VE Commodore sales fail to revive market". News Interactive. News Limited. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Stanford, James (6 June 2008). "New Falcon closes gap to Commodore in May". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- "Smaller cars power ahead". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. 9 February 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Spinks, Jez (4 July 2007). "New Corolla pips Commodore in sales debut". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Gover, Paul (11 July 2008). "Corolla conquering all". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- Fewster, Dan (4 September 2008). "Commodore back to being best selling nameplate thanks to Sportwagon sales". The Motor Report. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
- "2006 Wheels Car of the Year: Holden VE Commodore". Wheels (ACP Magazines): 112–118. February 2007.
- "First Look : 2007 Chevrolet Lumina". DriveArabia. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
- Pettendy, Marton (5 July 2007). "Commodore goes to Rio". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- Gover, Paul (1 May 2009). "Pontiac pays the price". Herald Sun. The Herald and Weekly Times. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Hammerton, Ron; Pettendy, Marton (13 July 2009). "Holden in US comeback". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Hagon, Toby (20 March 2008). "First drive: Pontiac G8". Drive. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holden VE Commodore.|
- Butler, Glenn; Dowling, Joshua; Hagon, Toby; Newton, Bruce (12 September 2006). VE Commodore eMag (PDF). Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- McCarthy, Mike; McKay, Peter; Newton, Bruce; Robinson, Peter (October 2006). "2006 Collector's Edition VE Commodore: The Full Story". Wheels (ACP Magazines).
- Robinson, Peter (2006). AutoBiography: The inside story of Holden's all-new VE Commodore. Woolloomooloo, New South Wales: Focus Publishing. ISBN 1-921156-10-4.
|Holden, a marque of General Motors, automobile timeline, 1948–present|
|List of Holden vehicles
† HQ–WB Statesmans not marketed under the "Holden" brand, but rather the separate "Statesman" brand.